Xbox 360 E71 Error Repair Tips

One of the errors that you can experience on your Xbox 360 e71 error. Quite often this problem may be accompanied with a ring of red lights on the front of your console. In this article you are going to learn what causes the Xbox e71 code, as well as if there is anything you can do to fix the problem.

Unlike the more common "red ring of death" and e74 problems, the Xbox 360 e71 error is not caused by overheating damaging the graphics processor unit (GPU) or video scaler (HANA / ANA) chip. However, the problem is that nobody is 100% sure what actually causes the e71 in the first place.

Most likely the problem relates to dashboard and console updates, such as the fall update of 2006. Also, the problem appears to arise from gamers incorrectly jumping their hardware or doing botched firmware hacks which then prevent the system from functioning correctly.

Have you recently updated your Xbox 360 in anyway, or have you (or anyone else) tried some form of firmware hack or flash? If so, this is probably the cause of the e71 code on your Xbox, however, it could also be completely random.

Fixing the Xbox e71 is quite tricky. Firstly, you could try completely resetting your Xbox 360. To do this, enter the dashboard, go to the right-most column, go and press "Initial Set Up" then follow the instructions on screen.

If you can not access this screen due to the e71 error on your Xbox 360, you can try holding the "Y" button on your controller as you switch the console on. This will enter the same process, and restore default factory settings. However, there is still a chance that this might not work, and that you could be stranded with the e71 code.

How To Heal Jock Itch Easily

Jock itch can be attributed to a lot of causes. A lot of athletes and men actually have this because of the activities that they do most of the time. Friction and fungus can be the main risk factors for a person to have this kind of infection. Fungi can grow well in damp and warm environment and cause a full blown infection. Obesity is also being associated with this infection. A lot of people have experienced it and a lot of treatments have been formulated also. You can now even heal jock itch while at home. It is important that you will be able to get rid of this discomfort as it will just distract your focus on your work. You need some tips on how to heal jock itch easily so you need to remember them always.

POWDER AND CORNSTARCH

As much as possible, you have to keep the affected areas in your groin, genitals and thigh dry all the time. Moisture will just aggravate the discomfort. One thing that you can do to keep it dry and heal it fast is to apply powder or cornstarch. You may sprinkle talcum powder to absorb moisture in your skin. It can also help in reducing the friction as it will make the skin much smoother.

OINTMENTS

There are a lot of ointments that you can purchase over the counter. Anti fungal creams are available in the nearest pharmacy. Look for those that contain miconazole or clotrimazole. These are known to be very effective in treating jock itch. Before you apply the ointments, you must read the instructions first to see the contraindications. Make sure that you will wash and dry up the affected areas first before you apply the ointment.

COLD APPLICATION

Apply cold compress on affected areas so that you will be able to find some relief. The itchiness that it will cause will surely become disturbing even if you want to sleep already. One thing that you can do is to place some ice cubes inside a clean cloth. This must be applied on the affected areas for no more than 20 minutes to avoid skin damage. Also, you have to make sure that you will not apply the ice cubes directly on the affected areas. Dry up the affected areas after applying cold compress.

CLEANSING AND RELAXATION

You have to make sure that you will clean your groin area regularly. Wash it with water and mild soap and dry it up immediately after. Also, you need to relax and avoid much physical activities as it will just aggravate jock itch. Relax to avoid providing moisture in the groin area which can be very favorable for this infection.

Jock itch is indeed very disturbing and dreadful. You have to do your best to heal and treat it the fast way. You need to get rid of it as soon as possible. To do it, you have to follow some tips. These will help you to do the best thing.

Doral Tara – Great For On-the-Water Family Vacations

The 25 feet Doral Tara is among the boats from Doral boats which you can take either under a sunny or gloomy sky. It features a full canvas camper top set and and cockpit cover which makes your Tara versatile on water. This allows you to be comfortable under rain or the intense heat of the sun. This also means more space for the deck so you can accommodate more than the specified 5 people the lower deck is designed for.

This also gives protection to the cockpit and other electronics present on the deck. The cover provides more than that. Aside from protection from weather, the cover aids in security and theft protection especially when docked, organization, safe transport, improved aerodynamics and gas mileage. This also means more possible electronics on deck. Dora boat's trademark of customizability is well represented in this craft.

The Tara craft also boasts a compartment below deck with windows. It's a full room with optional furniture and stereo system from Doral International. This inboard / outboard cruiser is 21.67 feet long and weighs 3950. This weight does not account for passengers, fuel, or gear. The beam of this Doral boat is 98 inches.

Its hybrid engine gives the owner a choice of having an inboard or outboard engine, which fits suits him. But the same recommendation goes with your this as with all engine replacements. Always heed the maximum horsepower of the craft.

This will keep passengers safe and keep the insurance accepted from an insurance company. Although this Doral boat boasts a fiberglass hull, the best way to keep it maintained is to cover it when not in use. This way, the Tara will retain its quality and resale value at its highest.

The Doral Tara is great for family vacations, simple parties or water sports like swimming and / or fishing. It's spacious and perfect for any weather so getting away fromland business is just a Tara away.

The Dangers of Using Almond Oil to Treat Dark Circles

While quite a few websites are suggesting the use of almond oil for getting rid of dark circles beneath the eyes, there are a few well known problems that can surface.

To begin with almond oil, also identified as laetrile in its edible form, comes from almonds, which are nuts. Food Chemistry Journal figures that over sixteen and a half million Americans have an allergy to nuts. Most of who aren’t even cognizant of it since the symptoms are slight and treated as an ordinary belly ache or an inexplicable rash. Regardless, should those folks use it to cure dark circles, they are introducing an allergen right next to the eyes, one of the bodies most delicate areas and will probably experience anything from a slight to a terrible allergic reaction.

Another reason to be worried is that eating almond extract is not recommended for pregnant or breast-feeding women since a number of studies have hinted at a hypothetical chance of birth defects. Cyanide discharge can and has happened if the enzyme beta-glucuronidase is introduced. That enzyme is present in the human gut and inside the nut itself. There is a procedure which can get rid of the cyanide molecules, although it is still poisonous if absorbed in generous amounts. Since some folks could use almond oil to treat their dark circles excessively, this may possibly be a serious dilemma.

The least harmful type of almond oil used for dark circles therapy is called sweet almond oil. The bitter almond oil version has been responsible for sickness and fatalities in a few noted cases. Actually, the FDA has prohibited the usage of bitter almond oil for medical usage; nonetheless, it is accessible for uses such as aromatherapy because it’s unlikely to contact the skin or be taken internally. The trouble is that the community is mostly ignorant of the differences concerning the two types of oils and could regrettably try to make use of the bitter almond oil as a dark circles therapy by accident.

With all the unnecessary dangers summarized above, we’re not certain why a person would choose to take the risk of employing these beneath their eyes. Particularly since there are many FDA sanctioned alternative remedies that don’t present the unsafe side effects for getting rid of dark circles beneath the eyes.

Surgery is another option. However, this is usually only a last result in the most severe cases and usually only provides a moderate improvement.

Doral Phazar – Doral Boats Timeless Classic Brought Back

One of the very first models of Doral boats thatave the company its status in the boat manufacturing industry is the 1989 Doral Phazar. The original is now out of production but in 2004, they remodeled it and named it the 210 Doral Phazar bringing Doral's timeless classics back.

It's a stern drive power boat designed to ride the waves smoothly and in style. Its hull and deck feature a curved walk-through safety glass windshield, integrated fiberglass liner, extended swim platform, stainless steel swim ladder with 3 steps, full side hull gel, stainless steel air vents, and pop up stainless steel cleats.

This Doral boat is day boat that goes well with sunbathing, swimming or simply entertaining friends. Its 4880lb weight makes it perfect for water sports. But despite the weight it still features a cuddy that reflects the Doral boat reputation of quality and hotel-like amenities.

It's perfect for overweighters with friends especially since it's fitted with a deck hatch with screen, lockable acrylic cabin door, a v-berth with storage lockers, DVD player, a pillow package, and stereo remote. Its 12V receptacle features dual batteries with battery on / off switch supports anchor and navigation lights and deluxe gauges with night lighting.

The built-in clarion M455 with 7 "speakers, amplifier, and woofer compliments the 6 CD changer and iPod / MP3 adapter that come with the system. All this found in a ski boat that's 25'6" in length over all and 8 ' 6 "across the beam.

But it does not end there. Doral boats are known for their customizability, and Doral Phazar offers just the right options. Equip your Phazar with auto fire extinguisher or dual battery with charger or a new series of Doral exclusives like its 2007 interior upholstery.

The Phazar is one of Doral International flag models when it comes to providing excitement and entertainment – perfect for getaways from a busy week. No wonder it is popular.

Building Projects With Treated Wood

Building with treated wood and the idea that this project will last forever because of the wood you used is not necessarily true. Over the years I have seen contractors and homeowners use treated wood for projects like building decks with this idea in mind.

I just met with a homeowner that was asking me about vinyl fencing. The homeowner approached me with some facts about vinyl fencing. She started to explain to me how long a vinyl fence would last cases a wood fence. I reminded her that the vinyl posts typically slip over metal or wood building materials.

She proceeded to inform me that treated wood will last a lot longer than wood used when building a wooden fence. It took me a while to change her mind and reprogram her with a few picture this from my website. I know this is hard to imagine but wood rots and steel rust.

All you end up with is a vinyl fence that is in pretty good shape if taken care of properly laying down in your yard with broken or rusted fence posts.

Do you know that some people use treated wood for countertops and food preparation areas when building certain projects like an outdoor barbecue? Do you know people build outdoor furniture with treated wood and then sit in it with a chance of toxic chemicals entering into your body? This is where Redwood comes in as a natural building product or other nice looking woods. Redwood is classified as a softwood and if used for a countertop and a barbecue kitchen area you will have to protect it from heavy pans and people using the countertop for a cutting board.

Do not use treated wood for a projects that will be used for food preparation later.

It's a good idea to wash your hands after handling treated lumber. It's a really good idea to wash your hands after using treated lumber if you are going to eat something or make something for another person or yourself.

For all the homeowners and building contractors that use treated wood and bury it in dirt. Or build a low lying deck right above the ground I would like to share something with you. I have been repairing and replacing your work for over 30 years now. You guys keep me busy and I want to thank you for all the years you guys have been in business.

I still can not believe the amount of work I see being done using treated wood with the illusion that it will last longer than regular construction standard wood. I do not know how else to put it except to say treated wood will rot fast in the right conditions.

Treated wood does need to be protected from rain, snow, heat and other elements of the weather. It can not sit in the dirt or lay in water for long periods of time without slowly disintegrating. Oh yeah one more thing termites will eat sections of the wood that is not completely treated.

Use treated wood properly when building and inform other people about some of the stuff you learned in this article. Reread this article later and save it for the future.

Landscaping Materials – Plants, Lumber and Stone

There are many different types of landscaping materials available to anyone and you do not have to be a landscaping professional. Do-it-yourself landscaping has become popular and materials that were once available only to contractors and landscapers are now available to the general public. There are now many more stores that supply exotic landscaping materials then there once was. If you have an area to landscape and can lift, dig and use a shovel then you can create an attractive design using plants and other landscaping material.

Walls and pathways can be very pleasant and can be fully integrated into your design. These features are usually made using stone landscaping material. Materials needed for paving, retaining walls and dry setting are much more extensive than just using brick. Design stones, textured patio paving and articulate granite can be combined to form many different patterns. You can access information on planning and stone laying online and you will soon discover that these types of projects are easier then you first thought.

When you use landscaping materials that create a lovely outdoor area you will be spending more time outdoors than before. Decks that were originally wood are now being ripped up and replaced with stones, creating a relaxing outdoor patio.

Patio Deck Materials

Other landscaping materials have progressed much further for boards and lumber than the old green-treated wood. There are other options available if you can not afford to replace your old lumber with the newer wood materials. Boards can now be found made of recycled materials that look better than natural lumber and these recycled boards will last much longer than regular wood.

Plastic board can be found in a wide range of colors that can be neatly accessorized with greenery and other outdoor plants. There are also many natural stains available if you decide to use natural wood for your patio deck. When using a grain on wood it is important to apply a waterproof coating, as this will provide long-term protection for you patio deck.

Stone materials can also be used on patio decks and should not be limited to only paths and walls. Stones can be used as stand-alone attractions, such as a large rock surrounded by shrubs and plants. You can also use stone for a variety of seating ideas. Stone landscaping material are popular choices to bring life to a dull yard. Also using stone your design should also include trees, flowers, shrubs and plants to create an attractive outdoor area.

No matter what landscaping material you decide to use you should always make sure that your design blends in with the surroundings. It is important to enhance your home with landscaping and create a comfortable area where you can relax. You can enhance interesting features and create shady lounging points. You do not want your yard to be too busy so remember to keep things simply and create a lush look with greenery and potted plants.

The Role of Glycerine in the Production of Soap

Glycerin, also spelled glycerine, is a basic ingredient in most soap. In fact, it is a by-product of soap manufacture as it occurs due to the reaction of strong alkali with an animal fat. This process is known as saponification and it is this process that brings out soap or detergent. While most manufacturers separate glycerin from the mixture, others incorporate the compound for its natural benefits.

Lots of soap-makers recommend glycerin as a basic ingredient because it has the ability to draw in moisture preventing drying of the skin. The compound is a natural moisturizer. In fact, it is a humectant – a substance that attracts water. Thus, soap containing the hygroscopic compound is known to have skin conditioning and moisturizing effect.

Glycerin is a viscous liquid that is at the same time sweet and colorless. It solidifies to a paste-like substance and has a high boiling point. During the soap-making process, some manufacturers remove the compound from the soap mixture and incorporate it into other products like lotion and creams. However, when it is added to a bar of soap it results to a nearly transparent product with moisturizing properties.

The compound is known to be a good solvent and this is one of its most remarkable properties. In some instances, it is better as a solvent than water or alcohol. This property makes it highly miscible in both alcohol and water. However, it never dissolves in oils. In its pure form the compound is called glycerol which suggests it belongs to a classification of organic compounds called alcohol.

It is extremely hygroscopic, which means that it readily absorbs moisture from the air. For instance, leaving a flask of pure glycerol open allows attraction of water that it soon loses the purity.

It was in 1889 when the compound was first obtained from animal fat through candle making. During which time the only way to derive the compound is through this process. Also, in that time animal fat was the only raw material for making candles. During the World War II, it has become a major component of dynamites and heavy demand for the substance was not sufficed by soap making industry. Thus there was an abrupt production of synthetic forms of the compound.

The substance has a chemical formula C3H8O3 which is also occurs as a liquid by-product during the production of biodiesel in a process called transesterification. This syrupy liquid occurs in nature. Found in cells of plants and animals (including humans), it is a part of the large bio-molecules of many lipids. In biologic processes the compound occurs as a result of the fermentation of carbohydrates. In organic chemistry it is produced by propylene synthesis.

Glycerin is an ingredient in several health-care products and toiletries. It is found in food products, as well as pharmaceutical and cosmetic items. It is found in moisturizing lotions and creams because of its hydrophilic and hygroscopic properties, which allow the substance to retain moisture. There is a debate whether it is the hygroscopic properties of the compound that makes it good for the skin, or it may be possible that the chemical has other unexplored and unidentified properties aside from the one already mentioned. The moisture-drawing property makes it an excellent emollient when added in soaps and moisturizing creams. An emollient is a substance that smoothens and softens skin. Another reason personal care products utilizes the substance is because of its skin lubricating advantage, not to mention it serves as a thickening or emulsifying agent in cosmetic products.

Home-made soaps or the hand-made varieties naturally contain glycerol, which commercial soap-makers remove. The separated liquid is used in massage oils, lip balms, skin softeners and moisturizers, perfumes and essential oils, and pharmaceutical preparations.

What is a Morton’s Toe and Why is it Important to You?

Everything that I write about in this article is based on the lifetime work of two important physicians. One who was President Kennedy’s White House doctor. I will write more about these doctors in another article; but for now please allow me to introduce you to the Morton’s Toe.

“Morton’s Toe” means having either one or both of two abnormal, inherited conditions of the first metatarsal bone of the foot.

1. The first abnormal condition, and the most noted one, that can cause Morton’s Toe is where your first metatarsal bone is shorter than the second

2. The second condition is when your first metatarsal bone is not as stable as it should be, and as a result, it has too much motion. Because of this excess motion, it can cause pains all over your body. This abnormal motion of the first metatarsal bone is known as “Hypermobility of the First Metatarsal Bone.”

Do You Have a Short First Metatarsal Bone?

Look down at your feet. Socks off please! If your second toe seems longer, (and I mean even just a hair longer) than your first toe, you may have a short first metatarsal bone.

Another way to check to see if you have a short first metatarsal bone is to hold your first and second toes down. Right behind the spot where the toes attach to the foot, you will see bumps pushing up from the top of your foot. These bumps are the heads of the first and second metatarsal bones. Using a pen, lipstick, or marker, draw a line where the bumps end (flat area) and meet the top of the foot. This spot is the very end of both of the heads of the first and second metatarsal bones. Look at both lines. If the line of the second metatarsal head is farther down your foot toward your toes than the first metatarsal head, even just a very little, then you probably have a short first bone.

Sometimes it is not necessary to draw a line on top of the foot because the length of the metatarsal heads easily can be seen. If this is the case, you can see without difficulty that the second metatarsal head is farther down the top of the foot than the first metatarsal head.

Frequently, people with short first metatarsal bones will also have a webbing between their second and third toes. They will have a flap of excess skin that sort of looks like a “bat wing” in between the second and third toes. If you do, have this webbing of the toes, it is a good tip off that you do have a short metatarsal bone and probably have a Morton’s Toe.

Do You Have Hypermobility of the First Metatarsal Bone? Unlike the short first metatarsal bone, there is no simple reliable way that you can determine on your own if you have hypermobility of the first metatarsal bone.

Why is it important to know, if  you have a Morton’s Toe

I have been treating Morton’s Toe for over thirty years. Moreover, what I do know for sure is that it can be the missed reason for the following aches, and pains not only of the feet, but also of the whole body.

* back pain

* hip pain

* knee pain

* leg pain

* plantar fasciitis

* calf pain

* fibromyalgia

* arthritis

* corns and calluses

* bunions

* fallen arches

* ankle pain

* heel pain

* arch pain

* weak ankles

* hammer toes

* tired feet (all over)

* neuromas * burning feet

* shooting pains in the toes

* stress and march fractures

* night cramps (restless leg syndrome)

* temporomandibular joint pain (TMJ)

* diabetic foot ulcers

Millions of people suffer every day, with these torments and do not know why. I believe that in many cases Morton’s Toe is the explanation for this WHY, and the reason for aches and pains not only in their back, knee, and hip but also in a lot other places in their body. Look for more articles about the Morton’s Toe in the weeks to come

Different Types Of Kitchen Cupboard Doors

The first thing you need to know before you purchase kitchen cupboard doors is what material it's made of, what edging will be used on the edges of the door and what finish it will be sprayed, wrapped or manufactured in.

There are five main finishes that cabinet doors are manufactured in. They are PVC vinyl Wrap, veneer, melamine chipboard, Duco spray and solid wood. Solid wood is the most expensive of the five hanging on the type of solid wood you would choose. Pine is obviously much cheaper that any of the other wood types. PVC vinyl wrap is a very common use of bathroom cabinets as well as bedroom and kitchen cabinets. The benefits of PVC vinyl wrap is that the edge of the doors do not pull loose very easily due to the glue that sticks the vinyl to the doors. The core of the door also has to be Supawood so that the edges of the door can be cut out while leaving a smooth finish. Cutting and painting the edges on a chipboard door will not work as the chipboard is far to brittle and will chip away very easily leaving the edged looking very rough.

Veneer doors are more common on kitchen cupboards and can be edged with fleece edging, 1mm-12mm solid impact edging. Impact edging is also used on melamine chipboard doors and is very durable. I normally recommend using impact edging on kitchen cupboards if the client has a flat he or she wanted to renovate and place tenant in. Tenants do not always look after your flat so it would be wise to opt for a more rugged and durable edging on the doors. Lastly we have Duco sprayed doors. This kind of finish is very expensive and not always as unforgiving as PVC vinyl wrap. Although both Duco and vinyl wrap can be finished in a high gloss PVC vinyl does not scratch as easily and scratches can even be polished out to a certain degree if the scratch is not too deep. PVC wrap doors are also almost 50% cheaper than Duco doors. The benefit of Duco sprayed doors is the incredible high gloss finish you get on it. It's almost as if you're looking in a mirror when you look at the door.

In closing. Some doors are cheap and some are expensive but remember if you're going to spend the next 15-20 years in your new kitchen get what you like and not only what fits into the budget. If you have to put Formica work tops in for now but can then afford the doors of your dream do it. You can always remove the Formica tops and replace them with Granite or Solid wood at a later stage.

The Victorian Circus

It is known that there were hundreds of circuses operating in mid Victorian times around 1850-1860. Circuses were a part of culture and a unique part of western culture and what is known as Victorian culture and Victorian culture had important influences on Modern Culture. The skills whether that of the performers or the specific engineering and design work done in preparing the circus were important. It is known that there were aquatic circuses where the circus ring was flooded with water. It is known too that in Roman times, amphitheatres were flooded with water so that mock sea battles could be stopped. This article aims to describe the unique feel and culture of the time. It aims to elaborate on what is meant by the lewd and sometimes grotesque nature of circuses. Were circuses close to the theater and burlesque in some degree?

You can imagine the whole commercialism and excitement of Victorian circuses. The skills and daring involved was exciting and you can feel a strange freedom and beauty in this world. There was a certain American gentleman Richard Sands who ran a circus. He was an acrobat as well as what was known as a 'ceiling walker'. It is difficult to imagine ceiling walkers now. Firstly, the modern person may question whether such an ability is possible ie to walk on ceilings. Surely this can only be done through computers and some kind of illusionary effect. But Victorian circuses in this respect were not about illusion. They were about real skill and they aimed to evoke real excitation, a real circus effect. Richard Sands who it is known visited England from America in 1842 also bought a large stud of horses and equestrians. His circus was certainly well organized and its performers whether acrobats or equestrians were highly skilled. This was the 1840s, the early Victorian period. It is too difficult and presumptuous to mention circuses as part of a whole cultural development. The nineteenth century continued on the great Industrial Revolution and it is obvious that newventions and developments were used in circuses to develop new skills as well as new ways of captivating and entertaining an audience yearning for such enthralling circus acts.

Richard Sands was apparently able to walk on ceilings because of rubber suction pads attached to his feat. The Sands Circus returned to England in the 1850s and he did this act during this time. Unfortunately he was killed when performing this act in America because of loose plaster in the ceiling. Still what I am trying to evoke is a degree of danger in the circus but it was not danger in the sense of recklessness. The audience wanted to see danger performed in a structured setting and this setting was the circus. The color, the animals, the acrobats added to a new type of performance. This was not just theatrical performances or performances akin to plays in theater houses. It was a raw theatricality that only circuses can evoke. It was real human performance involving acts decidedly aimed at capturing the audience.

One of the central elements of Victorian Circus was Astley's Amphitheater. It is important to mention Philip Astley, a cavalry officer turned circus-manager who greeted the circus to a new level. And it is Philip Astley who the famous Astley's Amphitheater is named after. Astley's is considered the first real circus but it began before Queen Victoria came to the throne. You may wonder why the term 'amphitheater' was used. Note that the setting for the circus is not a theater but an amphitheater. Look back at famous amphitheatres in history! Think of amphitheatres like the open-air amphitheaters of the Roman era ,. Maybe the word 'amphitheatre' was used because it denoted assassination, true 'circus' excitement; This was how a circus was meant to be. It seems too much that Mr Astley's theater was mentioned in the Old Curiosity Shop by Dickens. If you look online at Victorian prints, you can find prints of Astley's Circus and although you can deduce from this that Astley's Circus was an important part of the Victorian World in England at least.

It is known that Philip Astley, who is considered the founder of modern circuses, opened a riding school in 1768. His main aim, it seems, was to develop a school for trick riders or horse riders who would perform daring feats on horseback. Astley developed an arena for the performing horse-men. He saw that the arena or performing area should be a particular shape with the audience around. Because of its circular shape, he called the area a circus. Still it is not confirmed that he called the arena a circus. He certainly saw that the performing area needed to be of a certain shape Ie circular so that horse-riders could perform in an optimum way and so that the audience too could see everything. This is the important thing about a circus! The circus is 'close' to the audience. The audience are mean to see everything. The performers perform for the audience. They perform around the audience .. They perform above the audience. The audience is meant to see. Victorian theater had this basic aim, for the audience to be close to the performers. And Victorian architects developed music halls and theaters on this premise. However circuses came before the large-scale construction of Victorian theaters. It is best not to emphasize the circus shape because the shape is really a common-sense shape for a raw theatrical performance such as the circus. And you should not of course over-analyze what is common-sense!

The amphitheater was located on Westminster Bridge Road in Lambeth, London. As a piece of architecture, Astley's Amhitheatre was certainly stunning and had rich effects. It was built in 1796 and then before the Victorian Age. Still Astley's Amphitheater was burned down many times and refurbished too and you can argue that the theater opened in 1770 when the first theater was built. However it was destroyed by fire in the early 1790s. It was known variously as the Royal Saloon and the Royal Grove and the building only became known as Astley's Amphitheater in 1795. Astley refurbished the building and made the building a center for his new circus acts and that is why the date 1795 is used. It was that built with obvious Georgian and Regency influences. However it is still an important theater to mention. In the Victorian age itself, the place was an important center for circus acts. The building had many names over time. It changed its name to Davis's Royal Amphitheater in 1823 and then the Royal Amphitheater (Astley's) in 1825. Then it had another name changes before returning to the name Astley's Theater in 1863. It was finally known as Sanger's Grand National Amphitheater in 1883 before the building was demolished as unsafe. Note how the name Astley's was associated with it through its history and you can feel that its rich association with circus.

Advice on Buying Antique Entry Doors

If you ever hear mention of salvage doors or reclamation doors, those are in reference to antique entry doors turned back to the 1715's to 1830's. 28 counts of imperial bricks made up the common door height up until the 1950's when they were replaced by metric bricks. Antique homes are harder to restore using a standard size contemporary door because it will not be the correct fit and then require a custom built frame. Old wooden doors also add elegance and history to streamlined modern homes.

1715's to 1830's Georgian and Regency homes had simple architecture, with stone work limited to upscale properties. A fanlight was the one embellishment common in these bare-looking antique entry doors with six non-glass panels. 1900's to 1920's Edwardian homes were the first to consume more space, with oversized doorways flanked by sidelites and decorated with art nouveau or neo-Georgian glass panels. Steps were built of either stone or thin metal. Fewer households employed house maids, resulting in the plain black covered, forged iron door handles.

Between the above mentioned periods, much celebrated 1830's to 1900's Victorian residences reflected the era of penchant for adornment. Hallways and entranceways were narrows from Edwardian but decked out with brass work on knives and hardware as much as for sitting room and bedroom furniture. Classic Victorian entry doors each consist of four or six glazed panels, with stained glass in grander homes. A dropped letter box is located at the bottom of the upper half, where it is not reachable by a stray dog, so the lower half usually ends up being shorter.

1920's traditional hardwood doors made use of heavy oak or mahogany, decorative glass panels and sidelights, wrought iron door furniture. Many modern homes hark back to those meticulously detailed colonial doors. 1930's moderne doors rated geometric glass panels, like sun rays or chevron patterns, either mirrored or colored. With chrome finishing easing out iron work, their vintage Hollywood appeal added glamor to antique entry doors. French windows with a grille embedded between double glass panes or layered over a single glass pane, including true divided lite French doors, are also popular choices.

Gel Nails – Simple Instructions on Gel Nail Application

Gel Nails have become the latest and a more natural alternative to acrylic nails as they do not cause any damage to your real nails. Also, gel nails dry instantaneously and lift less when compared to acrylics. Gel nails can also be used to strengthen your natural nails by applying them as a base coat.

The increasing popularity gel nails have been receiving universally has tempted many to try it out themselves. Gel nail styles have been so exotic and multifarious that it certainly entices many to embellish their nails with the new gel fashion fad.

If you are looking to enhance your nail beauty through gel nails by doing it yourself, it is important to understand their application to prevent any harm to your nails. Being the hottest in the nail beauty segment, gel nails are yet to be completely understood and applied correctly. One must not confuse gel with acrylic. Although gel and acrylics are both of the acrylic category and are prepared using the same type of acrylics, they differ in their application. This is primarily because both are made using different procedures, curing techniques, molecular structures, etc.

Here are some basic instructions that will guide you on applying nail gels correctly and professionally without cutting corners.

1) First, if you have any natural shine on your nails, then buff your nails to remove it. Once done, apply one coat of primer and let it dry completely.

2) Take the gel brush and apply the nail gel on your nail, brushing a thin layer starting from your cuticle to your nail tip. The application motion should be similar to applying nail polish. Make sure that the brush hairs do not come out while applying the gel. If they do, it means you are putting too much of pressure which must be avoided.

3) Once the gel is brushed on your nails, put your hands under a UV light for one to three minutes till the gel dries completely.

4) Now brush on another coat of nail gel as explained in step 2. However, make sure a drop of gel forms on your nail and then slowly spread it on your entire nail.

5) Once again put your hands under the UV light to dry the gel.

6) Perform the procedure again for the 3rd time. This time spread the gel to get an even gel-like uniformity. Once again put your hands under the UV light for drying.

7) Once the gel is completely cleaned, file your nails to the shape you desire.
In the process of gel nail application, be careful that the gel does not come in contact with your skin as this will cause your nails to lift later. Also, do not apply the gel in excess as this will cause air bubbles to form or lead to uneven curing.

Applying gel nails may appear very simple but it's not when it comes to doing it yourself. Therefore, it is recommended that you get your gel nails done by a professional nail artist or a nail salon that specializes in it and can do it the right way.

Once you are comfortable with it and are confident of doing it yourself after having done through a professional, you can try it out yourself next time.

You Gave Me What I Asked for But Not What I Wanted! (Part 1)

Picture the following scenario: You're the project manager ready to deliver the new system your team has been developing for the past two years. Millions of dollars have been spent during those two years to gather requirements, define the system, build an architecture and models, create a work breakdown structure and project schedule with resource allocation, build the system components, integrate, test, validate, fix problems and finally the day is at hand: delivery. You deliver the system with great fanfare and you are confident the system will deliver as promised: greater efficiencies, cost savings, improved customer service, and increased revenue.

Your systems engineering team did an amazing job collecting and vetting requirements from the users, customers, and even the "C-Suite" crowd. Everyone agreed the requirements were well defined and prescribed what the system should do. Your enterprise and systems architects defined the architecture against the requirements, built models of the system, and re-vetted them with stakeholders. A final design was developed and was handed off to the development team to implement. The development team tested their components worked and validated them against the requirements. Once any discrepancies were fixed and regression tested, the systems components were handed to the integration team to "stich" everything together. Again, more testing and validation are completed, problems fixed, regression testing completed, and the system is packaged up for delivery to the stakeholders. Your work is done, and a promotion and a raise will certainly be in the offing for pulling off such a complex project.

Exception … it quickly turns into a disaster. The users start using the system and find it's not doing what they thought it would do. Processes are radically different, data management requires a new set of skills, some people find themselves overburdened with activities while others are now idle, the newly formed help desk is swamped with calls and trouble tickets, customer service takes a beating, and the C- Suite quickly finds out about the mess you delivered. They order the system be taken down immediately and fixed. Instead of that promotion and raise, you're looking at the real possibility of termination and no income at all. What you quickly learn doing a "post mortem" on the project is a very common problem in requirements gathering and management: the stakeholders will say, "You gave me what I asked for, but it's not what I wanted!" Somehow, the project management and systems engineering roles should have been described as "being able to read minds" rather than collect, structure, and vet requirements for a system. But was it the inability to read minds or the process that replied in this fiasco?

Before I go on, I want to quickly define what I mean by "system." Most people reading this article will assume I'm talking about software. In many cases, the system that fails to meet customer expectations is a new software capability. In business, these systems can be bespoke applications developed for a very specific capacity; In many cases, it can be an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) solution based on applications from SAP, Oracle / Peoplesoft, or Microsoft Dynamics, to name some well-known ERP solutions. However, a system can be anything: an airplane, a ship, a spacecraft, a car, a power generation plant, medical devices … really, anything that meets the definition of "a set of interacting or interdependent components forming an integrated whole . " Think of non-software-based systems that failed to deliver as promised or processed delays and cost overruns: The Ford Edsel and Pontiac Aztec, which had market failures (requirements developed in a market vacuum), the Airbus 380 and Boeing 787 (requirements and implementation mismatch), and the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), to name a few.

Now that I've defined what a system is, I want to return to the fictitious, but very familiar, story I crafted for the introduction to this article. I posited the question of whether project managers and systems engineers need to read minds or should have changed the process to avoid the disaster. Well, it turns out that mind reading is not a prerequisite for either of these positions. What could have avoided the problems is employing chaos theory and emergence as the approach to systems development. These theoretic constructs are what drive Agile development, which I will provide an overview on how Agile methods work and their implementation.

Agile development, which includes such techniques as Scrum, eXtreme Programming (XP), and Design Systems Development Method (DSDM) are rooted in the idea that the end users must be involved in the entire development process, and that nobody really knows what the end state of the system will look like: the end state emerges from the entire process. This article will not discuss how to implement an Agile process; rather, it will describe some key aspects of the approach and why it works.

Agile methods are fundamentally designed to facilitate communication between all the stakeholders in a project. The processes encourage teams to develop as self-organizing systems, with people assuming roles based on their strengths and interests. Communication is facilitated with "information radiators" that have team members post their progress and issues in a "war room" planning board with Post-It notes. It also recognizes that end-users of the system are both instrumental in the development and do not really know what they want until they see it. That encourages the development of small, incremental solutions to a problem, rather than a monolithic solution that often does not satisfy anyone.

It is the antithesis of how organizations typically operate, because there is a great deal of unpredictability in what the final system will look like and the apprehensive lack of control during the development process. Further, Agile processes tend to have sparse documentation: "ornamental" document deliverables, which provide no value value to the team's ability to develop and deliver a solution are almost entirely eliminated; Much of the text-based documentation are replaced by diagrams, models, and storyboards. Metrics that are grouped are more focused on keeping the team aware of what has been completed and what is in the pipeline rather than the classic Gantt chart progress reports and earned-value data that management is always focused on. Instead, daily "stands" are held: these are short meetings with all the team members to discuss three things: accomplishes, today's objectives, and roadblocks / problems that need to be addressed. The team members include the developers, and end-user representative, testers, user experience developers, and testers.

The focus is on delivering small, incremental pieces of functionality rather than large, monolithic solution. Remember: the users are getting things done without any new systems, so even small improvements in their operations will be appreciated. And because they helped develop it, they will be vested in its success. The interesting piece is that there's no prediction on what the final product will do: as needs change, people change, and missions change, the incremental approach allows the system to evolve as it's developed. With this approach, the problem of "You Gave Me What I Asked for But Not What I Wanted!" is a thing of the past.

In Part 2 of this article, I will discuss why an Agile, incremental, and adaptive approach works, why the old ways of doing business fail so often, and how to sell the approach to a C-suite staff that wants a predictable end- state, lots of meters along the way, and reams of documentation.

Beginners Guide to Timber Decking Kits

Timber Decking Kits for your Patio & Garden

Garden Decking has witnessed a revival of late, which is possible attributable to the fact that it is a simple, elegant, and easy to create feature which adds both practicality and usability to your garden.

Constructing a decking kit is a rewarding and simple experience – and one which is open to almost any practical-minded individual or half-competent DIYer. By following just a few instructions, you too could create a highly practical area within your garden, which can be enjoyed by for all the family.

First up, ensure that the garden timber decking kit is constructed from ethically sourced, sustainable timbers. Ethically managed forests help ensure that the deck boards have been harvested from sustainable sources. Pine deck boards are the most common deckboards in the UK – typically at 12.5 and 14.5 centimeters wide. Ensuring that your deckboards are grooved will also ensure that the deck provides extra grip in wet weather conditions, so try to source timbers which have at least four grooves. Reversible deck boards will give you the option of perhaps four or seven grooves.

The construction process begins with the preparation of your ground area – the space on which the deck is to be built. Having removed the weeds, rocks, and other unwanted objects from the ground, start by laying a weed control membrane underneath the area on which your project is to be constructed. This will help prevent any further weeds from growing up through the timber boards.

Once the ground area has been prepared, the project will begin constructing the wooden joist frame. This will typically be constructed from C16 grade softwood, 4 "x2" in profile. Raised projects will use 6 "x2" timbers mounted on steel post anchors.

Now that the timber joist frame is in place, the framework will provide a solid base onto which the deckboards can be laid. Timber decking boards should be laid at 5-6mm intervals, to allow the timber to expand and contract under different weather conditions and seasons.

If you wish to install a handrail system, this will be supported vertically by the use of either steel fence post spikes or the more conventional bolt-down steel anchors.

Timber decking kits need not cost the earth – pretty much anyone with fundamental DIY skills will be able to complete an elegant and practical ground deck. Decking kits can be easily adapted for level ground decks, and raised decks can help accommodate uneven ground or a sloping garden. Decking kits are often consider cheaper than a paved decking area, and far more environmentally friendly.

Finally, ensure that all decking timbers are protected with a quality decking stain. Sadolin 2 in 1 Deck Stain and Preserver is specifically good value, and offers a very high level of finish and quality.