Peer Pressure Teen Stress

Peer pressure teen stress can be defined as the way teenagers try to explain due to pressure coming from their peers. This kind of stress is triggered by issues like the need for approval, acceptance and the need to have a sense of belonging. When teenagers, the pressure that comes with trying to gain approval or accept or find a sense of belonging leads to all kinds of circumstances causing stress in the life of adolescents which if not checked may result in health related problems.

Issues that can cause peer pressure teen stress:

The two main settings that teenagers get their peer pressure stress from are the school and the home and there are many issues arising out of these settings which causes stress in adolescents of which some are

1. Issues relating to mixing with others

2. The feelings they have towards themselves relating to how they see themselves and how they think others see them

3. Problems that may arise out of the home with other family members

4. Traumatic or grief related events like divorce among parents, death or illness in the family can also be a likely cause for teen peer pressure

5. Having to adapt to a new school environment

6. Having to move to an environment or place they are not comfortable with

Some ways of dealing with peer pressure stress

1. A positive attitude

One way of tackling this type of stress in teenagers will be for teenagers to encourage themselves to adopt a positive attitude towards life. This will involve them having to adopt a healthy eating habit, avoiding using alcohol or drugs as a way of solving their problems, cutting down on the intake of caffeine drinks amongst others …

Capiz, Philippines, Asia Cut Foliages and Cut Flowers

Background

Following the collapse of the prawn industry in the mid-80's, an interesting industry slowly emerged in the early 90's as dynamic and aggressive women entrepreneurs turned their expensive hobby into a multi-million profitable and enjoyable "sunshine" industry. This paved the way to the birth of the Floriculture Industry in the Province of Capiz. From an obscure industry, it grows to become one of the rapidly expanding agri-business sectors in the province today involving more than 5,000 stakeholders, florists, landscape artists, contractors, technologists, input providers, farm technicians and gardeners.

Capiz is a major producer of potted orchids and orchid cutflowers, landscape materials, fresh foliages and potted ornamental plants in the whole of the Visayas. It is also recognized as one of the sources of the best and rarest ferns in the country today. Currently, it is slowly building a name as the premier source of exportable cutfoliages in the country.

Roxas City leads in the number of producers in the province with ten (10) commercial farms located here. It is also considered as the marketing center with the presence of 4 trading outlets such as the Paseo de Catedral, Balay Kapisnon, Teodoro Arcenas Trade Center, and Talon Garden Center. It is followed by the municipalities of Sigma, Dao, Panay and Ivisan. As of December 2005, total land area devoted to floriculture is estimated to be more than a hundred hectares.

Underlying the strength of the industry is the Capiz Multi-Purpose Cooperative (CMPC) which serves as the primary coordinating body of the cutflower and ornamental plant growers province-wide. It works closely with relevant national government agencies (NGAs), local government units (LGUs) and industry associations to provide an enabling business climate for the industry to develop and grow. All of the big producers in the province are members of the Capiz MPC. It is a duly registered organization with the Cooperative Development Authority and Department of Trade and Industry.

The local ornamental industry cluster is composed of the core industries, the supplier industries, and other industries that provide related and other services. The cluster is made of interlinked and interdependent key and supporting industries and institutions.

Vision

A unified, self-reliant, environment-friendly and globally competitive Floriculture Industry towards the improvement of the quality of life of its members and the community and be known as the "Cutfoliage Capital of the Philippines"

Service & Input Providers – this category include the following:

Landscape Artists – those who provide landscaping services to houses, public and commercial buildings, subdivisions, memorial parks, others. There are about 9 known professional landscape artists in the province at present.
Floral Artists -those who provide floral arrangement services for such occasions as weddings, funerals, debut, graduation, product launching, grand openings, etc. Most of the floral artists are concentrated at the Paseo de Catedral located near the Roxas City Metropolitan Cathedral since they are also cutflower traders.
Cutflower / Ornamental Plant Traders – are those who are engaged solely in selling cutflowers and ornamental plants. They either sell in a permanent stall / place (such as Balay Kapisnon, Paseo de Catedral) or are ambulatory (as most of the traders during municipal / city market days).
Input providers – include those who are engaged in selling of garden inputs and accessories such as organic fertilizers (Hacienda Olive), terra cotta / plastic pots, and soil-less plant medium.

Industry Status and Performance

Production

Cutflowers

The province produces only a few varieties of cutflowers in commercial-scale. These are orchids (white dendrobiums), roses, and asters (white & lilac). Other low-grade varieties produced in limited scale include dahlias, azucena, African daisies, assorted heleconias, and gladiolus (orange). Orchid cutflower and heleconias were at their production peak from1995 to 2000 with 4 commercial farms producing an aggregate yield of 1,500 dozens per week. Production volume slowly dropped over the past 5 years as more and more flowers coming from outside of the province flooded the local market. Currently, only 1 farm is growing orchids.

Fresh foliages and Live Plants

The foliage plants combine 80% of the ornamental plants industry in Capiz and has become an important source of livelihood for many families. Most foliage plants are grown in commercial farms and backyard gardens of Sigma, Dao, Panay, Ivisan and Roxas City.

The foliage plants are sold either as cut, potted or live plants. Potted plants serve as indoor and landscaping plants, while cutfoliages are for floral arrangements.

The demand for foliage plants is increasing. For the last 10 years, foliage plants wherever as cut or live, have the largest share in the export market. At present, Capiz is the only province exporting cutfuliages to Japan in the whole of Luzon and the Visayas.

Major Products Sold

The products and services of the industry include cutflowers, potted flowering plants and greens, cuttings, cutfoliage, landscaping materials, non-soil rooting media, floral arrangement services, landscaping services.
A. Cutflowers – are so called because they are detached from parent plants and are formed into bouquets, leis, arrangements, centerpieces and the like. They are grown and traded for their aesthetic value. They are given away in appreciation and as an expression of love, joy, and encouragement on such occasions as weddings, anniversaries, birthdays and special events like Christmas, Valentine's Day, Mother's Day, and All Saints '/ Souls' Day. Major cutflowers produced by the province are orchids such as dendrobiums, and vanda terrete; roses, puto-puto, heleconias and gladiola.

B. Filler Flowers – includes white and lilac asters, and baby's breath.

C. Cut and Containerized Foliage Plants – refers to fresh leaves, twigs and branches cut fresh and utilized in floral arrangement, evergreen, and foliage plants grown in container for interior and exterior decorations. Major cut foliage produced by the province are dracaenas, polycias, palmeras, song of India, song of Korea, kamuning, cordylines, bottlebrush, rhappis and ferns.

D. Pot Plants – flowering annuals, shrubs, herbaceous perennials grown in containers used for exterior and interior decorations. Most popular flowering pot plants grow here include orchids, euphorbia, hibiscus, and bromeliads.

Landscaping Materials – plants maintaining of evergreen and flowering trees, shrubs, herbaceous perennials, grass covers and furglass used for landscaping purposes. The following are some of the high-value palms grown in the province: Champagne, Bismarck, Hawaiian Fox Tail, Red & Blue Palm, and Sugar Palm. Meanwhile, some of the wide grown ground covers include mundo grass, golden peanuts, carabao grass, Bermuda grass, and chichi Rica.

Non-Soil Rooting Media- coco coir / dust, organic fertilizer, drift woods, fern wood and chips.

Organic Fertilizer – locally produced and manufactured soil enhancers. One of the brands commonly used is RANCAP which is made by Hacienda Olive in Pontevedra.

Services – landscaping, flower arrangement, plant cliniciquing / consultancy

Existing Trade Houses

1. Paseo de Catedral

Arsobizpo St., Roxas City

2. Balay Kapisnon

McKinley St., Roxas City

Tel. No. (036) 621-3445

3. Talon Garden Center

Primer de Mayo Street, Roxas City

VII. Industry Potentials

The industry has vast potential for development because of the following factors:

Available Technology and Support

§ Availability of viable production technologies from external sources.
§ Government and research institutions such as DTI, DA / BPI, DOST, PCARRD could very well provide the needed technical and logistical support for the development of the industry.
§ Production technologies are available for essential oil extraction which has large demands in the domestic and export markets.

Strong labor force and growers' association

§ Affiliation to industry associations at the national level
§ Existence of the Capiz Multi-purpose Cooperative, which serves as the umbrella organization of all cutflower and ornamental plant growers in the province.
§ The province has a supply of trainable labor force.
Favorable Environment
The province has no pronounced dry or wet season which is well suited to grow ornamental plants. The province is likewise seldom visited by strong typhoons.
Vast tracts of land are still available for development.

Growing Demand

Growing international and domestic demand due to the growing appreciation of the aesthetic value and environmental importance of ornamental crops.
Proximity to other Asian market which places Capiz in a good position to serve emerging markets.
Opening of the Iloilo international airport improvements capacity for international trading.

VIII. Projections

Imports (intra-national & international)

Fresh cutflowers will dominate the province's imports of ornamental plant products. These imported flowers are those which are not actually produced due to climatic conditions such as chrysanthemums, lilies, roses, anthuriums, stattice, gerberas, carnation and some varieties of gladiolas. Coming in close, will be other live plants, cuttings and slips which will also be used as planting materials or mother plants. Far in third rank are orchid seedlings. Flowers have seasonal demands

How to Wash Smelly Sneakers and Rubber Shoes Using Your Washing Machine

Smelly sneakers need to be cleaned and washed immediately. Otherwise, this will breed bacteria that may trigger the appearance of skin diseases such as athlete's foot. But you do not have to do this manually. If you have a washing machine, you can do it using your washer.

Here is a step-by-step procedure on how to clean your dirty shoes:

Step 1: If it has shoe laces, remove it first. Other shoes are fastened using Velcro and it is okay to wash that using your washing machine. But the shoe laces have to be removed first. You can include this with your other laundry. Once it is cleaned, you can just hang it to dry completely.

Step 2: Mix your cleaning solution. If it is reliably clean, you only need to use a mild soap. However, I suggest you use a disinfecting detergent specifically used for shoes. Before you buy it, check if it is a good choice for the materials of your shoes. If you are using canvas sneaker, make sure the detergent you are using will work well with canvas materials.

Step 3: Apply the solution to the dirtiest areas first. You might also want to sprinkle baking soda if it is extremely smelly. After treating it with the solution, place it in a net bag. You use this for exclusive clothes but you can also use this to hold shoes together.

Step 4: Set washing machine to the hot water cycle. And use the gentle washing cycle. Add a bit more of the solution to the washing cycle and allow the machine to finish cleaning your shoes.

Step 5: Use the slow spin speed so it can tumble and extract some of the excess water. When the cycle is done, hang it in a warm and sunny place to dry completely.

You might want to clean your washer afterwards as the dirt from your sneakers will be left on the washing machine's drum. If you do not immediately clean it off, it might cause a smelly washer and you do not want that to happen.

Using baking soda is also a good choice for a cleaning solution if you do not have a detergent used for athletic shoes ready. Just sprinkle it before washing your shoes. If it is still smelly after drying it completely, sprinkle it again with baking soda for an effective way of diffusing the smell.

Questions You Should Ask Your Web Host Before Signing Up!

So, you're looking to build a web-site or so fed up with your current web host that you are eager to transfer your site somewhere? You may not even be aware of your current hosts vulnerabilities in an industry where each week there is news about a host going down for one reason or another.

Your first problem is narrowing the thousands of choices down to a few that you can research further. Seek friends or associates that have a web-site and ask for their advice. Visit one of the lots of forums about hosting, ask the members for advice or search threads from those that have asked before you.

Once you have located a few hosts to research, the ten questions below will take you a long way towards making an informed decision. You may be capable of finding lots of the answers to these questions on the hosts websites, but always feel free to call the host and quiz them about their operations. The quality of the answers and degree of professionalism you get from a possible host often transfers to the type of support you will get once you become a customer. Without further ado, the ten query to ask your web host:

1. How long has the net host been in business?

3. How lots of upstream web providers does the net host have?

2. Does the net host own its information middle?

5. Does the net host provide 24/7/365 phone and electronic mail support?

4. Does the net host monitor its customers sites twenty-four hours per day? How?

6. What levels of redundancy does the net hosts architecture provide?

7. Does the net host automatically backup customer websites in case of information loss? How often?

9. Does the net host provide the features that you require for your web-site?

8. What is the net hosts billing policy?

10. Does the net host have the products and services to handle your growth?

1. How long has the net host been in business?

The length of time that a host has been in business can be related to their ability to provide a quality, reliable product. If your host can satisfy its customers, then those customers are likely to stick with the hosts service. Therefore, stay in business. there's, coursework, situations where this is not applicable or becomes a bit hazy. Be positive to also inquire about whether a host has recently been involved in a merger, acquired what was once a widely known brand name, or launched a used brand. If any of these apply, then delve deer in to the story behind what has happened and determine whether quality resources are still with the company.

Complete a domain name whois lookup of the host: Type in the net hosts domain name and determine what year the domain was registered. If only registered in the recent past, ask the host about it. If the domain name was recently registered this is not necessarily a red flag. basically inquire with the host about it. they may have recently launched an affinity-based brand to cater to your market.

Type the hosts name in to a search-engine and check out the results that you get, other than those from the host itself. You may run across reviews, interviews, or industry articles about the host.

2. Does the net host own its information middle?

A information middle is the foundation from which all products and services are built on. If your host owns its own information middle, then they are likely entrenched in the hosting business. they also have an experienced staff and knowledge base from which to draw from when supporting your web-site and building new products. In other words, if a host owns its own facility, then it controls more of the variables that can make or break your web presence.

3. How lots of upstream web providers does the net host have?

Your web-site performance is not a measure of your web server's speed. The ability of your web host to route traffic through the cleanest web connections is also of great importance. It is critical that your provider has multiple connections to the net. Accidental fiber cuts in construction or telecom work and information middle equipment failure may cause your site to go offline for an extended amount of time.

This can be avoided if your web host has other connections to the net that will reroute traffic that would have normally been carried on the failed circuit. Yes, this means your host must also have additional capacity on hand to handle normal traffic levels when one connection is lost; which is another area where a host can try to cut cost. This is much like when driving your automobile, there's several streets that you can take to get to your desired location. sometimes you will encounter construction or an accident that will require you to take an alternative street. Well, the net works the same way. there's several routes that traffic can take to a location. Your hostought to be able to select the cleanest, or most efficient, route to your web-site visitor. In fact, your hostought to be able to continuously tune these routes to find the best path to your visitors.

Another way to accomplish this is by minimizing the number of different networks traffic will pass through before reaching its location. It is important for your host to have direct connections to networks that have lots of eyeballs. In other words, your web-site will be served better if your web host is using connections with networks that facilitate web access to large volumes of subscribers.

4. Does the net host monitor its customers' sites twenty-four hours per day? How?

There's a couple of factors that can influence the answer to this query. Does the host own its own information middle? If not, then they are physically removed from their servers and supposedly paying a co-location company to provide monitoring for them. When another company controls the environmental systems that provide the home for the host, one can appeal that you have created another potential point of failure; that being the communication of an issue from the information middle to the net host. That point of failure can increase the latency between an issue and its resolution, leading to increased downtime for your web-site. Second, if your web host has an issue with its own infrastructure, then there may be travel time associated with their engineers getting to the information middle to resolve it or, once again, increased latency by trying to remotely resolve an issue.

You might be surprised at how lots of web hosts do not provide 24/7/365 support. The industry's hosts run the gamut from only electronic mail support to providing phone and electronic mail support 24 hours per day and 365 days per year. The best way to eliminate not having support when you require it, is to select a host that can assist you whenever you require it. When an idea wakes you from a slumber at 3 AM, it is good to have your host on the other end of the phone to speak about it. When your site malfunctions due to a programming glitch the night before your store is to open, it is amazing to have your web host on the phone to decipher the issue with you. When your cat accidentally deletes some important files, know that your host is there to help recover them. Also make positive that your host is providing support over the major holidays. lots of web hosts will close their support middle, decrease their support to only electronic mail, or send their support team home with a pager to be called in case of emergency. All of these decreases can generate latency if your web-site goes offline. And, holidays are often days which persons will spend time on the net after they have done all of their social designs. Matter of fact, word-of-mouth business is one of the most effective means to customer acquisition. When people get together, they exchange ideas.

5. Does the net host provide 24/7/365 toll free phone and electronic mail support?

6. What levels of redundancy does the net host provide?

A web server is the hardware and application combination that serves requested web pages, files, or other information. Servers answer requests from web browsers to provide information from websites, electronic mail, and databases. they then send that information to the requesting browser. Load balancing divides the amount of work that a server has to do between multiple servers, which also adds redundancy, so that more work gets done in the same amount of time and, in general, all websites requests within the network get served quicker. The load balances stay in constant contact with the servers to determine how busy they are and / or if one of them has failed. It may sound like a no-brainer, but having your site connected to the net is the whole reason for having a web-site as well as a load-balanced, redundant network is vital to that endeavor.

Failures that cause your site to lose connection can happen. Therefore, it's crucial to discover a provider whose hosting architecture provides the least-risk of failure. Redundancy is necessary. Single points of failure are very bad, but lots of hosts try to cut costs by risking single points of failure. Ask your web host about their redundancy in server architecture (web, electronic mail, and DNS servers), load-balancing, and file storage.

Has your electronic mail server ever been down? Redundancy is also vital for electronic mail and DNS servers. A Domain Name System (DNS) server translates requests to locate a web-site. As you can imagine, keeping electronic mail and DNS servers online is a mission-critical task for a web host. For file storage, seek a host that makes use of a reliable storage solution with multiple auto-fail over and hot-swappable drives to make positive continuous delivery of your web-site.

7. Does the net host automatically backup customer websites in case of information loss? How often?

Backing up websites bought to be a scheme part of your web host's operation. Backup is the activity of copying files or databases so that they are going to be preserved in case of equipment failure or any other catastrophe.

Look for a web host that provides a money-back guarantee. This will let you try out the hosts service. You bought to find that the service is sub-par in site performance, reliability, or missing the features that you seek, the ability to request your cash back, within the parameters of the guarantee, is priceless and liable to save you from later trouble. It is always a good to idea to inquire about the net hosts cancellation procedures. there's lots of hosts out there who require you to send them an electronic mail or make a phone call to cancel, which can extend the timeframe to cancellation. A host who is confident in their service will have a cancellation form or online avenue within their control panel. Now, they will also also have a retention program, so dont be surprised when they call or electronic mail you to ask why you are leaving. After all, your feedback helps them to evaluate their service.

8. What is the net hosts billing policy?

9. Does the net host provide the features that you require for your web-site?

A domain name, but be positive to look for hidden registration fees or renewal fees sometimes people select a host because it has the exact feature set that they require, but later find that feature set means nothing when access to those features is unreliable. Make positive that a host has your desired features and is also reliable. To make positive that the host you are evaluating is everything you require, use the following list: An example amount of viral electronic mail accounts including web-based, POP3, and IMAP electronic mail spam filtering and virus protection are a must these days, unless you are providing this by yourself disk space to meet your sites needs every month bandwidth allotments that will cover your traffic and the ability to increase that allotment based on your sites success site building tools such as extensions for FrontPage or other online / downloadable site building programs Ease of upload to your site by FTP or other means Access to a sturdy traffic analysis program or the raw logs for you to scheme yourself Programming languages, including CGI, PHP, MIVA (if needed) Database capability, dependent on your application preference ecommerce shopping cart options.

10. Does the net host have the products and services to handle your growth?

You might be surprised how lots of sites that once started for fun or as a hobby have grown in to a number of the most popular sites on the net. Here, you never know when you will outgrow your current product or service and require to move up the ladder to the next rung. Make positive that your web host can meet your anticipated growth, not only within the product range of shared hosting, but bought to you ever require a dedicated server or co-location solution, your host is there to speak about and provide the best solution.

Do your home-work by using the above questions as a template and you will likely save yourself some major chairs down the road. If you have gathered information about multiple hosts, you can now compare apples to apples and select the best host for your needs. Hopefully, the work that you have done will avoid forcing you to make use of your gut, but make an informed decision based on the facts. sometimes, the best piece advice that you will find in any article or forum about choosing a host is, if something seems good to be true, then it probably is.

The Easiest Way to Measure for a Fireplace Grate

Making sure you have the correct measurements is a vital process when purchasing a brand-new fireplace grate. We will walk through the process to obtain the right measurements for a new fireplace grate.

You will need a few things to help you:

Measuring Tape for correct measurements, paper to write those measurements on and a pen or pencil to write with, and depending on the light levels in your room, a flashlight might help. We also recommend that you wear some clothing that you don’t mind getting dirty, because there is a good chance you will get dirty and sometimes that soot is hard to get out of your clothing.

Step 1 – Measuring the Width:

Measure the width of your fireplace opening in the very back of your fireplace and write this measurement down. Make sure to get as far back as possible for the most precise dimensions, this is where the flashlight might be helpful.

Measure the width of your fireplace opening at the front of your fireplace and write this measurement down.

Now that you have both the back width and front width, deduct 6 inches from each dimension. If, for example, your front width is 42 inches, then you would subtract 6 inches, which would offer you a final width of 36 inches. If the rear width is of 38 3/4, you would round to the next whole number then subtract 6 inches for the final 32 inches.

You will need the rear width to make sure you are purchasing the right grate size, as they can be found in numerous various back widths. Some fireplaces have a radical taper and some fireplaces have no taper at all.

NOTE: The most common mistake when ordering a fireplace grate is to only look at the front width and ignore the rear width in a tapered fireplace. This typically ends up in a costly return after paying shipping. Be sure to confirm that all measurements before ordering.

Keep in mind that fireplace grates are categorized by their front width, you may need to look at several sizes before you find one that will fit your fireplace.

Step 2 – Measuring the Depth:

Measure the depth of your fireplace from the fireplace door, or from the beginning of the fireplace opening and write this measurement down.

Now that you have your depth dimension, deduct 6 inches from this measurement.

Ideally, you want to have about 3″ on all sides of the grate to ensure appropriate feature & air flow.

Step 3 – Find your Grate:

With these dimensions, you now have a guide to start searching for a new fireplace grate! We hope this short article was valuable to you.

Managers Coaching in the Workplace

Workplace coaching has been for the reserve of executives or individuals within organizations. Now organizations realize that managers using coaching skills can provide direct performance and business benefits.

More than 70% of organizations with any formal leadership development activities use coaching as an important part of that. The Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) states that line managers typically deliver 36% of the coaching to their reports, while HR and Training and Development specialists were delivering 30%. This suggests an expectation for line managers to deliver more coaching.

I will start with defining what is coaching in the workplace, and what it is not. I will cover how it works as a development tool, the topic of the Manager as coach, their roles and responsibilities; the deliverables to the business and the pros and cons of delivering coaching.

I will cover how a manager can coach, who they will coach, and different styles and to conclude the issues that it may raise, how they can be recognized and some solutions.

How does it work?
Organizations realize that they can improve the performance and motivation of their people through coaching. A coaching style of management is preferred to the traditional command and control approach.

Coaching is a more a management style rather than a tool. Application of coaching has many examples; delegating, problem solving, team building, planning and reviewing.

Coaching embraces 2 fundamental principles, that of awareness and responsibility. Huge potential lies within all of us. What blocks that unleashed potential? Restrictive structures and company practices, the lack of encouragement and opportunities provided, and management style of the company. The most common internal block is self belief. Building self awareness, responsibility and self belief is the goal of a coach.

Awareness can be raised by focussed attention and by practice. It is the clear perception of the relevant facts and information. It helps in recognizing when and how emotions or desires distort our own perception.

When we accept, choose or take responsibility for our own thoughts and actions, our levels of commitment increase, and so does our performance. Performance is likely to improve if someone chooses to take action, rather than being told.

Effective questioning in conversation best generates awareness and responsibility. Questions should be open beginning with words like what, when, how (much / many), and who. Why is discouraged as it suggests criticism. Questioning will follow the coachee's train of thought. If they appear to be going way off track a simple interjection like "I notice we have not talked about", helps bring things back on course.

What should we ask, and in what sequence? Several coaching models exist. The most familiar is the (T) GROW model. The G is for Goal, setting the agenda for the session as well as the long term aspiration. The R is for reality, exploring the current situation. The O follows for options or courses of action. Finally W is for what is to be done, when, by what (the way forward).

Other coaching models exist, such at the SHOOTS model. Here they cover Seek to understand, Hone the goals, Objectives set, Options and action planning, Try it out, Success review. One further coaching model the "Coaching path", is another.

The Manager as Coach the pros & cons
Can a manager coach and do their own day job? With the demands placed on managers these days, adding one more task to their list of objectives in an ever demanding workplace.

Organizations realize that they can improve both the performance and motivation of their associates through coaching. Focussing on encouraging people to think for themselves, a coach provides support, challenge, feedback and guidance, but rarely answers.

A survey conducted by the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) suggests managers who have been trained in coaching can also self coach. While operational coaching carried out by line managers will help to improve performance, it is dedicated internal coaches who will bring about long-reflecting behavioral change that can really add value.

Dedicated internal coaches within an organization must raise the question of value for money and cost effectiveness. My own observations of cost-cutting programs, flatter organizations, and the need to demonstrate value for money leave little room for a coach to exist as a dedicated resource.

There are some additional pros and cons for coaching a team From the perspective of the coach is a successor could be created, avoiding team members being "off the job" to develop skills, and could be cost effective. The downside to this is that they (the manager) feel their own job may be jeopardized, it can be time consuming, and giving people responsibility may encourage them to dispute the coach's authority. The manager in coaching may develop a lack of confidence if the coaching experience does not go well.

For the team the benefits are that they will be trained by someone who knows them and their development needs. Development is part of the job and is there immediately directly relevant and useful, and it makes work more challenging and interesting. The downside could be if coaching is not taken seriously.

Coaching may not always be appropriate. A manager may have to switch from a coaching role to a routing role and then back again. As long as this is explained to the team this should not cause an issue. If not then the behavior can be seen as ambiguous.

For the manager to be successful he needs to build rapport with the people he is coaching. Without this coaching will have limited benefits. The relationship will often be one to one, however in the case of a development or performance focus; the manager may have to report to a sponsor to give feedback. All parties will need to know this from the start.

How can a Manager Coach?
Organizations need to decide how coaching will be deployed, who will do the training (internal / external) and how many managers are to be trained. This would usually be led by the HR function, supported by senior management. This could be built into the organizations objectives and targets. By the creation of a "coaching culture" coaching will be more readily accepted.

Various coaching models are available for the manager as coach. The most common is (T) GROW. Used effectively it's relatively simple to use (previously discussed). Regardless of which model the coach chooses to take, it will give them a repeatable model to use. One disadvantage of having many managers coaching in organizations is standardization, a model will help.

Assuming the manager has received coaching training, and is now armed with a repeatable model to follow, what next? There are several dimensions in the coaching relationship to consider. One is between the coach and the coachee (team or individual).

A third dimension which is the manager to the organization. This may mean reporting upwards on progress and developments of a coaching relationship.

A manager can coach in various ways; coaching downwards, meaning coaching individuals who report directly. Coaching upwards, meaning the relatively unusual situation of coaching ones superior. This can be dangerous as a senior manager may ask for honest feedback, but does not want to hear the truth! I would advise extreme caution in this situation.

Coaching sideways, meaning coaching groups peasants or equals in the organization. This occurs in different areas and can benefit the coach, coachee and the organization with an exchange of views and knowledge. It allows challenging questions to be asked, which may not necessarily be raised if one had expert knowledge of the functional area.

Team Coaching, is another dynamic where a manager can apply his coaching skills. For a team there are times when coaching intervention will be effective. These are the beginning, midpoint and ends. The beginning helps establish boundaries, identifies what to do regarding tasks and timings. This helps the group to have a good launch, and can clearly enhance member's commitment to the team and the task. At the midpoint failures and successes can be shared, as well as experiences. Teams are able to review how they have worked together and will be open for some coaching intervention. The end of a task or performance should be time for lessons learnt for future project work.

These 3 coaching interactions can be summarized as motivational in the beginning, consultative at the midpoint, and educational at the end. Evidence suggests that coaching a team in between these points in the cycle may have small beneficial effects.

What issues does it raise?
There are three angles, the coach (manager) the coachee (individual and team) and the organization.

In all organizations politics have their place. It is important to remember that as a coach your role is non-judgmental. The manager needs to recognize when there is a conflict of interests and flag at the earliest opportunity. By finding themselves "in the middle", this is potential for stress. Managers should be aware and take early action to avoid this situation.

In commercial organizations, Return on Investment (ROI) or at least a clear measure of how coaching will impact the organization is required. Few initiatives will be approved or deployed unless there is a clear measurement system. This is where a "coaching culture" may support the initiative. Being incorporated into the organizations missions, and values ​​as well as one of the organizations corporate objectives will support success and adoption.

Tracking success of coaching can pose a headache. Process tools & guidelines will help with this. For example specifying how long the coaching will last for, the assessment instruments and agreement as part of the contracting phase.

One issues a manager may face when coaching in an organization is that of standardization. For example coaching models, how information is recorded, and how coaching sessions are conducted.

A barrier to coaching is the perception the time to do it. Small companies and some owner managers are likely to complain that they do not have the time to do everything. Smaller companies tend to have fewer dedicated resources. However it is accepted that some small businesses fail as a consequence because they had not quite developed their key staff.

Managers as coaches may well come across the international dimension and are an aspect that the manager as a coach needs to be aware of, even within a single organization. This is particularly relevant in a more diverse workforce.

Managers bought to understand how development impacts on people in the organization. Managers need genuine interest; otherwise they may only pay lip service to the "coaching culture" or their organizations "strategy and vision". In hostile environments (such as fast paced manufacturing) with aggressive attitudes and styles, change needs to happen quickly, and coaching is not automatically chosen.

Autocratic environments where management "tell" their associates display language and behavior in direct conflict to the coaching style. If managers have to "tell" their associates, they handle and remove any ambiguity in their role as coach. As long as this is explained to associates this should not cause an issue.

If time is upmost then telling will be the fastest way. If the quality of the result is upmost, then coaching for high awareness and responsibility is likely to deliver. If maximizing learning is upmost, coaching will optimize learning and retention.

Coaching is a tool for people development. What if there is now for the people to develop to? Organizations adopting flatter and leaner structures, particularly in the light of current economic situations there may leave little scope for individuals to move without someone leaves. Succession planning helps here but people may have to "stand still" for some time.

As a consequence of downsizing individuals find them with even higher workloads than before. Organizations typically employed jobs and structure with little thought as to how the business processes and people are affected.

Other organizational barriers to coaching success are lack of time, where the managers did not feel that they had the time; they want things done now so revert back to "command and control".

Fear of skills coaching used, for managers who can not or will not coach will oppose its use. They may feel weakness in their ability. Fear from the associate's side their mengers are not confident in their role as coach, and some associates may be better than them. From the manager's side there is the fear of the coach, that the coach can perform better than them and perceive it as a threat. There is the fear of risk, that if it does not bring the results that are expected (whether reasonable or not) that it would be a waste of money (externally provided), or resources and time (internally provided).

Coaching is not a "catch all" for everything and everyone and the manager needs to recognize when coaching is not appropriate. As a guide but by no means exhaustive, when faced with the following situations, a manager may question if coaching is appropriate. If a criminal act is committed, serious health or emotional problems, stress, and substance abuse.

Conclusion
Coaching has been recognized as adding value in the workplace, not only for high achievers and executives. Responsibility for delivering the coaching still rests largely with the line management team in an organization (70%).

Coaching is applied in a non-directional, non-judicial way. Before improving performance awareness and responsibility need to be raised. Coaching models exist to aid the manager the most common being (T) GROW.

Coaching may appear an additional task on f the manager's already heavy workload. Done correctly, it allows the manager more time on core tasks such as long-term planning and objective setting. In developing staff it avoids them being "off the job" to develop skills. There are occasions where a manager will have to "tell" staff and needs to be handled by them appropriately.

Coaching can be done at various levels within an organization, team, individuals, peers, superiors or themselves. It is important for the manager to recognize when coaching is not appropriate and seek assistance.

The manager needs to be aware of any conflicts of interest, particularly in the area of ​​values ​​and beliefs. A demonstrable measurement system will support the coaching approach. The standard of training and ongoing support to coaches is important to ensure that a coach does not have a negative effect on the work. Cultural and diversity dimension also needs to be considered.

Coaching is clearly not a "catch all" or a sticking plaster for a manager to heal over their areas of responsibility. It is extremely powerful when used as a management style, supported by a strong and visible coaching culture within an organization.

The final question I would raise to any organization not using, or considering using coaching is why would they not want to benefit from the overriding benefits that it can yield?

Choosing the Right Laminate Flooring Underlay

The choice of your laminate flooring underlay will depend entirely on the conditions of the floor. The more you are aware of the conditions that the floor will be affected with the better you can prepare for its life. The floors get pressure from both the top and the bottom. Therefore, you need to provide good protection and conditions on both sides.

By following the right maintenance techniques, you can manage the top very easily. However, the bottom is another story. Once the flooring has been installed, you can not really work with the bottom side very easily. For this reason, it is essential to choose the best laminate flooring underlay.

Steps to choose the right laminate flooring underlay

When you decide on laying the floor, check the sub floors. You need to know if the material utilized is timber or concrete slabs. When you know about the material underneath, you will have to study it for damage or effects from moisture. When you're aware of the moisture level underneath and on top of the floor, the right laminate flooring underlay will protect the flooring.

Another important consideration is that the right laminate flooring will work effectively if you have a smooth sub floor. If it's very clean and has a smooth level then the laminate floor underlay will adhere better and not be prone to cracks. Therefore, for a concrete floor you must fill in any gaps and smooth out the surface completely. On a timber sub floor, you will simply have to nail down all the boards very nicely. To create the smoothest surface you might have to top it off with plywood sheets. The trickiest situation comes when you have a high level of moisture in the region and the sub floor is solid. These are made out of stone, concrete or bricks.

In this case, you will have to use the filler compound which is damp proof. Any of the gaps should be filled in and you should let it dry out completely before you start using the laminate floor underlay.

Now you need to work out the budget to choose the laminate floor underlay. You can have a combination or solid form between different materials. These generally include plywood, cork or foam. You can also build in more layers of sound proofing materials. However, these are slowly expensive so you can work out the additional elements based on your budget.

The Benefits of Limestone Fireplaces in Your Home and Work

Limestone fireplaces are a popular option for your home or work, when you have decided to build a fireplace. They not only can help on your heating bills when properly built, but the majestic looks of a large fireplace made of limestone is a focal point of any room, no matter where it is located. There are many design schemes that can be totally transformed with the addition of limestone fireplaces. Whether you are considering Modern, Victorian, Georgian or Edwardian period decors, the addition of a fireplace made from limestone is the perfect way to complete the decorating scheme.

The artistic craftsmanship that goes into custom carved limestone is a factor you might want to consider when choosing the materials for your fireplace. While there are those that like the elegant and luxurious appeal of marble fireplaces and there are those that like a brick fireplace because they are a more colonial design element, the possibilities that are available with a fireplace made from limestone can be endless. You can get the traditional look of natural stones or you can get slabs of limestone that resemble marble and have interesting grains that flow throughout the stone pieces.

For those that want a fireplace surround made of limestone, it is interesting to know that many pieces of limestone can replicate the finest granite marble, but they are much cheaper. When making a fireplace surround of limestone marble, the cuts are made in minimum pieces to make sure that the grain of the stone flows properly throughout the fireplace, which gives it a marbleized appearance. Because the price is much more affordable than other stone or fireplaces, it is a popular choice that is perfect for your home or office. In fact, there are many cases where the price of basic limestone fireplaces can be almost half the price of other materials, which is why they are one of the most popular fireplaces, whether they are a wood-burning fireplace, gas fireplace or an electric fireplace.

There are those that like the appearance of limestone in the cut stone facades that look more rustic, yet have a majestic air about them because of the sheer monumental qualities of the cut stones. Because there are craftsmen that will carefully carve the stones to have the beveled edges that some limestone might display, there are a number of things that make fireplaces made from these stones a unique choice. The price savings benefit can be complimented by the character of the stone and the design element that it adds to the decor of the room. Because limestone is affordable and versatile, it is able to fit easily into many fireplace design schemes.

When you are contemplating a fireplace for your home, it is helpful to know that you can expect to recoup almost all of your investment in a fireplace and maybe more. Because a fireplace of limestone has universal appeal, it is a design element that adds prestige and comfort to your office and can add value to your home. If you are selling your home, it can add buyer appeal that enhances the marketability of your home, as well.

Basic Equipment You Will Need to Start Woodturning Projects

While it is easily understood that a wood lathe is needed to begin woodturning projects, there are a few other necessities before starting. Many of these are already found in the typical woodworking shop while others will need to be purchased.

The basic wood lathe comes with one or two faceplates for bowls and other large work; a spur center and tail center for holding spindle projects; and a couple of tool rests for different sized work. No cutting tools are generally supplied with the lathe.

While experienced turners will purchase individual tools, it is advisable for the beginner to get a beginning set. This will contain the necessary tools for spindle work. Usually this will be a roughing gouge, a couple of spindle gouges of different sizes, a couple of skews of different sizes, a couple of scrapers of different sizes and a parting tool. Such a set should be high speed steel, not carbon steel which is cheaper but does not hold an edge very long compared with high speed. Later on bowl and faceplate tools can be purchased or made. If the beginner is anxious to begin turning bowls, a one quarter inch bowl gouge will get them started and different sizes can be purchased later on.

Once the tools are purchased there needs to be a means to sharpen them. Woodworkers new to woodturning will be amazed at how often turning tools need to be sharpened. The usual means to a good edge is a grinder however most shop grinders have wheels too coarse to give a good edge on high speed steel. An aluminum oxide wheel of appropriate size should be purchased. It should be around eighty grit and a wheel dresser to keep it round and clean is really a necessity.

While some turners consider a sharpening jig to be a luxury, for a beginner it is almost a necessity. Sharpening woodturning tools freehand is a skill in its own right if not an art. Learning it at the same time as trying to learn woodturning is difficult and learning to turn with dull tools is almost impossible. A jig should be purchased or made at the very beginning.

One of the things that makes woodturning special is the ability to much of the time sand and finish a project on the lathe. Sandpaper in grits from eighty to two hundred twenty is usually found in the workshop but some turners like to go as high as two thousand grit for some projects. Usually up to three hundred twenty will be fine. Danish oil and similar finishes work well for most woodturnings and again is a typical supply of most shops.

Safety is an important part of any woodworking shop and work around a wood lathe is no exception. A face mask to protect from flying wood is a necessity as is a dust mask to protect the lungs from sanding. Hearing protectors are good to have. Most lathes are fairly quiet but saws, drills, sanders and dust collectors as well as other shop tools can cause hearing problems.

Tools to ready the wood for the lathe will likely be already in the shop. Bandsaws and table saws are often used and a chainsaw is a part of most woodturner's arsenals of tools.

A quick look at a woodturning catalog will convince any aspiring woodturner that bits and pieces can be acquired for years to come but these should get one started. Certainly a lot of enjoyment are contained in these few simple items.

4 Types Of Home Insulation

Inspecting your home's insulation is one of the quickest and most cost-effective methods you can undertake to reduce your spend on energy.

With a correct mixture of products and construction procedures your home can be protected against air leaks and moisture as well as reducing the impact of the temperature outside. In fact, studies have shown that proper insulation can improve your home's temperature comfort by up to 10%.

If your house is built before 1980; if you find it overly cold in the winter or hot in the summer; if your energy bills are extreme; if you find noise from outside disturbs you; if you are extending or building; then you need to examine your insulation.

The first place to start checking is in your attic, ceiling, exterior and cellular walls, floors and crawl areas to determine what insulation you have and if it comes up to the recommended levels for your area.

Insulation material is measured in R-values. The higher the R-value the product carries, the better the level of protection against heat transfer.

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has published a recommended range of R-values ​​for all areas across the country determined by local climatic conditions and cost of energy.

Although insulation is available in a wide variety of materials, it typically comes in four types; each with it's own characteristics.

1) Rolls and batts (or blankets)
These are flexible and made from fibers, like fiberglass, rock wool, plastic or natural fibers. They are fitted between studies, joists, and beams and suitable for using in unfinished walls, floors and ceilings.

2) Loose-fill
This is generally made of fiberglass, rock wool, or cellulose and comes in small particles. It is installed by being blown into the space using a special pneumatic blower. It is great for adding insulation to existing areas, oddly shaped areas and around obstacles.

3) Rigid foam
Whilst generally more expensive than fiber products, it is very effective in buildings with space limitations and where higher R-values ​​are needed. It is often used in unfinished walls; ceilings and floors; and un-vented low-slope roofs.

4) Foam-in-place
Is blown into walls and reduces air leakage. Good for adding insulation to existing completed spaces, irregularly shaped spots, and around obstructions.

There are many different variations of the four types listed above and literally hundreds of different products to choose form. Many homeowners are opting for a more 'green' approach and opting for natural products like wool. And many are even building homes using old techniques such as straw bale construction.

What ever the insulation option you choose, you will be impressed with the better temperature control and hopefully will even even impress with a reduction in your energy bills.

To Success In You Home Improvements

Bill Brennan

The Ideal House (Home Sweet Home)

The house was the place of the gathered and protected family from various conflicts that came from nature and from the disturbance of the bad hands.

Because of that so so we feel at home remained at home, then was needed by the atmosphere of the pleasant house.

Several characteristics of the Ideal House:

  • His atmosphere interior enjoyable.
  • The exterior had the environment that beautiful
  • The clean kitchen part
  • The clean TOILET part

In the house, the values ​​of the family and humanity was invested in a manner for generations to the individual.

As main means of a family, the existence of the house must become main attention.

Four conditions must be met to be able to be said as the ideal and healthy house.

  1. The house interior must be sufficient to be available the room for parents, the child and the guest. For the tropical area, better the attic was rather high, so as the volume of air in the room was enough. Air ventilation must be good, likewise room information must be enough.
  2. The house exterior in order to have the area of ​​the yard that was enough so as to be able to be planed the reforestation crop, the fruit, vegetables and the flower. The environment might not around the house be dirtiest pollution. Was available water facilities, electricity and continuity of the telephone. Had the road that could be passed through car to head means of the public's service like the market, the hospital, the school and the place of religious duties.
  3. The part or the kitchen of the processor of domestic food must meet the condition for the cleanliness. In this place food was processed. When the dirty kitchen, then food that was cooked dirty also and this was dangerous for the health of the member of this house of occupants's family.
  4. The condition for the four healthy homes was the existence of the clean TOILET.

Refrigerated Trailers – Secrets Exposed!

We have seen a lot over the past 12 years with portable refrigerated trailers. As the name implies there really are two key elements involved here, the refrigeration and the trailer. We have seen some folks get part of it right while most fail at both aspects when designing and building a small refrigerated trailers.

Let's start with the trailer. This is the foundation of everything we do. The regular cargo- enclosed trailer industry has changed over the years so much and they are cutting out the strength and durability we require for refrigerated trailers. It is important not to just get a trailer off the lot and try this at home like so many we see out there today.

Quality built refrigerated trailers should have:

1. Single Piece Aluminum roof
2. 16 "OC steel tube walls
3. Steel tube roof
4. Steel tube framed rear doors (not plywood w / aluminum skin)
5. Triple tube tongue
6. LED lights
7. Sub floor for superior insulation with aluminum underbelly
8. Load D or greater tires for better stability
9. No wood framing or wood walls / ceiling (lighter & stronger with no mold or mildew issues)
10. Reinforced front nose for refrigeration unit
11. Extended tongue with mounts for generator
12. Should be specifically built to be refrigerated trailers and built with strength and durability in mind. Please check out how important it is to use a trailer made of steel tube instead of z-post or hat post.

We have even seen people taking walk in coolers and putting them on a flat bed trailer. Be careful as many of these structures are not DOT approved and you can be fined or even worse injure someone. Use common sense, walk in coolers are great for sitting inside or outside a building but they are not designed for the rigors of the road going up and down and side to side, they offer no structural support.

The refrigeration is just as important and you definitely want to get this part right. The ideal solution for businesses is a unit that can be used as either a cooler or a freezer. Please make sure that even if you are purchasing a cooler that the refrigeration system has a defrost capability and preferably hot gas defrost. I mention this because so many folks find out the hard way that if you want your trailer to stay at 35 degrees then your evaporator has to be 12- 15 degrees cooler than that to maintain your temperature. Well it may take 12 hours or 24 hours but ever you are going to get an ice build up on your coil and you will need a way to defrost it or else lose your product.

Standard refrigeration units that have hot gas defrost are the most effective and fast way to defrost a system. The use of standard refrigeration will save you a bundle in repair and maintenance cost alone. We also recommend modifying your refrigeration system for transportation and do not use copper to connect the evaporator coil to condenser coil. Copper is a soft metal and will break easily. Hopefully these tips serve you well in your search for refrigerated trailers to purchase or rent.

Polystyrene Insulation – Foam Board Insulation

Foam Board Insulation is based on covering indoor or outdoor surfaces of building in order to prevent heat losses to the surrounding.

There are several material used for the production of these foam core boards, of which Polystyrene is the most widely used.

Polystyrene is an aromatic polymer made from styrene monomer. Polystyrene is among the most used types of plastic for general use. Chemically, polystyrene is a long-chain hydrocarbon, with every other carbon molecule connected to a phenyl group. Discovered in 1839, polystyrene became ubiquitous, being used in the production of a variety of objects both for general and industrial use.

Polystyrene, in its foam form proved to be a very good thermal insulator and damping material. This quality made it well suited for the production of foam core boards used in foam board insulation, and also for the construction of non-weight bearing structures.

The foam boards made from polystyrene foam are of two main types, differenting by manufacturing process and by the properties they exhibit.

The one most widely used form of polystyrene foam core board is Molded Expanded Polystyrene.

Molded Expanded Polystyrene is a closed-cell material, which, molded in desired shapes is used for making various items. The most common use of Molded Expanded Polystyrene is packaging material, taking advantage of its excellent damping qualities.

Making foam boards from MEPS, implying mixing unexpanded polystyrene beads with a blowing agent and pouring the mixture into a container which is heated to allow the beads to expand. The expanded beads are injected into a pressurized mold, transforming them to foam. The foam is then shaped to make the boards, which is used for the foam board insulation.

The second type of boards is those made from Extruded Expanded Polystyrene, or XEPS. While similar to MEPS, XEPS is made by liquefying polystyrene pellets mixed with several chemicals and then adding a blowing agent which forms gas bubbles. This thick liquid is then extruded trough a die, and after cooling is cut and shaped as needed.

Composite Decking Vs Pressure Treated Wood Decking

Warranty

Composite decking claims a 25 year fade warranty. That sounds great, right? Well after the initial install you will not notice the fading that is really taking place. It is a very slow process. How ever, if you have the need to replace one or more of the topping boards a year later, you will see the drastic change in color fade. There is a positive side to this however. In time, the new boards will also fade into the same color as the original boards. So if you can bare to live with the different colors for some time than its all good for you. If you think the difference would bother you, then you may want to do some more research on composite decking before you purchase.

Reasons why you may need to change composite topping after installed-

Composite topping boards are not scratch proof. Let me repeat this, composite topping boards are not scratch proof. Although they are very durable, they are not by any means scratch proof. And if a scratch happens, it can not be removed by sanding are any other means. You will either have to live with it or replace the board and deal with the color difference until it fades to match.

The good side to composite decking-

If you can live those downfalls, the upside to having a composite deck is the life span of the material. The composite decking will not rot. You will never have to paint it, stain it, or seal it. So once it has been installed it becomes virtual maintenance free. And that was were the down fall to pressure treated wood coming into play.

Pressure treated wood decking warranty-

Most pressure treated wood manufacturers will have between 15 to 25 year warranty on their product. This warranties only if you maintain proper maintenance for the life of the product. Yes that means you will need to power wash the decking at least once every 3 years and seal it with a good sealer. It is extremely important to do this or the decking will dry out, crack, and rot.

The up side to having an pressure treated wood deck-

Although you will have to keep up maintenance on it, the natural wood deck has the best appearance to it. You can use a semi translucent sealer to leave the natural wood grain exposed or you can use a solid stain to color it to match just about any color you may need. If a board gets damaged by a scratch it can be sanded and sealed again to match. If need be that more than one board needs to be replaced, they can also be sealed to match in color.

My opinion:

Well, in all of my years of installing decks, I have to say I like the wood decks better. They just look like they are real. I feel that the composite decks are very rich looking and elegant, and practical as far as maintenance goes. So it really is just a matter of what type of house do you have, what look you are going for, do you have time for maintenance, and maybe even what area you live in.

Fractionated Coconut Oil – A Carrier Oil For Skin Care

Fractionated Coconut (Cocos nucifera) oil is a very popular oil suitable for massage therapist, aromatherapists, and manufacturers for skin care products. It is the preferred oil for high quality cold process soap making. Coconut oil is expressed under high pressure from the coconut kernel, and then filtered. It is actually solid at room temperature but melts easily at body temperature. It may cause skin sensitivity in people who have nut allergies. This article discusses its healing properties for skin care.

Coconut oil is an ingredient in many cosmetic products, especially suntan lotion, shaving creams, soaps, and some shampoos, because it lathers well and is a good conditioner for scalps.

Refined coconut oil is very close, in substance, to human subcutaneous tissue and is thus more compatible with skin than other vegetable oils. Massage therapists and aromatherapists note that it does not clog pores, making it an ideal carrier oil for troubled skin or oily skin.

What in the world does " fractionated " mean, anyway? This process removes some of the saturated fatty acids from the oil by heat, to make it softer and more liquid, while also taming it's overwhelming natural odor. (This is not hydrogenation, which actually forces hydrogen into oils making them more solid). Some naturalists question if fractionated oils should be used since it is not a "whole product". Most aromatherapist prefer natural oils. This is certainly true for essential oils. However, many find that fractionated coconut oil has proved very satisfactory as a carrier, and prefer it to the unrefined oil, which tend to go rancid more quickly.

Coconut oil is an edible oil that has been consumed in tropical places for thousands of years and was prevalent in the United States as a favorite in the baking industry. However the campaign against saturated fats led to many manufacturers abandoning coconut oil.

Coconut oil is perfect for moisturizing both hands and body. It is light and easily absorbed into the skin, leaving it satin smooth. It can also be used as an intensive treatment to moisturize and condition brittle, dull or dry hair. It is great to use in or after a bath or shower for moisturizing the skin. It is a wonderful oil to use after sunning. It is excellent for scalp treatments. Massage it into the scalp and leave it on as long as possible. Some use it as a replacement for their conditioner. It can also be used for dryness, itching, and for sensitive skin.

If stored properly (cool environment out of direct light) its shelf life is very long. Its light texture makes it a good oil to use when heavier oils seem too sticky on the skin. It will also easily wash out of sheets and towels, making it a favorite of massage therapists. It may cause sensitivity in individuals who have nut allergies.