Important Things to Remember When Looking for Workout Gear

Choosing the right workout gear is very important. The clothes you need to wear should provide more comfort when doing your routine. This will help you enhance your performance when working out. The first thing you need to consider is getting the right size. Make sure the fit is not too tight or loose. Other than this, there are more things you need to consider. To give you more ideas, here are some guidelines when looking for workout gears.

The "breathable blends"

When looking for workout clothes, choose the materials that can wick or draw away moisture from your skin. This is very important especially for those moderate to advanced workouts where you sweat a lot, as evaporating sweat is what cools down your body. Most athletes prefer synthetic blends because of its ability to "breathe." Avoid using clothes made of cotton. These can retain moisture against your body. Use clothes made from polyester, spandex, or nylon.

Choosing the right fit

The clothes you need to wear should allow a free range of motion. It should not "pinch" or overly restrictive. Avoid using clothes with too many straps or those that chafe under the armpits or inner thigh areas. These things can disrupt you when working out. For activities such as Pilates or yoga, stretchy, fitted fabrics that wick away sweat is your best choice.

Look good, feel good

Other than comfort and function, you should also consider style. You can always look good by choosing the right fitness accessories. Instead of wearing oversized clothes, look for simpler but stylish clothes. Most women today prefer wearing colorful transitional pieces, which they can wear in and outside the gym. Search online for more fitness accessories you can use. Some items you can find are hooded jackets, jogging pants, running skirts, flared pants, and air cool jerseys.

Choosing the right footwear

As in any other sports, you need to find the right shoes for your needs. Ask your instructor for some recommendations. Most athletes today prefer cross cross-training shoes when going to the gym. This is because they provide the best cushion and transaction when working out or running on inclined planes. It is also advisable to choose the right size to prevent common injuries. This should also come with a comfortable pair of socks.

Considering your safety

Your safety should always come first. Anytime you run or bike outside, consider wearing bright, reflective clothing. Look for safety gears such as helmets, knee pads, and elbow pads. You should also wear gym gloves when lifting dumbbells or doing your bench-press.

Workout clothes: Changing seasons

Hot season – During warm summer months, make sure to choose the fabrics, which allow your skin to breathe and wick sweat away. Wear clothes that are cool and comfortable, and allow you to move freely.

Cold season -You'll need to dress warmly when it's cold outside, but keep in mind that you'll be working out. Dress in layers you can remove. Keep seat-wicking fabrics on your inner layer, and put an insulating layer on top. Always cover your head, ears, and hands to protect them from cold.

Simple Living Lessons From "Walden" by Henry David Thoreau (Part 1)

As I continue reading "Walden" by Henry David Thoreau, I must admit that life in 1854 was dramatically different from life today, and I would never want to return to those days of hardship and sacrifice, no matter how simple it appears. However, I have discovered that there is a similarity in our views about dissatisfaction, disorganization and discomfort.

As with those that have gone before us, we make difficult choices; some of them made simply by habit and others that end up enslaving us to our possessions, pushing us deeper into debt. We fill our environment with more than we need while searching for ways to stave off creditors. In essence, we are in debt because we confuse the necessities of life with the luxuries that are available.

Thoreau stated, "It is desirable that a man live so compactly and preparedly that, if an enemy takes the town, he can walk out the gate empty-handed without anxiety."

How many of us in an emergency situation could just get up and walk out empty-handed without anxiety? Many of us would find it difficult to determine what things of value or necessity we should grab if we were forced to vacate our homes and offices.

We have been told that the necessities of life are food, shelter, clothing and fuel. Thoreau expands on this concept when he stated, "Humans are bound to things beyond the necessities when these items become so important that we never attempt to do without."

Even more so today, it is imperative to know the difference between a necessity and a luxury if we are really seeking a debt-free, simple life. Our purchasing power and available options are so much greater than in Thoreau's time. Those abundant choices have obscured the line between needs and wants.

I've written this before, but I am compelled to repeat it because it gives you the opportunity to ponder the importance of investing in a life rather than buying a lifestyle. So again, consider the following:

– We need to eat, but we do not need filet mignon.

– We need to be clothed, but we do not need overflowing closets and drawers.

– We need shelter and domestic comfort, but we may not need a 4,000 sq. foot home.

– We need a means of transportation to get to work, but we do not need a Mercedes.

Consider the words of Thoreau carefully. "While civilization has been improving our homes, it has not even improved the men who are to inhabit them."

I challenge you to consider what is truly a necessity and shy away from lifestyle trappings and the consequences of debt. Take time to recognize that less is best. Less household clutter means less time to clean and less to search through when you are looking for something. Do as Thoreau did: He thread out the pieces of limestone on his desk that required daily dusting. All he really wanted to do was sit in the open air, for "no dust cats on the grass!"

Daily Lotion – The Benefits of Adding Body Lotion to Your Daily Regimen

Body lotion is something that most people, especially as they age, will use from time to time. Adding body lotion to your daily routine is a great way of improving the quality of your skin today and in the future. A daily lotion can contribute tremendously to the health of your skin. There are innumerable reasons why your skin will benefit from such a lotion; some of them are enumerated here.

One powerful reason is to heal dry skin. If you use lotion only once in awhile, your skin will feel more moist after applying the lotion, but it will return to being dry as soon as some time has passed. Infrequent lotion application does little to actually fix the damage done to your skin. If you use a daily lotion, your skin will gradually improve, and in time will be soft and smooth. Some lotions just make you think your skin is softer because they are themselves greasy or moist. A good daily lotion will make your skin actually become softer.

This is especially true for rough spots. Particularly vulnerable spots for roughness are joints such as the elbows, knees, or knuckles. The hands, too, because they are constantly being used and are frequently washed – which, while great for killing germs, can dry them out – are especially likely to be rough and cracked. A daily lotion can help to exfoliate dead skin cells and keep the new skin cells underneath moist and healthy.

A daily lotion can also seal in what moisture already exists in your skin. Cold weather is one of the largest culprits in stripping skin of its natural moisture, causing extreme dryness. Applying a lotion before exposure to the cold can help lock the skin's moisture in, protecting it from the weather. Also, applying a lotion after showering can help to restore what was lost by washing and also seal in the dampness that remains on your skin.

Good lotions will also resist the effects of aging on your skin, often through anti-aging ingredients such as hydrolyzed silk, which improves the elasticity of skin, something that often declines with age. Skin that is more elastic will be firmer and appear more tight, having fewer wrinkles and less sagging. Such ingredients will not only reverse the effects of aging that have already occurred; they will also prevent future aging of your skin.

Another often-overlooked benefit of using a lotion every day is the relaxation a wonderful-smelling lotion can provide. Aromatherapy has been shown to have many benefits for a person's emotional and mental state. Light, pleasant scents such as lavender have been shown to soothe and comfort, and some lotions contain such scents. Applying them to your body will surround you with the air of relaxation.

In these ways, a good daily lotion can provide many benefits to your body. The few minutes you will spend applying a lotion every day will be well worth it, and may even come to be some of the most treasured minutes of your day.

Cesspool Inspection When Buying a House

People who look for new properties are concerned about the aesthetics of the house or the landscape, but only a few consider asking about the septic tank or cesspool. However, cesspool inspection is important when obtaining a property. Cesspool services are necessary in many cases. You have to learn the value of cesspools in homes.

A lot of home buyers are not too concerned about cesspools. Knowing whether the cesspool is in good condition and functional is important whenever you are about to buy a property. You have to ask your realtor about this, and he or she should be able to give you an answer. A realtor who does not know the condition of a property’s cesspool or septic system cannot be trusted.

The problem with cesspools is they are buried underneath the ground, so you cannot be sure if the one in a prospective property is in good condition. A specialist should be called to do an inspection. There are companies that offer cesspool services including inspection. Keep in mind that an inspection is just an inspection. The service specialist will not fix problems unless you specifically ask him to do so. You probably will not need cesspool repair unless you really are planning to move into the property. If a property you are looking into has damaged cesspool, you can consider a repair service. If not, you can look at another property.

Cesspool inspection is a dangerous task if you are untrained. This is why it has been stressed that only a trained professional should do the task. You may only do as far as removing the cover. The next step should be reserved for the trained professionals.

How would you know if it needs service? A faulty cesspool may leak and cause contents to pollute the surrounding soil. In this case, foul odor will diffuse from the ground into the air. If the area smells like rotten eggs, the pit must be damaged. Water leaking from the pit will also saturate the ground around it. Look for signs of sogginess. You would also know if the cesspool is draining properly if the leach field has green grass. If not, the drainage lines must be clogged.

Cesspools should be checked regularly for signs of clogging or leaks. Settling solid matter and scum may build up and block drainage pipes. Such event poses problems in the future, but this may be momentarily un-obvious. Ask the realtor if it has been checked in the past year. You don’t want to buy a property and then spend your bucks getting the troublesome pit serviced.

Supposing you have bought the property and then sometime in the future you encounter a problem with the cesspool, what would you do? In this case, you can contact a septic plumber or a cesspool cleaner to find out what the problem is and fix it. Cesspool and septic tank services may be available in your area. Be careful when checking out your cesspool on your own. The gas build-up is toxic and flammable, not to mention extremely sickening.

Fireplace Accessories – Adding The Finishing Touch To Your Hearth

Back in the day, fireplaces were an integral part of heating the home. People relied on the heat which radiated from their fireplace as their main heat source. Today's modern heating systems have negated the need of the fireplace in the home, but many people continue to incorporate the fireplace into their existing and new home construction. One of the reasons why this is the case is that the peace and comfort gained from a pretty crackling fireplace simply can not be obtained any other way. Many people like nothing better than a warm, cozy fire on a brisk fall day or cold winter's night.

While some families use their fireplace to offset the cost of heating their home and build a fire almost daily, others may only use their fireplace on special occasions or every time in a while. But no matter how often you build a fire, the use of hearth accessories makes the task much more convenient.

There are many different types of hearth accessories including grates, damper pulls, match holders, humidifiers and fire starters, just to name a few, and their main goal is to make your hearth experience as easy and stylish as it can be.

Match holders, for instance, can be a very practical solution for storing matches. Instead of keeping your starter matches in a cabinet or drawer a few feet or in the next room from your fireplace, a match holder can be a perfect way to bring your starter matches into arm's reach. Match holders are also very stylish. You can choose from materials such as oak, brass and copper and styles which range from formal to whimsical.

Grates are more of a necessity than a stylish addition to your fireplace. Available in a wide variety of sizes to suit your individual fireplace, these hearth accessories are generally constructed using durable cast iron.

Some hearth accessories can also be fun. Take for example damper pulls. While these fireplace accessories have a very practical use, they are often stored close to the hearth and present a great opportunity to show off your unique style and personality. Constructed mainly of brass, damper pulls can be whimsically fashioned into your favorite designs such as a flying bird, golf club or pineapple. If whimsy is not your style, you can also find brass damper pulls in classic styles.

If you want to take the headache of starting a fire, Firepots and fire starters can be just the thing to make the whole experience quicker and more enjoyable. And they are stylish too. Ranging in materials from cast iron to solid brass, firepots are a great addition to any hearth no matter whether it graces a Formal home or a Rustic one.

The bottom line is that hearth accessories are a perfect way to make starting a fire in your fireplace more enjoyable and convenient. While many of the hearth accessories that you find may not be a necessity for your fireplace, once you try them you may wonder what you ever did without them.

What Is Residential Engineering?

Engineering is a complex area of practice because many of the branches overlap or blend into each other. Residential engineering is a good example of these blurry boundaries because it is such a complex undertaking and involves a variety of knowledge areas, practical skills, and sensitivity to the needs of clients in order to be done successfully.

Start with a definition

The practice of residential engineering involves taking engineering resources and applying them to work for clients that can include home buyers, homeowners, lenders, realtors and contractors. This work can involve a single home or a large community that will include thousands of homes as well as schools, parks, and other features.

Look at Examples You See Everyday

Unless you live in complete isolation, it is more likely than not that you have seen the projects created by these engineers. Large golf course communities, lakefront developments, or even housing in downtown areas are all within the purview of these professionals.

Some of the services they provide include the following:

Site selection: Before any project can begin, the people who are funding it must choose the right location. This involves consideration of surrounding areas, roadways, potential zoning concerns, costs, and other factors that vary from one project to another.

Surveying: Surveying is the process that determines the exact location and height of certain boundaries and structures which will play a role in positioning infrastructure and even property lines.

Architectural Planning and Design: While not all firms offer architectural planning, it is an important part of the process because it takes into account all aspects of the project from site selection through to the living requirements. Additionally, depending on where you are building there may be structural codes that need to be met and should be accounted for in the early stages of the project.

Permits and rezoning: In many regions, there are zoning restrictions that can impede a residential engineering project or permits required to undertake certain types of development. A residential engineer must understand the process for rezoning a given area and getting the right permits.

Water: Whether it is planning for storm water or ensuring that there will be sufficient drinking water for the people who move into a development, water resources and planning are a major concern.

Construction administration: Residential engineers are not restricted to the early stages of a project. In some cases, they also play an active role during the construction process, ensuring that the structures are built in accordance with the plans.

Residential engineering is an exciting field because it is challenging and rewarding, requiring a great deal of knowledge and skills to create a product that will affect the lives of residents each and every day.

However, it is worth noting that many firms do not like to work in this area for a number of reasons; so make sure to ask any potential firm or group if they in fact can actually handle your project in a manner that meets your individual customer needs in a timely manner.

6 Fun Facts About the History of the Alabama Crimson Tide

At the University of Alabama, football is king. The school’s gridiron squad has won numerous national titles, has had renowned coaches and players, and was even featured in the motion picture “Forest Gump.” While most fans of “Alabama,” “Bama,” or “UA” know these details, you might be unaware of some others. Here are some facts about Alabama football, which fewer football fans know:

1. The “Crimson Tide” nickname originated from a muddy game

Prior to becoming the Alabama Crimson Tide, people commonly referred to Alabama’s football squad, as the “Crimson White” (named after the school colors) or “Thin Red Line.” Then in 1907, Alabama played its arch rival, Auburn. Alabama was a huge underdog, and the teams played in a “sea” of red mud. However, Alabama battled Auburn to a 6-6 tie. Later, a sports editor named Zipp Newman popularized the nickname “Crimson Tide.”

2. No Alabama player has won the Heisman Trophy

Ironically, despite all the success of the Alabama Crimson Tide’s football team, no player has won the Heisman Trophy award-given to the most outstanding NCAA football player in a single season. In 1993, David Palmer became the closest Alabama player to winning the award. David “The Deuce” Palmer, played wide receiver for the Crimson Tide, and would later play seven seasons with the NFL’s Minnesota Vikings.

3. Alabama has won 21 SEC titles

The Crimson Tide’s football record is simply outstanding. Here are some of its accomplishments, throughout the years:

o 12 National Titles

o 25 Conference Titles (21 SEC)

o 51 Bowl Games

o 92 All-American Players

4. Paul “Bear” Bryant had a .834 winning percentage as Alabama’s coach

Coach “Bear” Bryant is a legend at Alabama. He led the Crimson Tide to six national championships, which is half of the team’s all-time 12 national titles. Bryant also coached at Texas A&M University, the University of Kentucky and the University of Maryland. However, Alabama was where Bryant had his most success. Bryant earned the nickname “bear” when, at 13-years-old, he wrestled a bear as part of a theater’s promotion.

5. Alabama’s elephant mascot dates back to 1930

The origin of the school’s elephant mascot was the 1930 season. At that time, Coach Wallace Wade was the team’s general. During a game versus Mississippi, an Alabama fan shouted, “…the elephants are coming!” referring to Alabama’s huge, aggressive players. Everett Strupper, a sportswriter, reported the incident.

6. Three former Alabama coaches are in the College Football Hall of Fame

Since the Hall of Fame first opened its doors in South Bend, Indiana (1951), it has inducted 16 Alabama players, and three coaches. The coaches inducted were Wallace Wade (1923-1930), Frank Thomas (1931-1946), and Paul “Bear” Bryant (1958-1982). The Hall of Fame inducted Bryant as both a player and a coach.

The football history at Alabama is simply amazing. It includes 12 national championships, Coach “Bear” Bryant, and some aforementioned less famous facts. Use Alabama Crimson Tide merchandise to cheer on the team to its next historical moment-another national championship!

A Look Back At Fashionable Kid's Clothing Of The 60's, 70's and 80's

Fashionable kid's clothing has changed through the years. Fashionable kid's clothing reflects what is fashionable in adult clothing at the time. There have been a lot of changes that took place in the clothing styles of fashionable kid's clothing.

Fashionable kids clothing in the 60's included very short dresses on children until they reached their middle school years. Little girls wore dresses that just barely covered their underwear during these years. Today most little girls wear dresses that come to somewhere around their knees.

Little boys wore denim jeans and white tee-shirts during the 60's. The bottom of the trousers was to be roled up to create a cuff and the tee-shirt needed to be white with a rounded collar. They generally wore black canvas tennis shoes and black belts with this ensemble. Even though they had on tee-shirts they tucked the shirt into the trousers so the belt would show.

Little girl's wore black and white saddle oxfords for shoes in the 60's. They also wore Mary Jane style shoes that had a strap that reached over the arch of their foot and buckled on the side. They were black shoes in the fall and winter months of the year and white shoes in the spring and summer months of the year.

In the 70's most children did not change their style of dress much even though the hippie look was becoming popular. It was not popular for small children to wear bell bottom jeans or tie-dyed shirts. The little girl dresses remained shorts and they wore matching bloomers under the dresses so that their undergarments were not seen.

Until the 80's all little girls wore a tee-shirt that had no sleeves and their underwear under all envelopes. These tee-shirts were the first camisoles that girls wore and were designed to keep you from seeing their skin when their shirts were thin.

The 80's was a time when most girls got up dresses absolutely. They wore pants, brightly colored leg warmers, shirts that were over-sized, and a wide variety of foot wear. Tight leggings and over-sized shirts were the fashion rage, and almost every girl was trying to make their hair stand out as much as possible. They teased their hair, sprayed it with hair spray, and held it in place with wild colored headbands. Satin jackets were very fashionable as were really short shorts.

Fashionable kid's clothing of the 60's, 70's & 80's, are what children wear for Halloween costumes today.

Your Horoscope Tells About Your Marriage Prospects – Astrology Predictions

People often mention the saying that marriages are made in heaven. As God has predestined every body’s fate an individual will marry the predetermined person at the preordained time. As the boy or the girl grows up and reaches the marriageable age their parents get stressed about the marriage of their son or daughter. The girl or the boy too becomes apprehensive speculating about their marriage.

Role of Place and Direction in Marriage:

At times the girl’s parents come across problems in tracing an appropriate groom for their daughter. In such cases detection of the place and the direction of the marriage may make the hunt for the groom a lot easier.

If in the kundli of an individual Scorpio, Aquarius or Taurus is situated in the 7th house which is the house of marriage then his or her life partner may be a resident of a place at a distance of 70-75 km from his or her parents’ house.

If Pisces, Sagittarius, Virgo or Gemini is placed in the seventh house then the life partner may live in a place about 120 km away from his or her parents’ house.

If Capricorn, Libra, Cancer or Aries is located in the seventh house, one may find the life partner living at a distance of 200 km from his or her parents’ house.

The direction of the most powerful planet in the 7th house indicates the direction in which the person is going to marry. If no planet is in the 7th house, the marriage will happen in the direction of the planet whose aspect is most powerful on this house. If no planet aspects the 7th, the seventh house of the Navamsha kundli may be taken into account for prediction.

About Life Partner:

As stated by Indian astrology an individual will find a life partner depending on whether the ascendant lord or the seventh house is exalted or debilitated. The partner will be of the strong sign, fixed sign and the moon sign in the fifth and the ninth navamsh.

Financial Status of the Life Partner:

If the lord of the seventh house aspects the house of wealth or the lord of wealth aspects the seventh house, it is indicated that the life partner will be a rich person. If the lord of the seventh house is situated in the fourth, fifth, ninth and tenth house in the kundli of a person, he or she is ordained to get married in a wealthy family.

If the lord of the seventh house is in conjunction with the lord of the second house, lord of earnings, lord of the fourth house or with lord of Karma in first, fourth, seventh or tenth house then it may be assumed that the marriage would take place in a well-to-do family.

Profession of the Life Partner:

If in the kundli of an individual the lord of the fourth house is situated in the fourth or tenth house, it is implied that his or her life partner would be in service. If the lord of the fourth house is conjunct with the lord of the Kendra house, the partner will be a businessman.

If the lord of the seventh house is positioned in the second, fifth, ninth, tenth or eleventh house or if the lord of the seventh house is Moon, Mercury or Venus, the life partner is supposed to be an entrepreneur. If Sun, Saturn or Mars is the lord of the seventh house and Navamsha has exalted or own-planet in it, the life partner of the person will be of eminent profession.

If malefic planet such as Rahu and Ketu is placed in the seventh house or the lord of the seventh house is positioned in the sixth, eighth or twelfth house along with a weak Navamsha, his or her life partner will do some ordinary job.

The Use of Moxa For Shingle Pain

I have been studying Chinese Medicine – Acupuncture – and find that it has contributed to the welfare of my family, friends and clients.

The use of moxa for minor ailments has been seen to be very effective in ridding the body of local discomfort.

What is Moxa?

Moxa is the use of the wool from a family of chrysanthemum – artemisia vulgaris – made into a cigar shaped cylinder or pressed into cones of different sizes which is lighted and burns slowly giving off vapour and heat which can benefit certain health issues. Unlike acupuncture, it is totally non invasive and acts like a heat pack but much more localized.

Here it is useful to mention that artemisia annua is also used for therapeutic purposes – generally termed ‘artemisinin’, it is extremely useful for virus attack such as in colds and flu. As a culture we have become used to ready made pills (in fact ready made anything) – that is what is wrong as we have given away responsibility for health to someone else. With some research we can all use natural products for personal therapy – too much reliance is placed on the ‘mystical’ skill of someone called a practitioner.

Treatment

The area around the shingle lesions is very sensitive and so any treatment needs to be gentle. The object of using moxa for shingle pain is not to use acupoints but to stimulate the area around each lesion with heat.

For example I recently used moxa treatment for a shingle issue in the left scapula area on a family member. A standard moxa stick was moved around and between the lesions starting from the left side of the spine – treatment duration was around 10 minutes and was done twice in two days.

The technique is to place the moxa at points around each discrete lesion and move it around at 2-2.5cm(1″) intervals each time the heat is ‘felt’.

Placing and using the Moxa stick

Here is a quick primer on how to use moxa. Be careful.

Hold the Moxa stick as you would a pen. I prefer to unwrap the outer paper sheath for a few centimeters (an inch or so) at the end to be lit leaving the white tissue paper protecting the bark. Hold the moxa stick over a candle or other flame until it smoulders – don’t burn it, but just use enough flame to light the bark, then you may blow on it until it glows in one small spot – that is enough as it is lit.

Now hold the stick over the back of your hand and feel the heat from various distances – you will find that for regular moxa the ideal distance above the skin is about two to three centimeters (1 inch).

While using moxa always talk to your patient to gauge the feeling of heat they are getting. Instruct the patient to say ‘hot’ when they feel the skin is quite warm but before any burn takes place – do not burn the patient. Keep alert and your eyes on the area that is being treated. When your patient says ‘hot’ move the moxa stick to the next point (or away from the skin).

As long as you pay attention to what you are doing no harm will be done. However you must remember that the moxa is burning at red heat – that is around 600 degrees C (around 1100 deg F) give or take. So you must pay attention to what you are doing or you may burn the skin and deeper tissues.

Moxa Treatment Summary

Just after the moxa treatment most of the pain was gone. The next day and for some months now, all pain is gone and the family member has not suffered with any further pain or discomfort from the viral attack on the nerves in this area – it is quite remarkable.

This is a non invasive and safe treatment but I recommend that it be done by someone who has studied the moxa technique. If you decide to try it, practice on yourself if you feel that you are responsible enough to use this technique. Once familiar with using the moxa you can then try the technique on others, with care. Do not leave the lighted moxa unattended – make very sure it is extinguished – use a thick ceramic vessel for this purpose or just place in water if desired – however it will not be useful again until dry.

The family member also took an increased dose of lipoic acid for 3-4 days at 1200mg per day which helps with peripheral neuropathy (nerve pain outside the spinal column). There is more information on lipoic acid as a component of CoQ10Sport from the website if desired.

Reference:

1. Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Cheng Xinnong (chief editor), Foreign Languages Press, Beijing, China

2. acupuncture-services.com

Disadvantages of Having Parrots For a Pet

Parrots can be pretty hard to take care of. Unlike other pets that can be left alone in their cages, parrots are restless creatures who you have to check up on a couple of times every day. Here are just some things that parrots can do to your home.

Parrots can be pretty messy

If you are the type that would like the house to be spotless, try to reconsider getting a parrot or any pet for that matter. Parrots can be really messy, even a small parakeet.

Their food can be flung everywhere even when they are inside the cage. Your floor can be filled up by pellets, seed, and nutshells. Sticky foods may also be plastered on the walls, on the bars of the cage and even at the ceilings. Foods will literally be everywhere.

Another problem that you may have are their poop, which you really have to clean everyday. And they are not that disciplined to only poop in one place. They actually poop everywhere, in bars, in their food dish and even with the toys that you give them. They may even poop in between bars, which may end up on the floor and sometimes even on you.

If you have a cockatiel variety or the grey breed, you will also have to contend with the powder that they have on their feathers. The feathers will stick everywhere. So, you really have to dust everyday.

Because of this, you have to scrub the cage, their dish and the whole of the area at least once a day to prevent bacteria from settling in and of course the bad smell.

2. Parrots chew on everything

Parrots love chewing wood. In fact, owners of parrots often give them wooden toys to play and chew with inside their cages. Parrots however are not satisfied with just these toys. When they get the opportunity, they will chew on everything that they get their hands on. They will puncture your clothes, your furniture, even your books.

This can be really frustrating especially if you are the type of person who wants a clean house. Parrots are not recommended in homes that have dainty and fragile furniture. They should also not be placed in areas where they can break things and chew on antiques.

Be careful with wearing jewelry because they will sure to grab it or chew it. Parrots love shiny things. They can claw the stone right out of your favorite jewelry.

Understanding the Advantages of Outlook Cached Mode Configurations

Many of us have heard about or actually used the Cached Mode of the Microsoft Outlook application. By specifying various configurations, we can make the best use of this powerful feature. Our article explains the different configurations and how to put them to use.

As all users of Microsoft Exchange Server are aware, they can either work with their mailbox on the server in the online mode or the cached mode. The largest advantage of working in the cached mode is that it allows users to continue working with data from the mailbox as though they were still connected to the server even though they may be offline. Outlook creates an offline storage file, OST file and then copies the content of the mailbox on the server into this file. Mobile users can then access this copy of the mailbox offline. To take full advantage of this feature, users should know about the different configurations of the Cached mode setting, how to protect OST data and if the need arises, how to recover OST data.

Although you can set the different configurations for Outlook manually, if you are a system administrator looking after an entity Exchange organization, you would be better off if you just applied the settings at the group policy level. The OST group policy settings can be located by first going to the main User Configuration menu and then looking at the Administrative Templates. From Microsoft Office Outlook 2007, select Tools and then Account Settings, from where you can click on Exchange. While there may be other options, you should look at the group policy setting for the OST files. Before making changes, you should be aware that some of the changes could cause serious damage to OST files and that there should be a backup option to quickly recover OST data.

1.Rather than downloading all the messages to the offline folders, especially if you are working on a low bandwidth connection, you may want to download only the headers to understand what you need to deal with on a priority basis. If you indicate the 'Cached Exchange low-bandwidth threshold value', when sufficient bandwidth is not available, Outlook will download only the headers for you.

2.One of the most important configurations is the 'Exchange Unicode Mode'. While older versions of Outlook used only the ANSI format for their OST files, from Office 2003 onwards, it is possible to choose the format the user would like for the OST files. However, users should be aware that ANSI-based files have a 2 GB size limit beyond which the files can immediately get corrupted and you have to repair the file to recover OST data. Further, it is not always easy to work on an OST file that has crossed the size limit, as, in order to repair the file, one needs to reduce the size. The best option then is to use specialized recovery tools such as Advanced Exchange Recovery from DataNumen to repair the OST file, bringing the file to a more manageable level and ensure no loss of data. On the other hand, Unicode files have no such restrictions.

3.Some users prefer to work with the data in their Exchange mailbox only when they are online. They would much rather deal with slow and unreliable connections than deal with local OST files. By choosing the 'Do not allow an.OST file to be created', these users do lose out on the many advantages of the Cached Exchange Mode.

Tips and Natural Homemade Recipes – How to Repair Dry and Mature Skin

So what can you repair and nourish mature skin? Dry and mature skins need to replenish the loss of sebum on the skins surface with equal moisture moisture to address the signs of visible aging. Homemade anti-aging skin care products do not contain preservative chemicals and you will not have an adverse reaction to ingredients, and most ingredients are inexpensive to buy.

Tip 1- To dry and sensitive skin, you need; to replace any commercial soap with a gentle Ph-balanced handmade soap and moisturize frequently with a rich beauty oil. This will help to relieve quickly tightness

Tip 2- Protect your skin. Minimise exposure to the sun and wind, air-conditioning, hot water, harsh chemical and detergents as much as possible.

Tip 3- Use warm, rather than hot, water. Hot water will strip all the natural oils away.

– Recipe; Dry & Mature skin treatment oil – This will help improve your skin's appearance and it smells divine!

Instructions: Mix in a dark glass bottle;

  • 15ml avocado oil- is rich in vitamins, essential fatty acids, and dry and mature skins respond to this lush oil as it penetrates deeply and softens skin.
  • 10ml Wheat germ oil – An important antioxidant that helps protect fatty cell membranes from becoming oxidized (rancid) through the action of free radicals.
  • 15ml Macadamia oil – Attracts moisture and forms a barrier to prevent a loss of moisture while allowing the skin to breath and function normally.
  • 3 drops Palmarosa Essential oil Excellent hydrating properties. Helps with the elasticity of skin. A mature skin superstar oil !!!
  • 3 drops Sandalwood Essential oil – Balances the skin and helps strengthen connective tissue Repair scars.
  • 2 drops lavender essential oil : soothes skin and accelerates generation of new skin cells

Here is a few face packs which is really great to nourish and plum up dry and mature skin.

– Recipe Gentle Scrub for Mature Skin – A scrumptious scrub for sensitive skins. You will see the dead skin come off and your skin will feel great.

Instructions: Mix a tablespoon of almond powder and add honey and make a paste and apply it on the skin. Leave it for at least 20 minutes. Remove scrubbing gently the skin. Wash off with lukewarm water.

Recipe Repairing Beauty Mask for Mature skin- This pack makes the skin smooth and supple and reduces the dryness and can be used all over the body before you take a bath.

Instruction ; Take wheat flour and add milk cream to it. Make a paste and apply it on the skin. Leave on the skin for 10 minutes and rinse with warm water. Apply the Tonic Vinegar Toner and follow with the Dry & mature skin treatment oil.

* Fruit face packs , made of fruits rich in vitamins and water have a good effect on the dry and mature skin. Some of the fruits that can be used are papaya, peach, watermelon and banana mash it and add some thickened cream or if desired use honey and mix together and apply.

Mashed avocado can also be applied to the skin for a glowing effect.

Take a ripe banana, mash it and add to it rose water. Apply this paste allover the face and neck; wash off after half an hour.

Tonic Vinegar Skin Toner Recipe: a "must" for Mature skin is more efficient when an organic apple cider vinegar is used. It will cleanse and restore the skin, restrict the dilated pores, and improve the circulation making sure the whole skin receives nutrients nutrients it needs.

Ingredients;

  • 1 small bundle of Rosemary
  • 1 or 2 peppercorns
  • 1/2 teaspoon of Ginger grated
  • 1 or 2 clove heads
  • 1 cup of Cider vinegar

Instructions; Place the rosemary, ginger, gloves and pepper in a ceramic or glass bowl.

Bring the vinegar to a boil. Pour the vinegar over the herbal mixture in the bowl.

Cover and let the mixture stand for two days. Strain the mixture and decant into a sterilized bottle. Mix 1/2 of distilled water with 1/2 herbal vinegar in a dark glass bottle with a spray.

The question is, why does skin wrinkle? As you grow older, your body produces fewer of the hormones that keep skin healthy and supplies less oil, protein and natural moisturizing factors which attract and hold water in the skin. This process promises to make the skin drier, you need to keep your skin well moisturized in order to be soft and elastic. The skin needs to be more elastic to have less the chances of it stretching, distorting and breaking under fibers.

Happy Natural skin care Making! Marlene Daniels

The Stirling Engine

A ‘Stirling Engine’ is in the family of heat engines. It is a closed cycle regenerative hot air (or other permanent gas) engine.. Closed cycle means that there is a fixed volume of the ‘working fluid’ in the system. There is no intake, there is no exhaust.

The Stirling engine was first patented in 1816 by Dr. Robert Stirling. The original patent focused more on ‘The Economizer’ which was a heat exchange unit that saw primary interest for use as the first incarnation of the solar water heater.

Originally the Stirling engine was developed by Robert Stirling and his brother James. It resulted in many patents and the first Sterling in commercial use was used to pump water in a quarry in 1818. After more development many patents for various improvements, including pressurization, which directly affected the amount of work or force the engine could produce, came about in 1845. By this time, the power output of this engine had been brought up to the level that it could drive all the machinery at a Dundee iron foundry.

The engine was promoted as being very fuel conserving and was pushed to be a safer alternative to steam engines of the time that had many deadly incidents involve exploding boilers. However because of the heat required and the level of exchange required, coupled with the materials of the day, the Stirling engine could never really give the steam engine serious competition, and by the late 1930’s the Stirling was all but forgotten in mainstream science and industry and only represented in odd toys and small ventilation fans.

Around this time, Philips, the large electrical and electronic manufacturer was seeing to expand its market for radio sets into areas where a power source or supply of batteries was considered unstable. Philips further developed the Stirling engine through World War II and really only achieved commercial success with the ‘reversed Stirling engine’ cryocooler. However Philips did take out quite a few patents and gain a large amount of information about the Stirling engine.

Since the Stirling engine is a closed cycle, it contains a fixed mass of gas called the “working fluid”, most commonly air, hydrogen or helium. In normal operation, the engine is sealed and no gas enters or leaves the engine. No valves are required, unlike other types of piston engines. The Stirling engine, like most heat-engines, cycles through four main processes: cooling, compression, heating and expansion. This is accomplished by moving the gas back and forth between hot and cold heat exchangers. The hot heat exchanger is in thermal contact with an external heat source, e.g. a fuel burner, and the cold heat exchanger being in thermal contact with an external heat sink, e.g. air fins. A change in gas temperature will cause a corresponding change in gas pressure, while the motion of the piston causes the gas to be alternately expanded and compressed.

The gas follows the behavior described by the gas laws which describe how a gas’s pressure, temperature and volume are related. When the gas is heated, because it is in a sealed chamber, the pressure rises and this then acts on the power piston to produce a power stroke. When the gas is cooled the pressure drops and this means that less work needs to be done by the piston to compress the gas on the return stroke, thus yielding a net power output.

When one side of the piston is open to the atmosphere, the operation is slightly different. As the sealed volume of working gas comes in contact with the hot side, it expands, doing work on both the piston and on the atmosphere. When the working gas contacts the cold side, the atmosphere does work on the gas and “compresses” it. Atmospheric pressure, which is greater than the cooled working gas, pushes on the piston.

To summarize, the Stirling engine uses the temperature difference between its hot end and cold end to establish a cycle of a fixed mass of gas expanding and contracting within the engine, thus converting thermal energy into mechanical power. The greater the temperature difference between the hot and cold sources, the greater the potential Carnot cycle efficiency.

Pros and Cons of Stirling Engines

Pros

  • They can run directly on any available heat source, not just one produced by combustion, so they can be employed to run on heat from solar, geothermal, biological, nuclear sources or waste heat from any industrial process.

  • A continuous combustion process can be used to supply heat, so most types of emissions can be greatly reduced.

  • Most types of Stirling engines have the bearing and seals on the cool side of the engine; consequently, they require less lubricant and last significantly longer between overhauls than other reciprocating engine types.

  • The engine mechanisms are in some ways simpler than other types of reciprocating engine types, i.e. no valves are needed, and the fuel burner system can be relatively simple.

  • A Stirling engine uses a single-phase working fluid which maintains an internal pressure close to the design pressure, and thus for a properly designed system the risk of explosion is relatively low. In comparison, a steam engine uses a two-phase gas/liquid working fluid, so a faulty relief valve can cause an over-pressure condition and a potentially dangerous explosion.

  • In some cases, low operating pressure allows the use of lightweight cylinders.

  • They can be built to run very quietly and without an air supply, for air-independent propulsion use in submarines or in space.

  • They start easily (albeit slowly, after a warm-up period) and run more efficiently in cold weather, in contrast to the internal combustion which starts quickly in warm weather, but not in cold weather.

  • A Stirling engine used for pumping water can be configured so that the pumped water cools the compression space. This is, of course, most effective when pumping cold water.

  • They are extremely flexible. They can be used as CHP (Combined Heat and Power) in the winter and as coolers in summers.

  • Waste heat is relatively easily harvested (compared to waste heat from an internal combustion engine) making Stirling engines useful for dual-output heat and power systems

Cons

Power and torque issues

  • Stirling engines, especially those that run on small temperature differentials, are quite large for the amount of power that they produce (i.e. they have low specific power). This is primarily due to the low heat transfer coefficient of gaseous convection which limits the heat flux that can be attained in an internal heat exchanger to about 4 – 20 W/(m*K). This makes it very challenging for the engine designer to transfer heat into and out of the working gas. Increasing the temperature differential and/or pressure allows Stirling engines to produce more power, assuming the heat exchangers are designed for the increased heat load, and can deliver the convected heat flux necessary.

  • A Stirling engine cannot start instantly; it literally needs to “warm up”. This is true of all external combustion engines, but the warm up time may be shorter for Stirlings than for others of this type such as steam engines. Stirling engines are best used as constant speed engines.

  • Power output of a Stirling tends to be constant and to adjust it can sometimes require careful design and additional mechanisms. Typically, changes in output are achieved by varying the displacement of the engine (often through use of a swashplate crankshaft arrangement), or by changing the quantity of working fluid, or by altering the piston/displacer phase angle, or in some cases simply by altering the engine load. This property is less of a drawback in hybrid electric propulsion or “base load” utility generation where constant power output is actually desirable.

Gas Choice Issues

  • Hydrogen’s low viscosity, high thermal conductivity and specific heat make it the most efficient working gas, in terms of thermodynamics and fluid dynamics, to use in a Stirling engine. However, given the high diffusion rate associated with this low molecular weight gas, hydrogen will leak through solid metal, thus it is very difficult to maintain pressure inside the engine for any length of time without replacement of the gas. Typically, auxiliary systems need to be added to maintain the proper quantity of working fluid. These systems can be a gas storage bottle or a gas generator. Hydrogen can be generated either by electrolysis of water, or by the reaction of acid on metal. Hydrogen can also cause the embrittlement of metals. Hydrogen is also a very flammable gas, while helium is inert.

  • Most technically advanced Stirling engines, like those developed for United States government labs, use helium as the working gas, because it functions close to the efficiency and power density of hydrogen with fewer of the material containment issues. Helium is relatively expensive, and must be supplied by bottled gas. One test showed hydrogen to be 5% absolutely (24% relatively) more efficient than helium in the GPU-3 Stirling engine.[14]

  • Some engines use air or nitrogen as the working fluid. These gases are less thermodynamically efficient but they minimize the problems of gas containment and supply. The use of Compressed air in contact with flammable materials or substances such as lubricating oil, introduces an explosion hazard, because compressed air contains a high partial pressure of oxygen. However, oxygen can be removed from air through an oxidation reaction, or bottled nitrogen can be used.

Size and Cost Issues

  • Stirling engine designs require heat exchangers for heat input and for heat output, and these must contain the pressure of the working fluid, where the pressure is proportional to the engine power output. In addition, the expansion-side heat exchanger is often at very high temperature, so the materials must resist the corrosive effects of the heat source, and have low creep (deformation). Typically these material requirements substantially increase the cost of the engine. The materials and assembly costs for a high temperature heat exchanger typically accounts for 40% of the total engine cost. (Hargraves)

  • All thermodynamic cycles require large temperature differentials for efficient operation; however, in an external combustion engine, the heater temperature always equals or exceeds the expansion temperature. This means that the metallurgical requirements for the heater material are very demanding. This is similar to a Gas turbine, but is in contrast to a Otto engine or Diesel engine, where the expansion temperature can far exceed the metallurgical limit of the engine materials, because the input heat-source is not conducted through the engine; so the engine materials operate closer to the average temperature of the working gas.

  • Dissipation of waste heat is especially complicated because the coolant temperature is kept as low as possible to maximize thermal efficiency. This increases the size of the radiators, which can make packaging difficult. Along with materials cost, this has been one of the factors limiting the adoption of Stirling engines as automotive prime movers. However, for other applications high power density is not required, such as Ship propulsion, and stationary microgeneration systems using combined heat and power (CHP).[13]

    There are many possible uses for the Stirling design. More research and devolopment will help move the technology along.

Hardwood Floor Vs Laminate

The flooring is among the most essential features of your home making just any room fit for its purposes. Other than its utilitarian qualities, it is also among the most important interior design element that captures the preferred ambiance from which other décor and additional furnishings are based on. Thus, choosing the best flooring for your New York home is among the most major decisions homeowners have to make either for a new construction or floor replacement project. This article compares two of the most popular choices when it comes to flooring with insights ideal whether you are in Manhattan, Long Island, Brooklyn, Queens or Staten Island.

Especially in older homes of the rich, hardwood is a common material utilized for the luxurious warmth that it offers both in look and feel. With proper care, its unsurpassed beauty and exquisite appeal can be enjoyed from generation to generation. These past few decades, home building and remodeling materials have undergone a lot of revolution with the advances in technology. One hardwood alternative that has been gaining popularity is laminate. Once just an imitation of its more expensive counterparts, modern laminate products now boasts of enhanced durability.

To know whether hardwood floor or laminate is the best choice for you and your New York home, here are the major considerations in the selection and the pros and cons of both flooring types:

Look and Feel

When it comes to look, a lot of people may be fooled at first glance. Laminates are synthetic flooring that simulates other materials perfectly because of its photograph appliqué layer. But other than the look, hardwood floor possesses other such tracks that laminate lacks including its inherent warmth and more comfort when walking.

Cost and Installation

Cost is probably the area where you've found the greatest difference when it comes to comparing these floor types. Laminate flooring ranges from $ 7 per square foot to the more durable averaging $ 11. Manufactured in inter-lock design, installation is easier and the material can be laid over almost all kinds of sub-flooring. Hardwood on the other hand, would start around $ 11 and the price increases depending on the style, finish and the rarity of timber. Its installation is best done by a qualified contractor due to the advanced skills on carpentry and precision in cutting that the project requires.

Maintenance

When it comes to cleaning, both flooring will require regular sweeping and mopping. But hardwood will need more care in preserving its protective finish and appeal. Through time; stains, moisture and scratches will take their toll and make your floor look worn but sanding it down and refinishing will make it achieve its former glory again and again. Other than the low cost, laminate is popular for its resistance to scratch, stain and spills but once chipped, it can be irreparable.

Home Value

While hardwood could never beat laminate when it comes to cost, the boost to home value that you would enjoy is considerable. Hardwood is a favorite of both realtors and many homeowners for the good value that it adds to your home, making your investments payback in time. This makes up for a great choice when it comes to remodeling investments.