How To Make The Perfect Potting Mix For Anthuriums

If you want to raise a vibrant anthurium plant, choosing the correct planting medium is vital. Pick the incorrect soil mix and your plant may develop slowly, stop making flowers, or worse, it might even die. To choose the best potting soil, first you'll need to learn more about where anthuriums grow in their native environment.

Anthuriums come from South America, where they live in lush, warm jungles, mainly on the trunks of forests or in the canopy of the forest.

Why do anthuriums grow on trees? They grow on trees because it enables them to receive a great deal of water from fog and rain, while still being exposed to drying breezes. They're paradoxical plants because they need a lot of water, but extended contact with moisture can harm them. By staying in trees, their roots are kept out of standing water and they are able to dry off a bit before the next rainfall.

When choosing a planting medium, you'll find that the major of off the shelf planting mixes retain too much water. So if you use these kinds of mixes your anthurium may have a short life as it slowly and gradually drowns from excessive water. What happens is that excess water blocks oxygen from the root system and it enables anaerobic germs and fungus to grow. These microorganisms then start attacking your plant and cause root rot.

To avoid this, you need to make your own potting soil. Your soil mix needs to drain quickly and it must be light and loose to keep your anthurium healthy. To make the best possible potting mixture blend: five parts miracle grow moisture control potting soil, 2 parts peat moss, 2 parts orchid planting media and 1 part perlite. Mix this together well and then plant your anthurium in it. This mixture works well, because it drains quickly and it comes closest to approximating the natural growing media of anthurium plants.

Zen Tea Tea Room in Bacolod City Offers Affordable Green Tea Based Beverages for the People

Zen Tea is a tea station found in various cities nationwide like in Nuciti Central Batangas in front of Robinson Supermarket. A franchise branch of Zen Tea here in Bacolod City is located at La Salle Avenue. It is part of the many business and food establishments of Main Strip Alley found near the University Courtyard and in front of the second entrance gate of University of St. Louis. La Salle Bacolod. The tea station opened on March 1, 2011 and created its Facebook page on April 13, 2011. Since then, Zen Tea has provided one of the best iced tea mixes in the city and has been given a two thumbs up by its costumers every day . Surely, a tea enthusiast in Bacolod should never miss this tea haven.

The franchise branch here in Bacolod has a small space allocation and provides only four to five tables for its customers. Neverheless, the place is usually packed with students from all age groups. Whether it be elementary, high school, or college students they all share the same sentiments about the superb taste of Zen Tea beverages. Even students from nearby schools such as St. Louis Scholastica's Academy, St. John's Institute, and San Agustin Bacolod visit the place to have a refreshing beverage after a long stressful day at school.

One of the secrets of the tea station's popularity among different age groups and different kinds of people is that it offers a wide range of green tea based beverages that suit a wide range of taste among the populace. The categories of Zen Tea available at its Bacolod Branch include Classic Milk Teas, Green Tea Iced Tea, Personalitea Mix, and Tea Creations. All of their teas are available in two sizes, Large and Extra Large. The prices vary depending on the four categories. Green Iced Tea and Personaliteas are more affordable than the other two categories. The large size beverage is worth 45 pesos and the Extra large is worth 50 pesos. Large sized classic milk tea prices range from 55-75 pesos and extra large sizes range from 60-80 pesos. Tea creation is the most expensive category where prices vary from 75-80 pesos. Add-ons such as pearl, black jello, pudding, and nata are also available with an extra charge of 10 pesos. Green Apple, Nai Cha, and Taro are among the best sellers in these categories.

With so many tea mixes to choose from, it suits whatever mood and circumstance you have for the day. A trip to this place can brighten up a bad mood or it can perk up an already elated feeling. Definitely, Zen Tea is the place to go.

Why A Company Grievance Procedure Is An Important Part Of Your Employment

A grievance procedure is a step by step process that an employee must go through to get a complaint addressed satisfactorily. A formal written complaint moves from one level up to the higher level to get resolved. A grievance procedure is typically included in collective bargaining agreements, it is also a means of resolution dispute that used by company to address grievances by employees, customers, suppliers and competitors. The procedure provides hierarchical structure for settling and presenting workplace disputes.

The best known application of this procedure is a formal process that is outlined in labor contracts. The procedure does not necessarily to be elaborate and formal, overly formal grievance is discouraged by airing of disputes on a timely manner. In small business grievance procedure may consents few lines in employee manual or design of single ombudsman to handle the problem as they develop. The peer review of the employee that is concerned is a popular way to put an address of grievances, while some larger companies create an entire department dedicated in fielding complaints from customers or employees.

Whatever form may take grievance procedure is intended to allow the companies to resolve and hear complaints in a cost-effective and timely manner, before it will result to litigation. Knowing the formal procedures that are available often encourages the employees to voice out their concerns regarding company policies before any major problems develop. Because of that, managers will not ignore problems because they are aware that upper management will become involved with the grievance process. Union settings help protect the employees against any arbitrary decisions of the management regarding the discipline, benefits, promotions and discharge. They are also providing labor unions and formal process for the provisions of contracts.

Having grievance procedures is important to both non-unionized and unionized settings; the companies must support the written policies of their own with consistent actions to maintain a good employee relations. To make it work all parties must treat it with attitude that serves their own mutual interest. Effective grievance ideally help the management to discover and correct all problems before it advances to serious trouble.

For the procedure to become effective both parties should look at it as positive force that can facilitate an open discussion of all issues. There are cases that settlement of grievances is a sort of competition that reinforces a "them versus us" mentality between management and labor. In other cases, the employees are quiet hesitant to apply grievances process because of fear of a ratification. There are studies that shows that employees who rise grievances most likely to have lower evaluation of performance, work attendance and promotion rate. A grievance procedure and employment law must be followed by the company or union to resolve any problems that may arise. Company's grievance procedures are including steps that prevent a backlash from employees who prefer to use it.

If situation can not be resolved, final step in grievance process is both for parties to present at their side to pre-designated arbitrator. The role is to identify the rights of each party under labor agreement; the decision of the arbitrator is final and usually can not be changed.

Hybrid Diamonds Or Diamond Stimulants – Which is Better?

Diamond stimulants have been around for many years. In fact, the common simulated diamonds have been available in the market today for many years now. In 1998, a more brilliant diamond was introduced. It is hard like the diamonds since it can also cut glass but still, mined diamonds are the best.

Hybrid diamonds came into the industry several years ago and since the, it has gained worldwide acceptance. The hybrid variety consist of small diamond crystals which were aligned to form one diamond. Such creation became the flawless diamond simulant and with modern technological advances, jewelry lovers craved for more. Most simulated diamonds were off-white in color while the hybrid versions can be easily created to have the same color as the mined diamonds. Aside from that, hybrid diamonds are more affordable since the production cost is quite low. The hybrid variety is FG graded, durable, good quality, and possesses almost the same color as the mined ones.

With the combination of non-precious cores and man made crystals, diamond hybrids feel and look like real diamonds. A patented process is used to manufacture diamond hybrids. The infused layer will not disconnect or peel and so the diamonds are of good quality. Throughout the FCVA-Ion Jet Beam Diamond Seeding, crystal seeds are implanted. A real diamond layer will grow inside the core. The patented process is not expensive and so the hybrids are more affordable. It would be best to purchase diamond hybrids that were cut in Israel since diamond cutters there are well known for their skills. By choosing diamond hybrids sold in quality settings, you can witness the diamond's unmatched brilliance. If you want, you can also get the colored varieties like blue, cognac, lavender, purple, gold, yellow, and pink.

So, are you going for the hybrid variety or will you choose the other diamond simulants? Simulated diamonds are bright and shiny but they are nothing compared to mined diamonds. Their specific gravity, refractive index, hardness, and weight are not even close to real diamonds. True diamonds came from carbon which was subjected to extreme pressure and suffocating heat deep down the Earth. Later on, it became diamond crystals.

Most of today's simulated diamonds came from synthetic, minerals, and glass; they are marketed in various names like white corundum, yttrium aluminum garnet, rhinestones, strontium titanate, and gadolinium gallium garnet. Fine quality simulated diamond jewelries are usually sold in attractive settings. They are sold in different price ranges under $ 100 to about $ 500 per carat. Today, many couples choose simulated diamonds for their special occasions because it is much affordable and with proper care, the jewelries can last for a long time.

Whether you go for the hybrid diamonds or the diamond simulants, you can still get great value for your money. It's now up to you to choose the design and setting of the diamond jewelries. If the simulated varieties are still expensive for you, you can always choose the hybrid diamonds. Search for the perfect diamond jewelry online or in local stores.

Aim For The Best Layout Design And Atmosphere For Your Nightclub

Everyone loves a nightclub where the songs are pumping, the beverages are flowing, and there are lovely people smiling and dancing on a fantastic dance floor. A great nightclub has the perfect atmosphere where you can go and release all the troubles and worries away for the night in dancing and absorbing the energy from the other people. So how do you open a nightclub that has the most effective layout design conducive to create this atmosphere? Well let's hope this could help respond to that question.

The layout of the design can make or break a nightclub. Once a patron walks into the club it has to have a sense of flow to it and the original impression can have a long-term impact on the people determining in their mind if they will ever return.

Right here are two questions you want to ask yourself initially, what is the main direction you wish the patrons to be aimed at when getting inside and how the layout make that easy. Well naturally you need the patrons to reach where you generate the profits from, the bar. By establishing the layout design so when a patron enters the club they can see the bar clearly and also must go past it to get to various regions of the nightclub helps increasing the profits.

The first impact a patron has once gotten inside the nightclub may be enhanced by the employees. Although it is imperative to have a bit of an overwhelming big man standing at the entryway, a strong positive public relations can go a long way. Believe it or not, this is favorable in the layout design. A friendly doorman / bouncer who greets everyone using a smile and wishes them to have a great time while entering can manipulate the people's view even before stepping into the nightclub. From there it depends on the wait personnel to stick to using that very same friendly and live attitude. To help keep the employees in a positive attitude the layout has to be developed to give them enough room to serve beverages while at the same time enabling a good circulation of traffic. Some various key elements you need to memorize if considering how to open up a night club using an effective layout design other than the location of the bar, employees attitude and room to work are:

– Sq. Footage you have to work with compared to what capacity the health department allots in patronage.

– What types of features do you want to incorporate into the nightclub such as VIP room, lifted dance floor, more than one dance area, more bars, lounge area, etc.?

– Where do you wish all the features of the nightclub located such as restrooms, coat checks, staff break room, and the above-mentioned that should enable ease in circulation of traffic while at the same time point traffic to where the profits are made?

– All of the functions agree with each other for example; are the bathrooms very easily accessible from the VIP place or just near the bar? Is the staff break room off set from the activities to avert patrons from having easy access?

All these issues should be taken into consideration once looking into how to open up a nightclub using the most effective layout design. A great way to get started in the design is to check out popular nightclubs. Explore their layout design as you ask yourself the aforementioned questions. Right after you get a good idea for what you are searching for talk to a designer to assist you with the layout of the nightclub decor and furniture.

A Migraine and Tension Headache May Be Relieved By Simple Self-Massage Technique

While it may seem like the most effective way to combat a headache is to reach for an over-the-counter or prescription pain-killer, it's possible that a natural solution may not only attach your headache faster but may attack the pain at its source . If tension or migraine headaches are caused by muscle tension, then it makes more sense to relieve the tension instead of just numbing the pain.

Tension Headaches

Three of the muscles belonging to the suboccipital group at the base of the skull are reasonably responsible for many cases of tension headache; These muscles are the rectus capitis posterior major, rectus capitis posterior minor and the obliquus capitis superior. All three muscles attach to the skull; the first two connect to the topmost cervical vertebrae in the neck, and the third connects to another muscle in the neck.

The suboccipital muscles are responsible for head extension, or raising the head. Commonly, these muscles are tight in people with forward head posture. This postural dysfunction occurs when the head extends forward of the body's center line; the suboccipitals must work overtime to keep the head facing forward from this position.

Place your fingertips on the back of your head and arch your neck back; you'll likely feel the muscles in your skull tense up. When the suboccipitals tighten, they exert a pull on muscles through the skull. This tension is believed to result in tension headaches – the throbbing, aching and tightness that wraps around the head for anywhere from hours to days.

Chronic tension in the suboccipital muscles can cause trigger points – knots that form in the connective tissue surrounding the muscles that make it difficult to relax them. Myofascial release is a targeted form of massage therapy designed to loosen tight connective tissue. You can practice self-myofascial release (SMR) at home with the use of a trigger point device to treat suboccipital tension.

You can view a video of suboccipital SMR at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kHF95SF8cYw . Be careful not to roll over your spell when performing this technique. When you encounter a tender knot, pause on it and apply deep, sustained pressure for 30 seconds.

Migraines

There is a theoretical connection between migraine headache and the rectus capitis posterior minor muscle. This muscle connects to the dura, a pain-sensitive protective layer that supports the brain. Tension in this muscle can exert a pull on the dura, and this may cause migraine pain.

See http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14979889 for more on this connection.

If dural traction is the cause of your migraine headaches, then simple SMR may be enough to relieve pain. Before taking medication next time, consider trying out this technique.

On top of myofascial release, you'll need to work to correct postural distortion and other causes of chronic muscle tension like stress. Chronic pain often has a complex of causes and, therefore, solutions; seek out natural treatments before investing in risky and invasive methods.

Preparation of Profit and Loss Account

Explanation of Certain items of Profit and Loss Account

1. Salaries

Salaries are paid for the services of employees and are debited to profit and loss ac- count being indirect expense. If any salary has been paid to proprietor or partners, it should be shown separately because it requires special treatment at the time of income tax assessment.

2. Salaries and Wages

When wages account is included with salaries it treated is as indirect expense and is taken into profit and loss account.

3. Rent

Rent of the office shop showroom or godown is an indirect expense and so is debited to profit & loss account. However, rent of factory is debited to trading account. When a part of the building has been sublet the rent received should be shown on the credit side of profit and loss account as a separate item.

4. Rates and Taxes

These are levied by the local authorities to meet public expenditure. It being an indirect expenditure is shown on the debit side of profit and loss account.

5. Interest

Interest on loan, overdraft or overdue debts is payable by the firm. It is an indirect expense; so debited to profit and loss account. Interest on loan advanced by the firm on depositor investments is an income of the firm and so is credited to the profit and loss account.

If business has paid any interest on capital to its proprietor or partners it should also be debited in the profit and loss account but separately because this item needs special treatment at the time of income-tax assessment.

6. Commission

In business sometimes agents are appointed to effect sales, who are paid commission as their remuneration. So this being a selling expenses is shown on the debit side of profit and loss account. Sometimes commission is also paid on purchases of goods, such ‘as expense should be debited in the trading account. Sometimes the firm can also act as an agent to the other business houses and in such cases it receives commission from them. Commission so received is shown on the credit side of profit and loss account.

7. Trade Expenses

They are also termed as ‘sundry expenses’. Trade expenses represent expenses of such a nature for which it is not worthwhile to open separate accounts. Trade expenses are not taken to trading account.

8. Repairs

Repairs to the plant, machinery, building are indirect expenses are treated expense and are debited to profit and loss account..

9. Traveling Expenses

Unless mentioned otherwise, traveling expenses are treated as indirect expenses and are debited to profit and loss account.

10. Horse & stable Expenses

Expenses incurred for the fodder of horses and wages paid for looking after stable are treated as indirect expenses and debited to profit and loss account.

11. Apprentice Premium

This is the amount charged from persons to whom training is imparted by the business. It is an income and is credited to profit and loss account. In case apprentice premium is charged in advance for two or three years, then the amount is distributed over number of years and each year’s profit and loss account is credited with its share of income.

12. Bad debts

It is the amount which could not be recovered by the trader on account of credit sales. It is a business loss, so is debited in the profit and loss account.

13. Life Insurance Premium

If the premium is paid on the life policy of the proprietor of the business; it is treated as his drawings and is shown by way of deduction from the capital account. It should not be taken to profit and loss account.

14. Insurance Premium

If insurance premium account appears in the trial balance, it stands for the insurance of the business. This is taken to profit and loss account. Insurance premium on goods purchased, factory building, factory machines are treated as direct expense and are taken to trading account.

15. Income Tax

In the case of merchant income-tax paid is treated as a personal expense and is shown by way of deduction from capital account. Income-tax in case of companies is treated differently.

16. Discount allowed and Received

Discount is a reward for prompt payment. It is belief to show discount received and discount allowed separately on the credit and debit side of profit and loss account respectively instead of showing the net balance of this account.

17. Depreciation

Depreciation is a loss incurred on account of use of fixed assets in the business. Generally, it is charged from profit and loss account at a fixed percentage. The students should exercise great care as regards the rate of depreciation. If rate is without words ‘per annum’, then the rate will be taken irrespective of the period of accounts. This is very important when the period of accounts is less than one year. On the other hand, if the rate of depreciation is ‘per annum’ the depreciation should be calculated on the assets with due consideration to the period for which the asset has been used in business during the year. In case of additions to assets during the year, it is advisable to ignore depreciation on additions if the date of additions is not given. Same rule shall hold good for the sale of assets during the year.

18. Stock at the end appearing in the trial balance.

It is important to emphasize the rule that balance appearing in the trial balance is taken to one and only one place. It may either be trading account or profit and loss account or balance sheet. Since stock at the end is an asset, it will betaken to balance sheet. On the other hand, so long as there is stock in trade, account for that must be kept open and thus be taken to the assets side of balance sheet.

Medal of Honor Lags – Why Does Medal of Honor Lag, How to Fix It

Medal of Honor lagging issue has frustrated many users. Many users claimed that there was ‘no network connection’ problem.

Following are the solutions that worked for many users:

1. Add the Game to the DEP Exception List

2. Reset Configurations

3. Fix the Registry Issues

4. Defrag the Registry

5. Close Background Programs from the System Tray

6. Disable Antivirus Software

Add the Game to the DEP Exception List

Data Execution Prevention may result in game lagging. Adding the game to its exception list may help solving the problem. Here are the steps for you:

1. Right click My Computer.

2. Select Properties.

3. Click Advanced System Settings.

4. Click Advanced.

5. Click Settings under Performance frame.

6. Click Data Execution Prevention tab.

7. Select the option Turn on DEP for all programs and services except those I select.

8. Click Add button and manually add the executable files (.exe) of the game to this list.

9. Restart the game.

Reset Configurations

Modal of Honor saves its configurations partly in files and partly in system registry. Enabling the unsupported features result in lagging. Reset the configurations as follows:

1. Open My Documents.

2. Double click to open the following location:

EA Games Medal of Honor

3. Delete the following file:

a. Settings.ini

4. Double click Save folder to open it.

5. Delete the following files:

a. Current.stv

b. Current.spv

6. Restart the game after completion.

Fix the Registry Issues

Modal of Honor lags if the registry contains obsolete, invalid and junk entries. Scan the entire registry and fix the errors that found. Use a Registry Cleaner software to perform this job.

Defrag the Registry

Registry fragmentation causes Modal of Honor lags due to reduced speed of retrieving information from the registry. Analyze the state of your registry and defrag it, if required. You need to use the Registry Defragmenter feature in a PC Optimizer software.

Close Background Programs from the System Tray

Many programs run in background with system tray icon even if you closed them. It leads Modal of Honor lags. Close such programs to fix the problem.

Disable Antivirus Software

Your antivirus software may be the reason of Modal of Honor lags. Try disabling it while playing the game. Just close it from its system tray icon.

Eco Friendly Fireplaces – Alternatives to Wood Burning Fireplaces

Fireplace wood contains carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides that cause smog, fine particles, soot and a host of gases and chemicals which may result in or complicate health problems, especially in children, pregnant women and individuals with respiratory problems living in the home. As for the environment, burning wood in your home may contribute to acid rain and smog.

During the cold winter months, it is still possible to heat up your home without leaving a carbon footprint in the process. Instead of burning wood in your fireplace, you may opt for wood pellets manufactured from sawdust and other byproducts of lumber as a more eco friendly solution. This is because these byproducts would otherwise have ended up as waste in landfills. These small logs are specifically formulated for very efficient burning – almost completely, mainly because of their low moisture content, which means that fewer pollutants will be released into the air both inside and outside the home.

In order to safely handle the wood pellets, you will require a pellet stove or a fireplace insert when burning. This insert fires the pellets using an igniter. It also has a blower which fans the fire and an augur that pours pellets onto the flames to keep the fire burning as long as you require. This set up eliminates the need to keep on opening your stove doors to feed the fire, which means that fewer pollutants are released into your living room area.

Alternately, you may also reduce carbon emissions from your fireplace by opting for a gas insert which burns either liquid propane from a swappable tank or piped-in natural gas. The inserts will draw air in to oxygenate the fire, while channeling the smoke outside either through a vent or up your chimney. You should note that hearth fires are unable to heat up large spaces as effectively as the free-standing wood, gas or pellet stoves.

Be sure to have your fireplace regularly inspected for leaks, cracks or back drafts which could have resulted in added pollution to your home. Have your chimney swept every couple of years to remove any blockages due to creosote which could increase indoor pollution of the air in your home. When installing a new fireplace or insert, consult a qualified professional to ensure that they set it up properly in the most eco friendly and efficient manner. Whatever fireplace fuel option you settle for, the health of your family and the safety of the environment should factor primarily in your decision making.

Important House Design Planning Considerations

If you have purchased a section of land and enlisted the services of a custom home designer to design your blueprints it is very important that you spend time considering the following house design points before any construction begins.

Ensure that your sections borderary pegs match up with your blueprint plans or have a surveyor do this for you to be absolutely sure. This process will help determine if the size of your floor plan will fit comfortably within the constraints of your section and boundary. This process may also highlight better use of certain land areas within your section or show that certain parts of your blueprints can be extended / altered.

Will certain areas of your house such as the deck and living room receive the best amount of sunlight in the position you have planned? When thinking about the positioning of your future home note where the sunlight will be during the day. Look around your section for potential sunlight blockers such as trees and empty neighboring sections that may have buildings erected in the future.

Are there any building contractors on the site that could affect the draw up plans of your home? Have you invested in a new subdivision that requires the developers' approval over your house plans? Does the site have restrictions in terms of building size, height and materials allowed? It is a wise idea to have your lawyer look for potential restrictive covenants before you get too far into the design process.

Find out where utilities such as electric, telephone, gas, sewer and water connections will enter your property; are they near your sections border or will you need to bring these services on-site? A Land Information Memorandum Report (LIM) from your local council will highlight these utilities and also make you aware of important environmental and land related information such as storm and drainage, likelihood of flooding, erosion risk, heritage and conservation classifications.

Be sure to have all your building consent forms organized and ready before starting any house construction, it is important that all your home design planning complies with your country's building code, particularly if you wish to sell your home once completed. It can be a cost and time consuming mistake for new home owners / builders if the above house design considerations are overlooked.

Pallet Cutstock Remanufacturing

Let me take you on a small journey up into a little area in British Columbia, Canada, known as the Fraser Valley Lower Mainland. If you were to drive thirty miles east from Vancouver you would run into a small town called Abbotsford and it is here where your pallet journey begins!

If you're not familiar with the lumber industry, that's okay, I'm going to keep things real simple for you. There are two kinds of mills. First, you have primary mills that take the trees that have been turned into logs (branches have been cut off) and then debark the logs. These mills are also known as scragg mills and cut the log into boards and timbers of various shapes hiring to get the best value on premium wood. There is always wood that does not make the "grade" and this goes into what is called the falldown pile. As mills have become more efficient over the years using very sophisticated equipment including laser eyes, there has become less and less falldown but that's another story.

So, where does this falldown go? Again, to stick with the basics of our topic, a lot of it goes into what is called Economy Lumber. This grade is below construction grade lumber and it is this grade that the secondary mills or remanufacturers (remans) use to cut into various smaller components like pallet cutstock.

Now each mill may vary on how they cut and what saws they use but for the most part, pallet remanufacturers here in the lower country will bring in 2×4 and 2×6 Economy lumber that ranges in lengths anywhere from 8 'to 20'. Now-a-days with the new heat treated regulations, the wood is bought heat treated and kiln dried (HT and KD) and then bought to the chopsaw that will cut the lumber to length. Most pallets are standard sizes of 48 "by 40" like the GMA specs (Grocery Manufacturers Association) but do you know why?

Lumber comes in at various lengths and mills try not to waste anything because it's paid for! So, they will use multiples of whatever size best fits. So a 48 "or 4 'board would be best cut out of 8', 12 '16' and 20. 'There would be no trim loss which saves money for both the mill and the client. of multiples of 10 'and 20'.

After the board is chopped to length, it then goes to the Re-saw that will take either the 2×4 or 2×6 and split it up the middle which results in two pieces. Usually one piece is good (Utility) and the second piece is not (Expendable). The boards are then re-stamped with an HT stamp, graduated and then stacked onto pallets. They are then bound with strapping to hold them all together and then they are put into the yard waiting to be picked up by the trucking company. For stringers, or runners (the part that the boards get nailed to) have a different journey. After they are chopped to 48 "usually, they are then stamped, graduated and brought to the notching machine. Then the stringers are stacked and placed into the yard like the boards.

Now we're ready for the final journey. A trucking company is called and they come and pick up usually about 22 packs of various lengths depending on the order, paperwork is made for customs and then the shipment leaves our neck of the woods and is shipped down to California where a pallet company nails everything together and ships out the finished pallet to their clients.

Grisham Security Storm Doors

Security storm doors are products manufactured by the Grisham Corporation of Arlington, TN. They produce three lines of steel security storm doors. All of their doors feature 16 gauge steel and tempered safety glass. Double doors are available in all lines of their doors. All of their lines, Deluxe, Classic, and Sentry offer easy installation and heavy duty closers and they come pre-hung and pre-hinged. Brass slimline door handles are standard on Deluxe and Classic series with an upgrade to a brushed nickel slimline door handle. These Grisham Security Storm Doors have become very popular with many people today because of there quality built and because of there many options to choose from.

The Deluxe series comes in 27 different styles. With so many different styles its hard for any home owner not to find a style to fit their home. Five conceivable hinges are available in this series. Available as an upgrade is a 2-way bank vault lock in brass only. One of the features in the Deluxe line as an upgrade is self-storing glass which allows for air ventilation when moved from its above position. There are no limit on dimensions for all 27 styles. Colors are black or white.

The Classic series features 14 different styles. In addition to the 16 gauge welded steel, their frames are 1 "x 2" and they have an interchangeable screen panel. There are some limitations on two of their designs. All designs come in double doors. Colors available are black and white.

The Sentry series offers as a standard feature double bore lock box. Twenty-six different styles are offered. This series is designed to accept most 2 3/4 "backset locksets.

These doors are heavy but open and swing easily due to the five hinges on which the doors are hung. The styles and colors are tasteful and add to any homes appearance. They provide for a high quality of security. Doors which open out are harder to kick in and burglars do not want to be seen when they are trying a home invasion. Police indicate that they like to see security doors which open out, and insurance agents say doors which open out can be better protection than a burglar alarm. The reason is to gain entry, the home invader has to use a truck to pull the door out of its frame. This action draws attention to him, something he does not want. So when burglars see a home with these type of doors installed they will go to the next house.

The interchangeable screen panel and self-storing glass allow for ventilation while preserving their security features. When the panels are closed the tempered glass provides a natural barrier between the Grisham doors and the front door, which will increase the insulation value of the opening and decrease heating and air conditioning costs.

Model Train Tables – How to Build One You Will Love

Many people design and build a table to place their model railway on top of. This can be difficult. Some people use a piece of plywood or a table top, but they have limits.

Many model railroad designers want to use many landscapes and track designs. Plywood and table top tracks impede, since you can only run the track on a flat surface. For this reason, many model railroad designers decide to build their own model train table.

The first step to building your own table is deciding what size it will be, how much each section will weigh, and what your track layout will be. Sections of your train tracks that feature lots of scenery may need additional support. Using an L-girder has become the standard way to support specific sections of your track since it is adaptable to your needs and provides more than enough reinforcement and strength.

Building your bench with L-girder supports is a good choice because it is very strong, inexpensive, and easy to configure. Such a structure is made of a platform that utilizes girders, joists, and cross braces. These pieces work together to support your model train design. Joists do not have to be spaced at equal distances, but they tend to be separated by eighteen inches each.

You should be careful when choosing what lumber you will use to build your structure. For both the support piece and the tabletop itself, you need flat pieces that will not interfere with your train's move. Since some of the lower priced lumber that you can buy will actually warp, it would be in your best interests to purchase a better grade of wood.

Since you may have to transport your model train set and its accompanying display table to another location, a layout that is greater in size than one 4 x 8 piece of plywood should still use the parts that are not any larger than that. You can do this by placing joints in between the bench work cross members. Also, leave access to the wood screws and support risers from underneath your table.

Building your model train table in this manner will keep your scenery from getting damaged when you are trying to hunt down a lost screw. Be especially careful to not make the wood split where you place your supports. That means not using screws that are too large or placing them in the wrong location.

If you want to be able to get to your scenery easily, you can make cuts in the wood, but these need to be carefully planned out and taken into consideration when designing your supports. Some people cut holes in the wood before setting up the track, while others choose to do so afterwards.

Making a model train table that you will truly love requires a great deal of planning, but if you take the time to do so you will be extremely happy with your finished product.

Adobe Flash Player: A Risk To Privacy and Security

Adobe Flash Player: a greater risk to privacy and security than you may realize

Do you know that if you have Adobe's Flash Players plugin installed on your web browser that your internet activity and history is potentially being tracked and used without your knowledge or permission? Just managing your web browser's tracking cookie through your web browser does not prevent your internet browsing activity, and its history, from being tracked. Additionally, just keeping your computer current and fully patched with all of Microsoft's critical updates keeps your computer safe from hackers, think again. Even using an antivirus program, with the most current virus definitions current does not always prevent your computer and privacy from being at risk.

Recently I came across a news article that made my eye. It was a New York Times technology piece with the title " Code that tracks users' browsing prompts laws" (Vega, 2010). This article reports about the increasing number of consumers taking legal action against companies that track their web activity without the consumer's knowledge or permission. Adobe's Flash Player is the main conduit for capturing this tracking data. This is not the first time that Adobe's Flash player has created legal privacy issues. In 2008, Windows Secrets Newsletter published an article on Adobe's Flash cookie privacy issues. Recently they published another article called " Eliminate Flash-spawned" zombie "cookies" following up on the same issue (Leonhard, 2010). Adobe has done little to resolve this issue. These law suits are directed at Adobe and other companies that collect and sell information about your web browsing activity without your knowledge or permission. Another ominous contention is that some companies are surreptitiously using Flash cookies to glean information from your browser, even though you have your web browser set to reject tracking cookies.

How does this happen

Adobe's Flash Player browser plugin uses and stores Flash cookies on your computer, separate from your better known browser HTML cookies . Both types of cookies are used to store browsing and site preferences, along with your browsing history and tracking information. Flash cookies , like your web browser cookies, are small bits of data saved by the websites you visit. These websites use these cookies to store website settings and info (like your name, preferences, Flash game scores, etc.), to track website behavior, and to target you for specific advertisements. They can also create what is known as persistent identification element to uniquely identify you and track what websites you have visited.

Flash cookies are not managed through your web browser's cookie settings. This same Flash cookies storage area can also be used to store a copy of your browser's cookies, allowing Adobe's Flash to recreate cookies that have been previously deleted from your browser, ie spawned 'zombie' cookies.

What to do to protect yourself

Adobe does not make it easy for users to manage Flash cookies. By default, when Flash Player is installed, it automatically allows third parties to store and access your computer. To change these settings you need to access Flash's Global Setting Manager. The easiest, most straight forward way to get started is to open your web browser and copy the Adobe URL listed in my references (Ezinearticles does not allow me to place the link here). Or do a Google search on: "adobe flash player setting manager." The macromedia.com link should be the first and second items found.

This will take you to the Global Setting panel for Adobe's Flash Player (see Adobe Flash Player Global Setting Manager below). The image embedded on the web page is the actual management console, not a picture. The current version of this panel has eight panels or tabs. Each tab covers a different aspect of privacy and security. You may want to add this to your browser's Favorites for future reference.

Adobe Flash Player Global Settings Manager Global Privacy Settings

The first tab on the Global Setting Manager is for your computer's camera and microphone settings. You have the option of setting this as "Always deny …" or "Always ask …" The "Always ask …" option forces the Flash Player to ask for your permission before allowing a third-party to access your computer's camera and microphone. "Always deny …" does just that, it always denies permission to access your camera and microphone. You will not receive any notification that a third-party tried to access either your camera of microphone with this option.

Your current settings are not displayed. Clicking on "Always deny …" or "Always ask …" overrides any previous global setting made for this. This setting is for sites you have not already visited. I recommend that you select the "Always ask" option. This will allow you the option of using an interactive flash site, requiring the use of your camera and microphone. You will be prompted to confirm your selection.

You will always be prompted for your permission at any website requesting access to your camera and microphone.

Global Flash Cookie Storage Settings

The second tab of the Global Setting Manager controls how much disk space you will allow for new web sites (third-parties) to store information, Flash cookies, on your computer. By condemning all, you may prevent some websites from functioning correctly.

This panel determines the amount of disk space you will automatically allow third-parties to use for websites you have not already visited. Some websites may not function correctly if you do not allow some disk space storage. This is the total amount for each website. If a website needs or wants more you will receive a prompt to allow or disallow this additional space (see below). Your installed Flash Player must be version 8, or newer, to have the option of allowing or disallowing third-party flash content. If your flash version is older than version 9, you will not have the option to allow / disallow storage and sharing of common Flash components.

The suggested settings that work for me are shown above. The Allow third-party Flash, and Store common Flash, are needed by a lot of sites to allow them to function correctly.

Global Security Settings

The third tab is the Global Security Settings panel. This panel controls how Shockwave Flash (SWF) and Flash Video (FLV) are handled. The problem with these types of files is that they can contain applets or computer scripts that can be used to collect and share information about you without your knowledge or permission. Both SWF and FLV files can be embedded on web pages. These files can and do exchange audio, video, and data using Macromedia's Real Time Messaging Protocol. It is possible for SWF or FLV content stored locally on your computer to communicate with the Internet without your knowledge of permission.

I recommend setting this to "Always ask." If a website needs to store Flash cookies on your computer, you will be prompted for permission. By being prompted, you will be aware of the website's tracking activity.

Global Flash Update Notification Setting

The fourth tab is the Global Notification Settings panel. This is where you set how often flash checks for updates. I recommend enabling this feature and having Flash check for updates at least every seven days. I strongly recommended that Flash updates be installed as soon as possible for security reasons. By keeping your Flash Player updated, you make the malicious code writers' job just a little harder. The security vulnerabilities for Flash Player plugins are very well-known.

After installing any Flash updates you should validate that your privacy and security settings have not changed. With previous Flash updates, the settings within the Flash manager have reverted back to default, ie wide-open, settings.

Protected Content / License Settings

The fifth tab is the Protected Content Playback Settings panel. When you purchase or rent Flash "protected" content, license files are downloaded to your computer. Sometimes these files become corrupt. By resetting these files, new licenses can be downloaded. This option should only be used when protected Flash content is not playing correctly, and a technician has advised you to reset the licenses files. This will reset ALL license files stored on your computer; you are not able to select individual files.

If you click on the "Reset License Files" button you will be prompted to confirm or cancel your selection.

Website Privacy Settings

The sixth tab is the Website Privacy Settings panel. This is the list of websites you have granted permission to store data on your computer. This panel is where you can "Always ask," "Always allow," or "Always deny" access you your computer's camera and microphone.

The recommended setting is "Always ask" or "Always deny." You can edit these by highlighting the website and change the permission or delete the website. You can also remove all the websites from this list by selecting "Delete all sites." The settings on this panel override the default setting from the Global Privacy Settings panel for these particular websites.

If you choose to delete a website from this list you are prompted for confirmation.

Note: The list of websites displayed in this and the following panels are stored on your computer and displayed to allow you to view and change your local settings. Adobe claims that it has no access to this list, or to any of the information that the websites may have stored on your computer.

Website Storage Settings

The seventh tab is the Website Storage Settings panel. This lists all the websites that you have visited that use Flash content, and how much storage they are using on your computer. You can change the amount of storage you allow, delete individual websites, or all the websites. This panel overrides the Global Storage panel settings.

On a Windows 7 computer, the storage location for these files is: C: Usersuser_nameApplication DataMacromedia Flash Player in a folder called #SharedObjects or a subfolder of: macromedia.comsupportflashplayersys.

Note: Deleting the website using the Flash Global Settings Manager only removes the website's storage content; it does not remove the folder created for the website. An empty folder will remain on your computer.

By selecting a website and using the "Delete website" button, you can delete that website from the list of visited websites. This also removes all data that the website has stored from this storage area.

Peer-Assisted Networking Settings

The last tab is the Peer-Assisted Networking Settings panel. This is where you allow or disallow users who are playing the same content to share your bandwidth. If you are not on a broadband internet connection, you never want to use this option. When in use, this option increases network traffic on your internet connection and to your computer.

It is recommended that you disable this option. This will not prevent Flash from working.

Other Notes and Considerations

The current versions of Internet Explorer 8 and Firefox version 3.6 share the same Flash settings. Changing or updating Flash through this console makes the changes for both. To verify this, validate the Flash Management console from within each web browser you use.

After installing any Flash updates you should validate that your privacy and security settings have not changed. With previous Flash updates, the settings within the Flash manager have reverted back to default, ie wide-open, settings.

On a Windows 7 computer, you can manually manage Flash cookies by navigating to: C: Usersuser_nameApplication DataMacromedia Flash Player in a subfolder located at # SharedObjectsnonsensical-filename and macromedia.comsupportflashplayersys. Deleting the website using the Flash Global Settings Manager only removes the website's storage content; it does not remove the folder created for the website. An empty folder will remain on your computer in the C: Usersuser_nameApplication DataMacromedia Flash Playermacromedia.comsupportflashplayersys folder. The Application Data folder is a hidden systems folder. You will have to have hidden directories visible using the "Show hidden files, folders, and drives" option under the Fold Folder View option. You may also need systems permission to actually view and navigate these directories on a Windows 7 computer.

Instead of doing this manually, you can also use a free utility like Flash Cookie Cleaner 1.0, produced by ConsumerSoft (www.customer.com). This product will clean up and eliminate unwanted and unneeded Flash cookies in both the #SharedObjects and macromedia.com subfolders. This is a much simpler and more efficient way to clean up Flash cookies. You can download this free program from: http://www.flashcookiecleaner.com/ . This utility is free of spyware, adware, viruses, and other malicious programs. Download and save this file to your desktop and run it from there. This is a stand-along program that does not install itself on your computer.

References

Adobe – Flash Player: Help. (nd). Adobe. http://www.macromedia.com/support/documentation/en/flashplayer/help/settings_manager02.html

ConsumerSoft – Freeware Products. (nd). ConsumerSoft.

Leonhard, W. (2010, August 5.). Eliminate Flash-spawned "zombie" cookies. Windows Secrets.

Vega, T. (2010, September 20.) Code that tracks users' browsing prompts lawsuits. The New York Times.

To request a pdf of the article with screenshot shot please visit the Friend Consulting web site and send an email from there with the Title: Adobe Insecurity.

Great Facts About Magnaflow Mufflers

What are mufflers?

Mufflers are designed to reduce the sounds produced by the emission of gases from the engine. These gases are emitted at high pressure, and if not muffled, they give a loud, annoying sound. A muffler should be effective in such a way that in its silencing function, it does not affect the performance of the vehicle. So, you may be asking, what does a good muffler entail?

Fast flow

It is importance to have your vehicle equipped with mufflers that have free flowing features. The mandrel-bent tubing in the mufflers allows free flow of gases with little resistant. The smooth flowing of the gases ensures low sounds and no interference with performance. The MagnaFlow muffler is designed to ensure this fast flow so that the sound emitted is smooth and not degraded.

Range of sounds

The good thing about choosing your own aftermarket muffler is that you get chance for customization. They are available in different designs and the sounds produced range from silent to a loud rumble. This is where your taste as a driver comes in. Do you like the loud roar like for racers or the smooth purr for the official car? Pick the ones that define your character.

Different designs

Shapes of magnaflow muffler are available in round and oval shapes. An additional design is the Glass Pack Mufflers that feature non-fiberglass acoustic packing with precision robotic CNC welding. The exhaust gases pass straight through the core of the muffler. The packed fiberglass surrounding the exhaust channel absorbs some of the high frequency sound.

Stainless steel

While other metals are likely to rust with exposure to humid conditions, stainless steel can withstand years of moisture with no hints of rust or discolor. The best mufflers comprise stainless steel mesh that is durable despite the high temperatures in the exhaust system. They also have a stainless steel body which is the exterior. If it rusted, not only would it look discolored but may develop holes which break the smooth sound produced making it a loud cranky sound.

Bi-directional mufflers

Suppliers like MagnaFlow offer bi-directional mufflers. This means that they are reversible; they can be installed either way. This offers flexibility in installation so the muffler can be installed either way.

Lifetime warranty

These mufflers are free from defects. Made from the most durable material and lap-joint that is welded to withstand extreme conditions.

The mufflers offered by magnaflow are guaranteed to last all their market years offering you sound that is music to your ears and high performance.