Operating System Options and Installation Methods

An OS is installed on the computers' hard disk, inside an area called hard disk partition. There are several ways for installing a new operating system. The installation method is based on the system hardware and end-user requirements. Typically, you have four basic options for the installation of a new operating system:

Clean Installation

We can perform a clean installation on a new computer or in those cases where there is no upgrade path between the current operating system and the new one. This type of installation deletes all data on the hard disks partition where the current operating system is installed. A new PC requires, of course a clean installation. You can also do a clean install when the current operating system installation has corrupted files or does not work properly.

Upgrade Installation

Sometimes, it is also possible to perform an upgrade. When you perform an upgrade, OS configuration settings, installed programs and data are preserved. With this installation you have nothing to worry about, because you will not lose any personal data. You will just replace the old operating system files with the new, upgraded files. However, keep in mind that after the upgrade the applications and drivers that are incompatible with the new OS will not work as expected.

Multi-boot Installation

Another option is to install multiple operating systems on a single computer. You can install each OS inside a different disk partition and this way every OS will have its own files and configuration settings. On multi-boot installations, the users see a menu when they open their computers and they have to select the desired OS. Of course, only one operating system can run at a time.

Virtualization

This is relative new technique that is often used on servers. With virtualization we can run numerous copies of an operating system on a single set of hardware and create this way some virtual machines. Every single virtual machine works like a separate computer. This technology makes a single physical hardware resource to appear like multiple logical resources.

Before starting any operating system installation you have to make sure that all the hardware is certified to work with the new operating system. Also confirm that the hardware resources meet the minimum installation requirements. Moreover, when you perform an upgrade it is a very good practice to perform a virus scan before starting the installation and a complete full backup of all your personal data.

One method that helps you protect your data is this: Create multiple partitions on the hard disk and install a different OS on each partition. Then copy all your data inside an empty partition that does not contain an OS. This way you can upgrade the operating system without the risk of losing any data. Backup and recovery of data files is also easier with this design.

It is also important to decide the type of file system to use. The file system controls how the OS stores and tracks the files. There are several different file systems available. The most well-known are: FAT 32, NTFS, HPFS, ext2 and ext3. Every operating system is designed to use one or more of these file systems. There are advantages and disadvantages on every file system. Careful consideration should be made to the type of file systems supported by the selected OS and the benefits of each.

You can find several programs to modify the partitioning structure and file system of a hard drive after installation, but it is better to avoid them if possible. When modifying either the file system or partition structure on a hard drive, data loss may result. Careful planning can help preserve the integrity of the data.

Hybrid Diamonds Or Diamond Stimulants – Which is Better?

Diamond stimulants have been around for many years. In fact, the common simulated diamonds have been available in the market today for many years now. In 1998, a more brilliant diamond was introduced. It is hard like the diamonds since it can also cut glass but still, mined diamonds are the best.

Hybrid diamonds came into the industry several years ago and since the, it has gained worldwide acceptance. The hybrid variety consist of small diamond crystals which were aligned to form one diamond. Such creation became the flawless diamond simulant and with modern technological advances, jewelry lovers craved for more. Most simulated diamonds were off-white in color while the hybrid versions can be easily created to have the same color as the mined diamonds. Aside from that, hybrid diamonds are more affordable since the production cost is quite low. The hybrid variety is FG graded, durable, good quality, and possesses almost the same color as the mined ones.

With the combination of non-precious cores and man made crystals, diamond hybrids feel and look like real diamonds. A patented process is used to manufacture diamond hybrids. The infused layer will not disconnect or peel and so the diamonds are of good quality. Throughout the FCVA-Ion Jet Beam Diamond Seeding, crystal seeds are implanted. A real diamond layer will grow inside the core. The patented process is not expensive and so the hybrids are more affordable. It would be best to purchase diamond hybrids that were cut in Israel since diamond cutters there are well known for their skills. By choosing diamond hybrids sold in quality settings, you can witness the diamond's unmatched brilliance. If you want, you can also get the colored varieties like blue, cognac, lavender, purple, gold, yellow, and pink.

So, are you going for the hybrid variety or will you choose the other diamond simulants? Simulated diamonds are bright and shiny but they are nothing compared to mined diamonds. Their specific gravity, refractive index, hardness, and weight are not even close to real diamonds. True diamonds came from carbon which was subjected to extreme pressure and suffocating heat deep down the Earth. Later on, it became diamond crystals.

Most of today's simulated diamonds came from synthetic, minerals, and glass; they are marketed in various names like white corundum, yttrium aluminum garnet, rhinestones, strontium titanate, and gadolinium gallium garnet. Fine quality simulated diamond jewelries are usually sold in attractive settings. They are sold in different price ranges under $ 100 to about $ 500 per carat. Today, many couples choose simulated diamonds for their special occasions because it is much affordable and with proper care, the jewelries can last for a long time.

Whether you go for the hybrid diamonds or the diamond simulants, you can still get great value for your money. It's now up to you to choose the design and setting of the diamond jewelries. If the simulated varieties are still expensive for you, you can always choose the hybrid diamonds. Search for the perfect diamond jewelry online or in local stores.

Sweet Things to Say to Your Boyfriend – 2 Hot Tips to Melt Your Boyfriend's Heart

So you want to know what sweet things to say to your boyfriend? After all, girls are not the only ones who can benefit from a little bit of sweet talk.

To be quite honest, guys can sometimes use a whole bucket load of sweet stuff. But do not expect them to ask for it. Your boyfriend, for one, would probably not admit that he wants you to say such things to him. So it's up to you to figure out what sweet things to say to your boyfriend.

Your boyfriend does not necessarily want to be told that he's the most beautiful boy you have ever laid your eyes on (although that works for some). Guys and girls are not made of the same ingredients.

Luckily, you have this article to help you figure out what sweet things to say to your boyfriend.

1) Call out his name … and then tell him "I love you."

You do not need an excuse to tell your boyfriend that you love him. A lot of people might think that the phrase is overused but I beg to differ.

Telling the person you love that you love him should be the most natural thing in the world. What I advise is that you spring it on him when he least expects it (but not if you two have not said these three words to each other yet!).

Casually call out his name name as if you want him to run a few errands for you. Once you have his attention, smile and tell him that you love him. This will be sure to leave a smile on his lips for the rest of the day.

2) You are the most wonderful guy I have ever met.

The word "wonderful" transcends the physical. However, other adjectives like "amazing" and "sexiest" will also do as long as you use them in superlative form. These sweet things to say to your boyfriend will insure him that you only have eyes for him.

Guys like knowing that they are special in someone's eyes. These sweet things to say to your boyfriend will make him feel even more special because you're the one saying them.

What Does Satellite Radio Advertising Cost?

Space … The final frontier …

It is also a land loaded with floating metal objects that rotate the planet and beam signals back to our gadgets. One of these floating metal objects is a satellite designed to push radio programming to our receivers. In the United States the only brand on the market is Sirius XM satellite radio.

Satellite radio is filled with hundreds of stations with programming that varies from hit to obscure music; talk programming from conservative views to home design tips to Howard Stern. Essentially it is a medium that offers something for everyone. This is one of the reasons it is becoming a very popular option for satellite radio advertising.

A common misconception about the medium is that it is "commercial free". While the music stations do remain free of any satellite radio advertising, the talk stations do not. They have several commercial breaks per hour just as any talk show on AM or FM radio would. The shows that advertising advertising options are quite diverse and offer advertisers a way to micro-target an audience with a specific interest.

What does satellite radio advertising cost? The answer to that question will vary depending on the station you want to advertise on. Some of the more nich 'formats with a lower audience can fall as low as fifty dollars per commercial, while the top stations such as Howard Stern may cost hundreds of dollars per airing because the reach of a station like this is much greater.

Satellite radio offers smaller and medium-sized companies that do not have a large budget the opportunity to reach a national audience.

This is something new, because the price point to reach a national audience on national TV or a syndicated radio show can be far to cost prohibitive for most small and medium sized businesses. With a starting budget of around 5k, almost any business can have their message broadcast to the nation through satellite radio advertising. The message can also be targeted to a very specific group of people based on the programming that the radio commercial airs on. Programming targets range from pet lovers to cigar enthusiasts to new moms and everything in between.

What was once the work of science fiction, is now a medium that puts another tool in the arsenal of small business when they want to get an effective message out to the masses on a restricted budget.

How to Take Your Brick and Mortar Business Online

MODULE 1

CHAPTER 10

1.0 HOW TO TAKE YOUR BRICK AND MORTAR BUSINESS ONLINE

2.0 INTRODUCTION

3.0 OBJECTIVES

MAIN CONTENT

3.1 The Future is Here

3.2 Approaches to eCommerce

3.3 Using Experts

3.4 The Process

3.5 Other Considerations

3.6 Do It Yourself (DIY) Plan

4.0 CONCLUSION

5.0 SUMMARY

6.0 ASSIGNMENT

  1. INTRODUCTION

This article is about how you can take your physical business online using Experts or how you can do so all by yourself.

  1. OBJECTIVES
  • To emphasize the urgency of setting up one's physical business on the Internet
  • To discuss ways a physical business can be set up online
  • To point out the easiest way to start as a beginner
  1. MAIN CONTENT

3.1 The Future is Here

Bill Gates once said that in the future there will be two classes of business – namely, those that are online and those that are no more existing. The current trends in business cycles are provoking this to be true with every passing day.

More businesses are going online and increasing their profitability while those that can not read this handwritings on the wall are losing customers, profits and depressed bottom-line, to them, on a very rapid rate.

So the next wise thing for any business owner to do is to think twice … on how to get his business online as soon as possible.

3.2 Approaches to eCommerce

There are 3 approaches to taking your current offline Business online namely:

a) You can set up a self-hosted website and sell your merchandise using phone, web chats (as in Yahoo / Facebook chats) or payment processor, all run by yourself.

b) You may otherwise want to use other companies to sell your products globally for you – you only source and supply the goods to them eg FBA that I will discuss below, or

c) You may wish to enrich your merchandise by just linking your own website to so many others and also helping them to sell their goods as affiliates while also making decisions for yourself. This is possible with eBay, Amazon and most sites selling similar product in your own market niche.

For most beginners, doing this by yourself is generally out of the way because of the vast technological background knowledge that may be needed to guarantee profitability.

Even though nowdays, software is impressively bridging the gap, and borrowing the ground to make ecommerce almost all-comers affairs, yet, it may be quite a breath-taking experience to cover the learning curve. I will also talk briefly on this again later.

3.3 Using Experts

There are so many companies who are more than willing to help you set up your business on the internet.

You can check on the following websites to find out things for yourself as their requirements are different: ecwid

– very good if you want to sell on multi-channel: Vend, eBay, Facebook, Amazon, Square, Instagram, etc.

rakuten

Jet

Etsy

AMZhelp

– they can do all the technical work for you on a fee.

soldsie

nordstrom

fiverr

you can also find gigs who can do it for you here.

3.4 The Process

In case you want to start with Amazon, the program for handling this is called Fulfilment By Amazon (FBA). You may wish to check their website for full and updated details.

But as is at Amazon, so also is the case in most of the websites, you need to do the following, preparatory to approaching them for this business:

a) Prepare a catalog database of all your products

b) Take and store cute multidimensional pictures of all your products

c) List your products on their website eg Amazon

d) List your product in many other marketplaces: eBay, rakuten, etsy, ecwid, jet, Newegg, Konga, Kaymu, DealDey, etc.

e) Integrate an inventory management system – this will enable you to traect your goods across the various sites so that you do not run out of stock. STITCH LABS is a very good place to do this.

f) Create your own hosted store. This is where you display photos of all your merchandise. Using Shopify is a very good idea.

g) Send your inventory to Amazon FBA storehouses.

h) Amazon usually have very strict specifications on packaging, labeling, etc. Companies like stitchlabs can help you with meeting Amazon standards.

You can also search this phrase in quote for more details: 'Labeling and Packaging Products for Amazon FBA – FBA Prep'

I) Barcoding: do not forget that each unit of product sold at Amazon and most online sites must have a barcode.

Bar code is a kind of universal product label like the one shown below that you see on every product sold in the global market:

This site will help you if you check on them:

http://www.computalabel.com/aboutupc.htm

j) Get someone to review your products on your site – this can cause your sales to shoot up.

3.5 Other Considerations

Traffic: consider using free traffic initially and paid traffic as soon as possible to bring eyesballs to your website. When using paid traffic, never forget to tract your conversions and measure profitability so that you will not burn out your budget too fast.

Tracking inventory levels across all channels: stitch labs can do this for you at a fee.

Integrate your offline and online store: this will increase your profitability and ensure that you do not lose your customers to others as they go shopping online.

You can simply do so by hanging the address of your website over the lintel of your brick-and-mortar business.

Analyzing your virtual store performance regularly:

Check your sales, conversion, non-performing goods, etc. so that you will not put too much of your working capital in non-performing inventories.

Do not forget to use social media, email marketing and text messages: these are very simple but highly profitable ways to market your business, use them on a regular basis basis.

If all these looks like too much work for you, then I will suggest you hand it all over to the geeks, any of the aforementioned companies can do a niece job for you at a fee.

3.6 Do It Yourself (DIY) Plan

Alternately, you can still go ahead and do it all by yourself, read through this guide for full details on how to do so, search 'profiles woothemes'.

Start from 'About' and learn all you need to run your website by yourself.

Although this may steepen your learning curve, but you can start there to learn the ropes.

  1. CONCLUSION

It is advisable to find ways to take your current physical business (if any) online if you want to remain profitable on a long-term. Doing so is very easy these days as highlighted in this discussion.

  1. SUMMARY

Your physical business can go online in 3 ways, those ways were the center-piece of our discussion in this ecourse.

  1. ASSIGNMENT

Go to Fiverr and post your job if you want to take your current physical business online. Gigs will respond and you start negotiation.

You can also use other websites like Rakuten, Etsy, etc., as listed above.

Testing the All Natural Cedarshield Oil Wood Preservative

I had read the articles, the various reports and scientific data and so, it was now time to put this apparently miraculous product to the ultimate test. A good friend of mine who specializes in the hand crafted manufacture of Ash furniture gave me the suggestion that we could try it out on a freshly cut slice of Ash tree. Normally he fills the trees, removes the branches and they are then stacked for periods of up to twenty years to completely dry out the wood and make it suitable for use in the manufacturing process. What he now suggested was that we cut a large slice from a recently felled and still wet tree, then apply this cedar oil based product to it and see what happens and if there is any noticeable difference.

Armed with a five gallon bucket of the product, an extremely long chain saw, some gasoline and a couple of saw horses, we set off in my friend’s truck towards the site where his Ash trees were kept. After about forty minutes we drove up a bumpy gravel road and turned into an area that appeared to be an abandoned stone quarry. We stopped his truck and got out to view some well stacked piles of huge trees, all set out in neat rows to both sides of the truck. We commenced by emptying out the truck box of all the items we had carried with us. My friend set up the two saw horses in the middle of the gravel yard and then proceeded to gas up his chain saw and give it a first start. Now convinced that everything was in good working order, we headed off towards one of the log piles.

I was advised that this particular stack of trees had only been felled just over one week previously and as such, they were still as wet as the day they were cut down. My friend studied each of the trees in the stack and then made his decision as to which one would be our subject for the experiment. Marking the end of it with chalk, he picked up his chain saw and climbed up to a suitable position where he could access the tree’s diameter with ease. With ear muffs on and a couple of fast pulls on the chain saw string, that well known buzz burst into life and the long chain was ready to start cutting. He stood firm and straight on the logs and commenced his first cut through a tree with a diameter of almost five feet. Within a few minutes and a couple of position moves on his part, the end of the large tree fell free to the ground. The exposed cut was clean and straight and I could see most of the circles quite clearly. Without hesitation, he climbed back up to his original position and started his second cut. The chain entered the tree about three inches from the newly exposed end and once again he worked away steadily until an almost evenly thick slice again fell free to land on top of the first slice. With that, the chain saw stopped buzzing and he climbed down to explain that this was the slice we were going to do our experiment on.

Together, we carefully pulled the large tree slice away from the pile and then, with one of us one each side we lifted the rather heavy piece of wood up and over onto the two awaiting saw horses. Placing it carefully on top of the horses, we had to adjust one of them to get it lying more solidly in position without a wobble. After a short five minute rest, we took over the bucket of fluid to start our test. Armed with a three inch brush each, we coated all of the upper side with its first coat of the cedarshield oil. It soaked into the timber as quickly as we applied it and that in itself was quite amazing considering how wet the timber was. We waited another five minutes or so and then commenced applying our second coat in exactly the same way as the first and yet again, it continued to soak in to the wood almost immediately. After this we waited maybe ten minutes before starting our third and final application. This time, by the time we were about half way across the large circle of wood, the fluid started to drip from the underside and onto the gravel below. We completed our application, closed the bucket and placed our brushes tightly into a plastic bag then went back to examine the now actively dripping tree slice. Sure enough, the underside was oozing the fluid we had applied on the surface but it did feel different to the touch. At that point we really didn’t understand what was happening or why the fluid coming through the downward side felt so different to the touch.

The real surprise came when the fluid finally stopped dripping through the wood and we decided it was time to lift the slice back to the truck. Again, with one of us at each side we grabbed hold of the wood and commenced to lift it. We both stopped in unison and dropped the wood back onto the saw horses for we had discovered it was now very light in weight compared to the time we had placed it in position. After some discussion on this, we again lifted it up and carried it over to the waiting truck for transportation back to my friend’s workshop. With everything now packed up and well secured, we left the site and headed back home with our newly cut slice of Ash tree. Upon arrival at his home and workshop, we were both eager to investigate the treated timber in more detail. Yes, its weight was now equivalent to that of dried Ash of the same dimensions but we had to ask ourselves why? We sent the slice through his planer and thickness machine and out it came fully dressed just like a piece of fully seasoned dry timber I was advised. To my friend who was well used to working with this type of timber, this discovery was truly amazing in itself. However, when we read the technical data for the fluid and found that the wood was now dimensionally stable, that it would not split or warp and that it was also fully protected from all types of fungal attack, rot and insect attack, my friend looked at me and stated “This has to the most miraculous invention for the treatment of wood ever!”

Upon reading the technical data further, we discovered that the cedarshield fluid contained double tailed molecules within its formulation and upon its application to timber, these molecules would instantly attach themselves to hydroxyls within the timber, acting as a water scavenger and instantly turning the inherent moisture into ethanol gas which immediately evaporated and left the wood totally dry and completely preserved again almost everything. Truly an amazing achievement and even more so when we considered that this fluid is 100% natural organic in its make up and contained no toxins, poisons or hazards of any kind. My friend continued to work on our newly cut circle of Ash wood and now, I am the proud owner of a highly polished and most certainly all natural Ash picnic table that I seen being manufactured literally from start to finish. This unique fluid is now saving my friend from waiting for periods of up to twenty years before he can work his beloved Ash timbers. It is most certainly a wonderful, safe and highly effective product that is likely to be used throughout all areas of the lumber industry.

Medal of Honor Lags – Why Does Medal of Honor Lag, How to Fix It

Medal of Honor lagging issue has frustrated many users. Many users claimed that there was ‘no network connection’ problem.

Following are the solutions that worked for many users:

1. Add the Game to the DEP Exception List

2. Reset Configurations

3. Fix the Registry Issues

4. Defrag the Registry

5. Close Background Programs from the System Tray

6. Disable Antivirus Software

Add the Game to the DEP Exception List

Data Execution Prevention may result in game lagging. Adding the game to its exception list may help solving the problem. Here are the steps for you:

1. Right click My Computer.

2. Select Properties.

3. Click Advanced System Settings.

4. Click Advanced.

5. Click Settings under Performance frame.

6. Click Data Execution Prevention tab.

7. Select the option Turn on DEP for all programs and services except those I select.

8. Click Add button and manually add the executable files (.exe) of the game to this list.

9. Restart the game.

Reset Configurations

Modal of Honor saves its configurations partly in files and partly in system registry. Enabling the unsupported features result in lagging. Reset the configurations as follows:

1. Open My Documents.

2. Double click to open the following location:

EA Games Medal of Honor

3. Delete the following file:

a. Settings.ini

4. Double click Save folder to open it.

5. Delete the following files:

a. Current.stv

b. Current.spv

6. Restart the game after completion.

Fix the Registry Issues

Modal of Honor lags if the registry contains obsolete, invalid and junk entries. Scan the entire registry and fix the errors that found. Use a Registry Cleaner software to perform this job.

Defrag the Registry

Registry fragmentation causes Modal of Honor lags due to reduced speed of retrieving information from the registry. Analyze the state of your registry and defrag it, if required. You need to use the Registry Defragmenter feature in a PC Optimizer software.

Close Background Programs from the System Tray

Many programs run in background with system tray icon even if you closed them. It leads Modal of Honor lags. Close such programs to fix the problem.

Disable Antivirus Software

Your antivirus software may be the reason of Modal of Honor lags. Try disabling it while playing the game. Just close it from its system tray icon.

Celebrity Reveals Sexual Child Abuse

In her autobiography, "Home: A Memoir of My Early Years," Julie Andrews reveals the all too often kept dark secret of sexual abuse. Andrews reveals that when she was fifteen, her stepfather, who was drunk lunged toward her saying, "I really must teach you how to kiss properly." He then kissed her full on the lips. Andrews states, "It was a deep, moist kiss – a horrible experience." He tried to repeat his endeavor to teach Andrews how to kiss properly, she fended him off. She also, installed a bolt on her bedroom door and managed to avoid being alone with him.

Andrews does not reveal if she told anyone. One might wonder if she did tell, what was done. Since she did not reveal that she told, my guess is that she did not. Not telling about the sexual abuse is a sad state of affairs, because it leaves the person, as well as others, vulnerable to being abused. Yet, this is a common response to this horrific experience.

Girls are scripted and rewarded to not cause a scene and to be cute and demur. Boys are scripted and rewarded to be strong, and to exhibit bravery in every situation. The typical child sex offender molests an average of 117 children, most do not report the offense – National Institute of Mental Health. 1988 This statistic has remained consistent for many decades.

Child sexual abuse is the greatest hidden epidemic in the world. US statistics reveal as high as 62 percent of females and 31 percent of males will be sexually violated before age 18.

"If a disease affected our children in these severe numbers we would declare a national emergency. Monies for research to find a cure would be made available immediately." States Claire R. Reeves, President / Founder / Chief Executive Office of Mothers Against Sexual Abuse – MASA

Prevention has eluded all of society, even passionate and committed prevention advocates, because society concentrates the majority of efforts absolutely on repairing the damage. Over the last several years many informative and educational books have been written about incest and child sexual abuse. That this heretofore taboo subject is being addressed is of the utmost importance to enlighten society regarding this heinous crime against our innocent children. While this terrible crime has been expounded on extensively, little has been offered in the way of preventing it.

Children, as young as two or three years old can thwart a would-be sex offender if they are
armed with the permission and knowledge. Parents need to empower their children and support them in the ownership of their bodies and their lives.

Parts of a Deer Antler – Deer Rack Anatomy 101

Deer antlers are an incredibly fascinating biological phenomenon. The shape of antlers range from very small sharp “spikes” to fantastical typical and non-typical racks. To better understand the parts of a deer antler, we will first examine some basic deer antler terminology, the difference between horns and antler then follow up with the correct name for every part of the deer antler.

Antler Terms

Point: a projection on an antler that is at least one inch long.

Rack: refers to the set of antlers on a particular deer. All racks are divided into two classifications; typical or non-typical.

Typical: typical racks are those antlers that look like a a classic or “normal” rack. On a 10 point buck (a buck with a rack that has a total of ten points,) the buck would show five matched points on each side, and the location of these points would be in typical locations.

Non-typical: non-typical racks, by definition, are racks that do not look normal. They may exhibit unmatched points (for example 3 points on one side and 5 on the other,) they can have points growing off of other points or the points themselves may be abnormaly shaped.

Antlers vs. Horns

Horns are found on mountain goats, bighorn sheep, bison and other game. Horns, unlike antlers, grow all throughout an animals life. If they are lost or damaged for any reason, they cannot be replaced. The surface of horns is made of a keratin, much like human finger nails. They are alive, in that they receive nutrients by blood vessels that are inside the horn.

Deer, like elk and moose, have antlers, not horns. Antlers, are not made of keratin, they are dead bone that grow out of the skull of the animal. Antlers tend to be much longer than horns, and have numerous branches. Deer grow yearly and shed their antlers on a yearly basis. Antler tissue is said to be fastest growing mammal tissue known to man. Even the largest rack on a mature deer is grown in about three to four months!

Parts of a Deer Antler

Pedicle: The base of the deer’s antler, where the antler bone meets the head of the deer.

Beam: The central stem of the antlers, from which all other points arise.

Brow Tine: The first division or point off of the beam.

Bay Antler: The second division (or point above the brow tine).

Royal Antler: The third division on the antlers (or point above the bay antler).

Surroyal Antler: The fourth division or point above the royal antler.

Fork: The end of deer’s antlers, where the central beam divides in two.

Palm: The end of a deer’s antlers where the central beam divides into several points, resembling the human hand.

Crown Tine: A tine growing at the very end of the deer’s antler, the points above the fork or palm.

These terms should help you correctly identify and discuss the different parts of a deer antler.

Brick and Mortar Vs. Online Business

Human beings have a long established tradition of bartering and trading goods, one in exchange for the other. While the basics have remained the same over the centuries – you give something in order to get something – the means have evolved consistently. From the agora of Ancient Greece to the modern supermarket, and from high-end stores to online shops, people continue to engage in business in the opportunities of profitability and success.

If one was to divide the means of doing business today into two broad categories, they would be:

1. Brick and Mortar Businesses, and

2. Online Businesses

Brick and Mortar

The traditional way of conducting business – the brick and mortar way – can be considerably expensive and onerous to setup. It is highly essential to find a suitable location, if the business is to have any chance at succeeding, and such valuable locations are not inexpensive. Then there are the overhead costs, including taxes, utility bills, and inventory and labor costs.

The Pros:

– Perhaps the largest advantage of a brick and mortar store compared to an online one is that it allows customers to touch, feel, and inspect a product physically, and at length, before they make the decision to purchase it.

– The internet provides a lot of opportunities for scams, and people have taken advantage of those. As such, you can offer your customers with peace of mind, a sense of trust, and reliability with a brick and mortar store.

– Find the right location, ideally in a heavy traffic area, and people just might walk in to your store – and end up becoming customers – without having experienced any of your marketing campaigns.

The Cons:

– As mentioned earlier, the startup and overhead costs of a brick and mortar store tend to be consider large.

– Once you put up that 'Closed' sign, business is primarily over until the next morning.

Online Businesses

The more modern, and visual, way of doing business is relatively easier to setup. You may still need to do basically the same amount of work, such as market research and promotional campaigns, but the startup and overhead costs are only minimal.

The Pros:

– An online store can, and does, remain open and available for business around the clock, seven days a week, every single day of the year.

– If you've managed to create the right amount of noise, in the right places, you'll get more people visiting your small business than you could ever achieve with a brick and mortar store.

– There are no space limitations and no need for sales representatives. With a brick and mortar space, you'll probably run out of both if, say 50 customers walked in. With an online store, you serve thousands of visitors simultaneously.

The Cons:

– The biggest disadvantage of an online business, unlike a brick and mortar store, is that there is very limited interaction with the clientele, if any.

– It is remarkably easy to get distracted with an online store, as you would not be constrained by shelf space to display products. It is vital that you establish, and stick, to a niche for your small business.

Each of these, both traditional and modern, has its own advantages and disadvantages. And while you could answer about which one is better until there is no tomorrow, they are both here to stay for the long term. If you can afford it, the ideal way to be successful would be to establish both a brick and mortar store, and an online shop for your small business.

Comparing Fiberglass and Polyester Casting Tape

Over the past decade, polyester casting tape has become more recognized as a legitimate option to its traditional fiberglass counterpart. There are a number of studies which have compared these products in both controlled environments and real-world experiences. The results noted that both of these options can be equally effective, although there are some additional variables to consider.

The most important comparison between fiberglass and polyester tape is directed towards overall effectiveness. A study published in the Journal of the National Association of Orthopedic Technologists in 2002 recorded a number of variables related to overall effectiveness. The results noted that the differences in performance were negligible in most cases. There was the same level of material breakdowns and delaminations on weight-bearing surfaces with both fiberglass and polyester casting. Additionally, the activity level and comfort levels were similar as well.

The one noticeable difference was related to the development of cracks or splits. Fiberglass casts were much more likely to crack in the toe box area. This was attributed to the greater rigidity fiberglass casting offers. A polyester substrate is much more flexible, which allows it greater flexibility under heavier weights. This results in less cracking and splitting.

From a patient’s standpoint, there is only one area in which polyester tape may face difficulties. Due to the high use of fiberglass casting tape for decades, some people expect a more rigid cast. Even though polyester tape has proven to be extremely effective, the perception that greater rigidity is necessarily better will have to be overcome before fiberglass can be completely replaced.

Since the overall effectiveness of both fiberglass and polyester casting tape is fairly similar from a patient’s standpoint, the next area to focus on is the benefits gained by the physician. There are very few characteristics which are based on the material of the tape. Instead, the big differences come in the form of quality. Some manufactures provide an elite product, both fiberglass and polyester, whereas some do not.

When comparing fiberglass and polyester casting tape across brands, there are several telling variables to focus on. The first is referred to as formation or the weight bearing timeframe. Quality casting should be able to bear weight within 20-30 minutes. The ease of application should also be considered. Utilizing water activated resin; physicians should be able to dictate how quickly the casting tape hardens. This not only provides control over the setting time, but also minimizes the patient’s discomfort.

10 Natural Ways to Get Rid of Cellulite Entirely

Although getting rid of cellulite has developed to be a disturbing issue to many people, there are very effective ways that you can follow to help you achieve your goals. Cellulite is among the most disturbing skin conditions that commonly occur in women than men. It is thought about by hormonal imbalances, poor diet, weight gain, lack of enough exercises among other causes.

Cellulite normally lowers your self esteem as a result of forming unpleasant looks on your skin. Once you are through with reading this page, you will have the ability to treat cellulite on your skin because the page outlines shortly some of the most effective procedures of getting rid of cellulite completely.

1. Apply apple cider vinegar

Besides being the best and effective way of getting rid of cellulite completely, apple cider vinegar serves as the best hair treatment. As a remedy for cellulite, apple cider vinegar can be directly taken orally where 2tbsp of apple cider vinegar and 8 ounces of water are mixed and taken or 3 parts of apple cider vinegar and one part of water mixed and applied on the affected area. Great improvements will be felt after a very short period of repeated usage of apple cider vinegar.

2. Regulate your diet

Avoid food with a lot of fats and sugar and instead, consume a lot of fiber and wholegrain to help in getting rid of wastes as well as toxins. Beside, consume a lot of fruits and vegetables and drink plenty of water on a daily basis. Beside, stop smoking, drinking alcohol and caffeine consumption and salty foods.

3. Apply grapefruit oil

Having astringent skin toner properties makes grapefruit oil an effective remedy for cellulite. Beside, getting rid of cellulite, grapefruit oil plays a role of an effective cleanser to your system.

4. Use horse chase nut bark

The horse chase nut bark has aescin which is vital in getting rid of cellulite. Horse chase nut not only removes cellulite from your skin but is also used to get rid of wrinkles, ease nighttime leg cramps, tone the walls of veins, and make the fragile capillarity that have been damaged by trauma more stable.

5. Use juniper berry oil

Juniper oil serves to detoxify the cellulite on your skin leaving it clear and good looking. Simply apply a few drops of juniper oil on the affected area and massage; the juniper oil massage is vital in boosting the circulation.

6. Use lemongrass oil

Lemongrass oil gets rid of cellulite from your skin by accelerating hydration as well as lymphatic detoxification, tightening elastin and strengthening connective tissues. Apply a small amount of lemongrass oil on the affected area and thoroughly massage; repeat the process twice a day for a few weeks and the cellulite will be completely gone.

7. Try Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo Biloba is a plant that is famous in treating many ailments associated with blood circulation. It is usually concerned with bringing back to normal the flow of blood in the legs and arms and thus getting rid of cellulite formed around these places.

8. Use seaweed

If you want to get rid of cellulite the natural way without any bad side effects then seaweeds are plants for you. The seaweeds effectively removes cellulite from your skin through making you lose weight. You use the extracts from these plants orally by tablets or its supplements.

9. Try Artichoke

Artichoke is a form of vegetable that contains a lot of the therapeutic properties which are important in getting rid of unwanted fats as well as fluids in the body. Thus Artichoke is among the most effective herbs that play an important role in removing cellulite. You can drink its juice, eat cooked artichoke or get its leaf extract from the pharmacy.

10. Try Green tea

This is another perfect remedy for cellulite; it is a very effective way of getting rid of cellulite entirely. It is a very strong antioxidant that assists in boosting blood circulation. This is the reason why it is effective at getting rid of cellulite.

Truth be told, getting rid of cellulite completely is not an easy thing; many people have tried but with no fruitful results. But you will find it different when you apply one or more of the methods of getting rid of cellulite discussed in this page.

Foot, Wrist and Ankle Tattoo Designs – Uncover Thousand of Original Tattoo Designs!

Foot, wrist and ankle tattoos continue to be extremely popular among young woman who are getting their very first tattoo. These types of tattoos are generally small and can be something very simple, such as a star or indeed something extremely intrict. Although foot, wrist and ankle tattoos are well known for being small in size, this does not for a second mean they have to be dull or boring.

Because getting a tattoo is such a huge decision that should not be rushed, it's a good idea to look at as many different options as possible when thinking about which tattoo design you are going to get inked. Even with the advancement of tattoo removal surgery, it still costs thousands of dollars and leaves ugly scars.

You can find many tattoo galleries online, while you can simply print off the design you like the look of, ready to show to your tattooist.

Unfortunately, not all internet tattoo galleries were made equal and a lot of the easy to find tattoo galleries simply contain very generic and common tattoo designs. Since you want as many different designs to look at as possible I advise that you make use of a gallery that contains thousands of original and fine artwork.

I have so far, after using the majority of all of the tattoo galleries found on the internet, only been happy with three. None of them are easily found on search engines such as Google, MSN or Yahoo since they only use word of mouth advertising.

It’s Winter, Where Did These Flies Come From?

Remember seeing a big, slow moving fly in the window on a sunny winter day in January and thinking, “Where the heck did that come from?” Well even though they look like a common house fly, these are indeed Cluster Flies, and they can be a real nuisance to homes, hotels, and many office buildings, especially if there is a wooded area near by.

Cluster Flies breed and spend most of their time in the woods, migrating to buildings in the fall, looking for a warm place for the winter. You can often see them on the sunny side of a building on cool days in the fall. They are attracted to the siding as the sun warms it up. Then they will climb the wall looking for an entry. Most times they find them at the roof eaves or under windows. They then hide in attics and crawl spaces and filter down in to the building over the winter months, so the top floor is usually the hardest hit.

Cluster flies are usually larger than a common house fly. They fly very slow and are so lethargic; one can almost touch them before they will fly slowly away. Lady Bugs and “stink bugs”(a/k/a Western Conifer Seed Bugs) will all enter the same way, and you may see them wintering in your facility as well. These pests don’t pose any real health threat. They are more of a nuisance, although your hotel and restaurant guests will complain about them, and nobody in the hospitality industry wants to leave a negative impression with their guests.

In very light infestations, it’s just a matter of vacuuming them up. Squashing them can leave an unpleasant musty odor (that’s why they call them stink bugs) and/or leave a stain on your wall, window, or drapes.

In the case of Cluster Flies, especially if the infestation is mainly on the top floor, incandescent light traps with glue boards placed in attics and crawl spaces can often catch them before they filter down in to your building. Ask your pest management professional about these.

An even better approach is to have your pest management company treat the outside of your building in the late summer or early fall every year, especially if your problem involves Lady Bugs or Stink Bugs. This way they march through the material and die before they can become a problem on the inside.

If your home or business has a log construction, your problem is complicated because, with no attic or crawl space, these pests come directly in to your living space.

As with any pest problem, one should consult a professional. Home remedies can often exacerbate a problem by driving pests deeper in to the walls, only to have them reappear at a later date and in greater numbers. This makes a professionals job more difficult, and thus, more expensive for the consumer. Many over the counter pesticides can be many times more toxic than what a professional would use, making the remedy much more of a health hazard than the original problem.

Gymnastics Equipment Has Changed With the Times

Gymnastics is one of the oldest categories of sports in the world. First developed in Ancient Greece as defining half of their notice of Arete, or excellence in both physical and mental pursuits, gymnastic arts were designed to keep the body fit and supple for a wide variety of activities. Developed from real world skills such as mounting a horse or vaulting off of a bull, gymnastics advised to execute the greatest degree of grace possible in ordinary movements. Since ancient times gymnastics has evolved a great deal, but the core value of exceed grace in movements both simple and complex is still at the heart of gymnastics.

Most gymnastic sports, however, require equipment to perform. Gymnastic equipment mainly combines the structures necessary to perform different gymnastic tasks. Rarely is any equipment worn on the gymnast themselves. For example, how can a gymnast compete in the uneven parallel bars if there is no bars? Or how can a person compete in the balance beam if there is no beam?

Gym equipment can be very expensive to purchase and install. For this reason it's recommended that gymnasts enroll in courses at facilities designed for gymnastic training. This oversight also ensures that bad habits are not learned and that the most strict safety standards are put in place. However, for a more experienced gymnast who needs the flexibility of being able to train at home, there are many relatively inexpensive gymnastic training devices that can be installed right at home. Many of these devices are modified versions of professional gym gear which can be used for strength, flexibility, and coordination training. Some examples include balance boards, parallel bars, and floor bars which are only a few feet to a few inches off the ground. More expensive and elaborate equipment is available if you have the room and the funds, even all rooms can be installed with springboard floors or higher end gymnastics equipment.

Gymnastics is an ancient beautiful sport that continues to excite and amaze people of all ages. The important thing to remember when seeking equipment for gymnastics is that safety should always be observed first. Secondly, a beginner or novice is not advised to practice too much without the oversight of an experienced trainer. This not only ensures the safety of the student but will help prevent them from learning bad habits that just might stick. Finding the right equipment is simply a matter of skill, price, and space. Appropriately answer these questions and finding the right equipment will be a cinch.