Different Types Of House Cleaning Services

The house cleaning companies offer several different and supple regularities in their services. A cleaning service is one opportunity you might consider in opening a business for your own. Having a beautiful, well-kept and clean home is always a plus point. Today, there are several types of house cleaning services being offered. Some of the notable major types of house cleaning services include agencies, companies, local independently working cleaners, “mother’s helper”, freelancer, franchise, maid service companies and apart from the types, house cleaning services can also be categorized as domestic and commercial cleaning services.

Domestic cleaning agencies are where you act as a manager and you take on board local cleaners to carry out the cleaning for you. I think that professional home cleaning companies are the finest of the lot. You do all the cleaning, advertising and appointment bookings yourself. But the cleaning is done by the local individual or helpers. Mother’s helper or commonly referred as house helper is actually a group of people – unlike the name – this group consists of men and women who offer different house cleaning solutions. You can get your job done and pay a usually feasible hourly rate.

A freelancer means referring to those individuals actually who are generally not insured or licensed or who are busy in doing several private jobs at once. The advantage of using this type of service for house cleaning is that you get the choice of suitable time for the job to be done. Several unemployed as well as employed individuals do freelancing jobs on a part time basis. There are many franchises offering cleaning solutions of the big companies but their staff is local and all the resources are of the person locally in-charge of the franchise. Maid services companies are the preferred ones when it comes down to house cleaning. When you are hiring the maid service then you are making sure that quality is going to be the excellent one as such organizations are insured and have proper license, which means they are very reliable.

If we talk about the other types: commercial cleaning and consumer house cleaning, then all the services such as window cleaner, residential maid services, carpet cleaner or any other relevant cleaning solutions comes under the category of consumer cleaning. While the other services such as janitorial services that offer more range of services including giant cleaning companies related to every type of cleaning services comes under the category of commercial cleaning. Whatever services you go for always do your homework.

Dumpees Gone Wild – Think Before You Dump Your Lover

Let's face it …

Nobody likes to be dumped. Especially when you're madly in love with your partner, and had no idea whatever the relationship was in any trouble.

Not only do you have to get through the inevitable feelings of loss and disappointment, but you'll also have the cope with feelings of rejection, and sometimes even humiliation.

What are you going to tell people when they ask why the relationship ended? Can you face admitting you were dumped, or will you make up a story to save face?

While we all hate the idea of ​​being dumped by a lover, most of us would "Get over it" in the end, and could move on with our lives left with nothing more than a slightly bruised ego.

For some however, swallowing the bitter pill of rejection is just too much to take, and as you're about to find out can push some people over the emotional edge.

You're about to see what happens when "Dumpees Go Wild!"

The Ultimate Humiliation

In years gone by, seeing a woman throwing her ex's belongings from an upstairs window would have considered shocking, but that's nothing compared to the length jilted lovers will go to today to show their partners how unhappy they are with their decision to end the relationship .

Down in southern Texas a few years ago, a dental surgeon came home to find a note from his fiancée telling him she'd left him, and had moved out to live with her sister downtown.

He raced off in his Hummer to try and talk his lady round, but when he arrived at her sister's house he got the news that would tip him over the edge.

His fiancée was not going to be living there at all. She'd instead moved a few blocks down the street to make home with her new lover, a 60 year old truck driver!

He decided to pay his ex and her new man a visit, but instead of using the front door, he violated his Hummer straight through the front window of the house, and into the shocked couple's living room!

Of course he was arrested, but I think he made his point.

Last year saw a controversial story of revenge hit the headlines when a man jilted by his woman paid for a huge billboard to be put up near their home in New Mexico, claiming his ex girlfriend had had an abortion, not a miscarriage as she'd claimed.

While the truth behind that story remains a mystery, it's not the first time dumpees have used billboard advertising to embarrass those who dared dump them.

A couple of years ago over in the UK a woman plastered her local town with adverts with a picture of her ex-boyfriend and the text, "Ladies, this man is a cheat and he's rubbish in bed!"

Although the adverts were dropped down within the week, I think it's fair to say her ex would have been recognized on more than one occasion.

Do Women Do It Best?

When it comes to wild dumpees getting virgin revenge, guys do some pretty extreme things to make their point, but in 2006 a 23 year old from New York went as extreme as you can get. Punishing her boyfriend for cheating and planning to leave her by slicing off his genitals, only to find out his infidelity was a lie!

It was late winter, and while out at a Christmas party Jenny was cornered by one of her boyfriend's so-called "friends".

This friend proceeded to tell Jenny how he spotted her man out with different women, and had overheard him telling someone he planned on leaving her in the New Year. It was later discovered the guy had made up the story in a bid to split the couple up. He had a crush on Jenny and wanted to come across as the knight in shining armor.

Heartbroken, and slightly the worse for wear after a number of vodkas, Jenny charged out of the bar in tears and made straight for home, where her unwitting boyfriend lay sleep.

It was only on feeling the shooting pain of a cold metal blade across his manhood that he woke up to Jenny's uncontrollable screams. It was suggested he actually got away with deep lacerations, and some minor tissue damage. Thank goodness he was not a deep sleeper!

It's not known how much truth there is in the story, or whether it's just a myth to scare men from being tempted by the fruit of another.

One thing's for sure, in a world where dumpees will go to extremes to get their revenge, you should think very carefully before you decide to dump your other half.

Is the relationship really that bad?

Could your problems be sorted out with better communication?

If you think the time really has come to end your relationship then our very serious advice is to be completely honest and open with your partner about your feelings. Let them down gently, and do everything in your power to ensure their pride is not too poorly damaged.

Do the dirty on them and you could find your face plastered all over town, or even worse you'll be calling in the builders to replace the front wall of your house!

Rain-X Vs Bosch Wiper Blades

Talking about windshield wipers and comparing them may seem boring, that is, until that unexpected winter storm comes along while driving alone on a curvy highway. Sometimes we get so caught up with the major things going on with our cars that we forget about the little things.

Rain-X and Bosch are the number one and number two windshield wipers sold on the market. Although they both may look the same, the two companies manufacture distinct products that may interest consumers.

Traditional Wiper Blades

A traditional blade has plastic or metal brackets connecting the rubber part of the blade to the vehicle's wiper arm. The problem is that snow and ice usually build up on these parts, reducing the blade's wiping efficiency. Older cars use these traditional wipers and both Bosh and Rain X still produce them.

Bracketless Blades

Both companies manufacture bracketless wiper blades (beam blades). Bracketless blades have no joints or hinges, which prevents snow and ice from collecting on the blade. They are sleek in style. Bosch and Rain X design their bracketless blades to resist heavy rain, snow and ice through a beading process, which improves the driver's visibility during heavy storms. There is also a wind spoiler on both Bosch's and Rain X's bracketless products that help blades cling to windshields better and reduce wiper noises.

Okay, now let's compare Bosch and Rain X!

Rain X Latitude and Repel Blades (Bracketless)

Rain X markets their next-generation Latitude and Repel bracketless wiper blades by claiming they are easy to install, they give drivers a high-performance wipe and their frame is ice resistant. Latitudes and Repels are graphite-coated wipers with a uniform pressure design. These blades fit all vehicles and are now number one in the wiper blade market. Rain X places a wind spoiler on them to reduce wiper noise.

There is only one difference between Latitude and Repel blades. Repel blades come with Rain X's patented water beading technology, which is a chemical treatment that is placed on the windshield during installation and activates when using the wiper in wet weather.

Rain X Bracket Blades

Rain X adds galvanized steel to their Weatherbeater bracket wiper blades from to prevent rusting. The experts at Rain X claim that the Weatherbeater is "Consumer Rated best in wet weather driving visibility."

Bosch Evolution (Bracketless)

Bosch has made wiper blades for over 75 years. Their top of the line wiper blade, Evolution, is a bracketless blade made with a special blend of steel and graphite. Bosch puts two steel tension springs on the Evolution used for hugging a vehicle's windshield. This wiper has a multi-functioning aerodynamic wind spoiler that blocks snow and ice for reaching the wiper's tensions springs and uses outside air to push the blade closer to the windshield.

Bosch DirectConnect Wiper Blades

This precision cut blade uses natural rubber, and it has an aerodynamic steel frame that Bosch coats with zinc primer to resist rusting. Consumers install the blade using Bosch's trademark DirectConnect feature that gives them a one-step process when replacing the blades on their vehicles.

Bosch MicroEdge Wiper Blades

MicroEdge has all the features of the DirectConnect and includes fully enclosed tension springs for better weather protection. The blade also incorporates Bosch's trademark Quiet-Glide technology, which reduces the blade's noise when in use.

Bosch Excel + Wiper Blades

This blade has all the features of the MicroEdge and includes a dual rubber compound on the blade for harder wiping. The wiper also lasts twice as long as Bosch's other bracket blades.

Bosch ICON Wiper Blades

This blade has all the features of the Excel + and includes a pre-installed weather shield connector that protects wiper arms from rusting.

How to Raise the Prices You Charge to Your Cleaning Customers

You started your cleaning business to make a profit and earn a living. Most cleaning businesses, whether they do residential or commercial cleaning, start out with the owner doing everything – marketing, cleaning, buying supplies, and even the bookwork. As your company grows and you hire employees and add more clients, your expenses grow too. When you started out you may have under-priced your services either to get new clients or because you lacked bidding experience. So now that your expenses are growing and you’ve discovered you under-priced your services, what do you do?

First off, understand that raising prices is necessary in any business. Just take a look at things you buy on a routine basis – gas, milk, cleaning supplies, electricity – prices do increase and sometimes take a big jump!

Before you raise your prices to your cleaning customers go back and take a look at your original contract. Does your contact state the original bid price will be good for a certain length of time? If it does you will not be able to raise your price until that time frame has expired. If not, how long have you been cleaning for that client? Even if you originally under-priced your services you may not want to increase your price if you have only been cleaning for the client for a short time. Most cleaning companies wait at least a year before increasing prices. If you don’t have anything written in your cleaning contract about price increases, you should start adding a clause about it with your next client. Many companies guarantee their price for a year and state that they take cost of living increases each year (for example, 4%). Or they may state something like, “we reserve the right to increase prices after one year”.

Before figuring out a new price go back through your original bid and make sure that you have everything covered so you are making a profit. If your supply costs have gone up dramatically or if you have added expenses (workers comp or more insurance because of hiring employees), make sure the price increase will cover the extra expenses.

Another factor to consider before raising prices is your customer’s current satisfaction level. Are they happy with the job your cleaning company is doing? Most people understand price increases and will stick with your cleaning company as long as they are happy with the job you are doing. After all, looking for a new cleaning company takes time and your customer may not get a better price or the quality of work they want from someone new.

But don’t be afraid to raise the price on a customer who is constant complainer, especially if their complaints are not justified. You may need to raise your price to cover the extra time you spend in their office (or home).

Once you have all your facts and the new price you need to charge, send a letter to your customer. Let them know that you are raising your prices, why you are raising your prices, and the benefits to them to continue using your cleaning company. Make sure you inform your customer at least 30 days in advance that the price will be going up. Keep in mind that large corporations and government agencies may need more time if they have to run the price increase through a committee or get approval by a board.

The phrase “you get what you pay for” is often true when it comes to cleaning companies. Too low of a price may mean the company is not doing satisfactory work or that the company has undervalued its services and will soon be out of business.

Pricing your services so you make a profit is not a bad thing! Your cleaning company’s survival depends on charging your customers appropriately so you can stay in business and make a profit. Good customers will understand a price increase and be happy to continue using your services. And don’t be surprised if a customer that leaves because of a price increase soon comes back! Many people eventually realize that a lower priced bid from another cleaning company means their building (or home) is not as clean as when your company provided their cleaning services.

Copyright (c) 2007 The Janitorial Store

Allergies And Sinus Support – Allergies Can Also Speed ​​Up Your Heart Rate

The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology reports that allergic disorders affect at least 50 million people in the US. Type 1 Allergies and symptoms include asthma, eczema, hay fever, headaches, swellings, fatigue, chills, sensitivity to light and loss of appetite. Type 2 Allergies could start in infancy or during childhood due to inherited tendencies and exposure to pollen, dust and environmental toxins, including all the chemicals we breathe and eat. It all starts with your immune system not handling whatever comes along!

Nature's Way has the popular Sambucol Immune System, which is a combination of liquid Elderberry, Echinacea, zinc, vitamin C and propolis (comes from the bee – a natural antibiotic). Elderberry was used by the Gypsies in Europe to make their wine. Many of the severe allergy symptoms are triggered by one's inhalation of certain functions of both T and B immune cells, important to all Cell-Mediated Immunity. Astra 8 Defense Builder by Health Concerns is a Chinese herbology formula, which has been designed as a response for what's happening within. It contains (Astragalus for throat and cough), Ganoderma (Reishi) Ginseng, Codonopsis (for breathing), Schizandra (for liver) and Licorice (anti-inflammatory calming Lungs, Spleen and Kidney). Our clever Immune System is designed to differentiate between healthy compounds and harmful substances.

However, when it encounters the bad guys, it changes into an Allergic reaction. Chinese medicine calls it a pattern of imbalance and stagnation. Planetary Formulas with Mullein Lung Complex, (formerly known as Breeze Free), is an ancient botanical support for the Lungs, stuffy breathing, and other such conditions. It is a combo of Chinese Herbs (non-stimulant). Uncomfortable and unpleasant as these symptoms are, bloating and mood swings, of which any food can be allergenic, Wheat, Milk, Eggs, Corn, Soy, Yeast, and Food Additives, are some of the culprits. Type 2 is usually triggered by foods and environmental factors including hyperactivity and memory loss. Natures Herbs has an Old Fashioned Remedy CL-7 Formula with respiratory support herbs including Mullein (glands), Slippery Elm Bark (stomach), Elecampane (cough) and Hyssop.

Type 1 allergies are most commonly caused by Histamines, best known for chemicals that cause the action of an enzyme on Mast Cells. Histamines are released by specialized cells, the Mast Cells which causes small Blood Cells to become more adaptable to fluid (no wonder we get bloated!). Results are Swellings, Hives, nasal congestion and Eye Tearing. Simufix Caps and Sinumist by Natural Care are 2 helpers that will soothe Dry Irritated Nasal Passages promoting a Healthy Immune Response for Sinus and Allergy Symptoms. They contain Oregano Extract 4 to 1, Nettle, Quercetin (which strengthens the walls of the Blood Vessels), Goldenseal (a natural Antibiotic) and Grapefruit Seed Extract (also a powerful Antibiotic). The Mist is to spray in your Nasal Passages. I introduced this to some Fireman, who had worked on the mountain fires is Southern California that year.

They had been completely overwhelmed by the devilless smoke in their lungs and it also played havoc with their Sinuses. Dr. John W Tintera, MD. found that deficient function of the Adrenal Glands accounted for various kinds of Allergies. Cited in his book "The Adrenal Syndrome", a deficiency of Adrenal response can account for many types of allergens that have their beginnings in Adrenal Gland Failures, part of your Endocrine Glands located near the Kidneys. Now Foods has Adrenal Support containing Cayenne, Ginseng (an adaptogenic herb), Astragalus, Gota Kola (Ayurvedic) and Licorice. Now Foods also has Air Defense with its patented Extract of Paractin with Andrographis (excellent for the tummy and Immune), Elderberry, Echinacea, Astragalus and Olive Leaf (for immunity and infections). You can certainly combine this with Herb Pharm's Adrenal Support Tonic Tincture. Throw in a little Proplis Drops from Herb Pharm for Allergies, Respiratory-Big Time Fighters.

Histamine also causes a contracting of the smooth muscles and walls of the Lungs, Blood Vessels and Intestinal Tract and Bladder, itchy, Painful Ear and Stuffed Up Nasal Congestion (no fun). Clear Products has Clear Sinus And Ear, formulated by Stash Oz, (Masters In Traditional Oriental Medicine). Go to my Web Site to read all about our seminar. It has no stimulants, reduces swellings, ear Pressure and Moisture with Magnolia Flower (Xin Yi Hua), Scutellaris (Huang Quin), Perilla Leaf (Zi Su Ye) and Angelica Root (Bai Zhi). Another TCM is DR. Shen's Min Kan Wan for Dust, Pollen, and Animal Hair Allergens. Now for some Allergic Relief for those Peepers (eyes) subjected to all environmental toxins and chemicals. King Bio has Allergy / Red Eye Relief for Inflamed Watery Conjunctivitis and Swollen Shut Eyes with Granules stuck in the morning, when one awakes. Bioforce USA, the famous Dr. Vogel's Homeopathic Formulas has options for Swollen Watery Eyes and Inflamed Sinuses with Congestion. Similar to the Old Remedy Mustard Plaster, Dr. Singhas Mustard Bath opens all your portals, especially soothing for Stuffed Up Head, and doing away with toxic accumulations.

Allergies can also speed up your Heart Rate. Using a watch with a second hand, count your heartbeats for 60 seconds to find your average pulse. This is the number of times your heart beats per minute. Take this Pulse Test to find out which food you could be Allergic to. Take your Pulse 5 minutes before eating, after you have finished eating, if your pulse counts as much as 12 to 20 beats after, a suspected food may be the answer. To give your Digestive Tract more ammunishment Food Science Of Vermont has the Mega-Probiotic Nd with FOS (what's that? Fructo oligo saccharides-this Promotes the good Bacteria from Veggies and helps break down Protein from undigested foods, another cause for Allergies). Another work in Progress for foods that are holding and causing dysfunction is the Planetary Formulas Three Spices Sinus Support. Hit this one with lots of Vitamin C. Now Foods has Pantothenic Acid which took through the day could cater to those dreadful Sinus Headaches. You have to take enough, but it works! Or you might try.

More American Indian Herbs for clearing. Bio-Allers- Natra Bio Homeopathics has the year Round and Seasonal Relief Formulas. Great options for all ages, stimulating the body's natural defenses and inherited resistance to Allergies. For Air Borne Allergies, Tree Pollen. Mold Yeast & Dust Dairy Allergies, Grain Allergies, Animal Hair & Dander, Pet Allergies can be taken on a continuous basis. In addition, it is also good for the relief from down or clothing containing Allergens from Sheep or Wool. Conventional Medicine answers disease with powerful drugs never getting to the roots.

Over the counter Anti-histamines create undesirable side effects and toxicity. It may be true sometimes we need them for the short term. Heel has the Euphorbium Nasal Sinus Relief Spray for Viral, Bacterial Rhinitis. Natra-Bio has Cold And Sinus Spray. Some of the Herbal Teas can help. Health King with Head And Throat Soother (you can image what that does!) Longjiang River Teas has some unusual herbs in the teas, but good tasting. Handy Packs for travel-just in case Nelson Homeopatics has the Sinus Packs. Food additives include antibiotics, food colorings, sulfites, MSG. All these increase Allergic Response. Stress, excessive intake of processed refined foods and nutritional deficiencies all are contributors. Allergies are now showing up in children of all ages. Hebron Naturals USA has Kids Goodypops Berry Buddies with Echinacea and Vitamin C. Allergy Shots are not always the panacea. Finding the right program that works for you, whether it be Homeopathy, Naturopathy, Chinese Herbology, it still comes down to finding the Wellness Within.

The New Tygart Flyer Rail Journey

Cradled by the green-carpeted, wave-resembling ridges forming the Tygart Valley, Elkins, located in the West Virginia Highlands, representations down-home America. From the historic, red brick railroad depot, two barely visible, gravel-imbedded tracks stretch out of town, their direction indicated by the girder-resembling bridge ahead, and to the right, of them.

Proudly and powerfully led by the black Western Maryland number 82 and dark blue Baltimore and Ohio number 6641 diesel engines, the six-car complement complying the late-May New Tygart Flyer stood poised atop the slender rails next to the 1908 depot, the locomotives humming with deep, throaty, journey-anticipatory vibration on the hot, power blue morning. The passengers, most of whom considered school bus-deposited groups, progressively crowded the red-brick, track-level platform as the sun and temperature inched higher. The steel Pullman coaches, internally air conditioned, entrenched the throng inside during the 1045 boarding, the passengers recollecting into smaller groups as they gravitated towards their assigned cars.

Although the railroad's physical journey had been scheduled to depart at 1100, its historical one had begun more than a century ago, in 1880, and the "Western Maryland" and "Baltimore and Ohio" railroads, the names displayed by the current engines, had played crucial roles in it.

Principally hauling freight and coal, along with limited passenger service, the Western Maryland Railway itself, whose line entailed a six-year construction period beginning in 1906, had served the three states of Maryland, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania, with two major track subdivisions : the Connellsville Subdivision, primarily engaging in easterly and westerly freight traffic flows, connected Cumberland, Maryland, with Connellsville, Pennsylvania, while the Thomas Subdivision, also originating in Cumberland, threaded its way through densely-forested, coal- and timber-rich West Virginia to Elkins.

The latter subdivision, however, had actually begun in 1880 when the West Virginia Central and Pittsburgh Railway had contemplated laying narrow-gauge track, but almost immediately elected to employ the more widely used standard gauge, for the purpose of providing access to the Allegheny Highlands 'abundant, hitherto untapped resources, itself sparking the establishment of several towns, inclusive of Davis, Thomas, Parsons, and Elkins.

The Coal and Iron Railway, established in 1899 to facilitate logging operations, originated in Elkins, cycling through the Cheat Mountain Tunnel and following the Shavers Fork of the Cheat River and the West Fork of the Greenbrier River into Durbin, where it connected with the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad's Greenbrier Division. Although construction had been completed in 1903, the Western Maryland's acquisition of the West Virginia Central and Pittsburgh only two years later resolved in the Coal and Iron Railway's redesignation as the "Durbin Subdivision."

Elkins, located at the mouth of the Leading Creek and Tygart Valley rivers, was named after investor and Senator Stephen B. Elkins, who, along with Senator Henry Gassaway Davis, had been instrumental in both the railroad's and the town's growth. Originating to serve the work needed to maintain and operate the line, the expanding town had once featured maintenance shops and "Wild Mary's" freight yard, the staging area and western terminus of the many coal operations which had fanned out from the Elkins area, supported by a 900-strong team.

Threshold to some of the world's richest timber and natural resources, and the transportation hub of the Appalachian Mountains, it became home of the Davis and Elkins College and Davis's Graceland Inn summer residence, where invited guests would escape the Washington heat and humidity in order to enjoy its higher-elevation, cooler-climate location. Elkins became the Western Maryland Railway's southern hub, its Thomas Subdivision connecting with its main line at Maryland Junction, south of Cumberland.

Although its service had been consistently ranked as fast, efficient, and of significant quality, it significantly competed with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, but was fraught with several obstacles, including a proliferation of costly, high-maintenance tunnels and bridges; use of a single, as opposed to the B & O's double, main line track; and service to only two major cities-namely, Baltimore and Cumberland.

The Baltimore and Ohio, having already established an affiliation with the Chesapeake and Ohio in 1962, petitioned the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to gain control of the Western Maryland two years later, which it granted, but the line had continued to operate independently until 1972, at which time all three rail companies were merged into the Chessie System. Further amalgamated with the Seaboard Coast Line and The Family Line ten years later, it briefly operated the Seaboard System, but was remorphized into the CSX Corporation, whose railroad division was designated "CSX Transportation," in 1987. The town of Elkins, which growth had peaked in 1920, began a resource depletion-sparked decline and progressive rail service reduction until the tracks witnessed their last operation in 1959, thereafter lying barren and unused for some four decades.

In 1997, the Interstate Commerce Commission granted CSX Transportation permission to abandon the track it owned, but no longer used for coal carriage, below Elkins, which was subdivided into the still-active Elkins-Tygart Junction portion and the inactive Elkins-Bergoo section, provided that the West Virginia State Rail Authority could acquire both for a $ 6 million fee.

The line, encompassing some 140 miles of Elkins Division track and managed by the West Virginia Central Railroad, is now operated by the Durbin and Greenbrier Valley Railroad, a short-line owned by John and Kathy Smith. Originating service on May 16, 1998 during the annual Cass Scenic Railroad railfan weekend, it initially operated from Durbin until the Randolph County Development Authority reconstructed the old Western Maryland bridge, allowing it to re-establish rail access to the Elkins train depot abandoned by CSX in 1992, once the location of its 22-acre, roundhouse-equipped yard.

The restored depot, site of the Durbin and Greenbrier Valley Railroad's headquarters, is the departure point for three of its four excursion trains-the "New Tygart Flyer," the "Cheat Mountain Salamander," and the "Mountain Express Dinner Train" -while the "Durbin Rocket" continues to depart from the town of Durbin itself. The Elkins depot once again serves as a railroad departure point and the town is once again the shopping, dining, hotel, and transportation hub of the east Central Appalachian Mountains-but now for tourists. A piercing whistle warned of the New Tygart Flyer's imminent departure on that late-May day.

Nudged by the two diesel engines in pusher-mode, the train inched rearward as the car couplings accordioned into each other. Plying the tracks of the former Cheat Subdivision, which is really curved to the right, it trundled over the rust-colored, girder-resembling bridge and the green reflective surface of the river, the individual structures of Elkin's historic district incorporating into motion, and parallel several stationary coal cars until it briefly suspended its own travel.

Threading to the right on the switchback, and now rolled by its locomotives, the New Tygart Flyer departed the Elkin's yard limits at milepost 30.0, plunging through density vegetation, as if the tracks provided a parting path through it. Negotiating the horseshoe-shaped Isner Loop two miles later, the snaking chain commenced its 2.8-percent graduated ascent up Cheat Mountain. Seemingly brushing the slanted dirt and shale rock faces, it follows the arching, climbing rails, cradled by a deep ravine.

Reaching the summit at the Cheat Mountain Tunnel, the dual-locomotive, six-car chain plunged into the 1,717-foot-long, hand-carved, s-curved passage under the mountain's ridge, the light-outlined portal representing its entrance progressively decreasing in size until it flicked out behind the last car, and the forest-green views through the side windows, as if shades had suddenly been rolled over them, transformed into blackness. The narrow rock tunnel provided as much clearance as a hand in a glove.

After reducing its momentum to a snail's pace, the train reinitiated determined momentum. The layers of step-resembling shale rock showcased earth's evolutionary, millennia-carved artist, expressed in geological style. Redescending into the Cheat River Valley at a two-percent graduated rate, it reached the mountain's base at the small community of Bowden. A short, out-of-service track siding passed by at milepost 38.4. The cars lurched and swayed as they snaked behind and mimicked the Western Maryland and Baltimore and Ohio locomotives, their whistles cracking open the gentle, pre-summer morning with every road-crossing traverse, momentarily intercepting, and then paralleling, the Shavers Fork of the Cheat River.

Located in the eastern Allegheny Mountains, the 88.5-mile-long river itself, flowing through Monongahela National Forest and primarily draining a 214-square-mile basin in rural and forested areas, is part of the mighty Mississippi by means of the Cheat, Monongahela , and Ohio rivers. Rising in north-central Pocahontas County at Thorny Flat, itself located on 4,848-foot Cheat Mountain, it flows through the abandoned logging town of Spruce, location of its headwaters, before moving in a north-northeasterly direction through Randolph and Tucker Counties. Its valley is formed by Cheat Mountain in the west and Shavers Mountain in the east. Joining Black Fork at Parsons, the Shavers Fork forms the Cheat River at a 1,621-foot elevation.

The river's prevalent, white-capped, mini-rapids, indicating their negotiation of the rocks and pebbles numbering in the hundreds of thousands encountered in their paths, representated obstacles the water's forces painstakingly down into smooth, almost polished brown opals. Would that force ever succeed in reducing them to nonexistence? Which entity, or state, could then be considered the conqueror-the liquid or the solid?

The 1922-era, deluxe Pullman Palace parlor car in which I rode, the most luxurious of the train's coaches, featured a wooden bar and pantry; individual tables and black vinyl chairs; wooden sidewall paneling; laced window curtains; ceiling fans; and red, floral-patterned carpeting. A buffet lunch was served in the standard cars, but the parlor car offered more formal, menu and table service, and included a turkey, lettuce, and tomato croissant; a tri-color pasta salad; potato chips; apple pie a la mode; and iced tea. Catering had been provided by the Railyard Restaurant located in the historic Elkins Rileyard, but entrees were made on board.

Cheat Mountain, draped in multiple shades of green, majesticly rose in front of the locomotives. Bemis, a camping community of some 200, was represented by a scatter of farmhouses and mobile homes off the left side. The track, sandwiched between Glady Fork on the left and Cheat Mountain on the right, re-elevated and passed over High Bridge, under which the glistening water appeared a motionless, velvet sheen surface. Curving over and between sand-colored boulders, the river descended under the trestle in an inverted s-pattern.

The screeching, snaking chain of steel cars, imitating their life-providing, parental engines, somehow appeared infinitesimal amidst the mountains, progressing like a thread through the eye of a needle, over a path veritably swallowed by the tree-carpeted peaks towering above them . Decelerating to a crawl at 1230 and paralleling the 4,200-foot track siding at milepost 42.6, the New Tygart Flyer arrested its motion, the two diesel engines disconnecting from the parlor car and rounding the train to reattach themselves as pushers.

The parlor car itself, no longer obstructed by the locomotives, now became the lead coach, negotiating the high road bed which gravel steeply angled downward. A final screech, replaced by a thunderous roar only nature could ironically have made, indicated arrival at milepost 50.6 and the High Falls of Cheat, the New Tygart Flyer's terminus, before it would later recommence its return journey. Pouring, like a Herculean-sized faucet of white, unharnassed energy, the 18-foot-high, 150-foot-wide, horseshoe-shaped waterfall streamed over the flat step of rock to the collecting pool below it and thethen into the Shavers Fork of the Cheat River.

The covered, wooden platform, which was barely long enough to stretch between a few seat rows of a single coach, somehow represented a link with humanity, while the track curving at 33 degrees toward the green confines of the isolating forest served as the path to that link. The air transported an inexpensive spray of photographed vegetation and the sound waves of the now-fault rushing water. The gray parlor car, currently considered the last in the chain, was visible to the left and represented the means by which humanity link was transported, a lifeline forged once per day during the summer and only in one's imagination during the winter.

The similarities were many at this remote, isolated, end-of-the-world location. The track formed a path to it. The river formed a path to it. The track transported life. The river transported life. The track paralleled and reflected the river, as if there were two parallel, but very close, worlds of different properties and forms. The river continued its journey. And, with a brief lurch as the car couplings tightened, so, too, did the train. Only one location could represent both their destinies-their origins.

Attic Insulation

If you are told that your attic along with the roof are two of the weakest places in your thermal insulation system it is possible that many may not believe. According to statistics poor (or absent) attic insulation will account for up to 15% of the total energy loss in your house. Insulating an attic which is generally unheated is vital in the home energy saving process.

What is really the attic in your building?

Attic is defined as the space enclosed by the building wall and is located directly under the roof. As this is an area generally not occupied continuously by anyone (except in special designs and home modifications) it is unheated. Some components of utilities such as water heaters, hot water storages, air conditioning and heating air ducts and also goods storages may be located here depending on the volume of space available. Typically the roof and the floor are insulated although more often than not inadequately.

Areas of heat loss in an attic

Some major points of heat loss have been identified by researchers. For example;

  • Roof
  • Attic floor
  • Air vents
  • Attic access
  • Poorly identified hot / cold air distribution ducts and,
  • Poor insulation in hot water tanks and plumbing

The silver lining in the whole issue is that of all insulations of an old or new building attic insulation is the easiest to tackle. And in most cases can be transported out by semiskilled amateurs as a DIY project during during a weekend!

Types of attic insulation

Commonly used attic insults are as follows:

  • Cellulose Insulation – loose fill
  • Cellulose Insulation – Stabilized Insulation
  • Fiberglass and mineral wool Insulation- loose fill
  • Fiberglass and mineral wool insulation- batts
  • Expanded Polystyrene or Phenolic foam insulation- rigid boards
  • Cellular Foam Insulation – sheets of Butyle and Nitrile rubber foam etc.

Tips for DIY enthusiasts

  • The use of cellulose insulation is currently gaining grounds over fiberglass and mineral wool insulation. The reasons being none other than economy! The thermal resistance value "R" per unit material cost for cellulose fill is the lowest for any attic insulation.

Further the modernized material does not require a vapor barrier (subject to local building codes permitting it)

  • The cellulose loose fill can be filled in between timber joists. This may raise dust posing a health hazard. Adequate precautions are advised. These fibers may settle about 20% over the time. An overfill of at least this amount is there recommended. On the other hand stabilized cellulose material does not show this weakness and is therefore better suited for the job in spite of the higher price.
  • On the other hand the EPS, PF and cellular foam slabs can be easily cut to exact size between joist spacing and also can be fitted over them completely eliminating any thermal bridges unlike fiberglass, cellulose material etc.
  • Handling of Fiberglass or mineral wool insulation should be done with care. Protective clothing and masks need to be worn.
  • Check all hot water plumbing insulation and renew if necessary. Continuous insulation through out is essential. Check near the storage tanks for weak insulation and rectify as needed.
  • Hot / cold air ducts are easily neglected items in an unconditioned attic. Poor seals between flanged joints, weak insulation in these places and elsewhere, non continuity in insulation etc. may cause high thermal energy losses.
  • Another cause of heat loss from conditioned areas to the attic is the recessed light fittings. Caution should be exercised when insulating the fitting as this will also entrap the heat emitted by the lamp leading to disastrous fires. Seeking manufacturer's instruction is therefore essential in this matter.
  • Vent grilles to and unheated attic is essential for proper ventilation of the occupied areas. Special care need to be taken to prevent obstruction of these grilles (generally located at the periphery of the attic floor).

Important Tips to Know Before Living Aboard a Boat and Dropping Out of the Rat Race

Many people have thought about dropping out of the rat race and retire to a live aboard boat in order to experience the simpler life and travel to exotic places. There are many benefits associated with this type of lifestyle, and waking up in the morning to the smell of the salt air and friendly neighborhood tropical birds looking for their morning breakfast in your backyard are definitely in the top two! Once you've made the decision to live aboard a boat, then there are several more choices that you need to decide on.

What type of boat will it be, a mono-hull or a catamaran? What is the length of hull that you're looking for? How much money are you prepared to invest into the boat and where will you dock it? There will be so much less space than what you're used to in a house, and storage places will come at a premium. Some boats have more space than others, and you will soon find that out when you start attending boat shows around the country or world. How much comfort are you willing to give up for a life of adventure on the high seas?

Mono-hulls are usually what people think of when boating comes to mind, but they do have plenty of drawbacks. They have a deep keel in order to help as ballast and to keep the vessel upright, which is highly useful if you are out on the ocean! But because of this keel, there will also be a great amount of rocking and rolling from side to side as waves hit the boat. If you are not used to this motion, you could very well end up with a bad case of sea sickness that will spoil your cruise. Mono-hulls do tend to have more space onboard for living and storage however, because the shape of the hull is very conducive to that in relation to depth. You will immediately realize though, that the width or beam leaves much to be desired and is often narrows with regard to the total length.

In my opinion the hull of choice is the catamaran, which is a much wider or beamy vessel, and some of the larger boats are so stable in rough weather that a champagne glass sitting on the galley table will not tip or fall over! The ideal length for a cruising catamaran to comfortably accommodate a married couple is anywhere from 36 feet to 55 feet, and the price goes up quite a bit each foot that is added on. A catamaran is designed to sit on top of the water more than a mono-hull, and is usually much wider in beam. For example, the typical 50 foot mono-hull might have a 12 -16 foot beam, but a 50 foot catamaran may have a 26 – 30 foot beam! This really leads to stability in very rough seas, with a huge reduction in the side to side rolling of the mono-hulls. A catamaran has two hulls with an open space between them for the seas to pass through and usually the galley and living area sitting out of the water between the hulls. This leads to good visibility above the water, and a nice wide area for cooking, eating, and entertaining yourself and guests. Some models will have the galley located down in one of the two hulls to create even more living space above. The sleeping areas, cabins, and heads are located down in the hulls on either side of the boat, and depending on the size can normally accommodate up to 4 couples.

The biggest drawback I've personally seen with catamaran boats is the "turnaround room" when standing down in the hulls. I always do an "elbow test" when down in the hulls, which means that I am standing with my hands on my hips and my elbows out and then I stand in one spot and turn around in a circle. If my elbows touch or knock anything, it's a very cramped space! Unfortunately, most of the vessels I've tested had this drawback, but I did find one 52 foot South African boat that passed this test. In fact, there was so much living area and storage space on this boat that I call it a "condo catamaran"! It was pure luxury, with up to six cabins on a normal layout, or for the discerning owner they can have one whole hull just for them which is described as the "owner's layout". This is the layout that really appeared to me, and will provide much closet space and a very private living area for those long voyages with guests. I encourage everyone who is looking for the perfect vessel to go to as many boat shows as they can so they can personally check all the various factors involved and to see if it's something you can live on. The Miami International Boat Show will usually have plenty of both mono-hulls and catamarans for viewing and comparison.

Another factor or decision that you'll have to make is whether it's going to be power or sail. That usually depends on your background and where you plan on boating to. For those people planning on doing an around the world trip, they might seriously consider purchasing a sailboat because it's going to be much cheaper and there really are not as many boats that can carry enough fuel for those trans oceanic voyages. For those people planning to stay closer to shore or mainly coastal travel may look for power boats, even though the fuel will still be an issue for most trips. There are a few boats that are designed for long range expedition voyages that are less than 55 feet long, and they can carry enough fuel to comfortably transit the Pacific or any other intensive cruise. However, for a power boat of this size, be prepared to spend close to a million US dollars or more for a brand new boat. By far the vast majority of around the world cruisers will opt for a sailing vessel, either catamaran or mono-hull. Catamarans tend to be more expensive due to the size and desirability of them, and they also may have higher marina fees associated because of their widths. In fact, a good percentage of them may not fit in some marinas due to how wide they are, and will have to anchor out in the harbor and use a dinghy to travel back and forth to the shore. This can be very time consuming and tiring, especially when traveling back and forth with many packages of food, drinks, or other items needed to rest the boat. These are the types of things you'll need to think about before you decide on and purchase your live aboard boat.

Are you an experienced sailor or boater, or will you need to arrange for some classes to learn more about being on the water? There are plenty of Coast Guard Auxiliary or Power Squadron facilities around in the US that can provide the appropriate training needed to safely operate your new vessel. It's very important to feel comfortable with the operation of your boat, and take it offshore for short excursions as often as you can before you embark on any long cruise away from shore. Become an expert, after all, your life will be at stake! Be prepared for any situation, whether it's medical or mechanical, and know what to do to fix it. Take a marine mechanic course, because if your boats engine breaks down far out at sea you'll want to know what to do to correct the problem. You will not be able to just bring the boat into the nearest shop at that point!

There will be many decisions that you'll have to make before choosing and purchasing your new boat and probably training you'll need in order to safely operate it, but the benefits of this lifestyle more than outweigh the negatives. You will need to be prepared for a total changeover compared to living ashore, because of the cramped conditions and inconveniences associated with boat living. Choose wisely, learn all you can before you buy, and get ready for the time of your life! It's what you've always wanted, so get out there and take the plunge!

Spruce Up Worn, Dirty Carpet With an Easy to Clean Rug

Are you tired of looking at the same old carpet in your home, but you do not have the money to get new? Do you have stains that you can not get out the carpet, but simply love the color of the rest of the carpet? There is a very simple solution to both of those problems and others. Washable accent rugs will add a style and bright, warm feeling to any room. Even if your room is a neutral color, you can throw in a classy accent rug without making it too loud or gaudy. The accent rug can even pull a room together. In a large sitting room, a rug can create a smaller area to circle around. This can create a cozy space in your other large and impersonal room.

If you have a smaller room, an accent rug can clearly bright up and open up the space giving it the feeling of a larger space. You could even start looking for themes to tie the rooms of your home together. Something like placing a seashell rug in the bathroom could not only match the décor but also provide a non-slip surface to stand on. Another example could be a rug that blends both the colors of your kitchen with the colors of your dining room and place it the walk way between. This will pull the two rooms together and all but guide your guest from the food in the kitchen to the sitting area.

You will not need to worry about spilling or staining the rugs either, because most of these accent rugs are machine washable. That also makes these rugs ideal for children's rooms. They can match with the wall paper or painting patterns that are already up. They also can be connected with the child's favorite cartoon characters or scenery. If you will be placing your new rug on a hard floor, such as hardwood floors or concrete, you will want to invest in a rug pad. These pads will hold the rug in place and add a bit of cushioning under the rug. Not allowing the rug to slide around will actually increase the life of the rug.

If there are dirty spots on your old carpeting, purchasing an accent rug can be strategically placed to cover those stains right up and actually end up giving your room a clean, fresh look. There are also places where carpeting can be worn down or become damaged and threadbare. Placing a new accent rug over these locations can add cushioning and make those old places your own little secret. Placing an accent rug at the foot of your favorite chair can also act as a great foot warmer. A thicker weave on a rug can make it soft and warm.

One of the greatest things about an accent rug is the flexibility and the temporary nature of it. Unlike carpeting, once you have chosen a color or style for a room, you can change it as often as you would like. You can switch rugs from other rooms or just pitch the one you have and purchase a new one. You are not tied down to a color or out hundreds of dollars as you would be with re-carpeting a whole room. So next time you are thinking about sprucing things up a bit in your home, do not run straight to your savings account and the carpet man, look into a few area and accent rugs to spice up the look of your rooms. You'll be amazed how bright and warm a room can feel when an inexpensive rug is added.

How Carpets Effect Allergies

Do not Toss' em … They're Awesome!
The science of indoor air quality is very interesting and relatively new. In the past, the focus was on the quality of the outside air and the interest was in lower emissions of all types into the air.

Since we now spend more time indoors – an average of 80% of our time – indoor air quality has become a concern to the EPA, as well as government and private health organizations.

Following the energy-saving efforts of the 70's and 80's, buildings and homes are now much more air-tight, leaving little opportunity for diluting the indoor air with fresh air from outside. Indoor air has so become more polluted.

But what's the connection between indoor air quality and carpets? In the past, doctors recommended that their asthma and allergy-suffering patients remove carpeting from the home. It was erroneously thought that carpeting exasperated their conditions. Recently, the EPA performed a study of hundreds of homes, schools and office buildings and concluded that the choice of carpeting as a floor covering was actually beneficial in the fight against asthma and allergies. When scientifically tested, the air in the "breathing zone" above carpets was found to contain fewer allergens than the air above hard surfaces.

Carpet tend to collect and hold the allergens out of the air, where they remain, until the carpet is vacuumed or professionally cleaned. In contrast, allergens that settle on hard surface flooring tend to be redistributed to the breathing zone with normal foot traffic or the simple act of running a broom over the flooring surface.

One unfortunate result of the EPA's study is that we now know that many families removed carpeting from their homes in an effort to reduce allergy symptoms, only to find that they gained no improvement in their conditions. Their carpeting was an asset, rather than a reduction, to the quality of their indoor air.

In concluding that carpeting is a benefit to indoor air, the EPA now recommends that carpeting be cleaned at least every 6 months – in most homes – to rid the carpeting of these allergens. A carpet that is not regularly maintained has a reduced ability to collect indoor air pollutants.

Tips for Reducing Indoor Allergens

Following, are some tips for reducing indoor allergens in your home and specifically, in your carpeting – helping you to keep your "home sweet home" a healthy one for you and your family:

Vacuum, vacuum, vacuum. This can not be stressed enough. You should vacuum at least twice a week, more often if you have pets.

Vacuuming helps rid your carpeting of dust, dust mite feces, animal hair and dander, human hair and dead skin, mold spores, dead bugs and abrasive sand and soil. Make sure that you use a vacuum cleaner that has a high efficiency HEPA filtering system and ensures that the brush setting is low enough to agitate the carpet fibers.

Do not sweep your hard surface flooring. Sweeping redistributes allergens into the air. Vacuuming your floors, followed by a damp mop or swiffer, will help keep the air your family breathes cleaner.

Adopt a no shoes policy in your home. This will keep outdoor pollutants from entering the main areas of your home. You may also consider adding an air-scrubber as this machine will continuously circulate the air in your home through the air filters, removing airborne particulates. Make sure that you change the filter often. Also consider using high-efficiency HEPA air filters in the furnace and adding filters to the intake and output ducts to further reduce circulation of contaminants.

Follow these simple tips, and not only will you have a healthy home, but your carpeting will last longer also.

(Some statistical information contained here was collected from the EPA)

Care Homes Benefit From Self Printed Door Signs

Recently care homes have been opting for door signs showing their patients names, and with an optional picture, as opposed to the traditional room number. This is due to the fact that residents are helped greatly by having their own name on their door to reassure them they have found their own room. Pictures also aid fellow residents of retirement homes who may be suffering from memory loss and therefore have trouble with names.

Door nameplates – personalized easily

Care homes are increasingly attracted to this option where the resident's name, and possibly their photograph, can be printed onto a piece of paper which is then inserted into a frame. The frame can then either be screwed or stuck to a patient's door (or secured along the door) and the contents updated easily without taking down the frame. So tenants do not have to remember which exact room is their, or which is occupied by any of their friends. This is also valuable for visitors.

A picture along the name will also help them if friends' names are forgotten making these frames a perfect option for the dementia sector of the care home industry. It also means that in a setting where either residents and / or staff are temporary, carers and support workers will be able to learn resident's names quickly, or will be able to look up the name as entering their room.

Changed in a snap

A simple name sign is also an economic option price wise as certain products such as an Edge Snap Door Sign are under four Pounds each. This is a small door sign which uses two snap up and down sides at either end to secure information in place under a clear plastic face. Sizes vary from 2in x 6in up to 4in x 12in, with an intermediate size of 4in x 6in known as A6 size. It is a simple yet smart looking answer to discreetly helping a patient with room identification. The larger versions are recommended when a picture is to be incorporated.

The information can be printed in house, with a standard office printer and a small amount of ICT knowledge in applications such as Microsoft Word or PowerPoint. This is ideal for a nursing home situation as it means that these door signs can be printed quickly, easily and cheaply. When patients are only in on a temporary basis this form of displaying information is convenient as the nursing home can simply remove the paper slide showing the previous patient's information and reprint a new sign with the new patient's information.

Comparing customized door sign options

Certain businesses do offer custom made door signs with a person's name already printed onto this sign, however this is less financially viable in an environment where guests or patients may be changing rooms or leasing regularly. The price of these signs are high, they can retail at over twenty Pounds each and the names in them are not changeable; therefore unlike a product such as an Edge Snap Door Sign, they are not reusable. This could mean throwing away a twenty pound sign every time a patient left. It may take a while to take delivery of these pre-printed signs and with a patient who is only on a temporary stay they may have left before their sign has arrived.

These customisable door signs are also very useful in more permanent situations where personal nameplates are required on a restricted budget. Amongst many existing users of this method of signage is the Royal Hospital Chelsea, home to the Chelsea Pensioners who are former members of the British Army, who have purchased Edge Snap door signs from Green Magic Company.

What Are Advantages and Disadvantages of Storage Heaters?

The term storage heaters is one that can sometimes cause some confusion as to what they are and how they work. In this article we'll look at these questions and we'll also take a look at some of the main advantages and disadvantages of this invention.

The basic idea behind storage heaters is that they draw electricity from the grid during the day when the cost of base load electricity is much lower – then use it to generate heat in the evening. This avoids the cost of evening electricity, which, because it is in higher demand, costs significantly more.

Advantages

Under normal circumstances, using electricity for heating is very expensive, but storage heaters turn this on its head; Normally gas or oil fired heating systems are cheaper.

Another big plus is that if storage heaters are incorporated into the overall floor plan of a building (sometimes as actual dividing walls or even under floor) they will take up much less space than gas or oil fired heating systems.

Some people who have gas heating as well as some other systems are known to turn off their heating systems during the night in order to save money. This can result in the house being cold at night or early in the morning; however, as these heaters are on during the night – the abode is warm during those times.

Storage heaters are ideal for homes that are located in areas where there is no gas connection; without coercing such homeowners / residents to pay the higher costs associated with electricity.

It is substantially cheaper to have heaters installed than have gas fired boilers, radiators and piping.

Running storage heaters is also much cheaper than gas central heating systems – which require almost no maintenance. In Britain people actually pay insurance (up to 200 pounds) to allay any gas heating costs; No such insurance is necessary for storage heaters.

Disadvantages

You have to choose the right size heater for your home. It is basically a compromise between the longest expected cold period and the price and space needed for the heater to run. Too big and the costs will be higher, with a big impact on the building's space; to too small the cost of daytime electric heating will be very high.

Another disadvantage is that as the heating is on all the time, if the owner has to leave suddenly for a few days, this can mean all this heating is wasted. There are also some issues with people misunderstanding the heating controls.

Overall this technology allows people to heat their homes for less – something that is incrementally important with energy bills increasing.

Automotive Restoration: A Frame-Off Body Repair of a 1960 Ferrari

This automotive restoration project began in June 2010, with the client's sights set on showing it at Pebble Beach. This 1960 Ferrari 250 GT Pininfaria Cabriolet (PF Cab) had been in storage for 30 years in Arizona before being purchased by the current owner. Ferraris during this time were hand built by Italian coach makers and the engines were also hand-built by Ferrari. The 250 GT series was built for the customer that wanted a street legal car that he could also take to the race track. Of course not everyone raced their Ferraris, some customers just wanted the awesome power and beautiful styling of the 250 GT. Pininfarina is still operating and still makes concept and prototype cars for major companies around the globe.

After the Ferrari 250 GT PF Cab was disassembled and media blasted, I set about repairing and reconstructing the body to its original factory state.

This client was specifically concerned about getting the rebuild perfectly symmetrical. I had an idea, born from my experience working in the prototype industry: to build a box with a measuring system to aid the build of the vehicle. The photos below are a brief taste of posts to follow.
The first part of this post covers a measuring device we designed and built specifically for this Ferrari PF Cab and the second part explains how it was used to rebuild the tail light area.

The objective of the measuring box is to figure out if a car body was built square to the chassis and is symmetrical from side to side. Before delving into measuring the body, remember that this was a Ferrari hand built body from the 1960's, so tight tolerances are not expected. The idea is that the Ferrari PF Cab body and chassis sit on a center line inside a 3-dimensional steel framed box. The perimeter of the box acts as a measuring datum so that measurements from the box to the Ferrari PF Cab can be taken on the left and right hand sides and then compared to check symmetry.

The 3-dimensional box is divided into 3 planes representing length, depth, and height. On each axis is 1/2 "machined holes spaced 200mm apart, these holes are locations for the measuring stations. A line runs down the center of the box and the center of the chassis is aligned with a custom stand to the body. The center line only runs length ways, as the body is only symmetrical in one direction. The body is divided into a grid, with the aid of a laser, and numbered to aid recording.

These were the finds of major significance for this Ferrari PF Cab:

1. the front right-hand headlight housing is 10mm further forward than the left-hand headlight

2. The body style line is 6mm higher on the right-hand side than the left-hand

3. the complete rear end of the car is kicked over to the right hand side 50mm from the rear of the doors to the back of the Ferrari. Not from accident / damage, just how the car was built.

4. the left-hand rear tail light housing peak leans inwards 8mm

After discussing the above finds with the client, the first issues to address was the left-hand tail light problem. Now we will show the step by step rebuild and fabrication of the light housing. Why rebuild this area? On first sight the sheet metal housing clearly looked as though the top was angled inwards and second, the housing was too big for the light bezel, which formed the appearance of a step. To be correct in appearance, the surface of the bezel should be level with the surface of the paint. As part of the 'measuring box' process, we recorded results showing the top of the housing was 5mm to the right of center. To fix these two problems it was most practical and cost efficient to make a completely new housing and then graft it into the fender.

Steps:
1. Slice away the original taillight housing from the car body.

2. Make a pattern off the original and cut a fresh piece of sheet metal to match.

3. Shape the new piece, using the old piece and the actual tail light until it fits perfectly.

4. TIG weld the new sections together.

5. Offer it up the car body, again adjusting until it fits perfectly. Cleco into place.

6. Check bottom, top, and sides against the measuring box for perfect squareness and symmetry.

7. TIG weld the new housing onto the Ferrari body.

8. Metal finish and then you are ready for paint!

Check my website for step-by-step photos of the measuring box and this process.

Scaffolding Towers Review: The Folding Trade Tower

In many industrial, trade and DIY applications, scaffolding towers are preferred to ladders. These structures provide safe platforms when workers must work at height for extended periods. To ensure safety, scaffold towers must be properly assembled and inspected. For a scaffold tower to be truly safe, the capacity, bracing, pinning and components always must be in good order. One type of tower that's especially popular is the folding trade tower, because it's easy to erect, as well as being quite versatile. Here's some information about this scaffold tower, along with some tips for working safely.

Scaffolding Towers: About the Folding Trade Tower

Safety is the paramount concern when working on scaffolding towers. They should receive regular maintenance and safety inspections, and should always be used in strict accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and recommendations. Scaffold towers should not be used outdoors in bad weather. If the tower is damaged in any way, it should be taken out of service until repaired. The folding trade tower is made from strong steel tubing, and each platform will support a maximum working load of 275kg. Remember, that the maximum load includes the weight of the platform, the worker (s), as well as any tools or materials being used. The base of this tower can be used entirely on its own, or increased with up to 3 additional sections that allow for 7 extra platform heights.

Scaffolding Towers: Key Features of the Folding Trade Tower

A good rule to follow when assessing the capacity of scaffold towers is that a tower must be able to support its own weight, along with at least 4 times its maximum load specification. The folding trade tower is fully compliant with the important BS1139 (Part 3) 1994 and HD1004 standards. This means that it has passed a set of rigorous tests and is deemed safe. The folding trade tower is quick and easy to erect, which allows workers to concentrate on the job, not on the tower. Disassembled, it forms a compact package that fits easily into an estate car or small van. The tower's components feature quick release clips on all bracing, and color coding, so it's very easy to erect correctly.

Scaffolding Towers: More Features of the Folding Trade Tower

The basic components of the tower are a base unit, a hatch deck, horizontal braces, a 4-piece toe board set, and 4 standard locking castors. Guard rails and additional bracing are available as add-on options. When assembling the tower, never compromise its structural integrity by using makeshift components or components from different manufacturers. Scaffold towers like the folding trade tower have many advantages, but the main one is that it's an independent structure that can be moved and repositioned as the work requires. Unlike conventional scaffolding that must be disassembled, moved, and then reassembled, a scaffold tower needs simply to be pushed to a new location.

Scaffolding towers are a safer, more versatile alternative for many types of trade, industrial and DIY applications.

Old Fashioned Vintage Furniture and Interiors

Old fashioned and elegant vintage interiors welcome subtle hues of calming colors like white, blues and pink. Soft patinas, aged furniture and architecture, rustic woods and stone, natural fabrics are classically used in this style.

Romantic and soft, flowing lines of old veranda arches, hand carved by artisans many years ago with tools that were passed on in generations, the elegant warm hues of carved wood armoires, lovingly refinished furniture, vintage interiors inherit the legacy of the old world style, each piece tells a story and carries ancient energies.

Simple and graceful at the same time the worn, cracked, distressed wood sideboard consoles give the ambiance of a comfortable lived-in look, creating interiors that are peaceful relaxed with a hint of nostalgia.

Modern rustic coffee tables made from reclaimed antique doors strike the chord with their character and give the elegant simplicity of classic old world charm. They bring with them a harmony of space and earthing design.

Furniture in Vintage style is loaded with history, worn textures, rough patinas with several colors seeping through, along with the burnished brass and rusted iron rivets that give added strength to the wood give each piece a unique character.

The teak armoire wardrobe in distressed peach, bedside tables with cladded brass elephants and a massive old door dining table are accented by long sari curtains, gracefully draped, bright turquoise or subdued ivory gold depending on your walls.

Complement your Interior with decorative pillows made from recycled tribal tapestries and vintage carpets. Wall decorating with the tree of life carved wood panels in dark tones add a focal point to the design. Black and white photographs in vintage frames and paintings in the elegant wooden jharokha carved frames give the personal touch.

The vintage jewelry boxes studded with brass and a long hope chest trunk at the end of your bed with a lovely crystal chandelier create the special atmosphere in your bedroom. A large floor mirror in a massive antique door carved frame will refresh the room. The essence of vintage style is the appeal of the bygone years, which reflects the culture and diversity of the past. Vintage interior style is simply elegant, beautiful and warm, combining antiques and rustic woods with the imperfect sense of proportion. Luxurious yet understated, the romantic carved bed with a canopy in sheers and a dresser with inlaid shells filled with figurines and perfume bottles is a statement in old fashioned luxury.