Ball of Foot Pain – Causes and Treatments

Ball of foot pain is classically defined as metatarsalgia (MET – tuh tar – SAL – juh). The term metatarsalgia is used as a catch-all term used to describe a number of medical conditions which cause pain under the ball of the foot. The long bones in the foot are called metatarsals and the end where the metatarsals meet the toes are called the metatarsal phalangeal joints. Combining the name of the bones, "metatarsal" with the suffix "algia" means pain appropriately describing this condition. The heads of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th metatarsals make up what most consider the ball of the foot. These joints are the most commonly affected due to excess pressure, overuse and / or microtrauma, which results in inflammation and pain.

The most common symptom is deep, achy pain under the ball of the foot which can become sharp or stabing with standing or walking. There may be shooting pain or tingling in the toes, which would indicate an inflated nerve. A feeling of walking on a lump or cord or a "bunched up sock" under the foot is common. The pain is usually worsened with walking and long periods of standing, especially when pushing off of the ball of the foot. Narrow shoes can increase the pain and rubbing or massaging the forefoot may alleviate the pain.

A few of the common causes of ball of foot pain include faulty foot mechanics, structural deformities such as hammertoe or dropped metatarsal, ill fitting shoes and being overweight. Many times it's a combination of the above contributors which results in metatarsalgia. Faulty foot mechanics are an inherited trait resulting in abnormal motion of the foot. In forefoot conditions, tight calf muscles and overpronation (over-rotation and foot collapse) cause excess pressure on the forefoot. Tight calf muscles cause the heel to lift early when walking and this redistributes the weight towards the front of the foot. Over-rotation of the foot and arch collapse, in combination with hypermobility of the 1st ray (arch and great toe) causes the weight to shift from the great toe to the smaller toe joints when walking. An essential and abnormal force is placed on a small area of ​​the foot during "push off" and these results in repetitive strain, irritation, inflammation and pain of the small joints (2nd, 3rd and 4th metatarsal phalangeal joints) in the foot. Specific conditions, such as a neuroma or second metatarsal overload syndrome may develop.

âEUR¨Runners have a high risk of developing metatarsalgia because of the repetitive forefoot impact, but any sport which involves push off at the forefoot can be a potential problem. When an athlete changes their training regimen by adding hills or sprints, excess pressure can cause pain and inflammation at the joints in the forefoot. Poor quality shoes, lacking support and shock absorption can contribute to the development.

Structural deformities such as hammertoes can cause pain under the ball of the foot. The hammertoe is a crooked toe which causes retrograde force on the metatarsal head. As the toe cocks up, the head of the metatarsal is pushed down. The metatarsal head is now prominent on the bottom of the forefoot and more susceptible to increased pressure. Many people will complain of the feeling of a lump or nodule under their foot or complain about walking on a bone under the ball of the foot.

Poor quality or ill-fitting shoes are one of the more common reasons for the development of ball of foot pain. Narrow, tight shoes compress the forefoot and force the metatarsal heads together. This position impairs normal function of the foot when walking and increases rub and irritation in the forefoot area.

Treatment involves identifying and addressing the cause of the problem. In many cases it is a combination of faulty foot mechanics, poor quality shoes and an change or increase in a training regimen or recent weight gain. Orthotics should be used to control abnormal foot motion and disperse pressure more evening. Shoe should be rigid along the sole, only bend in the toe area, have at least a 1/2 heel and have adequate support. Calf stretches or night splints can be used for those with tight calves to eliminate the heel lifting early during walking. There are a variety of metatarsal pads which can be used to distribute the pressure under the ball of the foot to help alleviate pain and accelerate healing.

How To Get Financing For Aftermarket Car Parts

Many people think of financing in terms of vehicle purchasing. In a typical financing plan, buyers can spread out payments over a period spanning 24 to 36 months. Fortunately these days, buyers who wish to upgrade their vehicles can also get financing on aftermarket parts. Aftermarket parts are designed to add more practicality and utility to trucks, cars, and SUVs. These parts range from performance parts, work parts such as tow hooks and shackles, off road gear, or general protection of truck bumpers, radiators, and grille. With financing, you will not have to shell out all money at once, and the protection can help drivers save on the costs of repairs in the long run.

Bill Me Later

Bill Me Later is one of the most effective ways to get financing for aftermarket parts. Bill Me Later is a secured financing company in partnership with PayPal. When looking for financing for aftermarket parts, simply ask if the store will let you check out online with Bill Me Later. This payment program offers low financing and reliably easy credit approval. Purchasing with Bill Me Later can be completed in one of two ways.

If you do not have a PayPal account, you will need to sign up for PayPal first. Choose to checkout with PayPal when you are making your purchase. Create a PayPal account and select Bill Me Later as an option. You will be asked to fill out a short form and then wait for approval. This type of approval is usually instant and your purchase process is complete. If for whatever reason your application is not approved, you will simply be re-directed to your site and can choose other payment options.

If you already have a PayPal account, you can simply sign in to PayPal from a store checkout page and pick Bill Me Later as your checkout option. You will be asked to fill out the short form and wait for their approval. If the application is approved, then your purchase is complete. If not, then you will have to pay through PayPal the standard way.

Bill Me Later is currently a very popular option for financing due to customer choice such as offering interest free payments if the customer pays off balance in six months. Alternately, the customer can chose to make no payments for 90 days, and then follow up with a low interest rate.

Other Financing Options

Other financing options also exist for getting the right aftermarket parts for vehicles. Many companies offer coupon codes for purchasing bulk orders. It is advisable to call companies ahead to arrange discount for bulk orders. Other financing options that are available include student discounts, military discounts, and layaway plans. These typically vary by company and shoppers can typically obtain these rates by contacting a representative.

Conclusion

While most people use financing plans to pay off their vehicles, few people realize that they can get financing on aftermarket parts to improve their vehicles over time. Whether a car owner needs performance parts, work parts, or protection from damage, getting financing for these parts can be simple with today's fast and efficient options.

You Should Read the Dictionary – I Know it Sounds Crazy, But You Will Be Glad You Did

Who on Earth would bother to read the dictionary? Well, you are reading an article about someone who did and has read several dictionaries from cover to cover, and I must say has learned a lot along the way. And just in case you think I am crazy, did you know Bill Gates read the entire encyclopaedia? Do you think Bill Gates is crazy? What is it that people who read reference books gain? Hmm, well, I think you bought to find out that answer to yourself.

In fact, I am going to recommend that you read the dictionary, no, not the unabridged Oxford version that is one foot square and ten inches high, yes, I have one of those. It does have just about every word you'll ever read except for the create-a-word blogging bandits vocabulary. Rather, I am going to recommend that you read a smaller version with adequate print. My choice is the;

"Webster's Dictionary" with over 50,000 entries for home, school, and office. Edited by John Gage Allee, Ph.D. 1978.

Why do I recommend an older version? Well it does not have all the new buzz words or recent words that you already know, so you do not have any silly distractions. It's only 446 pages and that is not much bigger than a long novel. Yes the print is smaller than a novel, so maybe its equivalent to a 892 page book, but you can handle that, you are a grown up now. And even if you read only one letter per day you will finish in a month without breaking a sweat and your mind will have more time to soak it up too. Go for it.

How To Plan A Retirement Party

A retirement party is an event to celebrate a person's career and achievements and is a great opportunity to show appreciation in a fun and respectful way. Similar to any other party, a lot is involved in planning a party to present an individuals accomplishes. Whether it be a party for your spouse, parent, friend or colleague, a tip to make your life easier is to plan the retirement party online. Having a website dedicated to the retirement party will keep you organized and keep guests informed and involved in all the details of the event.

Here are a few good ideas on how to plan a great retirement party that the retiree will remember forever:

  • Establish a budget

Establishing a budget for retirement party should be one of the first planning steps. It should take into account venue, food, decor, entertainment and a nice gift. Your budget will determine the number of guests you can invite and the price per ticket if you are selling tickets to the party. Your retirement party website will help you keep track of all your expenses, when to make bookings and when payments are due.

  • Select a location

The party can be held at the office, at someone's home, in a restaurant, hotel, club, art gallery, or casino. Your budget, how many guests, when the event will take place (day or evening), and what time of year all need to be taken into account. You should also consider the preferences of the retiree wherever they want a big or small or traditional event. To choose the best location, you should ask co-workers for their suggestions by having an online poll.

  • Create a guest list

You have to decide who and how many people to invite to the party. Do you want an employee only event or one that includes close friends and family? Your budget will help determine the number of guests you can have.

  • Choose a theme

Themed parties are always a lot of fun and should reflect the retirees character, career, interests or hobbies. The type of theme can be determined by co-workers using an online poll. A theme will establish the decor, invitation design, dress code, music and entertainment at the retirement party.

  • Send out invitation online

Inviting guests to retirement party by email is simple and saves you time and money. The invitation should specify the location, time, date, purpose of the event, and how to RSVP online. The invitation can direct guest to the party website where they can learn more about the details of the event including directions, parking instruction, travelers information and about any secret or special guests.

  • Ticket purchase online

If you choose to sell tickets to the retirement party, it will be more convenient for guests to be able to purchased them online, directly from the website, using their credit card. This is simpler then writing a cheque and mailing it in.

  • Selecting a gift

A gift registry can be set up on the website, with details or a direct link to stores or items the retiree would enjoy. Usually co-workers will chip in for one big gift for the retiree. Using the online message board or poll, co-workers can discuss and vote on the gift they want to purchase. Some examples of good retirement gifts include books, golf clubs, or luggage.

A very meaningful gift would be one that would also be a keepsake for the retiree. This could be a personalized framed retirement plaque, or you can ask guests in advance to submit pictures or a few words about their experience or relationship with the retiree, and assemble a memento book to present to the retiree at the party. Another way to really demonstrate appreciation is to name a wing of the office after the retiree, which really indicates how much the retiree has contributed.

The retiree may ask that contributions to their favorite charity be made in their honor rather than gifts. The website can express information about the charity of choice and why it was selected by the retiree. To making giving easy, all donations can be made online.

  • Festive ambience

You want to create a fun atmosphere for the party while at the same time really focusing on the guest of honor. Aside from balloons, banners and streamers, decorations should emphasize the retiree's life, accomplishments, and interests. You can blow up photos of the retiree through the years and place them through the location or each table can have a centerpiece with a specific theme relating to a part of the retiree's life or their hobbies.

  • Plan entertainment

A retirement party differs from other celebratory parties, however you should still have music (can hire a DJ or band or simply set up speakers) and someone in charge of taking pictures and video (can hire a photographer or videographer or have a co-worker do) it.) Photos and videos of the party can be uploaded onto the website for the retiree and guests to browse through after the event.

Seeing as the party is centered on the person's career, the entertainment should also focus on the retirees profession and accomplishments. Guests can make speeches sharing stories, experiences and what they've learned from the retiree, and toasts expressing how the retiree has impacted their lives. Having a roast is also always entertaining and a comical way to show admiration. The guest of honor may also want to make a speech expressing his gratitude to all those involved in helping make professional career a success. All can be recorded and the videos can be uploaded on the website to remember all the kind words that were said at the party.

A slideshow can be created and played through a guests speech or toast or roast or you can have a slideshow running all night in the background as it is a simple set up and amusing for guests. You should start collecting photos from relatives, friends and colleagues in advance that represent the work and life of the retiree. The slideshow can later be uploaded onto the website and watched again at any time.

Other fun pre-planned entertainment at the party can be having co-workers putting on skits, or composing a humorous song or poem to be performed at the party and recorded to be placed on the party website. A big board with many pictures of the guest of honor with co-workers and colleges can be displayed, and guests can sign the board which the retiree can take home with them after the party.

  • Stay in touch

The website is an excellent way to foster communication before and after the party. It is a great way to make suggestions and share stories and photos. Guests and the retiree can visit the website even after the party and continue to correspond with one another as the website acts as a private communication hub. The website will help with sharing and recall happy memories about the retirees career before and after the party.

Web Design Jobs for Felons – Tips To Getting Hired As a Web Designer

Jobs for felons in web design is an industry that is in demand. Felon Employment can be readily available with jobs associated with the internet, computers and the growing mobile market. All of these industries are in need of web designers and do supply jobs for felons.

It can be difficult for felons to get jobs, especially in the down economy. This is unfortunate, as many times felons have turned their lives around. However, there are plenty of good opportunities out there, regardless of what your past might be like. Website design is a great example, as it is a job you can do from home. There are plenty of web design jobs for felons because you have the option to start your own business and work from home. Clients will not care about your personal history and will not ask when or not you are a felon.

In order to be successful in website design, you need to be creative, hard working, and motivated. If you have these hits, then you will be able to thrive working for yourself at home. Potential clients will want to see some examples of work that you have done before hiring you, but that is all they will care to know. This is what makes web design jobs for felons such a great option. Of course, that is not the only benefit to the website design industry. You will be able to enjoy a career that has a very bright future and you will be able to make a nice salary.

New businesses will always need websites, and they look to talented web designers for that. What you charge per website is up to you, and whether you work out of your own home or an office is your decision as well. You can essentially set your own hours, and you will not ever have to worry about explaining your past mistakes to anyone. Few jobs can boast all these luxuries, which makes web design jobs for felons something to consider.

Many people are intimidated by starting their own business, and would rather work for a firm where they could count on a steady paycheck though. Even still, web design firms are not usually related to hire felons because of the fact that they can work from home. As long as you can show them that you know how to design quality websites, they will most likely be willing to hire you. So while it can be difficult to find employment if you have a bad record, there will always be web design jobs for felons. Consider that career path, and you will be able to truly leave the past behind you.

Jobs for felons in web design are in demand and there the people with the skills are getting hired. This industry is not going anywhere and is actually expanding every year. If you have a hack for computers and enjoy art this may be a good career fit. If you have a criminal record and can not find a job, just know that there are web design jobs for felons out there.

Keyless Door Locks – The Advantages and Disadvantages of These Type of Door Locks

Keyless door locks are becoming more and more popular. No longer will you have to hunt for your key or fumble with a key in the middle of the night. As with all products, there are advantages and disadvantages of these kind of locks.

Keyless Door Locks: Advantages

You used to always have to worry about locking your keys in the house. With keyless door locks you do not have to worry about that anymore. And you do not have to worry about losing your key. You just enter your key code and your door unlocks. One of the best advantages is that you can let a repair man enter your home when you are not there. They enter your home, do what they need to do and leave. You get to change the code and they can not copy a key when you do not have one.

Keyless Door Locks: Disadvantages

There are two main disadvantages of these type of locks. One: someone could guess your key code and get into your house. If you choose completely random numbers then this should not happen. Do not choose your birthday or cell phone number. Two: If the power goes out, and your lock is purely run on electricity, you could have locked out of your house. But, if its run on a battery than you should be ok.

Keyless Door Locks: Remote Entry

There are remote entry locks. They have the disadvantages of losing it or forgetting it in the house. They can not be copied like keys can be. If you lose the remote it will cost quite a bit to replace, seeing as they are quite expensive.

The Most Suitable Eyebrow Shapes For the Face

Eyebrows are an important feature of the face because they give the face its shape and frame the facial features of eyes, nose, cheeks, mouth and chin. The eyebrows are one of the few facial features that can be shaped to enhance the beauty of the face.

To achieve the most flattering effect it is important to consider both face shape and eye types. The perfect eyebrow shape is closely related to the actual shape of the face. The basic eyebrow shape is also determined on the bone structure of the face. Below are descriptions and illustrations of eyebrow shapes which are most appropriate for different shaped faces.

Oval – A perfectly balanced face shape

Round – Well-rounded full cheek and chin area; face length is relatively short

Oblong – Longer than wide; face has same width across the forehead, jaw line, and cheekbone

Square – Width of the cheeks and forehead are similar; width of the jaw line and forehead being alike as well

Heart – Fuller and wider at the forehead tapering down to the cheeks then down to a pointed chin

Diamond – Widest at the cheekbones and equally narrow at the forehead and jaw line

Discover the Shape of the Face

OVAL Face Shape

The oval frame is considered to be the perfectly balanced face; the top half balances the bottom half. The oval face is characterized by being slightly wider at the cheekbones than the forehead or jaw-line. It also appears slightly wider at the cheek-line and tapers slightly to the chin.

Perfect Eyebrow Shape for an Oval Face

Oval face shapes can get away with just about any eyebrow shape. Oval is the ideal face shape and any natural shape of the eyebrow works well with an oval face. Oval is the perfect model frame.

ROUND Face Shape

The round frame has a large-curved forehead with a rounded chin, thus making the face look full with very few angles. The cheekbones are undoubtedly wider than the eyebrow bone and jaw line. When measuring a round face there is little difference between the width of the face and the vertical measurement. The face is almost as wide as it is long.

Objective Proportion – Create more definition. Flatter your round frame by creating an oval appearance that will lift the facial features and lengthen the face shape to give an image of a thinner look.

Perfect Eyebrow Shape for a Round Face

Apply an eyebrow line that goes up the face by arching the eyebrow high and leaving the tapering part small. The center of the arch should move out towards the end of the eyebrow while the end should be short. A high arched eyebrow shape will draw attention away from the width of the face.

OBLONG Face Shape

The oblong frame is longer than it is wide and close to the same width across the forehead, jaw line and cheekbone. The oblong shape may have a very narrow chin or a very high forehead. Having a prominent chin also characterizes an elongated appearance.

Objective Proportion -Have the oblong face appear shorter and broader.

Perfect Eyebrow Shape for an Oblong Face

To make a long face appear oval one should apply horizontal lines to the face. Apply an eyebrow line that is flat and keep the arch low; this stops the eye from going up the face. A flat eyebrow opens the eyes horizontally to give the appearance of an oval face. This eyebrow shape will draw the eye from side to side and stop it from going up and down.

SQUARE Face Shape

The square frame has a broad forehead and jaw line and tends to have sharper angles in the corners of the face. The width of your cheeks and forehead will be similar. The width of your jaw line and forehead may also be similar, thus giving an angular overall appearance with the rectangular face being longer than it is wide.

Objective Proportion – Create an illusion of length. Soften the angles giving the illusion that both the forehead and jaw line appear narrower.

Perfect Eyebrow Shape for a Square Face

A thick eyebrow is best suited for a square frame face with a strong jaw line. The peak of the eyebrow is most effective when positioned exactly above the square of the jaw. This eyebrow shape will balance out the square appearance of the face and soften the facial contours.

HEART Face Shape

The heart frame is fuller and wider at the forehead tapering down to the cheeks, then down to a narrow and pointed chin. The jaw line on this facial shape is not usually prominent. This facial frame has a narrow chin that leads up to a broad forehead and the cheekbones are very visible.

Objective Proportion – Create an illusion of a narrower forehead and fuller jaw line. Diminish the width at the forehead and create a wider, fuller jaw effect of the face.

Perfect Eyebrow Shape for a Heart Face

Rounding the eyebrows with softer peaks is best suited for a heart shape face. A rounded shape helps by adding curves to soften the face plus emphasizes the lovely heart shape.

DIAMOND Face Shape

The diamond frame is a cross between a heart and dramatic oval shaped face. It is widest at the cheekbones and narrow equally at the forehead and jaw line. The face is highly angular with a short forehead and being widest at the temples. The cheekbone is clearly wider than the forehead and jaw line.

Objective Proportion – Create an illusion to reduce the width around the cheekbone line.

Perfect Eyebrow Shape for a Diamond Face

There are two suitable shapes; rounding the eyebrows will soften the angular face or keep emphasis on the center arch of the eyebrow to balance the width of the face or a peaked eyebrow will help narrow the width of the distinctive diamond wide face.

Enhancing Eyebrow Growth

Having fuller, thicker and healthier eyebrows easily makes the shaping of the eyebrow process more manageable and less tedious. Women who have the misfortune of thinning eyebrows, eyebrow loss or over plucking of the eyebrows, Talika Eyebrow Lipocils Conditional Gel can help to achieve thicker healthier eyebrows. The gel will stimulate eyebrow growth making them thicker and healthier. For women who are looking for an instant fuller eyebrow effect Talika Eyebrow Extender will make the eyebrows look naturally thicker; your look is deeply intensified. The Eyebrow Extender is the perfect alternative to liners and tattoos.

Instead of Getting Angry, Learn to Write a Complaint Letter in Business Format

This is the correct business format for a Letter of Complaint to another business. Use your words with caution because people are often funny about their money.

Tips and Hints to consider:

Keep in mind that Business Writing is about "Getting to the point"

Think about what you want to say before you start writing and get your facts straight.

Stay objective and consider through the letter even if you are feeling angry.

Your letter will include the following:

1. Contacts
2. The complaint
3. Reason why you are complaining
4. The amount to be refunded
5. How long you are willing to wait (be reasonable please)
6. Reason why they should refund you
7. "Thank you" as well as any enclosures such as statements, receipts etc …

Remember to send copies of the receipts, not the originals. However, the original letter you type up and sign should be sent to the recipients. Make a copy for your records.

If you do not receive the response you had wished for, you may want to consider writing a second letter with a firmer tone, or you can contact the next person on their chain of command.

Your number and street address

Your city, Your state Zip code

Phone: Your contact number

Email: your email

The Date

Their Name, Company Title

Company name

Their company street number and address

Their city, state and zip code

Dear Mr. Name,

It has been excellent for my company to use your services for many high-quality door and window projects. I have always been satisfied with your services, however I am writing to you with a concern that I hope you will be able to address.

My company ordered from Custom Wood on July 2 by telephone. We ordered double-glazed, made-to-order oak French doors. When they arrived on July 25, my carpenter informed me that the doors were cut too small. Instead of measuring a total of 11 feet by 8 inches, the doors measured 11 feet by 4 inches.

After waiting three weeks for the door to remodel a kitchen, it was obvious that the customers were not going to wait any longer to have their kitchen finished. My carpenter was able to fix the mistake and did so at the expense of $ 455.50.

I am requesting that Custom Wood reimburse the $ 455.50 paid to fix the doors sent in error to my company. I am including the carpenter's bill, and would appreciate prompt attention to this matter.

I would like to continue business with your company, as I have always been very satisfied in the past. Thank you very much for you time.

Sincerely,

My name

Company name

Enclosures (2)

Handy Tips To Help You Make Your Own Wood Wicks For Candles

Wood wick candles are the newest rage in candles. These painted candles have a wick that is made of a particular kind of wood that allows the candle to burn not only with a pleasant fragrance but it also has a familiar crackling sound much akin to wood fire in the fireplace.

If you make your candles then it is possible for you to make these too. There are a few tips to help you make your own wood wick. You will need a few strips of hardwood which are the dimensions of a Popsicle stick. You should choose a hardwood that burns at a very slow rate like olive, ash, walnut and eucalyptus. Also, you need to remember that these wood wicks are to be used only when making jar candles.

Now that you have the strips you must lay them out and place them next to each other without touching at all. The surface that you place them on should be a flat surface and they should be allowed to lay like that overnight. The next day you will need to prime the strips. To do this you will have to heat some wax in a double boiler. You should now take one wick at a time a dip it in the wax with the help of a paperclip clipped to it. Once removed it takes about 30 seconds for the wax to dry. Once the wick is dry you can store it in a metal holder and use them the next time you make your candles.

Auto Body Repair – Does Bumper Repair Have to Be So Expensive?

There's a very good chance that you have damaged the bumper on your car at some point in your driving career. Your bumpers are the most exposed parts of your car. They're the most likely to be damaged. And … they're designed to be repaired quickly and easily.

There's also a very good chance that something much worse than having your bumpers damaged has happened to you: you almost certainly have overpaid by as much as double to have those bumpers repaired.

Body shops have two solutions to bumper repair: repaint the whole bumper (if the paint is damaged but it is not misshapen) or replace it (if the bumper has been cut, dented, or misshapen). There's one option that they almost never consider: repair and repaint just the area that has been damaged.

When I owned a body shop I was shocked at how many healthy bumpers with minor damage (bumper rash on the corners, a dent with no paint damage, scratches across the face) were removed and discarded by body shops. The body shops were more than happy to toss bumpers that were 90% brand new because they could mark up the cost of the new bumper to the customer. And they were just as happy to paint the entire bumper for small scratches and scrapes covering just 10 – 20% of its surface area because the paint, primer, labor were all marked up as well. In sum, the tactic of body shops is to make jobs as large as possible because bigger jobs yield bigger profits, and it's not the customer that's paying … it's the insurance company (do not fall for that – you pay and then some over time when they increase your rates slowly). The average bumper repaint is about $ 450. A replacement is usually $ 800.

There is a sub-industry that car dealers use but the public is mostly ignorant of: the spot repair business. Spot repair techs specialize in bumper repairs. They can reshape, refill, recolor, and re-clear almost any bumper that does not have damage done to the tabs that attach it to the car (that's 80% of bumper damage, by the way). Contrary to what body shops will tell you, bumpers can be fixed, and just the area that has been damaged can be painted. This does require some skill. The painter must know how to properly scuff beyond the damaged area, blend in the paint, and apply the clearcoat so that the repair is undetectable.

What's the average charge for a corner scuff, the most common of all bumper repairs? About $ 250. And here's a HUGE bonus: most spot repair techs are mobile. That means they come to your home or office. A bumper corner can be sanded, primed, painted, and cured within 90 – 120 minutes. Ask your local car dealers for their "bumper repair guy." There's many in your area doing work you just did not know indicated for prices and convenience that you would be silly to ignore.

The Power of Cultural Symbolism

Everywhere we look in society we see forms of symbolic representation which identify and illustrate our cultural ethos. Symbols that we use, as distinct from signs, carry multiple meanings depending on the context and culture in which they appear. A symbol can be a gesture, an object or a ritual that informs, solidifies and influences our social interactions. They are an important and integral element in understanding culture. They reinforce our norms, values ​​and provide an operative in which we can manifest our meanings. Symbols can also evoke emotional responses from us.

Anthropologist Clifford Geertz explained that our symbolic world is used as a vehicle for our concepts; they represent how we conceive of our world. The conception of the symbol is its meaning. Another interpretive anthropologist, Victor Turner, believed that symbols are not just vehicles for meaning, but by their very use, create meaning, understanding and solidarity in relationships. This is why he saw ritualistic symbolism as harboring core symbols which carried extra weight. The symbols function not only to represent a value or belief, but their use also affects the individual more substantially. This is because, as Turner believed, core symbols found in ritual had the ability or utility of connecting the known with the unknown. In essence, ritual acts and ritual symbolism often involve ethereal ideas which became tangible during the ritual process. Geertz also echoed the importance of ritual symbolism, and in particular, religious symbolism. He claimed that religious symbolic behavior or acts were specific creators of mood for the individual but also, because of their religious purpose, provided motivation.

However, everyday symbols and symbolic behavior do not always represent something transcendental. They may simply signify an aspect of our cultural norms and through their use, becoming effective in reinforcing these. When agents utilize and interact with these symbols, the values ​​and meanings which they represent are codified. It is for this reason that they are an integral part of cultural life. Some widely recognized symbols or ritual behaviors are thousands of years old, like those which are a distinct part of religious heritage. They have been utilized to embody and affirm the sacred ideologies which they represent and also provide utility in ritual and practice during religious worship. More mundane symbolism may be the hand shake which we may recognize as a common custom, but which may also represent many meanings like agreement, understanding or a formal but socially polite greeting. This seems like a very insignificant form of symbolism and such a mundane example. However, we can recognize the power behind the symbolic gesture when such a custom is violated. For example, there may be an occasion where etiquette dictates that a shake shake is appropriate but one's hand may be refused. It is then that the true meaning behind the gesture becomes much more apparent.

All symbolic representation has its genesis in the social, ideological and political concepts which define our culture. They are formed from these, but also inform these. Symbols do not always remain the same, but can transform through the ages and through various processes of cultural adaptation.

Let us look at a national flag as a symbol. Every nation has one and we can assume that each country regards their flag as a symbol of the unity of their people. It represents a specific identification with 'nationhood' or even 'ethnicity'. Above all, it represents a collective – a common affiliation. A great example of the symbolism entrenched in national flags and their effect can be drawn from the revolution in Libya. Freedom fighters, along with the new government, reinstated the old flag of Libya, the symbol of an independent Libya used prior to Col. Gaddafi's rule between 1951 and 1969. At the same time, people took to a type of ceremonial and celebratory burning of the old green flag, which was in place during Gaddafi's rule. The flag became part of a ritual, with its burning as a sign of celebrating freedom from tyranny. We can see from this behavior how loaded with symbolic meaning the flag is. The action was not just cathartic to the participants, but as a symbolic act, spoke volumes for outsiders too. So, we can see how something as seemingly simple as a national flag can not only represent many meanings, but can have the power to evoke high emotional responses because of the values ​​it represents. Because of this, across cultures, how a flag is utilized and treated by citizens is of utmost importance since it represents a national consciousness which may include pride, patriotism, identity and in this case, freedom.

What is clear about the power of symbolic representation in society is that although symbols serve the function of representing a concept or idea, they also have the propensity to evoke an emotional and psychological response. In fact, the importance or the emotional significance of the concept is what formulates the symbol in the first place.

Let's take another mundane symbol, the white dove. This symbol is widely recognizable across cultures. Sometimes, it is used alone, and sometimes, it is used in conjunction with other symbols. Most of us would say that it represents or is a symbol of peace. Why do we think it represents peace? We have to look at the origins and history of the symbol to understand why.

The symbol of the white dove and the olive branch has its genesis in the biblical story of Noah's Arch. After the flood, the dove returns to the Arch with an olive branch indicating that the flood was over and a new beginning was at hand. So, the symbol of the white dove along with an olive branch has its origins in Christian story telling. However, the use of the symbol of the olive branch within that story already had prior importance in history, since it was the early Roman symbol for peace. From this, we can understand why it was transported by the dove and its reason for incorporation into the story. After all this time, the symbols of the white dove and olive branch have become integrated into our cultural system so that they automatically become one of the most widely recognized symbols for peace. The reasonable reason for this is most likely due, to a large degree, to the spread of Christian based education across the globe over the centuries. However, the symbol has varied over time. We often see, despite to promote a more secular tone, the white dove without the olive branch in logos of various organizations. Its popularity of use rests largely on the fact that it is has an immediate recognizable meaning, making it an effective and powerful symbol.

Whether symbols are sacred or mundane, they make up a significant part of any cultural fabric. They have the power to transform a concept into a reality, to speak without words and to effect emotional responses from us. Understanding the meaning behind symbolic behavior and symbols themselves allows us great insight into our world and what we deem important and valuable.

Carpet Cleaning How To – Three Carpeting Cleaning Tips You Don’t Want To Miss

Do you need a few carpet cleaning how to tips?

Do you avoid inviting friends and family to your house because of

unsightly carpet stains and embarrassing carpet odors?

Do your children and pets always seem to track mud across the

carpet?

Do your children –or perhaps you — spill drinks on the carpet

on an almost daily basis?

If you would like to end your dread of dirty and smelly carpets,

relax and follow these three simple carpet cleaning tips for

keeping your carpet stain free and for carpet odor removal.

Carpet Cleaning Tip #1: Routine Maintenance for a Longer Life

Vacuum your carpets on a regular basis. Dirt, pet hair, and

other grime accumulate in the carpet fibers resulting in dirty

looking carpet and problems for allergy sufferers. If the dirt

and grime is left to build up, your carpet can become damaged and

it will be more difficult to thoroughly clean.

Carpet Cleaning Tip #2: Clean Spills Immediately

Clean up spills immediately to avoid odors and stains. If a

solid substance –food or animal waste — is the problem, use

paper towels to carefully remove the mess before cleaning the

carpet. Take care to lift the mess straight up without further

rubbing it into the carpet. Once the problem is removed, begin to

clean the spot with plain water and paper towels or clean rags.

Blot the area with the paper towels and then using the towels,

move in a circular motion clockwise and then repeat going counter

clockwise to remove all traces of the mess. Avoid scrubbing the

carpet spill as this may damage the fibers of the carpet.

Carpet Cleaning Tip #3: Use the Mildest Form of Cleaner Possible

If plain water does not remove the spill, combine water and a

small amount of mild liquid soap. This solution should help

remove most stains. However, if you still can’t get the spill

clean, consider a chemical carpet spot remover. Remember that

chemicals can damage carpet fibers and products designed

specifically to remove carpet stains may contain dangerous

chemicals.

Use chemical products sparingly. Make sure you work in a well

ventilated area and wear gloves. Before using a chemical cleaner,

test it in a hidden area to make sure it will not discolor or harm

your carpet . To clean the spot, apply a small amount of the spot

remover to a rag and wipe gently in a circular motion. Rinse with

clean water and blot dry with more rags. Remove as much water as

possible to avoid mildew or carpet damage.

Taking the time to clean up spills immediately will prevent the

unsightly carpet stains and embarrassing carpet odors that may

prevent you from enjoying the company of friends and family in

your own home.

Be a Heavenly Soldier

Endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ-2 Tim. 2: 3.

The Lord's people are soldiers in that army of which Jesus is the Commander. Their warfare requires strong endurance because of the many hardships to which they are exposed. Self-denial must be persevered in amid their many privations. Their many deficits tax their endurance almost to false. Their faults call for endurance against discouragement, and the strenuousness of their trials and sufferings can be born only by a spirit that is inured to hardship and is sustained by the Lord.

Opposition is to be expected, and will, doubtless, continue until we finish our course in death. To submit patiently to this opposition is to sacrifice our own natural preferences for the friendship and the pleasures of the present life, and to end hardness as good soldiers for the Truth's sake, in whatever shape that hardness may come, in our effort to do the Lord's will and work of advancing the interests of His Kingdom. To be really in the Lord's service involves, first, the careful and continual study of God's Plan; second, the imbibing of its spirit; leading, thirdly, to an enthusiastic zeal for its accomplishment, and to activity to the extent of ability in its service, at whatever cost or sacrifice it may require.

Those in Christ Jesus are the consecrated. Their consecration makes them sacrificers for rightness amid a world wherein the advantages are on the side of unrighteousness, and the disadvantages are placed on the side of righeousness. Their course can not be contrary to one of persecution from those who selfishness seems antagonized by the course of the consecrated. So all the faithful will be persecuted, but be ye strong and a heavenly soldier of Christ and never to fall.

Passionate Detachment – Soul Freedom

Carlos Castaneda has written a series of remarkable books in which he describes his shamanic apprenticeship with the Yaqui sorcerer Don Juan. Don Juan advises Castaneda that a man of knowledge (an unpredictable warrior) chooses a path and follows it with heart, acting as if he does matters, even though he knows that that does not, and understanding that nothing is more important than anything else .

Passion acts with great enthusiasm, exceptional intensity, and deep feelings. Detachment lets go of all concern for the results of the action. Upon first consideration, it may seem as if passion and detachment do not belong together. You may conclude that if you were detached you would not feel strongly about a situation, but would be indifferent, feeling little or nothing. Detachment without passion, a boring dullness of caring about nothing, is a dreadful state of consciousness. No wonder so few have chosen detachment as a serious spiritual practice.

When Don Juan advises "act as if what you do matters," he is proposing action with passion. When you act with passion, you feel truly, completely alive. This is because passion exists only in the now moment-you feel passion now or not at all. On the other hand, detachment is about the future. Detachment means you completely surrender and let go of your concern for the future out of your action. You are not detached about the action itself. On the contrary, you are filled with passion in the now moment.

Detachment flows naturally from the wisdom of acknowledging Don Juan's advice that "nothing matters more than anything else." What you do does not really matter in the sense that extremely you have no control over anything. Outcomes or results might not be anything like what you intend to be. All you have is choice about what you will do and how you will be in the now moment. You are able to let go of concern for the results of your actions because you understand that each individual is a tiny part of something essentially vast and wonderful which you influence but can not control.

When you understand that you have control over nothing, your response can be despairs or detachment. Despair is powerless while detachment is a quality of Soul Freedom. Soul knows you do not need control. All is as it should be. Your life is unfolding as part of a grand cosmic natural order. You fit into that larger natural order wherever you want to or not and whether you are aware of it or not. Your challenge and opportunity is to say yes to what is-all of it, exactly as it is, for better or worse right here, right now.

It is a paradox that making choices can bring freedom to you and also rob you of it. That you can make choices is the chief characteristic of all freedom, but if you are attached to the consequences of your action, you lose freedom as soon as you obtain it. You become a slave to your choices, stuck in a self-constructed rut. If you worry about the results of your actions, you are robbed of the natural joy of being completely present in the now moment. However, by making choices, by acting with passion, and by being detached from the results of your actions, you remain completely free. You act boldly without taking yourself too seriously.

In your relationship, passionate detachment means putting the best of yourself into your life together. Allow your creativity to shine ahead in your actions, to reveal your love, respect, and desire, but without expectation of your mate's response. You may plan to be together forever, and do your best to make that happen, but you know that you have no real control over the future-accident, illness, or adversity can separate you. Neverheless, do not let that stop you from committing to a lifetime of loving.

Excerpted from our new book Sensual Love Secrets for Couples: The Four Freedoms of Body, Mind, Heart and Soul, by Al Link and Pala Copeland, Llewellyn, 2007

Great Facts About Magnaflow Mufflers

What are mufflers?

Mufflers are designed to reduce the sounds produced by the emission of gases from the engine. These gases are emitted at high pressure, and if not muffled, they give a loud, annoying sound. A muffler should be effective in such a way that in its silencing function, it does not affect the performance of the vehicle. So, you may be asking, what does a good muffler entail?

Fast flow

It is importance to have your vehicle equipped with mufflers that have free flowing features. The mandrel-bent tubing in the mufflers allows free flow of gases with little resistant. The smooth flowing of the gases ensures low sounds and no interference with performance. The MagnaFlow muffler is designed to ensure this fast flow so that the sound emitted is smooth and not degraded.

Range of sounds

The good thing about choosing your own aftermarket muffler is that you get chance for customization. They are available in different designs and the sounds produced range from silent to a loud rumble. This is where your taste as a driver comes in. Do you like the loud roar like for racers or the smooth purr for the official car? Pick the ones that define your character.

Different designs

Shapes of magnaflow muffler are available in round and oval shapes. An additional design is the Glass Pack Mufflers that feature non-fiberglass acoustic packing with precision robotic CNC welding. The exhaust gases pass straight through the core of the muffler. The packed fiberglass surrounding the exhaust channel absorbs some of the high frequency sound.

Stainless steel

While other metals are likely to rust with exposure to humid conditions, stainless steel can withstand years of moisture with no hints of rust or discolor. The best mufflers comprise stainless steel mesh that is durable despite the high temperatures in the exhaust system. They also have a stainless steel body which is the exterior. If it rusted, not only would it look discolored but may develop holes which break the smooth sound produced making it a loud cranky sound.

Bi-directional mufflers

Suppliers like MagnaFlow offer bi-directional mufflers. This means that they are reversible; they can be installed either way. This offers flexibility in installation so the muffler can be installed either way.

Lifetime warranty

These mufflers are free from defects. Made from the most durable material and lap-joint that is welded to withstand extreme conditions.

The mufflers offered by magnaflow are guaranteed to last all their market years offering you sound that is music to your ears and high performance.