Why A Company Grievance Procedure Is An Important Part Of Your Employment

A grievance procedure is a step by step process that an employee must go through to get a complaint addressed satisfactorily. A formal written complaint moves from one level up to the higher level to get resolved. A grievance procedure is typically included in collective bargaining agreements, it is also a means of resolution dispute that used by company to address grievances by employees, customers, suppliers and competitors. The procedure provides hierarchical structure for settling and presenting workplace disputes.

The best known application of this procedure is a formal process that is outlined in labor contracts. The procedure does not necessarily to be elaborate and formal, overly formal grievance is discouraged by airing of disputes on a timely manner. In small business grievance procedure may consents few lines in employee manual or design of single ombudsman to handle the problem as they develop. The peer review of the employee that is concerned is a popular way to put an address of grievances, while some larger companies create an entire department dedicated in fielding complaints from customers or employees.

Whatever form may take grievance procedure is intended to allow the companies to resolve and hear complaints in a cost-effective and timely manner, before it will result to litigation. Knowing the formal procedures that are available often encourages the employees to voice out their concerns regarding company policies before any major problems develop. Because of that, managers will not ignore problems because they are aware that upper management will become involved with the grievance process. Union settings help protect the employees against any arbitrary decisions of the management regarding the discipline, benefits, promotions and discharge. They are also providing labor unions and formal process for the provisions of contracts.

Having grievance procedures is important to both non-unionized and unionized settings; the companies must support the written policies of their own with consistent actions to maintain a good employee relations. To make it work all parties must treat it with attitude that serves their own mutual interest. Effective grievance ideally help the management to discover and correct all problems before it advances to serious trouble.

For the procedure to become effective both parties should look at it as positive force that can facilitate an open discussion of all issues. There are cases that settlement of grievances is a sort of competition that reinforces a "them versus us" mentality between management and labor. In other cases, the employees are quiet hesitant to apply grievances process because of fear of a ratification. There are studies that shows that employees who rise grievances most likely to have lower evaluation of performance, work attendance and promotion rate. A grievance procedure and employment law must be followed by the company or union to resolve any problems that may arise. Company's grievance procedures are including steps that prevent a backlash from employees who prefer to use it.

If situation can not be resolved, final step in grievance process is both for parties to present at their side to pre-designated arbitrator. The role is to identify the rights of each party under labor agreement; the decision of the arbitrator is final and usually can not be changed.

How Chiropractic Can Help Kids Chronic Sprained Ankles and Pigeon Toes

Parents often become concerned when they notice their child running awkwardly, being “pigeon toed” (also known as in-toeing), or when they repeatedly sprain their ankles. Your child my trip or fall more often than seems normal, you may notice them rolling their ankles inward (AKA excessive pronation), or their foot may have a “hooked appearance”. There are three conditions which can cause these problems and depending on which condition and the age of your child they may require intervention to correct. The good news is that serious interventions such as wearing leg braces or surgery are not usually needed in these cases.

1. Tibial torsion – This is fairly common condition where the tibia or “shin bone” has not rotated into the position where it will be during adulthood. Tibial torsion is considered normal until the age of 7 years. However excessive toe-in between 2 and 7 years my warrant consultation with a doctor. Your child may have excessive pronation seen by weight bearing on the big toe side of the foot much more than the pinky toe side.

What your Chiropractor can do – Your Chiropractor can adjust a subluxated (misaligned) joints in the legs and show you how to stretch the proper muscles while strengthening others. Your Chiropractor may also be able to fit your child with custom shoe orthotics to help correct the excessive pronation.

What you can do – Buy shoes with flexible soles and good arch support such as athletic shoes. Also, getting your child involved in sports or activities which emphasize running such as soccer will help to strengthen the muscles of the legs and provide good muscle length.

2. Femoral torsion – This is similar to tibial torsion except in this case the femur or “thigh bone” is the one that is out of position. This is another common condition that usually resolves on its own by 8 years of age. Again excessive pronation may be seen as well as bowing back of the knees and an excessive curve in the low back.

What your Chiropractor can do – Chiropractic treatment will be similar to that of tibial torsion, adjustments/stretching/strengthening only focusing on the hip instead of the knee and lower leg.

What you can do – Again good shoes are in order. Sports in this case should include those that work out the hips such as bicycling, ballet, or gymnastics. Also, encouraging your child to sit cross legged will stretch the muscles holding the leg in a toe-in position.

3. Metatarsus adductus – This one is a little different than the other two in that it involves the feet instead of the legs. In this case the toe-in occurs in the foot itself. This condition is normal until 1 year of age is a common problem in school age children.

What your Chiropractor can do – Adjusting will focus on the bones of the feet and orthotics may be used if the problem persists beyond 7 years of age

What you can do – Gently stretching your child’s foot toward the pinky toe several times a day will help to loosen up the tight tissues.

In all cases, it is important to ensure your children’s shoes are well-fitting with plenty of room and no stress points. Also, having your child go barefoot more often encourages better motor control and position sense.

A note on Chiropractic adjustments: Many doctors, including those at Fletcher Hills Chiropractic use low-force techniques such as Activator technique that are much more gentle and less intimidating for children. Ask your Chiropractor what techniques he uses.

This article by a San Diego Chiropractor is a review of an article from the March 12th issue of Dynamic Chiropractor by Dr. Mark Charrette. Read the entire article here Dynamic Chiropractor

How to Build an Electric Generator to Power the House?

Would you like to learn how to build an electric generator to power the house? Using a renewable household electricity generating system has many benefits, both environmentally and economically. By producing electric at home with renewable sources, there will not be emissions of harmful gases. Also, such a generator has been able to help me save a lot of money that I would have had to pay for the electricity.

1. How Much Will It Cost To Build The Whole Electric Generator System And How To Built It?

The 2 most feasible solutions are wind turbines or solar power generators, and you can choose to build either one or even both if conditions allow you to use them. The guide that I use contains a whole list of all the parts required to build both the solar and wind powered system.

The wind turbines will require you to get PVC pipe for building the blades. If you are thinking of building bigger turbines, you will probably have to build wooden blades instead to reduce the possibility of them breaking. For the body of the turbine, you will need to have a 40 foot TV tower. All the parts can be easily acquired for a small cost or even free if you look for them at the right places.

2. Why Build Your Own Homemade Electric Generator Instead of Buying A Ready Made One?

Making the whole homemade electric generator system by myself has costed only about $ 180 for both the wind and solar powered ones. This system will have to be bought for at least $ 4,000 if they are in ready-made condition. Of course, building your own system will some time and you may also take some time to understand the guide first, so it is up to you to weigh the costs and benefits.

Thousands of people have already eliminated their own home electricity bills with the free energy system. They learned how to build it by downloading a step-by-step guide online. You can find out more about how to build this home power system at the website link below.

Sterling Silver And Rhodium Plated Jewelry – Caring For Your Jewelry

Overview Of Sterling Silver Jewelry Care

Silver in all its luminous apparitions, has co-ruled alongside gold for more than 6000 years as the 'Queen of Precious Metals'. However, of all silver's heirs it is sterling silver with its intrinsic beauty, value and durability, that has ensured itself a place in the history books as one of the most popular mediums of personal adornment.

Owning a prestigious item such as sterling silver jewelry should be undertaken with an eye on the future. Like all precious metals, sterling silver's value increases with time, and one day your jewelry could well become a priceless family heirloom, so looking after it now can only pay dividends in the future. However, to understand the proper care and maintenance of your sterling silver jewelry it is first necessary to look into sterling silver's background.

Both silver and sterling silver are precious metals, and both are closely related, but they are not the same. Pure silver is quite soft and because of this will not hold its shape; sterling silver was invented as a more durable form of this highly malleable and lustrous metal, lending its hardwearing properties to the creation of frequently worn jewelry.

Sterling silver is 92.5 percent true silver; the remaining 7.5 percent is interpreted of an alloy, usually copper or zinc. Sterling silver tarnishes, this is caused by a reaction between the silver and the sulfur containing oxygen particles of the air. The following guide gives you some useful advice on keeping your sterling silver gemstone jewelry in the state you want for future generations.

Storage

Store your sterling silver jewelry in a dark, cool place away from direct sunlight or other sources of extreme heat such as radiators. A perfect place is in a jewelry box in amongst your clothes.

Sterling silver jewelry, as is the case with all fine jewelry, should be stored separately in a separate compartment in a jewelry box or in its own soft pouch. Not doing this will ever result in scratches, or even breaks if there are gemstones in the jewelry.

Never store your sterling silver jewelry in paper, cardboard, or cotton filled boxes, as these contain trace elements of sulfur. For best results, place the items in a sealed, airtight plastic bag or jeweler's sulfur-free tissue prior to boxing and wrapping.

Cleaning & Polishing

Over time, sterling silver will develop a mellow patina caused by 'Oxidization', which results in an 'Antique' look where tarnish builds up in the fine details giving your sterling silver jewelry a beautifully unique air. You may or may not appreciate this aspect; you should consider this before making any attempts at cleaning your jewelry.

The best way to reserve and encourage the tarnished 'Antique' look to sterling silver jewelry can be done by not cleaning the jewelry with water, and not wearing the jewelry in the shower or bath.

The best way to prevent tarnish is to wear your sterling silver jewelry as often as possible.

If your sterling silver does become tarnished, it is easily restored to its former glory by using warm water with a mild soap, rinsing it and then making sure to thoroughly dry it with a fine soft cloth. Soaking is discouraged.

Use a soft cloth, similar to the cloth provided with spectacles, in light even strokes for cleaning the wider surface area, and cotton buds or Q-tips in the same manner for getting in to more difficult corners.

Never use tissues or hard brushes, including toothbrushes, when cleaning or polishing your sterling silver, as they will leave scratch marks. This is especially important if there are gemstones such as pearls mounted into your jewelry.

Polishing should be done quickly, and all traces of polish should be removed afterwards. Leaving tracks of polish behind can dull the design by clogging engraved areas.

Silver pastes, treated polishing cloths or other sterling silver cleaning materials should be used under the guidance of your local jeweler, this is especially true if there are gemstones as these chemicals can destroy them.

The Dos' & Don'ts

Always take your sterling silver jewelry off before applying suntan lotion, skin creams, and swimming in chlorinated or salt water.

Never wear your jewelry when working with detergents, bleaches, ammonia or alcohols; these chemicals will cause discoloration, damage and loosen any gemstones.

Never use an ultrasonic cleaner, ammonia or any chemical solution to clean opaque gemstones, such as turquoise, malachite, onyx, lapis lazuli and opals. They are a porous stone and may absorb chemicals, which build up inside the stone and cause discoloration. Simply wipe them gently with a moist soft cloth until clean.

Rhodium Plated Sterling Silver Care

Some sterling silver jewelry is plated with rhodium; This is designed to make your jewelry tarnish resistant. Caring for rhodium-plated sterling silver jewelry requires a different approach than non-plated sterling silver jewelry.

Clean it with a soft polishing rag or fine cleaner, but never use chemical based silver cleaners because this will damage the rhodium finish and also the inlaid gemstones.

If you own antique sterling silver jewelry or rhodium plated sterling silver jewelry we recommend that you seek expert advice from your local jeweler who will be able to instruct you on the best brands of jewelry cleaning products in your area.

Copyright © SilverShake Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

How To Install Laminate Countertops

So you've found the laminate that your looking for, the pattern, design, color and price have come together and your now ready to begin your home improvement project. The project will be lengthy but the end result will be rewarding. Whatever your goal is to improve the aesthetic of you home or to increase the value home by enhancing your kitchen the project will leave you with a feeling of accomplishment.

The first step is to prepare the surface area for the laminate sheets.

  • Remove the old countertop surface
  • Sand the surface area
  • Clean the surface area
  • Use course sandpaper on surface area to prepare for contact cement
  • Apply any back laminating as needed, this will reduce moisture that will get into the countertop

Note *

Removing adhesives, paint and varnishes is key to getting the professional result your looking for.

The second step is to prepare the laminate sheets.

  • Measure the surface area to determine the size and shape needed.
  • We recommend using a utility knife or fine-tooth backsaw to cut out your laminate sheets. (You can also use a circular saw, backsaw or saber saw.)

a. Give yourself room for error a few centimeters to ensure the laminate fits, you can trim the sheets later to ensure you get the right fit.

b. Technique for cutting the sheets is to cut on the design side and at a low angle.

The third step is to set up the surface area and laminate sheets for placement.

Experts recommend using contact cement to bond laminate to your surface. (Epoxy adhesives will also work as a bonding agent.)

  • Using a paintbrush apply a coat of contact cement to the surface you wish to apply the laminate to.
  • Apply a smooth coat of contact cement onto the back of the laminate sheets.
  • Read the directions on the contact cement for drying allow it to dry for the recommended time.

a. Be careful not to allow the cement to dry to long this can decrease the bonding strength.

b. A good rule of thumb is just that if the contact feels dry to the touch it is probably ready.
Note *
You may need an additional contact cement coat for the trim to the countertop edges.

The fourth step is placement of the laminate sheets onto the surface area.

This must be done very carefully. The bonding strength of contact cement is between 50-70% at first contact. So positioning the laminate sheets perfectly before they do contact is a must. You can do this by using strips of wood, dowel rods or wrapping paper.

  • Place strips of wood or dowel rods roughly a foot apart adjust if laying a larger laminate sheet. Or place wrapping paper over the surface area. (This step is not needed when placing laminate sheets onto vertical surface.)
  • Place laminate sheets onto surface area, once the placement is perfect then remove strips of wood, dowel rod or wrapping paper.
  • Use a roller to go over the entire surface, make sure that the plastic laminate is sealed tightly to the surface area this will also help ensure any air pockets are removed. For this task you can also use a wooden block or mallet, it's recommended to start from the center and work out using these tools.
  • If you need to make a seam place the larger laminate sheet over the smaller sheet. Cut through the sheets cleanly at the exact point that they overlap then remove the excess laminate.

The fifth step is placement of laminate sheets onto the edges.

  • Measure edges and cut out laminate sheets accordingly. Remember to cut sheets out with a few extra centimeters to ensure they cover the surface you can trim and customize the sheets later.
  • Apply two coats of contact cement onto surface edge.
  • Apply one coat of contact cement on to plastic laminate strips.
  • Allow the contact cement to dry for the recommended time provided by product instructions.
  • Carefully place laminate sheets aligning the sheet perfectly to the top of the counters edge.

Go slowly and press firmly to ensure the sheet is sealed to the surface at all points.

The sixth and last step touch up and clean your new countertop.

  • Allow the contact cement to fully dry.
  • Trim off any excess laminate on the edges using a router with a special blade for laminate, you can use a file if the excess is small. Be careful and go slowly when cutting the excess laminate, a slight miscalculation could crack the laminate sheets.
  • Clean any excess contact cement using a special solvent, if you do not have the solvent you can also use nail polish to remove it.

Lumber Dimensions – What You See is Not What You Get (Exactly)

It seems like buying lumber should be one of the easier steps in building a project. But if you're not familiar with lumber dimensions, you'll soon discover that what you see is not exactly what you get. Most boards measure somewhat smaller than the dimensions posted on the shelf. To understand what's happening here, we first need to make an important distinction between lumber dimensions for softwood, and lumber dimensions for hardwood.

Softwood Lumber Dimensions

Most of the lumber you see at home improvement centers is made of softwood – like pine, spruce, and fir. Softwood is marked and sold in "nominal" dimensions – a somewhat misleading number that is larger than the actual size of the board. The nominal size describes the size of the board when it first arrived at the lumber mill. However, before being shipped out, both the width and the thickness is shaved off by as much as 3/4 of an inch. Here are some of the more common lumber dimensions for softwood:

Lumber Dimensions – 1x Nominal

These boards lose 1/4 inch in thickness and 1/2 inch in width before leaving the mill. That means a 1 x 4 board is actually 3/4 inches by 3 1/2 inches.

Lumber Dimensions – 2x Nominal

These boards lose 1/2 inch in thickness and 1/2 inch in width before leaving the mill. That means a 2 x 4 board is actually 1-1 / 2 inches by 3-1 / 2 inches. You'll find a couple of variations from this basic formula across different sizes of softwood, so be sure to check a lumber dimensions chart for the complete list of board sizes.

Buying Hardwood

Hardwood follows a completely different set of rules for determining the size of a board. Unlike pine and spruce, hardwood is often sold in random widths, thicknesses, and lengths. Why? Hardwood is much too valuable to chop up into uniform pieces. This creates too much waste. Instead, lumber mills use as much of the hardwood tree as possible, which produces boards in a variety of shapes and sizes. Since no two hardwood boards are exactly the same, prices are based on a unit of measurement called "board feet" – a more accurate way of estimating how much wood is in a particular board.

The basic formula for estimating board feet is to multiply Thickness x Width x Length – and then divide that number by 144 (which gives you the total board feet). Of course, buying rough hardwood lumber in this fashion leaves plenty of work for you in the shop – like ripping, crosscutting, and planning all the boards before you even start the project. Most woodworkers prefer this approach, though. It lets them decide exactly where on the board they want to cut the individual project pieces, paying special attention to the location of knots, interesting grain patterns, and colors.

Choosing Between Timber Or Steel Frames and Trusses

When choosing between timber or steel frames and trusses for your kit home, there are several considerations to keep in mind. These considerations involve many factors such as the location of your kit home, the exposure to certain environmental and climatic conditions, and your budget. But whether you choose timber or steel, you can be assured you are buying a quality home to meet your family needs.

Do not Pester Me

Choosing between timber or steel frames sometimes comes down to considering the pests where you will be building. Termite damage in Australian homes costs home owners millions of dollars every year in repairs. A steel framed and trussed kit home provides extra protection against termites. There's not a termite in the world that can eat its way through steel! If you live in an area with termites, steel is the best choice for your home construction.

It should be stated that the framing for wood and steel is very similar. The differences are quite few. Steel does not have to settle like wood. That means steel framing is ideal for locations where there is a lot of moisture. Unlike wood, steel will not expand and contract when exposed to different moisture depths in the air. Although the wood used in kit homes is of high quality and always properly treated and sealed, wood is sensitive to moisture. A steel frame never has the possibility of warping, shrinking, splitting or twisting due to moisture.

I Can Handle That

Many people choose to build their own kit homes in order to reduce labor costs. Steel frames are already punch holed, weigh less and do not need to be chemically treated like wood. Owners who decide to build their own kit homes find these features important, because they make the job simpler all around.

One of the big advantages of steel construction is the fact steel beams are not as heavy as wood timbers. Yet steel is stronger than wood even though it weighs less. When you live in an area with high winds, steel framing and trusses provide extra protection against the weather.

Steel is also recommended for areas which are subject to frequent wild fires or are built in areas where the fire threat is high. A wood home is much more likely to catch on fire quickly, and once on fire, the damage is intensive. Steel framed home are better able to withstand fire threats and will sustain less damage than wood framed homes.

Another reason why steel frames and trusses may be desirable over wood in a particular home is the fact steel can span a longer distance than wood. When you custom design your home as an open floor plan, you may need to choose steel over wood to meet construction standards.

Do not Forget Wood

Complete all the advantages of using steel for framing and trusses, houses built with wood have pluses also. Wood costs less than steel so when termites or extreme weather are not problems, wood is a good choice. Wood is a versatile material for construction purposes also. You can easily adapt design any floor plan or house style using wood.

Choosing between timber or steel frames and trusses for your kit home requires an assessment of the environmental features of the area in which you will be building. But the one thing you can be sure of ….. the steel and wood kit home will be well built and enduring.

Mind Power Seduction Techniques – 2 Tips to Seduce & Attract Girls

Before I go into detail about the seduction techniques, I would first like to explain why they work (other than the fact they are time tested). A woman's mentality is completely different from a males perspective. They look at life and situations through how they feel, not their rational thought. Now all people do this to an ample but woman are hardwired by them, it is their ruling emotion.

1 * The First Mind Power Seduction Technique is called Fractionation, also known as Positive-Negative Theory

The basis for this seduction technique to attract girls is as you might have guessed, saying something extremely positive immediately followed by something negative in conversation. This will subconsciously create an emotional roller coaster for the woman. Assuming that you are able to hold a conversation, this technique is one of the most effective.

For Example, If you are trying to seduce and attract woman or just that special girl.

"Do you remember that time when your best friend was next to you, and it makes you feel tremendously happy, you feel important, loved, appreciated. then one day my friend got sick and died almost immediately. (Pause) She was gone. "

Now, obviously that is a very extreme example, but that is the basis for that seduction technique, which works like gangbusters.

2 * The Second Mind Power Seduction Technique is called Strawberry Fields (Replace with fruit of your choosing …)

This tactic is to be used only when you have built up sufficient rapport with the woman. At this point you will be able to seduce and attract her easily using this tactic.

"Imagine that you are standing at the gate to a strawberry field. You look in and see ripe and delicious strawberries.

(Yes)

"How high are the gates surrounding the field?"

(This answer will generally determine her mindset towards sex, higher the gate, the higher her guard)
"Imagine you are inside the field, how many strawberries would you pick and eat?"

(This answer will determine how many sex partners she desires)

"After you finished eating the strawberries, you realized you were observed from a farmer from afar, how do you feel about him?"

(Her response will show how she feels about her partner after sex)

This strong subconscious stimuli will compare her mindset to something pleasurable and give you a better understanding of her sexual attraction.

Again, I would like to stress to use this techniques with extreme caution. Remember, just focus on making the woman feel pleasant and all of your dreams to attract and seduce woman will come true.

Hamsters Will Rule the World

Is the end nigh? How will the world end? Are we all doomed? Ever since the dawn of time, we have been fascinated by the end of the world. Giant flaming meteorites seems to be the most common theory, but i think the answer lies where we do not expect. I think it lies with hamsters. Yes, those cute little fluff balls that some of us keep as pets. Sniffling away, going 'eek'. Or are they?

When you are sleep, the hamsters head under the earths surface, into a giant lair. Full of them, debating the end of the world. Or rather, how they will ever take over the world. You see, I have a strong belief that they are engineering a super-hamster in the dark depths of the earths crust. Building super-hamsters that will one day crush us, and conquer the world.

Of course, people are not going to be scared of these little creatures, trying to nibble off their small toe. They are clearer than you think. These super hamsters are in actual fact over 10 feet high, with huge sharp teeth, a viscous streak that dwarfs the killer rabbit from the holy grail, and a really mean attitude that even a super hamster can not get elected of the united states.

Lock down the hatches, secure the windows, bolt the doors, the hamsters are going to get us soon.

You see, when the time is right, these super hamsters will rise up out of the ground, laser eyes vaporizing people, giant knife like claws tearing up cars and buildings. Once everyone has turned into classic horrific b-movie victims, its then the real terror will begin. The rest of the hamster army will scurry from their lairs, forcing the human population into the oceans, where the cycle of evolution will begin again. The hamsters shall rule the earth.

Home Renovations: Laying Carpet on Stairs

Due to the frequent changes in elevation, it is harder to lay carpet stairs, than, say, your hallway. But do not let that put you off; if you have successfully rented other rooms, then why not the stairs?

Stairs can be carpeted with fitted carpet, on what's known as a runner – a strip of carpet.

Fitting runners to stairs

A woven carpet runner also enables the carpet to be moved occasionally to equalise wear. Old-fashioned stair rods with side clips might be used to hold a runner in place and form part of the stair decor, but it is now a lot more usual to use gripper strips. Unique pin-less grippers are offered for use with foam-backed carpets; the carpet is held in tight jaws. The wooden strips are utilized in pairs, one behind the tread, and one at the bottom of the riser, or you may get a metal version that's already formed into a right angle.

Cut the strips to length, this is crucial: 38mm shorter than the width of the carpet utilizing tin-snips or secateurs for wooden strips, or a hacksaw for the metal type. Nail them into place, omitting the bottom riser. The gap between each pair of wood strips should be just enough to squeeze the carpet down into. Cut the underlay to fit between the rods and tack close to the rods, omitting the bottom tread. No underlay is needed with foam-backed carpet.

Carpeting the bottom step

With a runner, an extra length of carpet is included so that it can be moved up to even out the wear taken on the treads: this is folded under the bottom step. The pile needs to run down the stairs to stop uneven shading and promote longer wear. Begin at the bottom of the stairs. Tack the end of the carpet face-down to the bottom tread, at the back close to the gripper. Lay it down over the tread to the bottom of the last riser, fold it back and tack the fold to the riser and tread. Run the carpet up the stairs, pulling it over the gripper rods and pushing it down between them with a bolster. It should join the landing carpet at the top of the last riser. If there is no carpet on the landing take the stair runner over the top of the final riser, turn under the edge and tack down.

Fitting carpet to the stairs

The fixings for a fitted stair carpet are as for a runner. The additional length of woven carpet is not needed at the bottom, though an underlay will need to be fitted to all of the steps. The gripper rods really should be the full width of the stairs. Fit the carpet from the top of the flight. The landing carpet will need to overlap on to the stairs and down to the bottom of the uppermost riser. The stair carpet should then be stretched over the gripper rods as usual and pushed down between them. Additionally, it will have to be trimmed to fit at the edges. No fixings are required at the edges.

Carpeting spiral stairs

Where the stairs go round a bend, gripper rods can not be used in the usual way. The carpet may be cut or folded to fit the turn.

Woven carpet: Fit the gripper rods just to the treads on winding stairs. Fold the spare carpet, with the fold falling down, and tack it to the bottom of the riser at 75mm intervals. Lay the carpet on top of next rod up and repeat the folding and tracking procedure.

Foam-backed carpet: Omit the pin-less rods altogether on spiral stairs. Tack the carpet to the tread, preferably at the back so that the tacks are not too obvious. Fold down the surplus and tack neatly on the underside of the riser.

A Review Of The Parvis Condominium In Holland Hill, Singapore

The Parvis condominium is located in the District 10 of the Holland Hill. With about 248 units and 12 storeys tall, you sure would be glad to wake in the morning looking at your window and seeing the best of the Holland Hill. The fact is, owning a condo is a whole lot easier than owning a house because you only have to decorate the interiors of your unit and then enjoy the common areas and amenities of the property.

If having shared walls won’t be a disadvantage to you, you will find yourself lucky as the exterior and common area repairs won’t be solely your responsibility. You can visit the Parvis Condo in 12 – 18 Holland Hill. The Developer is the Calne Pte Ltd. This freehold property is very safe and secure. You can just leave and go for a vacation or business trip anytime you want. The security features of the condo make it less desirable for strange people to thoughtfully mess them up.

The concept of a premium lifestyle has been exhibited by its interior and exterior designs, amenities, and utilities. Living comfortably on a tight budget is possible in the Parvis condo. To bring comfort in all that you do, you just need to live in a unit that already provides the kind of lifestyle you want. Also, the convenience stores and supermarkets are just a short walk away from the condo. This means never spending on gas in your life when there is a need to go to the grocery. The condo is located near:

  • Holland village
  • Commonwealth MRT station
  • Farrer road MRT station

Are you ready to view this place? The Parvis condo has an excellent layout in a fulfilling lifestyle. Remind your real estate agent to let you see the pool where you can sit and sip your drink and just relax for the evening. The facilities in Parvis Condo include:

  • Lap pool
  • Jacuzzi
  • Steam bath
  • Clubhouse
  • Gym
  • Multipurpose hall
  • BBQ pits playground
  • Fitness station
  • Tennis court

Just in case you want to know the area and the number of bedrooms, you can buy to as many as 4 bedrooms with a spacious 2,600 sq ft. The building comes with a 273 lots underground park.

• 2-Bedroom (51 units): 990 – 1,440 sq ft

• 3-Bedroom (100 units): 1,700 – 2,260 sq ft

• 4-Bedroom (76 units): 1990 – 2,600 sq ft

• Penthouse (21 units): 2,300 – 3,230 sq ft

What is so cool about this condo? The 4 bedroom unit comes with a private lift that opens into the foyer. The common lift is accessible through the kitchen back door.

Why buy a condo instead of a house and lot?

There is only one thing that comes into my mind – the amenities. The facilities and the amenities offered by condominiums are outstanding and you can only get this or maybe near to it if you are rich and earning a few thousand dollars in a month. You don’t have to worry about club memberships anymore as you would automatically become a member if you are an owner of a condo unit.

Low Dose Birth Control Pills

Reducing the side effects of birth control pills (cheers in the gallery!) led to the reduction of the amount of synthetic hormones, estrogen and progestin, that they contained and to the development of the ‘new generation’, low dose birth control pills. “Low dose’ won’t have much meaning for you if you don’t know what this term refers to so the basic information below may help.

So How Low can I go with the dose of hormone ingredients to still be effective at preventing pregnancy?

Good question, as not all birth control pills contain exactly the same amount of estrogen and progestin. I thought a useful reference for you would be a list of low dose and ultra low dose pills so that you can at least discuss the pros and cons with your doctor and see if you are a good candidate to move from say, a low dose 0.035mg estrogen pill down to an ultra low dose 0.020mg estrogen pill. You may find you experience fewer or reduced side effects. Generic brands in low dose birth control pills are also available.

Birth control pills with the very lowest amount of estrogen, that is 0.02mg of estrogen (usually ethinyl estradiol) are classed as ‘ultra low dose’ contraceptive pills. 0.020mg of estrogen is sufficient for contraception but the side effects of spotting and breakthrough bleeding are more common with these types of ultra low dose birth control pills than with low dose pills containing 0.030mg or 0.035mg of estrogen.

Here are some brand names of the “ultra low dose” birth control pills on the market , you may find a generic version on line now that you know what amount of estrogen to look for. The estrogen component is listed first and the progestin component second.

  • Alesse (Aviane,Lessina,Lutera,Sronyx) contains 0.02 mg ethinyl estradiol and 0.1 mg levonorgestrel
  • Mircette contains 0.02 mg ethinyl estradiol and 0.15 mg desogestrel

Pills containing 0.02mg- 0.035mg.of estrogen are classed as ‘low dose’ pills. Here are some brand names of “low dose” birth control pills :

  • LoOvral contains 0.03 mg ethinyl estradiol and and 0.3 mg nogestrel
  • Nordette contains 0.03 mg ethinyl estradiol and 0.15 mg levognorgestrel
  • Ortho-Cept (Reclipsen, Solia) contains 0.03 mg ethinyl estradiol and 0.15 mg desogestrel
  • Desogen contains 0.03 mg ethinyl estradiol and 0.15 mg desogestrel
  • Levlen21 contains 0.03 mg of ethinyl estradiol and 0.15 mg of levonorgestrel
  • Seasonale/Seasonique contain 0.03mg of ethinyl estradiol and 0.15 mg of levonorgestrel

If you are a fan of triphasic pills, here are some low dose ones: Cyclessa

Phase 1: ethinyl estradiol 0.025 mg and desogestrel 0.1 mg

Phase 2: ethinyl estradiol 0.025 mg and desogestrel 0.125 mg

Phase 3: ethinyl estradiol 0.025 mg and desogestrel 0.15 mg

In a study of 5,654 women, over six menstrual cycles, some used the popular triphasic Ortho-Novum 7/7/7 and others used Cyclessa. It was found that women who used Cyclessa had significantly less breakthrough bleeding or spotting and experienced an average weight loss of 4lbs. versus an average weight gain of 2lbs. with those who took Ortho-Novum 7/7/7.

Ortho Tricyclen Lo : 3 types of pill in the pack

  • each white tablet contains 0.025 mg ethinyl estradiol and 0.180 mg of norgestimate
  • each light blue tablet contains 0.025 mg of ethinyl estradiol and 0.215 mg norgestimate
  • each dark blue tablet contains 0.025 mg of ethinyl estradiol and 0.250 mg of norgestimate

(Ortho Tricyclen and Ortho-Cyclen, each with 0.035 mg of ethinyl estradiol, contain slightly higher amounts of estrogen in each type of pill than Ortho Tricyclen Lo)

YASMIN and YAZ are two more low dose birth control pills containing 0.03 mg and 0.02 mg respectively

of estrogen but they have a different type of progestin from the other pills called drospirenone (3.0 mg). On the down side, since Yasmin/Yaz can increase levels of potassium, it is not recommended for women with liver, adrenal or kidney problems but on the up side, Yasmin/Yaz appear to reduce water retention and therefore bloating and in some women gives a sense of well being. These pills also have a following among acne sufferers as they seem to improve this skin condition in a lot of cases.As with many other types of birth control pills, Yasmin may not be suitable for you if you also take other over-the-counter pain relievers, potassium sparing diuretics, potassium supplements or specific medications so you MUST check this out with a physician first.

Nursing Moms

You will have heard of the ‘mini’ pill (progestin only pill or POP) which is usually prescribed for women who are breastfeeding or who have an intolerance to estrogen. A ‘Mini pill’ can be started immediately after childbirth or abortion. There is no 7-day break or dummy pills as there are with the combined pill and it must be taken at the same time every day. Micronor contains 0.35 mg norethindrone and NO estrogen whatsoever. In other countries some brand names include: Microlut 28, Microval 28, Locilan 28 and Noriday.

Pills that contain high amounts of estrogen or progestin are used for emergency contraception and are known as ‘the morning after pill’ or Plan B. One common pill is Preven -each blue film-coated pill contains 0.25 mg levonorgestrel and 0.05 mg (that’s MILLIGRAMS not micrograms) of estrogen – usually you take 2 doses, 12 hours apart. Plan B is a ‘morning-after’ pill that contains only one hormone, progestin (Levonorgestrel) Tablets, 0.75 mg.

Cotton Rugs – Why Prefer Them to Other Materials?

When you are tired of wearing warm socks and slippers around the house all day to keep you warm, you start to think about getting some carpeting. There are countless number of different materials you can choose from, some have synthetic fibers some are natural. Cotton rugs are as natural as it gets. Most cotton rugs that are sold in stores and online are made in India or China. They are very eco-friendly and are usually dyed with organic dyes and there are no chemicals used in the process of making them. Here is why you should prefer them:

  1. Cotton is the most environmentally friendly and totally natural material. Using cotton rugs is another step towards protecting our planet.
  2. These rugs are good for people who have allergies to wool or synthetic carpets. Also cotton does not trigger any allergies to different chemicals like some other materials do.
  3. It feels nice to walk on it barefoot or sit down around the fireplace on a cold winter night. Sometimes cotton is mixed with wool to make the rug softer and you feet feeling nicer.
  4. Cotton rugs are very easy to clean. You can just put it in your washer with other clothes and dry it at a low temperature to prevent shrinking. If there is a tag on the rug, clean it according to the instructions on the tag.
  5. These carpets come in many different styles and most of them are very colorful. They look especially good in kids rooms.
  6. Rugs that are made of cotton are one of the most affordable carpets. You can even make them yourself of old t-shirts or sweatpants.

Compound Exercises Without Weights – Let Me Show You How to Succeed Without a Gym

COMPOUND EXERCISES WITHOUT WEIGHTS – IT CAN WORK FOR YOU

Do you want to use a proven method that's guaranteed to add quality muscle mass to your frame while bulking you up safely, without the strength imbalances that can sabotage carelessly-constructed strength training programs?

Of course you do. You want to use compound exercises.

If you eat enough food to gain weight while using compound movements, you will build muscle and create a spectacular, powerful body that's operating at peak efficiency.

COMPOUND EXERCISES WITHOUT WEIGHTS – NO GYM REQUIRED

No well-equipped gym? No problem.

Every good strength training program uses three main types of exercises: push , pull , and squat . You can easily get the benefits of these proven exercise variations without any equipment.

Push exercises are those in which you push away from your body. Movements like push-ups (press-ups), overhead presses, and dips are all pushing movements.

Pulling exercises are those which force you to pull toward your body. Pull-ups, rowing moves, and their variations are all pulling movements.

Squats comprise many movements which all have as their unifying concept the act of straightening a bent leg against resistance. The normal 2-legged squat is the most obvious example, but lunges and step-ups also fit into the squat category.

So, if you pick two exercises from each group – squat, pull , and push , you can get a full-body compound workout that strengthens your body as a unit.

COMPOUND EXERCISES WITHOUT WEIGHTS – SAMPLE FULL-BODY WORKOUT

You always want to start with squats, since they require the most energy. Then alternate a push movement and a pull movement. After completing each category of movement, repeat the squat, push, pull group again, using a different, easier set of exercises.

1 Lunges
2 Chin-ups
3 Divebomber Push-Ups
4 Squats
5 Jumping Pull-Ups
6 Regular Push-Ups

There you have it! A full-body compound workout without any weights required. Some of you are probably shouting " Wait! What about arms? " That's the beauty of compound movements: you can work your "small" body parts while also hitting the more massive parts like chest and back. Without you work your body as a single unit, you will never develop the sort of size that's possible with a full-body compound workout.

Of course, if you add a set of dumbbells, you can add many more movements to your full-body workout. You'll find it easier to perform overhead presses and rows, but it is not necessary for beginners or anyone who wants to keep in shape to use weights. Bodyweight exercises are great, especially compared to doing nothing!

Matchbox's Stinky the Garbage Truck – An Awesome Children's Toy!

Meet Matchbox Stinky the Garbage Truck! He's the hot new addition to the Big Rig Buddies interactive toy line this year.

Geared for children 3 years and up, they will fall in love with his feisty personality and silly antics. This Matchbox Garbage Truck has over ninety clever phrases and sounds that children listened to while they play. His parts are oversized and it is easy to manipulate his cab, body and wheels into different positions.

Stinky can be played with like any normal toy when turned off. When turned on he has 5 interactive modes of play. There are a few sensors located in the smokestack, rear door and the bottom of the truck that when triggered make Stinky speak. When he's pushed or pulled, it triggers his head-like cab to turn and the lights blink!

Stinky gets hungry! His mouth is the grille on the front of the cab. Feed Stinky little toys and then watch him dump them out. Children can also drop small items in the top compartment, pull on the smoke stack and Stinky will discharge them out of the back end. He makes a cute sound and says "Excuse Me." Children will have fun for hours from this goofy antics.

Stinky the Garbage Truck can perform! Push or pull his smoke stack and he will dance and sing. He can stand up on his back two wheels and sing a silly song.

This toy will save on the batteries by shutting itself off and going into sleep mode when left untouched for a period of time.

Here's what is included with Stinky the Garbage Truck:

– Matchbox Big Rig Buddies DVD – this DVD features Stinky and the Big Rig Buddies gang in 2 exciting adventures that impress the virtues of friendship, teamwork and heroism.

– 4 C batteries- these are just for demonstration so you can see what he says and does. Be sure to pick up extra batteries.

– Tough and durable frame. He can take the rough and tumble play from the 3+ age group.

– Interactive play- Stinky is a cool buddy that tells jokes, talks, eats, sings and even exercises!

– He loves to gobble garbage.

– Stinky is an indoor toy. Water, sand and dirt can cause malfunctions in the sensors, so keep him out of the sandbox.

Stinky is a lovable, fun and safe interactive toy. This is expected to be a hot toy for 2010 so avoid the hassle and order as soon as possible. It is a durable, tough toy with a lovable personality. You can be assured that your child will love Matchbox Stinky the Garbage Truck. The bonus DVD is an awesome addition that all kids will enjoy!