What Makes A Tribal Tattoo Design Distinctive?

Tribal tattoos are extremely popular, but the truth is that the term covers a wide range of designs. Their origins, as the name suggests, can be seen in artwork and tattoos of tribes from the past. However, nowadays tribal tats have taken on their own distinctive look in the Western world.

Defining Characteristics of Tribal Tattoos

Tribal designs are generally bold, black lines that are formed in a number of different abstract shapes. They are made of various symbols depending on the tastes of the wearer, and some symbols may carry a deeper spiritual meaning than others. But there are no rules – tribal tats may also be colored or feature detailed shading: they’re no longer limited to black.

Types of Tribal Tat Designs

Aside from the more modern designs described above, you may also see the following types of design:

Celtic Tattoos: Celtic tattoo designs may be considered tribal in their own right, though many of the traditional bold tribal tattoos are now incorporating elements of Celtic artwork, such as detailed knots.

Historic Tribal Designs: Modern tribal designs may have their history in real life tribes of the past, but the artwork has certainly changed. Historic tribal tat designs will actually be based on a specific tribe, such as the Aztec or Maori people. These may look completely different from the tribal tattoos of today. Many people choose these kind of tattoos to represent a close bond they may share with that particular tribe.

Other Images: In themselves, tribal designs are abstract. However, they are now being used as a creative way to fill in the body of more recognizable images, such as those of animals, stars and so on.

The truth is that inspiration for tribal tattoos can come from anywhere. Whether you want to show off your cultural roots by replicating a type of tribal tat from the past, or simply prefer the bold statement that a modern tribal designs can make, more and more tattoo artists are now specializing in this kind of tattoo design.

Pilates Can Help PMS Symptoms

If you suffer from PMS (pre-Menstrual syndrome) then please be aware that you can find relief through the regular practice of Pilates. There are also other ways that you can reduce the systems such as introducing lifestyle changes, eating a healthy diet and practicing regular exercise. In this article I'm going to share with you some of the ways that you can use Pilates to reduce symptoms.

PMS is estimated to affect between 75% and 80% of all menstruating women. Symptoms are varied but can include back pain, mood swings, headaches and breast tenderness. It is thought that fluctuating hormones cause the symptoms. Let's look at each symptom and how Pilates can help.

Back pain. Practicing some form of exercise for 30 to 40 minutes on 3 to 5 days a week can not only keep our bodies fit, but it can keep muscles stretched and strengthened. One of the benefits of Pilates is that the spinal is mobilized during the exercises and this can give relief to tight back muscles and the nerves that get affected by uterine contractions.

Discomfort in the stomach area and menstrual cramps can be eased by laying on your back with the knees lifted and bent. Breathe in and as you breath out, then lift the hips from the floor. Be sure to curl through your spell, breathe in again at the peak of the movement and then breath out as you come back down, with one vertebrae at a time.

The cat stretch is another move that will help to ease the back. Go on all fours then curl up the back into an arch, just like a cat. Inhale and exhale with each movement. Each breath will massage your internal organs and the back stretch will release tension around the spine.

End with the child pose. Sit with your hips on your heels and stretch your arms out forward as you go forward bending your back. Do this for as long as you like.

Menstrual cramps. Any exercise that works the abs can help with menstrual cramps. Exercising with deep breathing can produce endorphins that will not only help to ease the pain, but it will leave you with a sense of well-being.

The side hip extension can be of great benefit. To do this you need to lie on your right side. Put your right hand benefit your head with the weight of your head on your arm. Now position your legs straight and to the front of you at 30 degrees. Now lift your left leg, bring it forward and point your toe, then push it back for a count of two. Keep your torso and hips in the same position as you repeat this for up to ten times. Then work on the other side.

Pilates can do a lot for the PMS sufferer. Remember that keeping to a healthy diet can do a lot of good too. Avoid white flour, refined sugar and keep dairy product intake low. Fill your meals with fresh vegetables, salads and fresh fruit to keep your immune system and your hormones at their peak. Pilates is a powerful medicine and by practicing it regularly and consistently, you can alleviate some of the symptoms of PMS if not all.

Stop by my store to view Pilates DVDs that can help with PMS symptoms.

Building Projects With Treated Wood

Building with treated wood and the idea that this project will last forever because of the wood you used is not necessarily true. Over the years I have seen contractors and homeowners use treated wood for projects like building decks with this idea in mind.

I just met with a homeowner that was asking me about vinyl fencing. The homeowner approached me with some facts about vinyl fencing. She started to explain to me how long a vinyl fence would last cases a wood fence. I reminded her that the vinyl posts typically slip over metal or wood building materials.

She proceeded to inform me that treated wood will last a lot longer than wood used when building a wooden fence. It took me a while to change her mind and reprogram her with a few picture this from my website. I know this is hard to imagine but wood rots and steel rust.

All you end up with is a vinyl fence that is in pretty good shape if taken care of properly laying down in your yard with broken or rusted fence posts.

Do you know that some people use treated wood for countertops and food preparation areas when building certain projects like an outdoor barbecue? Do you know people build outdoor furniture with treated wood and then sit in it with a chance of toxic chemicals entering into your body? This is where Redwood comes in as a natural building product or other nice looking woods. Redwood is classified as a softwood and if used for a countertop and a barbecue kitchen area you will have to protect it from heavy pans and people using the countertop for a cutting board.

Do not use treated wood for a projects that will be used for food preparation later.

It's a good idea to wash your hands after handling treated lumber. It's a really good idea to wash your hands after using treated lumber if you are going to eat something or make something for another person or yourself.

For all the homeowners and building contractors that use treated wood and bury it in dirt. Or build a low lying deck right above the ground I would like to share something with you. I have been repairing and replacing your work for over 30 years now. You guys keep me busy and I want to thank you for all the years you guys have been in business.

I still can not believe the amount of work I see being done using treated wood with the illusion that it will last longer than regular construction standard wood. I do not know how else to put it except to say treated wood will rot fast in the right conditions.

Treated wood does need to be protected from rain, snow, heat and other elements of the weather. It can not sit in the dirt or lay in water for long periods of time without slowly disintegrating. Oh yeah one more thing termites will eat sections of the wood that is not completely treated.

Use treated wood properly when building and inform other people about some of the stuff you learned in this article. Reread this article later and save it for the future.

5 Ways To Build A Health Care Brand That Calls To Moms

In order to build a healthcare brand in this day and age, medical professionals have had to undergo a massive realignment to the way they do business. The old business model no longer works, and in order to survive the business of medicine, medicine has had to evolve with the changing times.

However, one thing that medical professionals have always had to do is make the right connection with their customer / patient. When it comes to appealing to mothers, the medical profession has been keenly aware of how important this segment of the population is to medicine. In terms of building a nursing health brand, moms are at the top of the list when it comes to building a brand that also grows. Ways to appeal to mothers include the following:

Base Your Approach with Kids in Mind – Today's family dynamic is different than in years past. Children are being given a chance to be influential in the decisions that surround their lives. A healthcare brand that keeps kids in the loop and a major focus stands a greater chance of being seen as evolved and patient-centric.

Be Mindful of Your Online Presence – The modern parent tends to be tuned in to their technology now more than ever. Any healthcare brand that wants to succeed with moms these days needs to be able to appeal to this "techie" side of things and have a solid website & social media presence. By being able to digest patient reviews, a list of services and amenities, and even make appointments online, a healthcare brand becomes accessible to the go-go mom of today in a way that was not possible just a few years ago.

Better Communication via 21st Century Means – At one point in time, a phone call with a human on the other end of the line was all we wanted in terms of customer service. Today, though, more and more moms are skewing toward engaging with their doctor in ways that are more personable while still maintaining use of the technology with which they are comfortable. Being able to send emails directly to their doctor can be appealing. Offices that send out messages regarding scheduling changes through social media (brand-specific Twitter and Facebook accounts) ties into activities that can engage the modern mom.

Better Rapport with Patients – Believe it or not, even the modern mom appreciates a good bedside manner. More often than not, medical professionals are seen as somewhat removed, rushed due to over-scheduling, and distanced from their patients with many complaining that their attending physician does not even look them in the eye during a visit. By taking the time to address scheduling issues & addressing the in-house staff on better interpersonal skills, a healthcare brand stands to win because word-of-mouth references are the gold standard of a business establishing itself in the community.

Keep It Simple – Sometimes the simplest approach is the best. Yes, a nice website & organized social media presence can be beneficial, but be sure the information you present is easy to digest. Certainly appealing to the modern parent that wants a fully online experience, but never shy away from the parent that still wanted to hear the calming effect of a human voice on the line. It can be easy to create a healthcare brand that is shiny and technologically fitted for the foreseeable future, but medicine is about people.

In the end, a successful healthcare brand is one that appeals to more than just moms; it appeals to the community at large. Success includes an evolved view at how society has changed while always maintaining a foothold on the purpose of medicine – to heal.

Meaning of a Tribal Dragon Tattoo

For years we have seen the popularity of a tribal dragon tattoo grow and it does not look like slowing down either. Dragons are mythical creatures that can have many different meanings, depending on which dragon you decide for your tattoo. Being a mythical creature gives the tattoo artists a wide range to work with when designing your tattoo and it also gives people the opportunity to have a unique tattoo, increasing their popularity dramatically. A tribal dragon tattoo is very often associated with strength and power, which has made it very dominant in the art of tribal tattoos.

The more common tribal dragon tattoos are of the eastern, the western and the imperial dragons. The meaning of an eastern dragon is the nicest of all, they represent kindheartedness, good fortune and they are believed to be a protector. While the meaning of a western dragon is quite the opposite, being seen as an evil, greedy, fire breathing creature. Neither the western nor the eastern dragon have wings, the only one believed to have had wings is the imperial dragon or lung. The meaning of an imperial dragon is quite unique, it believed to have unrivaled wisdom and power which has made it the primary of the four benevolent spiritual animals in Chinese culture. The other 3 of the 4 benevolent creatures are the phoenix, the unicorn and the tortoise.

So, if you're thinking about getting a tribal dragon tattoo, it's a good idea to take these meanings into consideration. Whatever you see yourself as being kindhearted and a protector, as wise and powerful or a little more on the evil side, there are tribal dragon tattoo ideas and meanings for everyone.

Instructions To Preserve Redwood Outdoor Furniture

Good preservation techniques for outdoor wooden furniture add extra life to them. Unlike metal-bodied exterior furniture, wood exterior furniture tend to be sensitive to humidity, sunlight and cold weather. Manufacturers of them recommend their owners should bring them indoors during winter months and cover them lest they should sag, twist and decay ever.

But, if anyone owns redwood outdoor furniture, such as wooden tables, picnic tables, etc., they do not worry a bit, because the internal properties of the redwood logs are far better than other popular logs. Redwood exterior furniture qualifies to outlast metal-bodied outdoor furniture in every way.

They can last for decades in year-round weather without maintenance too. Such furniture generally lasts for ten to forty years, even under harsh year-round outdoor conditions. Here, one thing that matters most is wherever you have chosen quality redwood. Being outside through years is no doubt rough on any wood's finish. Their surface may absorb ultra-violet rays, pollution, and get affected due to the constant changes in temperature and moisture. They may also oxidize.

For this reason, most wood furniture other than redwood types just does not hold up and the surface color slowly changes towards silver patina. This even leads their finish to fade extremely. But, redwood outdoor furniture owners who have furniture like park benches, garden benches, picnic tables, garden swing, kids' swing, etc. do not need to worry about weather effects. Nor do they require replacing their sets when they are made of redwood.

Despite the fact that redwood outdoor furniture severely requires stringent caring, owners of them insist on following some regular types of preservation techniques. Here are a few instructions that can help reserve the wood finish.

Instruction # 1:

The first and foremost thing that you need to keep in mind is start out with the best quality outdoor woods. Not all their varieties are made for the wear and tear of the outdoor weather. Pine, teak, oak, etc., for example, are simply not made to handle the elements. But, redwood, cedar, etc. are dependable and recommended for their natural ability to repel bugs, moisture. They are excellent wood varieties for outdoor use.

Instruction # 2:

You may bring the furniture indoors during a very cold, rainy or snowy winter months. This is just recommended for those who are fussy about their exterior wood furniture. But, frankly speaking, redwood logs after having been seasoned for decades do not require such kind of preservation. However, you can even pull the furniture benefit the covering or overhang of the redwood garden pergolas to protect them.

Instruction # 3:

Cover outdoor furniture properly by pulling the cover tightly over every piece of furniture. Then, tuck it under a covered area to make sure moisture does not saturate into them. Remember that not all covers are alike, either. So, make sure that you are using the one that is itself best valued. Redwood patio covers are rated as the best overall covers and the best value.

Instruction # 4:

Treat the wood on regular basis. Although the owners of the redwood outdoor furniture do not have to do it, they can use high quality wood stain to keep the furniture preserved and looking fresh. But, follow the instructions of your manufacturers. Keep in mind that such higher quality wood furniture does hardly require treating regularly. They have in-built property that can guard them against any kind of inclement weather.

Bricklaying Tips

Almost all brick structures have a charming old-world feel about them. This charm is probably the reason why so many people fancy brick structures, and why many want to build with bricks or learn how building with bricks is done. In fact, bricklaying is increasingly gaining popularity among the do-it-yourself crowd.

Being one of the oldest crafts in the world, bricklaying requires a good amount of skill and know-how in order to do it correctly. Many do-it-yourselfers start out with a vision of what their end structure will look like, only to be left with a faulty wall that is badly joined, making it susceptible to the elements, which will eventually cause it to tumble.

If you’ve never built anything before, you are better off starting with something much simpler than a project which requires bricklaying. However, if you have been building for a while and have succeeded in building many successful structures, then bricklaying may be the next step in your do-it-yourself repertoire. Just keep the following tips in mind:

Space Out Your Bricks

Bricks have to be laid with even spaces in between. This promotes the strength of the structure. A basic brick wall, for example, should have about 10mm of space between each brick. This 10mm is filled with mortar, which holds bricks (and the entire structure) together. To make sure you get the spacing correct, try laying all your bricks out without mortar just so you can see if 10mm between each brick will leave you with even spaces. If it doesn’t, say your last bricks will have 2 inches of space between them, then increase the space between each brick, but do so by evenly dividing the extra space.

Tap Them Straight

When you start laying bricks, you want to make sure they are laid evenly and straight. Again this is important for the structure’s strength. A structure that has slanting (evenly slightly slanted) bricks may not last or hold for long. It is advised that you have a spirit level on hand at all times, and check to see if your bricks are even frequently throughout the bricklaying process. Checking after every two bricks lain is a good practice. If your bricks are not even, simply tap them down (needs to be done while mortar is still soft) so that they even out. Just remember to scrape away excess mortar.

Know Your Bricks

Before you even start on your project, it is important to know the bricks you are working with. Bricks can be made from several different materials and these can act differently in different climates. Study your climate and do some research on what type of brick will do best considering where you live. Also, know the sides of your bricks. Most bricks have a face, an indented side (sometimes called a frog side), the top, and the end. Some manuals on bricklaying may simply use this type of jargon without explaining each one, so be sure you are familiar with the terms.

Calculate Your Mortar Correctly

When mortar is mixed, you only have about two hours before you have to use it up. If you don’t, it will harden and will no longer be of any use. It is therefore important that you calculate your mortar correctly. This saves you time and money.

So, to calculate for mortar, determine how many bricks you need. A simple brick wall will need about 65 bricks per square meter. Get your total number of bricks and divide this by 135, this equals the number of bags of cement you need. Multiply the number of bags by three, this equals the cubic feet of sand you need. Divide the sand by 27 (which is the number of cubic feet in a cubic yard.) You need to know the cubic yards for sand because this is how sand is sold. Finally, you will need four to six gallons of water per batch of mortar.

Mathematically:

65bricks/135 = 0.4814815 (number of bags of cement needed to build 1 square meter of brick)

0.4814815 x 3 = 1.4444444 (cubic feet of sand)

1.4444444/27 = 0.0534979 (cubic yards of sand)

Keep these tips in mind when bricklaying, and you should be able to construct a simple brick structure, like a wall at the end of your garden. If you would like to create more complex structures, such as corners, arches, etc., then you’re best off calling an experienced Mansfield bricklayer.

Why Are We So Fascinated By Koi Tattoos?

One of the principal reasons people get tattoos are in order for them to symbolize something significant in their lives through art on their bodies. It is quite literal like wearing one's heart on one's sleeve or back or where it is one happens to have a tattoo placed. That is why tattoos of koi fish are so popular. It is because these fish are laden with symbolism in the Japanese and Chinese cultures from which they come.

The meanings associated with koi are generally those of perseverance, aspiration, advancement, non-conformism or downright good luck. Perhaps this is because there is an ancient Chinese koi myth about these fish being the only one of their kind to swim up the waterfall towards the "Ryumon" or dragon gate at the upper edges of China's "Huang He" (Yellow River). It is at the dragon gate that it is said, the carp were transformed into dragons. From hence also comes the Japanese idiom, "koi-no-taki-nobori" or "carp swimming up the rapids," which is used to describe success in life sometimes in the same way that we use, "going against the grain."

Tattoos of koi fish are also taken to mean "love." This may be due to an old Japanese chronicle called the "Nihonshoki" which tells of how the Emperor Keiko fell in love with Princess Otohime (meaning Shy and Modest princess) and tried to make her visit him at Kukurinomiya Palace. The Emperor was known for taking pleasure in viewing his koi pond at the palace for this was common practice among the aristocracy of the Heian period (794-1185 BC). To the emperor's delight, the princess who happened to share his same pastime, could not help but finally pay him a visit. This paved the way for romance, all thanks to the koi fish.

Another symbolism for tattoos koi fish is that of masculinity, bravery and heroism. In Japan, koi are called "bushyi-go" or "Japanese warrior fish" because of their serene and determined manner of swimming, sometimes even jumping out of water. It is also said, that much like a samurai, koi fish do not flinch under the knife.

Tattoos of koi fish are often accompanied by backdrops of streams. To some, a koi swimming upstream or in rough water might mean one is struggling with a challenge. If the fish is swimming downstream it may mean that one has failed that challenge. Oftentimes however, koi representations are those of victory. Which is why even celebrities such as Cherliize Theron and her mother both sport the same tattoos of koi fish after their successful battle with cancer. Others like the late Alexander McQueen had a koi tattoo on his chest; popular singer John Mayer also wears one on his right shoulder.

Finally, a depiction of five golden koi may mean increased wealth or good luck, five being considered a lucky number in the East. This would be reason enough for anyone to have these beautiful carp close by. By having tattoos of koi fish one can be certain this is always the case.

An Introduction To Jigsaw Puzzles

A jigsaw puzzle requires proper assembly of interlocked cut-out pieces resulting in the formation of a figure or picture. British mapmaker John Spilsbury invented the jigsaw puzzle in 1760. It was intended to be an educational toy. Puzzle maps are used even now to teach geography to children.

Puzzles were considered high-society entertainment, but technological advances brought down the prices. Early jigsaw puzzles were of the very simple non-interlocking variety also called push-fit puzzles. Jigsaw puzzles became very popular in early twenty century, and their popularity was further boosted with the invention of interlocking pieces. During the Great Depression, jigsaw puzzles became a very popular form of family entertainment when drugstores and libraries started renting them out. Antique wooden and cardboard puzzles are considered collectibles, and completed puzzles are rated even higher. Wooden Jigsaw puzzles are considered the best jigsaw puzzles. These puzzles are handcrafted using mechanical scroll saws.

Jigsaw puzzles are typically available in 500-piece, 750-piece, and 1,000-piece sizes. Double-sided jigsaw puzzles that can be solved from either side and three-dimensional jigsaw puzzles are also available. Jigsaw puzzles are also differentiated by the method of cutting pieces. Some of the prevalent cutting methods are fully interlocked with similar-shaped pieces, fully interlocked with uniform pieces, fully interlocked with differently arranged blanks and tabs, and non-interlocked sides. Jigsaw puzzles that are fully interlocked with uniform pieces are considered most difficult to solve. Modern jigsaw puzzles are made of cardboard, with a photograph or artwork glued on to it. Cardboard is then punch-cut into pieces with the help of metal dies. Castles and mountains are two of the popular images found on jigsaw puzzles.

Pointe Shoes – What Is Sickling And Fishing?

Dancing in pointe shoes is a very precise technique – if you want to avoid common dance injuries such as sprained ankles and knee sprains. A young dancer, or an adult ballet beginner, may take two or three years of classes, and be constantly sickling in, or curving the ankle inwards towards the center of the body, or “fishing”, or curving the ankle outwards away from the center of the body. On a working, or presenting leg, where there is no weight on the foot, it really does not matter. But on a supporting leg, the leg that bears the body weight, it certainly does matter – especially if you want to dance in pointe shoes.

Keeping the ankle aligned, meaning neither sickling or curving in, nor curved out, is the ideal situation. But dancers with less arch curve may want to sickle out, or “fish” the ankle curve, on a working, or lifted leg, to show a lovely curve of the foot that a very flexible ankle joint would show. This will not result in a ballet injury, to the foot or the knee.

However, allowing the ankle to sickle in, or out, on a supporting leg, will eventually affect the condition of the foot’s arch muscles, as well as the ligaments supporting the knee joints.

So a properly instructed dance student may choose to “fish” or sickle out a working leg foot, in an extension devant, or an arabesque, to create the ballet aesthetic that ballet teachers, choreographers, and artistic directors look for. This is okay in a presenting leg ballet position.

Most audience members that go to ballet are not looking for this kind of detail, please believe me. PLEASE.

On a supporting foot, whether in toe shoes or on demi-pointe, the ankle must be aligned, that is, in a position a straight line down from the knee joint, in order to protect the tendons and ligaments that keep the structure of the upper leg, knee joint, and lower leg, safely intact.

The Importance of Hiring Professional Window Cleaning Services

Have you often marveled how those high-rise commercial buildings, condominiums and even luxury homes retain their perfect appearance through the years? Well, the answer behind this is plain and simple. Most business establishments and even homeowners valued the need to hire people who can maintain the above mentioned properties. They hire reliable individuals who have the necessary skills to make the property looks appealing to the eyes. Entrepreneurs do this to get a good impression from other people who may want to do business with them.

In business, the appearance of the establishment plays a very important role to its success or failure because the appearance of a particular establishment dictates the decision-making of potential customers. There are customers who would prefer to do business with a neat looking commercial establishment than with outdated ones. Customers are one good factor why it is very important to hire the service of a professional window cleaner, to preserve the looks of the property from the inside and out and attract customers at the same time.

Apart from the above mentioned, let me share with you the other valuable reasons why hiring professional window cleaning services are important:

Hire professionals to avoid accident

Why do we need to hire professionals if we can easily clean our own windows? Well, that's absolutely true. Anybody can wipe out dirt and remove unnecessary particles from windows but because we do not have the necessary skills to do the job correctly like what a real professional has; ordinary people like us will be sooner to accident which would cost us time and money, not to mention the suffering and pain we could get out of it.

Hire professionals to get the best possible result

Hiring professional cleaners can provide you the best possible result of having dirt free, spotless windows all-year round. Since these people are experts and because they are fully equipped with the specialized tools used for cleaning windows such as the water- fed pole and ladder, you can feel confident that everything will come out perfectly once they are stepped out of your doorway.

Hire professionals to avoid liability

Lastly, it is advisable to hire professional cleaners to avoid liability. Always keep in mind that as a property owner, you will be held responsible for any damages and injuries that may happen to anyone inside your property. But when you hire professional cleaners, you can be sure that each of them is insured so you will not be held accountable if something happens to them during the duration of their job.

Hiring professionals to clean your windows could be ideal somehow because they have the skills and the technology to do the job correctly. But make sure you choose the most competent window cleaning services so you will not have any regret in the end.

Foam Roof Insulation – Is it Safe?

The benefits of foam roof insulation are countless. The insulation material used is created from polyurethane foam. It is applied in liquid form and dries up to create a single film lining that covers the entire roof. This creates a seam free area, which is ideal because this is normally the source and reason for most leaks in roofs. It is actually safe to apply the foam directly to the roof. There is no reason to worry. The foam can actually be applied to just about any chosen surface and it easily molds into irregularly shaped roofs and overhangs.

Polyurethane is a lightweight yet very durable and firm material. On the average, one square foot of foam insulation is equal to about 50 pounds of worth as compared to 100 to 800 pounds for other roofs. It has a higher R value, which is a measure of thermal resistance or resistance to heat flow. Correspondingly, the higher the R value the more effective the insulation is. Polyurethane foam roof insulation has a higher R value than even the standard fiberglass. This allows for the home to be cooler. Homes with attics know that attics store heat even after the sun has gone down. This makes the foam roof insulation a necessity for homes even those without attics because it is able to cool the home significantly.

Foam roof insulation can also be used for mobile homes and trailers. This in effect, increases the R value of the mobile homes and trailers to nearly double. As for air-conditioned buildings such as livestock operations, barns and commercial buildings, it is quite an essential to have to be able to maintain the right comfortable temperature inside. The versatility of foam roof insulation is quite admirable. It can be painted on and even be covered over with shingles or an asphalt layer.

Foam roof insulation is very practical. Instead of having the air-conditioning run twice as long without insulation, having the roof insulated significantly reduces the heat that penetrates the home. Poor insulation can also result to water and wind damage to the roof. The good thing with foam roof insulation is that it is preventive. The foam sprayed into the roof and in between the tiles is a very cost efficient way to correct future problems. It is also an effective way to prevent those roof tiles or shingles from being blown off by strong winds during storms. Foam roof insulation has proven to withstand over two hundred mile an hour winds. Which goes to show that it is very reliable. Foam roof insulation also reduces the risk of dew point issues. Left untreated, this will later lead to water condensation. Water condensation or moisture that penetrates into the building is actually the primary reason behind the structure being damaged. By having a layer of foam in between the roof, it allows a the same layer to stop any leakage from penetrating any further even if the top layer of the foam roofing gets ruined. Many hairline fissures may appear in the top layer, but no leaks can get through even after a decade without repair as proven by the incident with the Super Dome in New Orleans.

Another good thing about foam roof insulation is that it requires very minimal to almost no maintenance whatsoever. Foam is proven to last longer than any popular roof coverings available in the market today. And what’s more is that it certainly costs much less compared to having to repair the roof and it takes much less time to complete. Foam roof insulation costs anywhere between $0.50 to $2.25 per square foot. This costing would depend on the climate in a specific area and on the desired R value in the product. A standard attic may go from $750 to around $1,100.

Web Design or Graphic Design

An excellent website design is not just about applying beautiful colors as well as paired together your navigation menus. Instead, it really is about branding your website in a manner that it appeals to your targeted market. Although graphic design is centered on overall look, it should at the same time, convey a message to your website visitors. Simply by making use of the key points associated with graphic design as part of your website design, you can show your original personality that your website visitors as well as prospective clients can easily relate with and identify effortlessly.

Image Design is the mixture of art work and science to show a message by means of images. It really is acknowledged to be a form of interaction. Ever since the entire world has entered cyberspace era and the majority of companies remain competitive for any attention of the general public through the online world, image design artists are becoming absolutely essential. Creative designers are essential for making captivating website pages. It does not matter just how helpful or even interesting the particular articles of the web site are, it may not really fulfill the required results of the owner when it does not look excellent. Overall look is definitely the most important feature consumers see. Whenever people are searching on the internet they will more than likely look at only websites that will with initial glimpse appear to look excellent.

When you choose to design your web site or sometimes get your image design job related by specialists, you have to take into account the variables such as navigation, high quality of content material and also the appearance of the internet site. Although web designer has to pay attention to all of these components, the actual graphic design for your web site needs to be given the same relevance. Image images are the very first thing a new visitor to your site notices, in fact it is due to interesting visual illustrations or photos that the visitor is persuaded to read the written text.

You will find there's popular debt covering the importance given to artwork design in web sites. Some people argue that without having innovative graphic illustrations or photos, a web site will lose their overall appeal that is necessary to hold visitors' interest. Other people believe that graphic design is actually given an excess amount of importance which is rather an overrated service in website design. Even though the two arguments are generally valid in their own meaning, the actual function of graphic design with websites can not be negated entirely.

Generally, graphic design has been all about creating unique as well as appealing company cards, trademarks, banners as well as other print designs. However, since the surge of the World Wide Web as well as company websites, artwork design has built an inroad through web design at the same time. Website design is very different from designing for produce, for this reason, many people prefer to retain the services of web site designers instead of graphic designers with regards to web sites.

There are some aspects in website designing that needs the exclusive expertise of a graphic designer. While web design takes on the most important role in constructing a web site, making it from a technical perspective effective and well-designed, graphic design is often a very helpful assistance that must definitely be utilized to achieve total victory with your internet site.

How to Build a DIY Luxury Swimming Pool For $10,000 – Part 2

This article describes in outline how a non-construction professional can install and commission a very long lasting in-ground swimming pool for about 10,000 dollars on a DIY basis. It is based on a system used in France on 40 pools that is in turn based on the theory described in Part 1 of this article.

The walls are built using hollow polystyrene blocks a bit like giant lego. The blocks are filled with high strength concrete that is reinforced by vertical and horizontal steel bars.

The pool floor is provided by the subsoil at the pool site and a thin covering of concrete and screed to level it up – ready to receive the PVC liner. The tops of the pool walls are then propped by concrete slabs that span back onto the undisturbed ground outside the pool excavation. The construction sequence is as follows:-

  • The excavation for the pool is dug 1 metre longer and 1 metre wider than the pool size
  • A 500 mm wide footing is cast around the perimeter of the pool with vertical reinforcing bars extending up for full the height of the pool wall
  • The polystyrene block formwork for the pool walls is erected, the through the wall pool PVC furniture in installed and the walls are filled with concrete (can be Quadlock type or similar in the US)
  • The pool floor is covered with leveling concrete and then 50mm of sand cement screed
  • The external buried pipework is installed and the void outside the pool walls backfilled
  • The liner lock is fixed down to the top of the pool wall
  • The underfelt and liner are installed and the pool filled with water.

The weight of water in the pool is transferred directly to the subsoil that forms the floor of the pool without the assistance of a structural element to reduce any subsidence that might arise from soft spots in the pool floor. The leveling concrete and screed finish that forms the pool floor may have the affect of stiffening up the surface of the sub-soil but it is not designed to do so. Therefore if, during pool construction, there are any doubts about any area of the pool floor, any soft-spots should be dug out and replaced with concrete. The walling system will provide the vertical face of the pool walls and the rigid concrete slabs that bridge across the backfilled gap between the pool walls and the side of the excavation for the swimming pool will stop subsidence around the pool and prop the top of the walls thus sustaining any large ice loads that will develop in most winters in the northern hemisphere.

The PVC liner will keep the structure watertight and if built properly the pool structure will be a significant asset to the property where it is built for at least 40 years The liner will need to be replaced in 12 to 15 years time – depending of course on how well the owner looks after the water temperature and the water chemistry. If top quality through the wall elements are used, such as skimmers, lights etc as provided by a major manufacturer, it should be possible to go back to them for new gaskets etc when the liner eventually needs to be renewed.

Minimum Rules Needed For Air Hockey

If you're ready to begin playing air hockey there are some important things you need to know before you begin. If you want to play the right way you need to know a minimum of 5 air hockey rules. Just follow these five rules for a fun, fair game of air hockey.

1. One of the most overlooked rules when playing air hockey is using your mallet to stop the puck. More specifically lifting the mallet and placing it on top of the puck. This is known as "topping" and can not be done at any time whether before a serve or after a serve during play.

This is probably the one rule you want to keep in your back pocket next time you play. More than likely your opponent will not remember this rule and at some point during play will "top" the puck. This is a foul and you will receive the puck.

2. Another rule that many forget in their attempt to strike the puck is reaching too far and crossing the center line with their mallet. This results in a foul and the puck is given to the other player.

I have been guilty of this one way to many times. I get so focused on the game that when the puck inevitably slow down in the center of the table I reach to gain that extra advantage over my opponent only to reach to far giving the advantage back to my opponent. Do not make this mistake and watch to make sure your opponent does not make it to.

3. In reference to the above rule, there is a rule that states, "When the puck is in contact with any part of the center line, either player may strike the puck." So you can cross the center line with your mallet in an attempt to strike the puck only when the puck is in contact with the center line.

4. Once the puck crosses the center line a player has 7 seconds to execute the shot. Failure to hit the puck back to the opposing player's side results in a foul and the puck will be given back to the opposing player.

5. And the fifth rule to be aware is also the easiest to remember, what score do you need to win the air hockey game? Well the answer is 7. Just remember lucky number 7 and you'll know what you need to win in the game of air hockey.

So if you really want to play air hockey follow these minimum of 5 rules and chances are you will catch your opponent breaking one of them!