How Much Does Satellite Radio Advertising Cost?

When you think "national radio advertising" the word "expensive" very likely also comes to mind. For years this was very, very true. The price to reach a national audience was dictated by some very well padded gatekeepers who could name crazy high prices if you want to get your message in front of the masses. Because of this, many start up businesses were forced to slowly grow in small cities before they could take their message to a national scale on the radio.

While this is still the case with many syndicated radio shows broadcast over am and fm dials, satellite radio does not hold the same gate keeper or price points of years gone by. In fact, the cost to advertise nationally on satellite radio is lower than it is to advertise on many medium and large cities across the USA.

The trade off and reason for this is the fact that your audience is very spread out and not in one select pocket. If you are selling a product or service that has no geographic target and you want to push your message far and wide, this makes it a great medium to advertise on while keep your marketing budget at realistic levels.

However if you do need to target one select city or state, the reach of satellite radio advertising may not be strong enough for what you had in mind. For example: A car dealer or boutique shop owner who have store front locations and only sell out of that location would not benefit from a low cost national advertising plan on satellite radio. They would be better on their local am or FM radio stations.

However lets say that the car dealership can ship their inventory worldwide or that boutique shop is pushing their unique website and can ship nationwide, satellite radio suddenly becomes a very attractive option for reaching a national audience that in the past would have been out of the price range for either of these companies.

To be clear: If you have a product or service that can reach a national scale and you can get it to your customers for a low price – then satellite radio advertising should be something you and your marketing department can explore. If you are only going after a select city or region, then it is not an option you need to put in the mix of your next marketing meeting.

Wealthy Affiliate – Pyramid to Riches

If you've clicked on this review you're one of the thousands considering a becoming a Wealthy Affiliate affiliate. It is also known by the none too presumptuous title of the Wealthy Affiliate University or simply, WA.

Let me start by saying you will find no link in this review. I am not selling WA nor am selling one of its competitors. I am merely here to tell you of my experiences within the gilded walls of WA. Yes, I was a member and went through the bulk of the training they provided on Internet marketing. I am no longer a Wealthy Affiliate affiliate and decided to write a review of their services for those of you that want a first hand account; no strings attached.

By now you've seen the ads that promise a large income from working in the comfort of your home. As a marketing strategy, its genius. But what does WA actually supply to their affiliates? And do the skills they provide really make money for their members?

The Wealthy Affiliate "university" centers around an 8 week course for beginners in which each new set of lessons is delled out; one per week. The site may have a slick look to it, but wears more like a cheap suit with poor navigation, confusing lesson formats and enough typos to make a member wonder why they did not pop for a copy editor.

Kyle and Carson, the WA creators, have built a wonderful money making machine, for themselves. Under the guise of helping people make lots of money through Internet marketing, they are really just fueling their own empire by creating Wealthy Affiliate affiliates.

It starts with how the new members can promote WA. And they have made it very easy for the newbies to do just that with ready made ads and websites that promote WA and its host of peripheral products.

WA provides a taste of what is needed to make a living with Internet marketing and a big push to go round up more newbies for the cult of Wealthy Affiliate affiliates. Some say that WA is starting to sound like a pyramid scheme, but its probably closer to multi level marketing.

The sad and rarely stated truth behind Internet marketing in general is that the failure rate is close to 95%. This failure rate has more to do with the unrealistic hopes of the people signing up, all WA does is fan the fire. Regardless of what you have read in ads promoting Internet marketing there is NOTHING EASY about it.

Making money online is hard work, often times requiring more hours per week than a full time job. But that kind of information would not read well in a pay per click ad. The truth often times has little to do with good salesmanship. Internet marketers are selling a dream.

So what of joining WA? On the pro side, they do offer some helpful information and resources for their $ 30 + / month membership fee. On the con side, be prepared to be hit with a barrage of self serving promotions. They make them seem very enticing and an easy way to start off in Internet marketing. WAs turnover rate must be high as witnessed by their constant push for new members to recruit new members.

And as for giving you "the secrets" to making money online, well do not expect anything more than general information about IM. Do you honestly expect them to give up the secrets that REALLY make them money? Of course not, that's how they make their living, why would they?

According to WA records, their active membership is hovering around 12,000 as of this writing. I did an informal survey of 3000 of those so called members and found that nearly 46% of them had never posted to the WA forum once. All of these members have been with WA for at least 6 months and some as long as two years.

For a website that prides itself on its "supportive" forum and encourages new members to use it, it does not seem a bit odd that so many Wealthy Affiliate affiliates would have never used it, not even one time?

Many pocketed groups of these non posting members also joined within several minutes of each other as attested to by WAs own system of recording members join up times. I would be curious to hear Kyle and Carson explain this phenomenon.

What WA provides to its Wealthy Affiliate affiliates is a basic primer to IM, some resources that, regardless of their hype, can be found elsewhere on the internet, often for free and a forum with little tolerance of anyone asking the status quo and the smell of hype everywhere.

Let's face it, Internet marketers are salesman above all and those who run sites like WA are super salesman. Kyle and Carson discovered what PT Barnum knew long ago, there's a Wealthy Affiliate affiliate born every minute. All these two boys figured out was how to leak them on a regular and ongoing basis. If anyone was wondering where the used car salesmen of old have gone, they are right here on the internet and doing FINE.

WA and its army of Wealthy Affiliate affiliates is just one of the many, many Internet marketing creations that promise to "show you the secrets" of making money online. Its a promise that fails to mention that to become a truly successful Internet marketer takes years of hard work. The expression, "do not believe the hype" comes to mind.

So should you spend the money becoming a Wealthy Affiliate affiliate? Well if you've got around $ 100 (more if you plan to use PPC campaigns) and a few months then there are worse ways to go. You can learn some of the basics of Internet marketing being a WA member. Just go through the 8 week program and do not get sucked into all the products / services they will try to sell you along the way.

At the same time you must realize that becoming a member opens you to the often unsavory world of IM where ROI (return on investment) is king, not the customer. This is not WAs fault, they're just milking the cow. To really compete in this business, be it as a Wealthy Affiliate affiliate or not, it's best to check a healthy chuck of your ethics at the door.

A more important question is are you looking for something quick and easy by becoming a Wealthy Affiliate affiliate or something that requires dedication and hard work? If you answered "quick and easy" do not waste your money joining WA, in fact do not waste your money on Internet marketing at all.

Get Paid to Watch Movies

There is nothing that transports you away from the daily grind than grabbing a bucket of popcorn, a huge soft drink and sitting back to enjoy a blockbuster movie. Movie buffs can turn their passion for watching films into a rewarding spare-time job. Various programs sponsored by the movie industry and independent organizations are always looking for fans of film to help give opinions about the latest movies hitting the big screen.

Theses "get paid to watch movies" programs all differ slightly in the way that they are administrated, depending on the company a person registers with. Many programs require the participant to travel to a cinema at his or her convenience to screen a pre-determined movie and report finds through a paid survey. Participants will be asked questions on a variety of topics such as giving an opinion of the movie content, the film's title, opinions on the movie trailers and advertisements, the other movie-watcher's reactions, and more. Before the movie starts and after the movie ends, there will be a variety of administrative tasks to attend to such as filling out paper or online surveys to report your findings and sometimes even turning in a capacity count of how many people were in the screening room .

Other "get paid to watch movies" programs are done in the comfort and convenience of the participant's home. Movies can either be downloaded over the Internet or are delivered to the home address in DVD format. After previewing the contents, similar type questions will be asked about the movie and ratings will be compiled on paid surveys that are sent back to the client company. Occasionally, there are projects invite you to watch a movie with a group of people which is followed with a modified, focus-group like discussion about the film.

Joining a program that seeks consumer input on the latest movies is a great way to see all the latest, blockbuster hits. The film industry values ​​the opinions of its target audiences submitted through online surveys and also hopes that advance screenings will help create a positive word-of-mouth buzz that will help bring in lots of paying movie-watchers once the film is released to the public . Compensation for these movie programs varies from company to company and project to project.

Often participants will be "paid" with free admission to see movies and complementary vouchers for concession stand reviews – a great way to beat the exorbitant theater prices! Some longer and more complex projects may also may you a cash stipend or reward you with bonus points that can be redeemed in the future for movie-going perks and merchandise. These programs can be found by querying "get paid to watch movies" in an online search tool, visiting a reputable database of survey sites , and sometimes visiting a corporate cinema or movie production website.

Fireplace Mantels and Surrounds

Before you start shopping for fireplace mantels and surroundings, you need to know the measurements of your hearth, fireplace facing, and a few other key elements. With those figures in hand, you can find a fireplace mantel or mantel and surround that will suit the scale of your fireplace and the look of your room. Determine What to Measure. If you're replacing your current mantel and / or surround, then you should measure that. If you are installing a new mantel or surround around a fireplace that has none, then you will need to make different measurements.

Measuring an Existing Mantel and Surround

Shelf Width – Measure the total width of the top of the mantel at the widest part.

Shelf Depth – Measure the depth of the mantel from the front edge to the wall.

Total Height – Measure the height of the mantel from the top of the hearth to the top of the shelf.

Total Width – Measure the entire width of the fireplace surround from end to end (if you have a surround). If you do not have a surround, measure the total width of the facing.

Projection Depth – Measure the depth of the side of the surround from the outer edge to the wall.

Opening Width – Measure the width of the fireplace opening.

Opening Height – Measure the height of the fireplace opening from the floor or the top of the heart surface to the top of the opening.

Side Distances – Measure from the edge of the heart or surrounding to the nearest light fixture, window, corner, or door on each side.

Measuring for a New Mantel and Surround

If you have a fireplace without a shelf or surround, then you would follow these measurements. These measurements assume you have a facing, which is a decorative material like brick or stone surrounding the fireplace opening. If you do not have a facing, skip those measurements. If you do not have a heart, which is a raised decorative surface on the floor beneeth the fireplace opening, then measure from the floor and skip the hearth measurements.

Facing Height – Measure the height of the facing from the top of the heart to the top of the facing.

Total Facing Width – Measure the total width of the facing from end to end.

Facing Width – Measure the width of the facing on one side of the fireplace opening.

Facing Depth – If the facing projects out from the wall, measure the distance from the outer edge to the wall.

Opening Width – Measure the width of the fireplace opening.

Opening Height – Measure the height of the opening from the floor of the fireplace, which is at the same level as the hearth, or the floor of the room if you have no hearth.

Hearth Height – Measure the height of the hearth from the floor to the top of the surface.

Hearth Depth – Measure the depth of the hearth from the front edge to the wall.

Hearth Width – Measure the width of the hearth from end to end.

Side Distances – Measure from the edge of the facing to the nearest light fixture, door, corner, or window on each side.

If you do not currently have a fireplace mantel and surround, please check your local building codes or fire safety department for the minimum distance from the fireplace opening to the mantel and surround.

Using Shed Kits Vs Building a Shed From Scratch

Have you decided to build a garden shed yourself? That's a great thing to do but you need to plan it well. Many people start full of enthusiasm but soon give up because they lack planning and experience. Building a shed is not hard at all, you just need to estimate your skills well before rushing into the actual work.

Based on your experience in do-it-yourself projects – wood or metal working, slicing, snapping, cutting out and reading sketches – you have two options: to buy ready plans and construct your shed from scratch using them as a guide or to buy a shed kit. Which is better for you? Consider the following criteria:

Advantages of using shed kits

Building your shed from a kit is easy. With a good kit an averagely complex shed can be built together in just a day or two. It's really not a rocket science.

It's also fool proof. When you have all the parts cut out and sliced ​​you just can not go wrong. Yes, you can probably put some parts at the wrong places (but you do not read the instructions) but it's very easy to realize the mistake and fix it.

Another advantage is that the kits are serially manufactured. Each kit has been sold, built, tested, fixed and proven itself many times. Often you can research online for the kit model you plan to buy and find opinions of people who have used it to build their sheds.

Disadvantages of using shed kits

The shed kits are not cheap. The price of the more complex quality kits extends several thousand dollars per piece.

As every physical product, the shed kits have a logistics problem. If you want to buy the kit from your local store, they'll probably have too few models in place and you'll have to wait for delivery. If you purchase online, you'll have to pay for shipping and wait again.

Building a shed from a kit limits your creativity. You can not change the plan, you can not change the material, sometimes you can not even change the paint. That's fine for some people, but if you are a real do-it-yourself fan you may want more freedom.

Advantages of building from scratch or with plans only
You can buy downloadable shed plans only for $ 5 to $ 30. If you want to buy printed plans (from local store near you) it may probably cost you up to $ 50. The materials add to the figures but it's almost sure that you'll build a shed cheaper this way rather than purchasing a kit.

The shed plans that are sold online can be downloaded instantly or at the worst case you'll have to wait a few hours until the seller sends them by mail. It's much faster than waiting a couple of weeks for your kit to arrive.

Working with plans gives you more freedom. The plans of course contain exact instructions and measurements, but if you are knowledgeable you could easily make improvements and customizations to them before you start cutting. You can even choose the most preferred material yourself.

Disadvantages of building from scratch
Of course building a shed yourself, by using only a shed plan, is much harder. You need to have good skills and experience in doing things yourself.

It also takes longer to do it this way. Some complex sheds may take more than a week of hard work to get them done well.

Finally, there are many better opportunities to do the things wrong and waste materials. If you confuse the measurements you can waste an entire wall or floor from your shed.

There is no better or worse option, it all depends on your preferences and goals. If you are die-hard do-it-yourself fan or are very short in money you'll probably want to build with plans only. If you just want to have a shed done at reasonable price, then a kit is what you need.

5 Instructional Design Fundamentals – Simplified

Instructional Design (ID), simply stated, focuses on enhancing learning. From this short yet straightforward explanation, it follows that ID fundamentals are based on the way learning occurs. Derived from these fundamentals are strategies and teaching methods that trigger the most effective learning in the most efficient manner.

Here are the 5 ID fundamentals that budding instructional designers can use –

1. Understand learner's needs – Before beginning to prepare any instructional material, identifying the learner's requirements is of utmost importance. It is difficult to proceed if you do not have any information about what is to be achieved. Knowing about your audience background and learning outcomes sets the path for developing the training material. Most importantly, it helps outline the topics that need to be addressed.

2. Capture audience attention – People learn about new things for various reasons, be it a new found interest, seeking solution to a tricky situation or purely enhancing skills for personal and / or professional gains. The bottom line is, new learning does not begin until there is a pressing need to learn. This means, when you begin developing instructional material, first bring out the need and you will never fail to grab your audience's attention.

3. Move from simple to complex – Spare a thought for how humans learn about new things. Novel learning starts when one became interested in a topic. To know more about this new topic, one generally reads about its basics before moving to its complexities. People relate new information to what they already know and build upon existing knowledge base.

Knowing about the way people learn clearly points to the way you as an instructional designer should put forth information. Once you know the learners' current level of understanding and the objectives that they want to achieve, develop training material that moves from simple to complex ideas. Present easy-to-recall information such as definitions, examples, and non-examples before graduating to further details.

4. Move gradually – When was the last time you actually learnt something by zipping through its basics? Probably never … Speed ​​at initial stages of learning takes learners only so far.

A sound instructional design typically eases learners into complex ideas. It steadily builds on the basic conceptual knowledge, taking them ahead with sufficient hands on practice, and then finally to a stage where they can apply newly acquainted knowledge to assess a given situation and come up with solutions.

5. Solidify – "Practice makes one perfect." That's because practice solidifies the learning process. Same holds true for an effective instructional design as well. When developing training, in addition to presenting necessary information, include a healthy mix of practices and tests. Provide relevant feedback, summarize and give tips. All this helps solidify new learning so the learners retain it for a really long time.

Sinus Infections And Sinusitis – Possible Causes – Usual and Unusual – Nurse’s Guide

If you’ve been suffering from sinus infections or some other type of sinusitis, which basically means an inflammation of the sinuses, you may be wondering what’s caused it. Although it’s not always known and sometimes can follow a cold or may be confused with a cold you may have some ideas of your own. You’ve no doubt heard of the most common causes.

Many people still think sinus infections are caused by bacteria and want their doctor to give them antibiotics. But most sinus infections are NOT caused by bacteria and are caused by invasive or noninvasive fungus, which you can find as household mold. So you want to eliminate that possibility first and get rid of any mold that you may have in your house, apartment, and condo or even in your motor home.

Look under and around toilets and bathtubs and showers. The bathroom is the most common place and also search the kitchen. If you have any plants in your bedroom make sure to remove them all. If you have a lot of plants in your house and continually have sinus problems or get sinus infections then consider removing them although it’s good to have the oxygen they emit.

Less common causes of sinusitis and sinus infections or factors that contribute to them are: nasal obstruction due to certain conditions including swollen adenoids, nasal polyps, foreign bodies, tumors and any surgeries you’ve had, dental infections, tooth extractions, dental surgery and oral surgery.

Consider indoor pollution so ventilate the house as much as possible by opening the windows and doors especially in the winter months if at all possible when many people routinely get sinus problems, sinusitis or sinus infections.

Then there are barotraumas which are injuries due to changes in ambient pressure resulting form activities such as air travel or scuba diving.

Other problems include immune system problems which can be from birth as congenital or as acquired. More serious causes can be due to underlying disease such as cystic fibrosis or ciliary dyskinesia and cleft palate, conch bullosa and a deviated septum.

The more familiar causes are to dust, sawdust and other particles you can find in the air such as pollen, chemical pollutants and dust mite leavings. People often get sinus infections around remodeling work in their homes or if they’re around construction both indoors and outdoors. So look through these causes and think about the environment around you as to what could be causing your sinus infections, sinusitis or other sinus problems. Know that you can treat most of the common causes yourself at home with natural sinus treatments and home remedies.

What is a Soft Splint?

A soft splint can be wrapped around the joint limb of a patient. The interlinked soft and elongated fabric sleeves are joined flexibly at the edges of the sides that create a uniform structure. These sleeves make up for the individual pockets that are full of lightweight and flow able extended from beads partly or in any other material that does not absorb moisture and where the air and moisture can pass freely in the structure.

This lightweight structure makes for the soft splint that has to be wrapped around the affected area of ​​the patient and should be secured in place by means of quick fastening.

You can remove and install this splint easily. The sleeve members when compressed resist bending in order to maintain your limit in an unflexed extended position. This lightweight construction allows the passage of air and moisture through it quickly and it dries fast after washing. About 3-4 sleeve members, are linked together to make a splint that has suitable size.

o These soft adjustable splints with polystyrene bead filled splint positions of the wrist, knee and elbow are used in order to immobilize passively protect your joints and prevent pressure applied on the bony prominences. Adjust the splint simply by adding or removing the beads from the invisible zipper opening. There are Velcro closures that enable easy removal. These splints are very comfortable to use with a white cotton lining and gray vinyl mesh covering. The fill is radiolucent and it is machine washable.

o A soft splint cast is a kind of a splint that is made from soft cast material made by 3M for casting. It can be used similarly like Fiberglass cast. But, in soft splint cast, the casting material is not set as firmly as fiberglass cast, thus enabling one to make some movements. The more number of materials used, the more rigid the cast becomes.

o A soft cast splint is very comfortable to wear. It is unsuitable for immobilizing the limit, in case of a fraction. But is a great help in cases where one needs support preventing some movement. Such soft cast splints are used to treat transition from rigid splinting to nothing at all and tendinitis. The splint limits your movements and thus, protects the injured tissue.

Many different materials are used to make a splint. It depends largely on the type of injury, the person who requires a splint and tier goals of immobilizing. Many people prefer these soft splints because of the comfort it offers and it's softness.

Muscle Mass Tips – 3 Keys to Building Muscle While Burning Fat

Most trainees usually pick up their first barbell for two reasons: huge muscles with shredded definition. Of course everyone wants to be huge with chiseled cut's, so they should train to build muscle mass while burning fat, right?

Now here's the kicker ….

IT IS IMPOSSIBLE to build huge muscles without earning some extra body fat, PERIOD!

The reason? Because to build muscle mass it is necessary to consume a surplus of calories to achieve optimal protein synthesis.

Since your body can not put 100% of it's caloric surge towards muscle growth, there will always be a caloric excess adding to your body fat, making it impossible to burn fat and gain muscle simultaniously.

Your goals should focus on building muscle mass, and then reducing body fat; Not gaining muscle and burning fat simultaniously.

It's easier to burn body fat once you've built up your muscles, so obviously starting off by building muscle mass is the quickest route. So once again; focus on burning fat only after you have gained serious muscle.

3 key tips to achieve this are:

1) Do not go crazy on calories …

Work toward a program of "optimal nutrition", simply shoving more food down your throat that has nothing to do with gaining muscle mass, and you will probably get fatter.

When eating to gain muscle; a mere 15-20% more calories over what you would typically take in to keep yourself at your current weight will achieve muscle growth without gaining extra fat.

2) Consume quality food sources …

To insure maximum muscle growth, consume only lean, quality proteins, natural / full fiber carbohydrates, and unsaturated fats.

Stay away from sugar and if there is a farmer's market nearby, try shopping from there for fresh produce.

3) Throw in a moderate amount of cardio.

During a mass building cycle, try adding 2-3 cardio sessions weekly to increase your body's ability to restrict fat gains. Long duration cardio can cause you to break muscle, so stick to high intensity / low duration sessions of cardio lasting no more than 10-20 minutes.

Wood Vs Metal File Cabinet

The metal file cabinet is among those in popular demand when it comes to organizing and storage needs. But today, there are even more choices, particularly when it comes to the material of the filing cabinet. File cabinets now come in plastic materials as well as genuine wood. A lot of people are now going for wooden materials for their cabinet, but which is better? Is it wood or metal?

A wooden filing cabinet can have both practical and aesthetic qualities. Oak is a popular choice in this case, since it offers a wide range of natural colors and patterns. White oak allows you to easily paint over it with different finishes from very dark to very light.

On the other hand, a metal filing cabinet can offer durability and strength. Thus, it is mostly preferred for use in offices to keep very important files. While they may not fit in most home decor, they may do well with modern interiors.

So which is better, a metal file cabinet or a wooden one? There isn’t one answer to this one. The most practical thing to do would be to first consider your basic requirements. What are you going to use the cabinet for? Where will you put it? For instance, if you’re going to put it in the patio, it will have to be weatherproof. You may then consider how you want your cabinet to look like. A wooden one matches more in a home setting, while a metal would probably fair better in an office setting.

Fix Error 193 0xc1 in Windows 7, Vista and XP

While installing or repairing “On Demand” features in Microsoft Office suite, error 193 0xc1 may occur in Windows 7, Vista and Windows XP. It may also occur while installing Microsoft.NET Framework or starting related services on your computer. In this article you will find steps which are helpful to fix this problem at ease.

First of all, let us understand the actual causes behind error 193 0xc1 in Windows 7, Vista and XP. The factors responsible for this error are as under:

1. Corrupted Ose.exe File

2. Wrong registry settings

3. Corruption in program files

4. Lack of Free Disk Space

5. Problems with Computer Services

Corrupted Ose.exe File

Error 193 0xc1 may appear if the file ‘ose.exe’ is not present in the installation directory or it has become corrupted. Replacing this file may solve the problem.

1. Insert Microsoft Office installation disc.

2. Open My Computer, open CD/ DVD Drive location.

3. Double click to open the following directory:

FilesSetup

4. Select the file Ose.exe and click Edit | Copy.

5. Click Back and open the following directory:

C:Program FilesCommon FilesMicrosoft SharedSource Engine

6. Click Edit | Paste.

Wrong Settings of Registry

Microsoft Office stores installation related configurations in your system’s registry. If some of these registry settings are corrupted, it may result in error 193 0xc1 in Windows 7, Vista and XP.

1. Download a Registry Cleaner software.

2. Install and run the downloaded program on your computer.

Corruption in Program Files

For running the instances of Microsoft Office suite, the installation files must be unmodified. Corrupted installation files often lead to Windows error 193 0xc1.

1. Click Start| Control Panel.

2. Click Programs | Uninstall a Program.

3. Select Microsoft Office from the list of installed programs and click Uninstall button.

4. Select Repair the installation, click Next button.

5. Follow the on screen instructions.

Lack of Free Disk Space

Lack of free disk space for performing Microsoft Office setup operations can result in error 193 0xc1. Using System Cleaner application, clean the disk space to solve your problem. Otherwise use the Disk CleanUp tool by doing the steps provided below:

1. Click Start | All Programs | Accessories | System Tools | Disk CleanUp.

2. Select the system drive and press OK.

3. Follow the instructions on your screen.

Problems with Services

You also need to fix computer services to get rid of the error in question. The steps required are as under:

1. Click Start, type Services.msc and press ENTER.

2. Right click and select Properties for the following two services:

AudioEndpointBuilder, Multimedia Class Scheduler

3. Under General tab, note down the Path to Executable.

4. Click OK when done.

5. Now, click Start, type RegEdit and press ENTER.

6. Locate the following registry location:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESYSTEMCurrentControlSetServices

7. First, click MMCSS key and double click the ImagePath string. Replace the value with the Path to Executable that you just noted down in the Step 3.

8. Do the same for AudioEndPointBuilder. Click it, double click the ImagePath string and replace the value with the Path to Executable you have noted down.

9. Close Registry Editor.

The Best Carpet Choices

There is a lot more to picking out a carpet that you might realize, but carpet retailers are here to help. From the fiber to the cut, style and color there are an awful variety of carpets to choose from for almost every conceivable purpose. Carpeting is manufactured for indoor or outdoor use, there are even carpet squares that are affixed a lot like vinyl flooring tiles. New materials and techniques have sped up the process and made the carpets of today more durable to stand up to the wear and tear of the modern world. Carpet that is correctly chosen and installed will last around 20 years with proper care.

Different Types Of Fibers

Nearly every carpet today is made with synthetic fibers, nylon and olefin (polypropylene) being the two major fibers that a large majority of the carpets today are composed of. Olefin in particular makes an excellent choice for indoors or out. Natural fibers, such as wool, are more expensive and not nearly as easy to maintain as synthetics. Acrylic and polyester are also synthetics that are commonly used. Synthetics are often blended for added durability and ease of maintenance. A new trend in the carpeting industry is leasing towards Eco-friendship and much carpeting is manufactured from recycled materials.

The types of carpet that your carpet distributor can offer you is immense. Probably the most popular type is the cut pile, if you cut the looped strands of yarn that make up the carpet it creates a tufted strand that can be cut to any length depending on the customers' desires. As with any type of carpet durability is determined by the type of fiber used and how it is constructed. For example, if the tufts of yarn are given a couple extra twists, then its durability is increased.

Many Different Types And Styles

Loop pile carpeting is another type that is becoming increasingly popular in the carpet community. The loops that are affected in a cut pile carpet remain untouched to provide a level loop appearance. It is easy to maintain, but needs to be vacuumed often to prevent soil from working its way inside the loops. Patterned loop carpets are created when the loops are of varying height to give the appearance of a design, usually geometric in nature. While loop carpeting tend to be more durable than cut pile it is not as soft and luxurious.

Berber carpeting has made a comeback in recent years and is available major carpet outlets. Originating from Morocco, their compact loop construction makes them very durable for high traffic areas, but again, not as comfortable as cut piles, but it works very well in office and school settings where no one is likely to be running around barefoot anyway or very high traffic areas of the house. Hand woven Berber can still be found, but is very expensive and has been widely replaced by carpets created by mechanical means. Berber is stain resistant and reliably inexpensively when you consider the use that you will get out of them.

Loop And Cut Pile

Loop and cut pile carpet techniques are also combined to give a textured appearance throughout the carpet. The loops appear lighter in color than the cut pile tufts and can create some very interesting patterns. These carpets normally come in solid colors and provide above average performance. It also creates an informal and cozy look. Because of the unique patterns that they display, this type of carpet tends to hide dirt a bit better than others although that should not be a concern for those who care for their carpets properly.

One other type of carpet that holds a small niche in carpet market is the plush or velvet type. These carpets are made by twisting the tufts of carpet in the same direction just slightly. Their luxurious appearance makes them perfect for formal areas or up the risers of a sweeping staircase. They are harder to care for than other carpets nor do they provide the durability of other carpeting options as they do not hold up well under heavy traffic. They tend to show every footprint and vacuum trail although these marks are easily brushed out.

Do not Forget The Pad

Whiche carpet type and style you pick them all require an under pad that, when properly chosen, help reduce wear and tear and makes the carpet more comfortable. Be certain to put as much thought and research into the choice of the pad as you did for the carpet. Different carpets perform at their best with the proper choice of pad. Rebound carpet pads are the most popular, but others are made of foam while others still are waffle shaped to increase shock absorption.

The advent of synthetic materials has made carpet care much easier. Not only in durability, but in ease of cleaning. Substances such as olefin and nylon are more soil and stain resistant than natural fibers and make them much easier to care for on your own without having to call in a professional, although any carpet should be cleaned at least every six months as part of any carpet maintenance regimen. Vacuum all carpets regularly. Consult your local carpet professional if you have any questions about the proper way to care for the carpets in your home.

As much as choosing the proper carpeting for your needs is important, it is also important to choose the correct carpet distributor. Find one that is a warehouse of carpets, as well as all floor coverings that employs knowledgeable personnel and carries the supplies, hardware and amenities that you need from reputable companies in the industry. You normally pay less at established distributors due to their high volume of sales. Many provide installation services and free estimation, carpet can be installed directly by homeowners, but depending on the size of the job can be quite the undertaking. Whatever type of carpet you buy or hire someone to install it or lay it yourself a one stop shop for all your flooring needs is essential.

The Many Uses For Ground Penetrating Radar Services

While there are alternatives to using ground penetrating radar services, they are not generally as thorough and non-invasive. When it comes to finding out what is under the surface of any tract of land that may be built on or dug up for whatever reason, this radar has the unique ability to find what other methods may miss.

Your Old Maps Are not Enough

What about old survey maps, building blueprints or schematics? Do not these show where everything is? Not always, since home owners, or owners of any building, may have done work that is not on the maps or blueprints. There is also the possibility that work had been done on the land before the records were kept. Things change, and not everyone records the changes, so there may be underground issues you will need to be aware of.

• Old septic and sewer lines no longer in use may exist without your knowledge. These were supposed to either be removed or filled with gravel to avoid a cave in as the tank corrodes. Not everyone followed those regulations and you will not want to lay a slab for any structure to have it collapse when something underground gives way.

• Abandoned wells were usually capped off, but there is no way to know where they are without someone recorded the location. These can be hazardous, not only to a potential building project but for anyone walking in the area that is not aware of the possible danger.

• Underground pipes and cables may not be accurately represented on maps and surveys. So before any digging commences, it is a good idea to use ground penetrating radar services to locate any potential dangers lurking under the surface.

• Caverns, voids, water tables, and even soil type can be seen using radar. And this information can be invaluable when it comes to commercial building projects. Different soil types can generally call for a modification in the building to be raised or the materials that will be used.

While X-ray is considered to be a good alternative to ground penetrating radar, the only way it can be as effective is if the X-ray is taken from both top and bottom, which really negates the whole point of using it. Radar uses high frequency sound waves, which can be read with specialized equipment. In layman's terms, the sound waves bounce off objects in the ground in a pattern to determine size and shape, and depending on the density of the soil, the sound travels at different rates. This is how the subsoil type can be determined, based on the information received.

The future of any construction project can depend very much on the type of sub soil that exists, since drain and stability are important factors. Major projects always test the sub soil for any potential problems, since excessive drainage can lead to erosion of the soil right out of under a poorly slab foundation, underlining the entire structure. This is yet another of the many reasons ground penetrating radar services are utilized before a project begins.

5 Symptoms That Could Mean You Are Going Blind

Of all our senses I think most people would agree that vision is the one we would least like to be without. When you ask people the classic dilemma of whether they would rather be deaf or blind, at least 80% will say deaf. Without vision our lives would be very different from what they are right now. Imagine not being able to drive, work or get around without assistance. Our whole independence would be under threat and we would have to learn a whole new way of life. Having regular eye tests is one way of ensuring that you maintain your vision, as does understand what symptoms you must never ignore. Although there are exceptions and these symptoms do not 100% mean you will go blind, they potentially could be a sign of an impending visual threat. The following lists the visual symptoms you should never ignore:

  1. Flashing lights: If you notice flashes of light in your vision this could indicate a retinal tear or retinal detachment, which if left untreated could lead to blindness. Although flashing lights can also relate to some innocuous physiological changes within your eye, it is best not to take the risk.
  2. Floaters: About one third of the population have floaters to some degree and they are more prevalent if you are short sighted. Floaters that you already have are not of any concern but you should always seek medical advice if you ever notice any new floaters. Like flashing lights, they can relate to either a retinal detachment or a normal physiological change within the eye. When flashes and floaters occur at the same time, there is an even great chance that you are having a retinal detachment.
  3. Distorted vision: The easiest way to describe distorted vision is if you look at something with a straight edge, such as a door frame, it will look wavy or curved. This symptom could signify that you have macular degeneration which needs to be seen as soon as possible by an Optometrist. The quicker you are seen the more likely is the chance that something could be done about it.
  4. Blurred vision: If you notice any sudden reduction in vision, then you should immediately consult with an Optometrist. Sudden blurred vision could refer to a whole range of eye health problems. Do not assume that it is just your glasses that need changing and do nothing about it. Acting quick improves the chances of successful treatment.
  5. Blind spots: If you ever notice a blind spot in your vision you must seek medical advice immediately. This could refer to a problem with your eye or possibly something going on in your brain.

Whilst every one of these symptoms may turn out to be a false alarm it is not worth taking the risk of leaving it to chance. An Optometrist will be able to fully assess the health of your eyes and decide what course of action to take next. Treatment saver is a website that allows you to learn about everything from eye health to laser eye surgery.

Characteristics of Sound

Sound in brief but remarkable terms is a vibration, that our ears perceive by the sense of hearing. Most commonly vibrations travel to our ears via the air. The ear then converges these sound waves into nerve impulses that are sent to our brains, where the impulses become sound. To say all that in a more technical language: Sound "is an alternation in pressure, particle displacement, or particle velocity propagated in an elastic material" (Olson 1957). Sound is also a series of mechanical compressions and rarefactions or longitudinal waves that successfully propagate through media that are at least a little compressible. What causes sound waves is known as "the source of waves". Examples of sounds sources is: A violin string that vibrates upon being bowed or plucked.

The four characteristics of sound are frequency, wavelength, amplitude and velocity.

The frequency of sound is the number of air pressure oscillations per second at a fixed point occupied by a sound wave.

The amplitude is the magnitude of sound pressure change within the wave. Basically this is the maximum amount of pressure at any point in the sound wave. A sound wave is caused literally by increases in pressure at certain points causing a "domino effect" outward, the higher pressure points are the crests in a sound wave , and behind them are low pressure points which tail them. These are known as the troughs on a wavelength graph. Sound's propagation Velocity depends largely on the type, temperature and pressure of the medium through which it propagates. Because air is almost a perfect gas, the speed of sound does not depend on air pressure.

The frequency range of sound that is audible to humans is approx. between 20 and 20,000 Hz. This range of course varies between individuals, and goes down as are age increases. Sounds will begin to damage our ears at 85 dBSPPL and sounds above approximately 130 dBSPL will cause pain, as a result are known as the: "threshold of pain". Of course again this range will vary among individuals and will change with age.