Narcotics and Foot Pain – A Poor Combination

The use of narcotic medication to treat body pain is a common practice for many doctors and other health care providers. Narcotics are effective at relieving many types of pain, and are safe if properly used. The use of narcotics to treat severe foot pain is a practice that still enjoys some popularity, primarily amongstst non-foot specialists. Unfortunately, unlike pain in the rest of the body, foot pain often has a mechanical cause directly related to the way one's foot structure functions when walking. The use of narcotic pain medication for foot pain will often lead to a worsening of the condition causing the pain. This article will discuss the nature of narcotic medication, foot pain, and how the two do not need to work well together.

Narcotic pain medication is part of a large family of prescription drugs called opioids that effect the way people perceive pain sensation. These drugs typically bind themselves to cells from tissue found in the central nervous system and gastrointestinal system. The part of a cell an opioid binds to is called the opioid receptor. The medication binds itself to this area, and the end result of a complex process that follows is reduced pain sensation, increased pain tolerance, and euphoria. Unfortunately, some side effects can occur despite a good track record of safety when used properly. These can include sedation, a reduction in breathing ability, and constipation. Dependance on these drugs can also develop if they are taken long enough. When someone becomes addicted to pain medication, the dependency effect as well the euphoria created by the drug reinforces the body's desire to continue on the medication, even if it is not medically needed. By stopping the medication, a withdrawal effect can also develop, limiting the ability of an addict to discontinue the medication.

The traditional use of narcotic pain medication was for chronic, unrelenting pain. This type of pain is seen with terminal cancer, major surgery recovery, or during severe injuries like burns and major fractures. Recently, the use of narcotic pain medication has expanded to many types of pain, both acute and chronic. The masking of the pain can be beneficial for people to help restore a normal life without pain. This works fine if the pain is from an inflamed gallbladder, back arthritis, or rib fracture. When the source of pain comes from a foot injury, a more unique approach must be taken to control the pain, as simply 'feeling better' can often lead to a worsening of the injury that caused the foot pain and a delay in healing.

Most foot pain is due to an injury that occurs directly or indirectly as a result of some abnormality of the foot structure. For example, the vast majority of heel pain is due to an injury of a ligament in the arch called the plantar fascia. This injury is usually due to flat feet or high arches causing strain or shock, respectively, on the fascia. Without the abnormal foot arch structure, the heel would not hurt. The same can be said for many other common sources of foot pain, including Achilles tendonitis, arthritis, neuromas (pinched nerve), most toe pain, pain in the ball of the foot, bunion pain, and many causes of pain around the ankles. The common factor seen in these various conditions is the development of inflammation in the foot as a result of the body's overzealous attempt to heal the injured tissue. The treatment for these conditions ideally needs to revolve around supporting the injured foot, restricting motion at the injured area, and reducing the overzealous infection the body creates during the healing process. By reducing the inflammation, the pain is reduced. With this and proper support, the body heals efficiently without excessive pain.

Unfortunately, the use of narcotic pain medication only addresses pain control, and not inflammation or foot structure. Narcotics do not help at all with pollution, which is the true source of most foot pain. These medications will only reduce the body's perception of pain, allowing the inflammation process to continue. This will delay the body's ability to heal the foot for two reasons. Firstly, the excess of inflammation not reduced by the narcotic medication will continue and the body will heal when it is good and ready. Often this time period will be for much longer than what is really necessary, since the body forms an overzealous reaction to injury just to be on the 'safe side'. Secondly, with narcotics, the tension of many people is to resume activity as normal, since the foot does not hurt as much. When foot pain is correctly reduced because of inflammation reduction, increased activity may not be as harmful if proper foot support is still maintained. However, if foot pain is simply eliminated by a narcotic pain medication only, the feeling of 'normal' invites many into mistakenly resuming their activity as usual. This only worsens the foot injury and increases the inflammation, as the true nature of the injury is masked by the pain relief.

The foot is unique in that it receives the weight of the body above it and the stress of walking below it. Injuries to the foot need much more support and rest than any other part of the body. Narcotic pain medication use for foot pain allows excessive activity too early in the healing process, and should not be used for most types of foot pain as it does not address the underlying cause of foot pain: inflammation as a result of mechanically-caused injury. There are times in which narcotic pain medication is acceptable, and even advised for foot pain. Severe crushing injuries, fractures, burns, and other injuries that have nothing to do with foot structure or normal infection can benefit from pain control. However, narcotic pain control in fractures should be short term, and strict control of motion and activity is necessary, even if the foot 'feet better' with pain control. Foot pain from surgery can also be treated with narcotic pain medication in the short term, as much of that pain is due to the cutting of tissue. Most people require only a brief period of pain control following foot or ankle surgery, which does not usually exceed 3 weeks in most cases.

Narcotic pain medication has its place in the treatment of pain in the body. When dealing with most causes of foot pain, the combination of a likelihood of worsening the foot injury, delaying healing, and the problems of narcotic addiction make the use of these powerful drugs ill-advised. Properly addressing the inflammation of the injury, supporting the foot, and dealing with the abnormal foot structure that often led to the painful condition in the first place are far better ways to treat foot and ankle pain.

How to Sell Your House Fast Yourself

Selling your house fast can be challenging in these times. It is tricky and almost impossible in some parts of the country to sell property quickly. In today's markets, your property should be impressive to attract the buyers. Well, you can take follow the below given tips to sell your house fast.

Take a look of your house inside out and make a list of repairs that need to be done before you sell it. Replace any dripping faucets, leaking pipes, torn window screens, damaged decking and more.

Organize your closets and cabinets because the buyers are here to see the maximum potential of your house in terms of everything including storage. Remove away any extra belongings and even the extra furniture for the time being. In addition, get rid of any clutter from your house. It will help make your home look extra spacious and orderly. Your house should look like a magazine layout, organized and glossy, if you are serious about selling it fast.

Next thing is make your house thoroughly clean before any prospective buyer comes to view your house. A clean house is sure to make a lasting impression in the minds of people who are coming for the first time. Clean all the windows, window panes, dust the furniture, remove cobwebs, wax the floors, and clean the shower gout and more. If it needs paint, go for it. When you show your home, everything should be spotlessly clean.

Pay special attention to the entrance area of ​​your house since an attractive entrance will help your sell your house fast. Make the porches and walkways clean; place some pots with flowers near the entrance to make it beautiful. Also, make sure that hardware on the door is polished and doorbell rings. The foyer should be well-lit, clean, attractive and comfortable.

To uplift the mood and make it brighter, make sure that is well-lit on all sides, open the drapes and curtains. Also, make sure that there is no bad smell doing rounds in your house when the buyers make a visit. It is better to use a lightly spotted air freshener or some fresh aroma coming from kitchen.

Even after doing all these efforts, you are not able to sell house quickly within the period you want, it is best to contact cash house buyers. These legitimate companies buy homes and other properties in any condition and at any location.

Tips On How To Last Longer In Bed For Guys

Sex is a very vital thing in a relationship and if not well taken care of could lead to breaks and other relationship problems like cheating. It is crucial that every party gets full satisfied to avoid those problems. One of the reasons to those problems is when a man can not last long in bed. But before one can go for any treatment, it is important to check if they are safe. Here are tips on how to last longer in bed for guys. The natural aspect of it ensures that one will be safe using the means.

One of the ways to achieving the above is by eating foods and fruits rich in vitamins and other nutrients. Diet is an important factor to boost your sexual stamina and to prevent premature ejaculation during sex. Take fresh fruits and fresh fruit juice twice daily. Concentrate on food like nut, honey, cereal, fruits, milk, blueberries, ginger, carrot and other vegetables. Avoid smoking, alcohol, tea, coffee all processed canned refined and denatured foods especially white sugar and white flour and products made from them. They help you to boost your stamina, making it possible to stay erect for long and good tips on how to last longer in bed for guys.

The sex position adopted also determines the time you will last hard when having sex. When the woman is in control that is on top of you, you will find it hard to stay erect for the whole sex period. The style that will give you maximum appreciation is when you are in control. You can be on top of the woman or use the doggy style. This makes it possible for you to control yourself, so keeping the mood high. You can also withdraw and change position during the process.

It is important to be relaxed when having sex. Avoiding stress is one way of giving your partner satisfaction and you will also enjoy. When your brain is focused on one thing only, you tend to succeed in it. Make some noise. Love moans help men and women relax, and they often help men last longer. Avoid thinking of problems that you might have in the relationship or else when having sex, just let it carry away your sorrows.

You must control your breathing too. You should take deep breaths as this will slow excitation and put you back in control. Too much excitation could lead to premature and early ejaculation. Controlled breathing makes one relax, act better and one of the best technique that can be use among many tips on how to last longer in bed for guys.

How to Deal With Party Crashers

Gatecrashers can ruin parties. So, to avoid spoiling your party, here is an effective way of dealing with party crashers.

1. Study their behavior.

After finding out that those people are not invited, watch and observe their actions. Carefully study how they behaved without being obvious. What do you think is their purpose of going to your party uninvited? Did they come because of the food and drink? Are they posing aggressive or disruptive behavior? Are they mingling with and causing trouble to your guests? Observe them and ask a few of your friends to do so.

2. Figure out if they are troublesome or not.

After watching them for a while, you will be able to know if can or will cause trouble and ruin your party. Talk to your friends you have asked to observe the gatecrashers about what they think of them.

3. Decide if you will let them stay or escort them out.

Many times, people walk into a party uninvited just to have fun or some thrill, or for free food and drinks. At some point, you have to approach them and politely ask them who invited them to your party. If they say, they were invited by one of your guests who is present, approach and ask that particular guest they are referring to. If they were actually invited by one of your invited guests, then you might want to consider letting them stay. If they are really gatecrashers and do not mean any harm, go with your instincts and consider the observations you did earlier. If you feel they just want to have pure fun and would not bother any of your guests, they you can consider having them. But, if you feel and see that they can become a threat to you and your guests, politely ask them to leave. Tell them with all kindness and firmness that your party is private. Do this with some of your friends. Approach their group without being too intimidating or threatening, otherwise you might trigger a commotion. If things get to worst, call the police and let them know what you did. That will serve as a warning for them and hopefully they will leave without making things worse.

5. Talk to your DJ for hire.

Your DJ can do so much in maintaining the happy and relaxed mood in your party despite the presence of gatecrasher who try to make some trouble. When you go for DJ bookings, talk to the DJ of your choice and make a plan on how to handle such a situation. You can talk to him that once he observes that a little commotion is going on, he could get the attention of your guests away from the trouble going on with the gatecrashers. He can ask your guests to dance, play a game, or anything that would make the overall mood of your party normal and not intense.

Loss on Drying Testing in Pharmaceuticals

Loss on drying is described as the loss of weight as percentage of w/w resulting from volatile substances and water of any kind that can be driven off under specified conditions. This test is done on a mixture of substances. If substance to be tested is in the form of large particles then the sizes must be reduced by rapid crushing to a powder. The test is to determine the water content and volatile substance in a sample is exposed to heat. Loss on drying is a technique that has been used by many pharmaceuticals. There are different methods of carrying out this test an d the technician chooses the most appropriate one depending on the substance being tested.

To carry out the test, do the following:

· Weigh a shallow weighing bottle that has been dried under the same conditions that will be employed in the determination.

· Transfer to the dry bottle the quantity of the sample specified in the individual monograph.

· Cover the bottle and accurately weigh it and the contents.

· Distribute the sample evenly by gentle side wise shaking to a depth not exceeding 10 mm.

· Dry the substance by placing the bottle in the drying chamber

· Remove the stopper and leave it in the chamber.

· Dry the sample to constant weight.

· Open the drying chamber and close the bottle promptly and let it to cool to room temperature.

· Weigh the bottle and its contents.

The temperature at which you should expose the substance to be tested is always specified and must not be exceeded lest you get the wrong results. Every substance has its specific heat level.

Loss on drying testing in pharmaceuticals is a technique of removing water and other volatile impurities from a sample of well-mixed substance. the amount of heat applied on the substance is dependent on time and temperature.

Total moisture content of pharmaceutical products can contain both bound and free water.

Where there are impurities present then loss on drying level will be higher as compared to water content.

Sometimes loss on drying level may be far lower compared to the content of water since some water molecules may not be removed heating as in other methods of determining loss on drying does. To calculate the percentage loss on drying, below is the method.

Percentage LOD = Percentage Water content – Percentage molecules of water in the API

One must know the type of substance being used prescription must be exactly known so as to determine how the experiment is carried out. For hydrate substance, anhydrous content equivalent weight should be calculated before being exposed to heating. In case any moisture is specified on the certificate the pharmacy before the substance is used in loss on drying experiment.

Conclusion

Loss on drying has been used in many pharmaceutical companies to determine the concentration of drugs. These experiments are used for testing to determine moisture present substances also. This experiment requires a lot of care and keenness for true results to be found. Weight must be measured with non-faulty devices to ensure the wait is exact. During heating, it must be done to completion to make sure to water is left.

Laminate Flooring Cleaning Tips

Laminate flooring may be made to look like other kinds of floors, but that does not mean it is not unique in other ways. When it comes to cleaning laminate floors, for example, there are some definite do's and don'ts. True, when it comes to cleaning laminate is not as demanding as, say, carpet or certain types of tile flooring. But it still needs thorough, periodic cleaning.

To begin with, the most important thing is to give your laminate floor a regular light sweeping. This prevails any dirt or grit from building up, detracting from your floor's appearance. It also brings the dust that goes into the room's air.

If sweeping is not going to get the job done you can try damp mopping. Use water with a little vinegar in it and make sure to wring the mop out thoroughly before applying it to the floor. You do not want to use excess water. In fact, any time you find standing water on your laminate floor, it should be soaked up immediately.

Sometimes a little extra elbow grease might be needed, in which case cleaning by hand with a cloth moistened with a cleaning solution should do the trick. Just make sure that the solution is one that the manufacturer of your laminate flooring has approved. Using the right cleaner will make the job easier and help remove sticky and stubborn substances. Once again, when the job is done, soak up any excess water.

Water and humidity are laminate flooring's enemies. For this reason you should not even consider steam cleaning. Steam cleaning is fine for certain other floor types – like carpet and tile – but is highly likely to damage a laminate floor. If you're faced with cleaning challenges that the above methods just can not handle, you might try applying a little acetone or alcohol to the problem area and using a soft bristled brush to scrub it. This method can often be used to successfully remove asphalt, paint, crayon and even cigarette burns.

And never let your laminate floor fool you: Even though it can be made to look just like real wood, it is not – which means no sanding, refinishing or waxing. Also, avoid using cleaning products of an abrasive nature. And keep those harsh scouring pads and that steel wool away too. These will only cause scratching, and over time, more serious wear.

Lessons in Baby Massage: 12 Most Frequently Asked Questions

At its most basic, a baby massage offers precious moments to emotionally connect with your infant, relaxing you and baby. Since touch is the most developed sense for an infant, it is not surprising that early massages have the ability to stimulate nerve centers and improve immune system function. There are overwhelming scientific evidence in support of baby massage that the negatives are difficult to find.

We have put together 12 most frequently asked questions (FAQ) on the subject and provided answers from qualified instructions.

QUESTIONS ON BABY MASSAGE

1: Will I hurt my baby?

Use firm, slow strokes. For guidance on how much pressure to place on infant, look at baby cues to help. Not too hard, but too light might be ticklish.

2: At what stage should you start a massage?

Massages start at the new-born stage, as soon as the mother feels comfortable performing the technique.

3: When is the ideal time to massage your baby?

When your baby is in the quiet alert state is a good time for a massage. Other suggestions are after a bath, and at least half an hour after a feed.

4: Should I massage an ill baby?

Do not massage an ill or disturbed baby. Always look for cues that indicate abnormal behavior.

5: Should I begin with a full head-to-toe massage?

No. Perform massages in limited sessions until baby can tolerate a full massage, both anteriorly (toward the front) and posteriorly (toward the back).

6: What type of oil should I use and how much?

Several types of oil may be used in generous amounts. Simply pour warm oil into the palm of the hand and rub them together for even distribution. Recommended oils are: Organic vegetable / nut oils (example-olive, sunflower, sweet almond, sesame). These are unscented, and will not interfere with phototherapy.

7: What if baby looks to always resist massage?

Hold your baby gently, but firmly (using containment holds), until they gradually relax and accept the massage.

8: Is baby massage helpful with a colicky baby?

Yes! Babies who have their tummies and legs rubbed along with knee pressing exercises (into the tummies) receive fantastic success rates. Rub their tummy in a circular clockwise direction.

9: Can a massage help with asthma and skin disorders?

Touch Research Institute conducted studies that show the benefits of massage for both these conditions. Parents can learn the technique from qualified instructors.

10: Do I need to learn technical strokes or can I just gently rub baby all over?

Massage strokes are specific in generating a scientific result. Once you learn the techniques you will begin to see the difference. The strokes incorporate Swedish, Indian and Reflexology components.

11: How often should baby be massaged?

Massages can be done more than once per day; some experts recommends up to 3 times a day. The ideal amount is very personal to your baby, you and family circumstances.

12: What should be the first steps before starting a massage?

Gather all needed supplies. Ensure that the room is warm. Begin the massage when your baby is comfortable. Start at one of the extremitudes, and remember not to overtire baby.

Baby massage is comforting and improves all-over circulation and encourages growth. Begin the habit of asking permission from your baby before starting a session, as this will become an essential part of the routine later on.

Why Wood Floors Are Healthier Than Carpeting

Do you know why wooden floors are healthier than carpeting? Are there allergies, or asthma in your home? Do you have pets in your home? If you have answered yes or no to any of these questions, read on.

I recently had the experience to replace old worn out carpeting with wooden floors. I knew this was a much healthier alternative to carpeting, but until I saw the results with my own eyes, the reason finally sunk in.

When you have carpeting it gets dirty and dusty – covered with animal hair – wet from spilled drinks. All we can do with the carpeting is vacuum. Then periodically once a year or whenever you feel your carpeting is an eye sore, you can hire a professional to come in and steam clean it or do it yourself.

With wooden floors immediately I knew the difference. The floors do require more maintenance especially if you have pets, but the floors are completely clean.

They can be dry moped daily or whenever you have the time, and wet mopped once a week. In this way the dirt and dust disappears and the animal hair is under control.

When you remove your carpeting take a whiff of the odor which is reking from the padding. Look at all the dust and dirt which has collected underneath the carpeting after being on the floor for years.

If you have members of your family with asthma, allergies or upper respiratory problems wood floors which require no glue is the answer.

I will say when you have a wood floor – it is recommended for you to wear shoes at all times. It is better for your legs, feet and your whole body. Even with padding underneath the flooring – it is still hard. It is a small adjustment to make wearing shoes when you are not used to wearing shoes in your home.

Thank you for reading my article. Please feel free to read any of my numerous articles on many different subjects.

Copyright Linda E. Meckler 2007

Decorative Outdoor Gas Fireplaces

The ongoing trend in the youngger homes is an outdoor open fireplace. This is an amenity that the households are interpreting to make their outdoor living place more fun and useful, all the year round. Many people like to sit and unlax in their backyards, after a day full of hectic work. However, the air becomes cold at night and in the absence of a eligible outdoor gas fireplace, it is problematic to sit outdoors. But thanks to outdoor fireplaces, you can now enjoy your outdoor space!

Outdoor fireplaces can either be free-standing or built-in structures. They can range from pastoral plainness to appealing extravagances. A built-in fireplace can definitely be a centerpiece in any area. The fireplaces are mainly planned by landscape architects and designers, whereas some are built by pool and spa professionals.

It is easier to buy pre-fabricated fireplaces that have been built with safety in mind. But if you are confident enough to build it from scratch, then materials can be bought from any home improvement store as well as those specializing in garden or outdoor materials.

Fix the area where you want to put the fireplace. Follow the instruction from the maker to assemble the fireplace together. Outdoor fireplaces can be set up just like indoor fireplaces, except that you do not need to instal a damper.

After installing the pre-fabricated fireplace, you can now add completing touches to your fireplace. Try adding bricks and blocks and then apply concrete or rouge with any color you like. You can even give your fireplace a stucco finish for getting that Mediterranean look.

So treat your garden or backyard with a nice looking and sophisticated outdoor gas fireplace!

Civil Engineering Jobs in India to Rise in the Coming Years!

Civil engineering, one of the oldest and broadest branches of engineering offers vast career opportunities in sectors across. Although in 19802s, the demand of civil engineers slowed down a bit, it has regained its importance and today is one of the hottest career domains to be in. People in this domain are mostly involved in construction, design, development and maintenance of buildings, roads, highways, bridges, tunnels, airports, dams, railway lines and so on.

The demand of civil engineers is anticipated to be on the rise till 2030. According to a report by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), the country will need around 76.5 million skilled workforces in the India's prospering building, construction and real estate sector. In fact the construction sector particularly is projected to grow INR 11,954 billion by 2017, which is simply amazing! And it is likely to create more than 45 million jobs catering to people from all walks of life.

The construction sector is the second largest employer in the country after agriculture. It may surprise you but during 2000 and 2013, the industry wooed USD 40,399 million as foreign direct investment (FDI). It is further expected to rise and attract FDI of USD 180 billion by 2020. In fact the capital investments in the sector is expected to reach USD 1,181 billion in 2019-20 from USD 651 billion in 2012-13.

Moreover, with the govt's impetus in fast tracking investments in infrastructure projects across oil and gas, power, telecommunications The job creation process has been hastened in the engineering, construction and procurement sector.

Since, these particular industries are the typical recruiters of civil engineers, it is expected that civil engineering jobs will grow exponentially in the near future. It would be good to say that civil engineers in India enjoy plush job opportunities and are always high on the priority list of the employers.

Some job profiles-

Given the interdisciplinary nature of this stream, the candidates enjoy huge career prospects. Some of the prominent job titles in this field are listed below-

· Construction engineer

· Project engineer

· Field technician

· Structural engineer

· Site engineer

· Quality control engineer

· Estimation engineer

The employment prospects for the graduates is varied and not limited to just any one area. The best part is candidates enjoy an edge over other career fields when it comes to government jobs. Job seekers whether fresher or experienced are easily absorbed by various govt offices. Some of the most predominant workplaces for civil engineers in govt sector include irrigation, road and building and CPWD. Further, they also find placements in both private and public sector undertakings and infrastructure and construction companies.

In summary, it would be good to say that civil engineering has a wide career scope and its demand is not going to fade at least in the near future.

Timber Decking Kits – How to Build the Wooden Joist Sub Frame

Patio timber decking has become increasingly popular in the 21st century garden. In line with this, a wide selection of patio timber decking kits are now available to buy online, direct from the manufacturers and without the need to pay top-dollar prices down at the high-street DIY chains.

These kits are designed specifically to be easy and straightforward for the average DIYer to construct. Indeed, provided you have the basic tools held by most households – battery drill, saw, and a tape measure – there is almost nothing stopping anybody building one of these off-the-shelf kits in just a couple of hours.

Once you have decided where your deck is to be constructed, and prepared the over-site (the ground area onto which the deck is to be constructed) you can begin constructing the joist subframe. Why construct a joist subframe? There are a number of reasons.

Firstly, and most obviously, the joist subframe provides the DIYer with a strong and structurally sound base onto which all decking joists are mounted.

Another key reason, and one often overlooked by the DIYer (and the cheaper decking kit suppliers, for that matter) is that only treated timber should come into contact with the ground. On this basis, a minimum of C16-grade timber is required. C16 is very popular in Britain, and widely specified by architects, builders and DIYers alike for use as decking joist timbers. The classification C16 basically determines how many defects the timber has (such as grain defects, knots, etc) across the length, width and depth of the timber.

If the deck is to be raised, you will most likely use raised posts to hold the decking subframe in the air. Support posts should be no further than 3 meters apart, and regular 2″ x 4″ joists should, as an absolute minimum, be supported by the use of 2″ x 6″ timbers.

To ensure that the area underneath the deck is free draining, boards should be laid down along the gradient (Rather than against it). Raised decking support timbers are fixed through the use of either metal post anchors or metal spikes. The post anchors are bolt-down shoes, into which the vertical support timbers are inserted. The metal spikes are, quite literally, 60cm spikes which are driven into the ground and which act as ‘anchors’, into which the vertical timber support posts are inserted. Remember that any deck surface which sits at or above 60cm above ground level will fail to meet planning regulations. If in doubt, consult your local planning authority.

Advantages of Ash Wood

The Ash tree belongs to the Oleaceae (olive) Family with about 70 species in the world. Of these the White Ash and Black Ash are the ones that are used predominantly in the lumber industry. Ash wood trees grow throughout the world in places as wide apart as North America, Europe, North Africa and South West Asia. White Ash has a clear white to pale yellow sapwood, with the heartwood leaning more to the light to medium brown tones. Due to greater supply, Ash furniture tends to be more easily available and is cheaper too, in comparison to Oak. Ash wood has the same high quality standards as Oak, but, at a more affordable cost.

Versatile

Ash wood is versatile and can be used in a variety of applications from tools to sports equipment and even furniture. Black Ash is a medium dense wood, similar to a Black Walnut, but softer than White Ash. Black Ash can be used for making baskets and other more detailed work because of its layered characteristics.

White Ash is often substituted for Oak. The wood of White Ash is similar to Red Oak in appearance and characteristics; when stained, it looks like Oak as the grain pattern of the two woods is similar. This allows Ash wood to be used in different types of furniture, modern contemporary Ash furniture designs, and also more traditionally designed furniture.

Ash wood is odor free because of which it can be used to make serving utensils.

Easy to Handle and Durable

Ash is a “user-friendly” wood, and takes easily to nails, screws and glue. Though it is hard, the wood bends well and allows a smooth finish because stain and paint adhere well to the wood.

The wood of Ash is typically easy to sand and machine. It is also easy to carve.

This is resistant to decay in the heartwood. This makes it durable and requires low maintenance.

Shock Resistant

Ash Wood has a Janka rating of 1320, making it between red and white Oak in hardness. This makes it a good choice for flooring in high traffic areas, or areas that are susceptible to rough usage, such as for use in kitchens. Ash hardwood floors are durable and shock resistant. Though it is hard, the wood bends well.

Ash wood has the best strength to weight ratio and is therefore used to make baseball bats. Since most players do not want a bat greater than 32 oz. this becomes significant. It is also used for tool handles and other sports equipment.

Timber Frame Horse Barns

Prior to the 1900s, most barns were built with timber frames (also known as post and beam) forming very strong structures built to withstanding harsh storms and heavy loads of animal feed. Timber framing is the method of creating framed structures of heavy timber joined together with various joints. A timber frame barn is built to last a lifetime if not longer, but there are many things to consider when designing a barn.

Horse barns and stables often work on a 10×12 or 12×12 grid for interior stalls, tack rooms and wash stalls. Storing hay in the loft provides its own set of challenges. Years ago, people would just put up summer beams and timber joists and throw as much hay up in the loft as they could. Today, as with most everything that technology touches, hay bales are packed more compact and weigh much more than they did years ago as well as all the changes in building codes. It is now common practice to design a hay loft so that it can support a live load of 100 pounds per square foot. The intermediate posts that are next to the stall doors are increased in size as well as the trusses to help improve load carrying ability.

Authentic timber framing is an art that can be traced back many generations. Today, much of the work is still completed by hand, using traditional tools like chisels, mallets, and beetles. The timber girts, purlins, plates, and posts are joined with inadvertently cut interlocking joints crafted with tenons (tabs), mortises (slots) and wooden pegs called trunnels. There are several different types of joints used during the construction process. Most commonly used are the mortise and tenon joints, but there are many more like a double through mortise and tenon, brace mortise and tenon, dovetail, shouldered mortise and tenon and tongue and fork. Each type of joint has its own design purpose. Today, most timber frame structures are designed to use new CAD (Computer Aided Design) technology, this actually helps them design for and spread the load properly. Most rustic framed horse barns are constructed with Hemlock for country barns; and elegant stable frames out of smooth and highly finished Douglas Fir beams. Hemlock and Douglas Fir are the best types of wood species to use in your barn as they are less prone to rotting and because the horses do not like to curb on them (horses enjoy eating white pine like chocolate).

There is better way to celebrate the beauty of wood than to showcase it through the structure of your house or barn. The beauty and elegance of Timber Frame Construction methods have been in use for more than 2,000 years with some of the earliest examples dating back to ancient Roman and Egyptian civilizations. It is and elegant timeless classic style that has lived the ages.

How to Make a Glass Fan Light in a Timber Door Frame

Fan lights are found on top of a long door frame. They are usually made of glass with a vent of one inch above the glass. They allow light and air movement in and out of a room. They are normally fitted on door ways of all rooms except wash rooms and lavatories. In rooms where the corridor has no adequate light, they assist by allowing it into the passage. This light is from windows in the rooms. The glass is fixed into a rebate using timber beading’s nailed to the door frame.

The fan light can be of made of clear sheet or frosted glass. This will depend on the amount of light intended on the passage and the door location. The vent above the glass can be covered with a gauze wire. This will stop the insects and flies from crossing from the open lobbies into the rooms. The fan light can be introduced on door frame existing in a house. Where door frame heights are greater than ten feet, a fan light can be used. This will also give good door frame aesthetics.

The fixing of the glass fan light starts with measuring the size of the opening above the door. The glass is then cut, leaving a one inch gap at the top. The glass should be cut leaving space at the bottom and side of the frame. This will allow it to slide into the rebate of the frame without getting stuck. The beading’s to be used should also be measured and cut at forty five degrees at the ends. This will allow a smooth joint at the corners. The wire nails to be used should not break the beading when being hammered in.

When the glass is slid into the rebate, panel pins are hammered into three spots round. This are for ensuring the glass does not rattle when the door is closed. Also in the case of wind gushing into the room when windows are opened. The beading is then hammered onto the rebate also using the panel pins. The beading should fit flush with the rebate. After it is fixed, painting of this timber is then carried out. This should match the door frame paint. After apply three coats and it dries, the glass is cleaned to remove any paint marks.

Roof Hail Damage – 4 Tips for Homeowners

The storm has come and gone, did your home suffer any roof hail damage? Hail storms are capable of producing hailstones up to 6 "in diameter. These balls of ice fall from the sky with no regard to your roof.

Many factors play into how much damage a hail stone may cause. Size of the hail, wind speed and direction are only a few pieces of the puzzle. The age of your roof's shingles, the type of shingles and if your shingleles are "impact-resistant" can all factor in to the severity of your roof hail damage.

Damage to your roof's shingles can compromise the effective life of your roof and even if not immediately visible, may lead to large scale problems if not identified in a timely manner. Here are a few tips which will help you properly identify roof hail damage.

Tip # 1: Is there any visible damage on the inside of your home? If you see water stains or slow drips on the inside of your home, then you have a problem which requires immediate attention. A new water stain on your ceiling is most definitely a sign that your roof was compromised. If left untreated, the problem will worsen leading to further damage which may require a complete tear-off of your existing roof, not to mention repairs to the interior of your home.

Tip # 2 Are there any visible dents (blisters) on your roof's shinglees? Just because you do not see any damage to the inside of your home does not mean your roof was not damaged. When there is no visible damage to the inside of your home, it may provide a false sense of security. By neglecting exterior damage, you run the risk of damage to your home in the months to come. Even worse is if you do not file an insurance claim within the time guidelines stipulated in your homeowner's insurance policy, you may lose benefits that you are entitled to now.

Identifying shingle blisters requires a visible inspection of your roof. Sometimes blisters may be hard to see. It can be helpful to look for small dings on metal or aluminum vents, downspouts or gutters. It is typically easier to identify these marks than blisters on your shingle. If you believe you have visible evidence of damage, it is suggested that you contact your insurance agent immediately to express your concerns and to find out what your policy covers and the procedures necessary to file an insurance claim.

Tip # 3 Get your own independent professional opinion. There's no denying when a hail storm has blown through town. The National Weather Service records all storm data. If there is knowledge of a storm, and you contact your insurance company, they will most likely dispatch an adjuster. That adjuster represents your insurance company. His job is to identify damage, assess the cost to repair or replace your roof and make sure all of the paperwork is in order to process a claim.

It is suggested that you contact a local roofing company that is trained in roof hail damage for an independent opinion prior to your insurance adjustor performing their inspection. Your roofing company is capable of representing your interests. They should be willing to provide you an inspection and estimate to repair any damages free of charge. More importantly, they should be willing to back up their estimate and make themselves available for mutual consultation with the insurance adjuster. If the adjuster and roofer can agree on the remedy for the damage and the cost, this can expedite the process. In most cases your roofer will be awarded the repair job.

Tip # 4 Get It In Writing. Most insurance companies will only issue a check directly to the roofer. This protects the insurance company from the homeowner "pocketing" the procedures and never repairing the damage. By getting your roofing contractor to agree to the type of repairs to be performed and the costs involved, this will insure that your roof gets the required repairs. If your roofer agreements that the insurance check is sufficient to repair your roof hail damage, then they should be willing to do the repairs for that cost, nothing more.

Roof replacement or repair due to hail damage can be one of the most expensive repairs for homeowners and insurance companies. Making sure that you properly identify roof hail damage in a timely basis, and following the proper procedures will help protect your family's most important asset, your home.

In summary home owners who think they may have suffered storm damage should:

  • Look for visible water damage inside your home.
  • Look for damage to your roof's shingles that may compromise the effective life of your roof.
  • If necessary, contact your insurance agent and file a claim.
  • Consult a local roofing contractor trained in Roof Hail Damage to represent your interests.