The Truth About Permanent Cosmetic Makeup Eyeliner, Lip Liner, and Eyebrow Tattoos

I've had cosmetic makeup procedures done in many parts of the world at many clinics and for many different reasons. All have been successful and I am pleased with the results; the ease of applying less makeup, waking up to beautiful brows and perfect eyeliner and softly colored lips. I also love going for a swim and coming out looking like I never got my face wet, at least there's no runny eyebrow pencil, no black smudges of liner under my eyes and no dull. lifeless lips. That's my experience, so naturally I've been recommending permanent makeup for a long time. But the truth is that tattooing any part of your face is a serious matter, and it's definitely NOT for everyone!

My adventure with persistent makeup began in Asia, therefore I had some of the best cosmeticians attend me at a clinic in Hong Kong. Later in Taipei, I had my eyeliner retouched a few months before I was married, so my honeymoon on secluded beaches of Macau was free of makeup worries. However, through my travels as a cultural journalist, during almost 10 years in Asia, I also saw numerous ladies who cosmetic tattoo eyesbrows were a total disaster, mostly because the shape and the arch of the brow was overly pronounced, or because the tattoo had been done on an area above the natural brow, or so unnatural looking due to having the brow line tattooed in a solid inky stain on the skin and not a natural feathery application within some existing hair.

This seemed to have been the result of women getting eyebrow tattoos after having completely removed their natural brow hair, either through electrolysis or some other hair removal system. Most of these "not very flattering" eyebrow results were on women who lived in smaller villages and isolated regions where newer tattooing techniques were not yet began to be applied, and where black was the only one that was used to create dragons on the shoulders and backs of men was also used on lady's brows. But the newest methods, which are used in international clinics, allow for a wide choice of pigments, including blending colors to get very natural shades that match even fair hair colors.

But who should get cosmetic tattoos and who should not? The truth is that if a lady has no brows due due to an illness that has contributed to hair loss, a tattoo is an excellent solution, especially if the feathering techniques is used. What this means is that tiny strokes of pigment are applied to the brow region to look like hair, not a solid line. Women who have very sparse brow hair should also consider adding a bit of dimension with this same technique, and in this case, the technician will follow the natural brow. Women who should not consider these procedures are those who have poor natural healing abilities, who bleed profusely, who scar easily or have extremely sensitive skin.

If you're unsure about getting eyebrows tattooed, since this procedure alters the look of the eye in a very noticeable way, then start with something smaller like a bit of eyeliner. Have your technician tattoo a fine outline in the lash line and see how your skin reacts to the pigment. If all is well, go ahead with the brows.

Ovarian Cysts Natural Treatment – I Need Help With My Ovarian Cysts Now!

Do you know what the best ovarian cysts natural treatment is? You need a natural treatment that can get rid of your pain and keep the cysts from coming back in the future. Many women are looking to ovarian cysts natural treatment that they can do at home to stop their pain. Some women have a higher tolerance to pain than others, nut there are not many women that can say that the pain of a ruptured ovarian cysts does not bother them.

Having to live with an ovarian cysts can be painful and costly. There comes a time when you have to do something about it. The bad news is that traditional medicine requires surgery or drugs, these can not guarantee a cure and they can be very expensive.

You can treat your cysts with doing little things like changes in your diet. You will never know how easy it can be until you give it a try. It can be hard to say what will work for everyone since every women is different, but there are not many things that will work right away as an ovarian cysts natural treatment.

You can relieve pressure on your lower abdomen as this is a good way to ease the pain of ovarian cysts. A few examples of this would be to try to wear loose clothing, start drinking more water, just take a few minutes out of your day to sit down and relax.

Stress can be one of the worst things for the body, and when you add stress with cysts it can be a nightmare for the body. Drinking a nice hot cup of herbal tea will help you too. A few good herbal teas are Ginseng, Chrysanthemum, and Ku Ding. You can also use a heating pad on your pelvic area to help with the pain and give you some comfort. An ovarian cysts natural treatment is the best way to cure your problem.

When I had my own problems with my cysts, I was desperate to find a natural cure and get rid of the terrible pain. You can free yourself from the pain and get a natural cure to help you feel better right now.

Is Good Posture Hurting Your Back?

Proper posture is supposed to help keep our backs healthy. Why, then, do some experience back pain when sitting or standing properly? If you are trying to relieve back pain by improving posture and experiencing more of it, don’t give up just yet.

Muscles learn behavior. Technically, “muscle memory” refers to the brain’s tendency to record repeated behaviors and make them automatic in the future. If your posture trains your muscles to be tense or lax, eventually the brain will send signals to those muscles that cause them to tense up or disengage automatically. This is why proper posture is difficult to perform; it is a retraining of your muscles and brain that takes time.

Slouching, characterized by stooped shoulders, rounded lower back and tucked pelvis, is the classic example of poor posture. Let’s analyze the ways in which this positioning and training affects muscles. Rounded, stooped shoulders cause muscles in the chest to tighten and shorten in length. The natural lumbar arch in the lower back is flattened out by slouching; this strains the lower back muscles. Muscles in the stomach are not allowed to engage in this position, causing further strain to the lower back muscles which must support the upper body by themselves. Muscles within the hip are shortened when sitting for prolonged periods of time, and if your pelvis is not neutral, they will become even tighter.

The many muscular changes that slouching causes do not simply go away when you sit up straight; the tight muscles in the chest and hips will resist lengthening while the overstretched, strained muscles in the back will not be sufficiently conditioned to perform their task. This is why, at first, good posture can actually cause back pain.

It is still important to correct posture; even if your back didn’t hurt before, poor posture will eventually cause pain. As the tug-of-war increases between imbalanced muscles, you may suffer chronic pain due to tenseness and strain. If the muscles of the back cannot sufficiently support the spine’s alignment, you run the risk of disc and vertebral problems. Finally, spinal joints will eventually be affected by poor posture. Correcting your alignment can prevent chronic pain conditions.

Helpful Tips

Though it is important to work through the pain, you should not simply force your muscles into new positions without a complementary plan. You will need to lengthen your tight muscles and build your weaker ones to make correct posture possible and, eventually, painless.

After stretching tense muscles, the exercises you do will focus on core strength. Developing the abdominal, lower back, hip and buttocks muscles will allow you to hold your spine up. See the Mayo Clinic’s slideshow of balanced core exercises at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/core-strength/SM00047.

For some people, the damage done to the muscular system will require more than simple stretching and exercising. The help of a massage or physical therapist may be needed to relax tense muscles. Deep tissue massage or self-myofascial release can accomplish this. If postural dysfunction is severe, a physical therapist may need to guide you in exercise technique. Finally, if poor posture has caused your spine to become misaligned, you may require chiropractic care.

Another useful tip is to invest in a lumbar support cushion. While you work on developing a strong core, this type of cushion will help to support your upper body’s weight until your muscles are strong enough to do so without assistance.

If proper posture is causing you pain, this is a testament to the damage poor posture has done to your body. Your efforts can be assisted by stretching, exercising and using a lumbar cushion. If you are unable to correct your problem at home, don’t hesitate to seek out professional care. The future of your back may depend on it.

Principles of Accounting and Accounting Assumptions

In the modem world no business can afford to remain secretive because various parties such as creditors, employees, taxation authorities, investors, public and government etc., are interested to know about the affairs of the business. Affairs of the business can be studied mainly by consulting final accounts and the balance sheet of the particular business. Final accounts and the balance sheet are end products of book-keeping. Because of the importance of these statements it became necessary for the accountants to develop some principles, concepts and conventions which may be regarded as foundations of accounting. Such fundamentals having wide acceptance give reliability and creditability to the financial statements prepared by the accountants. The need for 'generally accepted accounting principles' arises for two reasons: First, to be logical and consistent in recording the transactions and second, to conform to, the established practices and procedures.

There is no agreement among the accountants as regards the basic concepts of accounting. There is no uniformity in generally accepted accounting principles (GAPP). The terms-axioms, assumptions, conventions, concepts, generalizations, methods, rules, doctrines, techniques, postulates, standards and canons are used freely and inconsistently in the same sense.

Principles

"A general law or rule, adopted or professed as a guide to action, a settled ground or basis of conduct or practice." This definition given by dictionaries comes closest to describing what most accountants mean by the word 'Principle'. Care should be taken to make it clear that as applied to accounting practice, the world principle, does not connote a rule for which there can be no deviation. An accounting principle is not a principle in the sense that it admits of no conflict with other principals.

Postulates

Mean to absorb without proof, to take for granted or positive consent, a position assumed as self- evident. Postulates are assumptions but they are not arbitrary deliberate assumptions but generally recognized assumptions which reflect the judgment of 'facts' or trend or events, assumptions which have been borne out in past by facts provided by legal institutions making them enforceable to some extent.

Doctrines

Mean principals of belief: what the scriptures teach on any subject. It refers to an established principle propagated by a teacher which is followed in strict faith. But in accounting practice, no such doctrine should be adhered to but the word denotes the general principals or policies to be followed.

Axiom

Denotes a statement of truth which can not be asked by anyone.

Standards

Refer to the basis expected in accounting practice, under different circumstances. In Indian context, the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) issued an Accounting Standards Board on 21st April, 1977. The main function of ASB is to formulate accounting standards taking into consideration the applicable laws, customs, usages and business environment.

Accounting Assumptions

The International Accounting Standards Committee (LASC) as well as the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) treat (vide IAS-I & AS-I) the following as the fundamental accounting assumptions:

(1) Going concern

In the ordinary course, accounting assures that the business will continue to exist and carry on its operations for an indefinite period in the future. The entity is expected to remain in operation sufficiently long to carry out its objects and plans. The values ​​attached to the assets will be on the basis of its current worth. The assumption is that the fixed assets are not intended for re-sale. Therefore, it may be contended that a balance sheet which is prepared on the basis of record of facts on historical costs can not show the true or real worth of the concern at a particular date. The underlying principle there is that the earning power and not the cost is the basis for valuing a continuing business. The business is to continue indefinitely and the financial and accounting policies are followed to maintain the continuity of the business unit.

(2) Consistency

There should be uniformity in accounting processes and policies from one period to another. Material changes, if any, should be disclosed even though there is improvement in technique. A change of method from one period to another will affect the result of the trading materialally. Only when the accounting procedures are adhered to consistently from year to year the results disclosed in the financial statements will be uniform and comparable.

(3) Accrual

Accounting attempts to recognize non-cash events and circumstances as they occur. Accrual is concerned with expected future cash receipts and payments: it is the accounting process of recognizing assets, liabilities or income for amounts expected to be received or paid in future. Common examples of accruals include purchases and sales of goods or services on credit, interest, rent (not yet paid), wages and salaries, taxes. Thus, we make a record of all expenses and imports relating to the accounting period whether actual cash has been disbursed or received or not. If a fundamental accounting assumption (ie Going concern, consistency and accrual) is not followed (in the preparation of financial statements) the fact should be disclosed. [AS-I para 27].

How Amino Acids Help To Rejuvenate Your Skin

The Significance of Amino Acids And Their Anti-Aging Properties

The right mixture of amino acids provides a complete regenerative treatment for the skin, hair and nails. They ensure the vital active substances that are essential for improving the quality of hair, the strengthening of nails and increasing the skin's elasticity.

Beautiful shiny hair, strong fingernails and smooth, firm skin are characteristics of health and natural beauty. They require an adequate supply of certain nutrients and vital substances that nourish the skin, hair and nails from within. They ensure regeneration of the connective tissues, eg Collagen, Elastin and Keratin. This keeps the skin supple and elastic, the nails hard and resistant, and the hair strong and beautiful Skin And Nails.

Creatine Is Good For The Skin

Cell functions gradually slow down as part of the aging process. The skin synthesizes less and less Collagen and Elastin, leading to the typical symptoms of aging skin such as wrinkles, reduced elasticity and reduced thickness. In addition, highly reactive molecules damage the genetic material in the cells and fewer repair enzymes are produced. Scientists believe Creatine stimulates energy metabolism, which slows down as we age. This stimulation has a positive effect on cell functions and thus supports the natural mechanisms of skin functions.

Furthermore, Creatine can protect cells against external influenza by forming a water sheath around them that prevails the entry of harmful substances. The ability to form a water sheath also increases the moisture content of the skin. Creatine Consists Of Glycine, Arginine And Methionine. Creatine is an amino acid derivative that occurs naturally in the body and plays an important role in the energy metabolism of the cell. It is biosynthesised from three amino acids – Glycine, Arginine and Methionine (the latter is a component of Carnitine).

Carnitine is a quaternary ammonium compound biosynthesized from the amino acids lysine and methionine in living cells. A human body weighing 70kg contains about 120g Creatine.

More Creatine Means More Collagen

Creatine acts as a kind of energy store for times of higher energy demand. In experiments with tissue cultures, it was shown that energy metabolism could be increased by adding external Creatine. It stimulates the cells to produce not only more proteins, such as Collagen and Elastin which are important for the skin, but also enzymes that repair damaged genetic material in the cell.

Collagen provides natural beauty from within Collagen protein is synthesized by the body and bestows firmness and stability to the skin. It binds water and thus increases the skin's moisture content, allowing it to become smooth and supple. From the age of 25 onwards, our skin starts to age and the proportion of collagen in the skin is gradually reduced. By comparison, the remaining collagen is not as effective.

Collagen is an important moisturizing factor in the skin and is particularly effective when it can act directly from within. In conventional treatments, collagen is regularly injected into the skin. But who wants to suffer in order to be beautiful? A much kinder and more natural way is to stimulate the body to produce its own collagen. This requires the amino acids glycine and arginine as well as Carnitine.

The Skin As A Mirror Of The Metabolism

In general, amino acids are like skin care from within. The skin is a sensitive and extremely reliable early warning system. Its appearance reflects the state of the metabolism. Allergic reactions, inflammations and pale skin with poor blood circulation are all physical signs signaling imbalances in the body's metabolism. Many studies particularly those of recent years, have demonstrated the importance of amino acids for healthy hair and firm skin.

Glutamine For Firm Skin

Glutamine is the most frequently occurring amino acid and is biosynthesised by the body, however, the quantities become insufficient with age. Glutamine plays a highly important role in protein synthesis. If there is not enough available, the organism takes protein from the body's muscle mass and converts it into glutamine and energy. As a consequence, muscle proteins are lost, muscle strands become thinner and the skin becomes less firm.

Almost like a plant, people tend to dry out and wither as they age. In this respect, glutamine is an excellent anti-aging supplement and some scientists refer to it as the internal fountain of youth, not without reason.

Carnitine Is important for firm skin as it plays a significant role in fat burning

Increasing the Carnitine level accelerates fat transport so that more can be oxidised for energy. As a fat burner, Carnitine can thus make an important contribution to weight control. It is an important component of fitness and wellness programs and helps to ensure long-term weight loss.

The essential anti-aging ingredients that can help directly or indirectly in the biosynthesis of the above and the long term health of your skin.

The main components are amino acids (see below) however as part of the mix there is a natural vitamin complex containing Vitamins A, B1, B2, Nicotinamide, Pantothenic Acid, B6, Biotin, Folic acid, B12 and Vitamin C.

There is also a natural mix of Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium, Calcium, Manganese, Iron, Copper, Zinc, Phosphorous, Chloride Iodine and selenium and glucose.

All these combined with the amino acids help to promote Long Term Benefits.

Landscaping Materials – Plants, Lumber and Stone

There are many different types of landscaping materials available to anyone and you do not have to be a landscaping professional. Do-it-yourself landscaping has become popular and materials that were once available only to contractors and landscapers are now available to the general public. There are now many more stores that supply exotic landscaping materials then there once was. If you have an area to landscape and can lift, dig and use a shovel then you can create an attractive design using plants and other landscaping material.

Walls and pathways can be very pleasant and can be fully integrated into your design. These features are usually made using stone landscaping material. Materials needed for paving, retaining walls and dry setting are much more extensive than just using brick. Design stones, textured patio paving and articulate granite can be combined to form many different patterns. You can access information on planning and stone laying online and you will soon discover that these types of projects are easier then you first thought.

When you use landscaping materials that create a lovely outdoor area you will be spending more time outdoors than before. Decks that were originally wood are now being ripped up and replaced with stones, creating a relaxing outdoor patio.

Patio Deck Materials

Other landscaping materials have progressed much further for boards and lumber than the old green-treated wood. There are other options available if you can not afford to replace your old lumber with the newer wood materials. Boards can now be found made of recycled materials that look better than natural lumber and these recycled boards will last much longer than regular wood.

Plastic board can be found in a wide range of colors that can be neatly accessorized with greenery and other outdoor plants. There are also many natural stains available if you decide to use natural wood for your patio deck. When using a grain on wood it is important to apply a waterproof coating, as this will provide long-term protection for you patio deck.

Stone materials can also be used on patio decks and should not be limited to only paths and walls. Stones can be used as stand-alone attractions, such as a large rock surrounded by shrubs and plants. You can also use stone for a variety of seating ideas. Stone landscaping material are popular choices to bring life to a dull yard. Also using stone your design should also include trees, flowers, shrubs and plants to create an attractive outdoor area.

No matter what landscaping material you decide to use you should always make sure that your design blends in with the surroundings. It is important to enhance your home with landscaping and create a comfortable area where you can relax. You can enhance interesting features and create shady lounging points. You do not want your yard to be too busy so remember to keep things simply and create a lush look with greenery and potted plants.

The Use of Moxa For Shingle Pain

I have been studying Chinese Medicine – Acupuncture – and find that it has contributed to the welfare of my family, friends and clients.

The use of moxa for minor ailments has been seen to be very effective in ridding the body of local discomfort.

What is Moxa?

Moxa is the use of the wool from a family of chrysanthemum – artemisia vulgaris – made into a cigar shaped cylinder or pressed into cones of different sizes which is lighted and burns slowly giving off vapour and heat which can benefit certain health issues. Unlike acupuncture, it is totally non invasive and acts like a heat pack but much more localized.

Here it is useful to mention that artemisia annua is also used for therapeutic purposes – generally termed ‘artemisinin’, it is extremely useful for virus attack such as in colds and flu. As a culture we have become used to ready made pills (in fact ready made anything) – that is what is wrong as we have given away responsibility for health to someone else. With some research we can all use natural products for personal therapy – too much reliance is placed on the ‘mystical’ skill of someone called a practitioner.

Treatment

The area around the shingle lesions is very sensitive and so any treatment needs to be gentle. The object of using moxa for shingle pain is not to use acupoints but to stimulate the area around each lesion with heat.

For example I recently used moxa treatment for a shingle issue in the left scapula area on a family member. A standard moxa stick was moved around and between the lesions starting from the left side of the spine – treatment duration was around 10 minutes and was done twice in two days.

The technique is to place the moxa at points around each discrete lesion and move it around at 2-2.5cm(1″) intervals each time the heat is ‘felt’.

Placing and using the Moxa stick

Here is a quick primer on how to use moxa. Be careful.

Hold the Moxa stick as you would a pen. I prefer to unwrap the outer paper sheath for a few centimeters (an inch or so) at the end to be lit leaving the white tissue paper protecting the bark. Hold the moxa stick over a candle or other flame until it smoulders – don’t burn it, but just use enough flame to light the bark, then you may blow on it until it glows in one small spot – that is enough as it is lit.

Now hold the stick over the back of your hand and feel the heat from various distances – you will find that for regular moxa the ideal distance above the skin is about two to three centimeters (1 inch).

While using moxa always talk to your patient to gauge the feeling of heat they are getting. Instruct the patient to say ‘hot’ when they feel the skin is quite warm but before any burn takes place – do not burn the patient. Keep alert and your eyes on the area that is being treated. When your patient says ‘hot’ move the moxa stick to the next point (or away from the skin).

As long as you pay attention to what you are doing no harm will be done. However you must remember that the moxa is burning at red heat – that is around 600 degrees C (around 1100 deg F) give or take. So you must pay attention to what you are doing or you may burn the skin and deeper tissues.

Moxa Treatment Summary

Just after the moxa treatment most of the pain was gone. The next day and for some months now, all pain is gone and the family member has not suffered with any further pain or discomfort from the viral attack on the nerves in this area – it is quite remarkable.

This is a non invasive and safe treatment but I recommend that it be done by someone who has studied the moxa technique. If you decide to try it, practice on yourself if you feel that you are responsible enough to use this technique. Once familiar with using the moxa you can then try the technique on others, with care. Do not leave the lighted moxa unattended – make very sure it is extinguished – use a thick ceramic vessel for this purpose or just place in water if desired – however it will not be useful again until dry.

The family member also took an increased dose of lipoic acid for 3-4 days at 1200mg per day which helps with peripheral neuropathy (nerve pain outside the spinal column). There is more information on lipoic acid as a component of CoQ10Sport from the website if desired.

Reference:

1. Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Cheng Xinnong (chief editor), Foreign Languages Press, Beijing, China

2. acupuncture-services.com

Application for Rapid Product Development

Rapid product development can be explained as inventing new product and services to the global market cost effectively and quickly than its major competitors by having a strategic and competitive advantage. The key aspect of the rapid product development process is that the application of rapid advanced manufacturing technology and applications to the product manufacturing processes takes place at ease. The parametric growth of rapid product development techniques in web based applications has become a multitasking approach in SEO environments.

Rapid product development (RPD) and multitasking approaches have become centrally fused and marginally integrated to such an extent that both processes and applications have an extra dimension in intrinsically and extrinsically dynamic RPD related SEO environments. For instance Amazon and Accenture Management Consultancy, the world's largest management consultancy firm, have adopted RPD techniques that share an identical growth trajectory in both target marketing and SEO related concept development.

Amazon's Kindle and Wal-Mart's customer relations management (CRM) software has been developed on the same line as that of Microsoft's super brand related customer value creations dynamics. Ever since Wal-Mart launched its RPD applications on a newer SEO platform, its sales volume has been rising faster. In fact Wal-Mart's RPD applications have become a threat to Amazon. In this instance rapid application development, product design and development require SEO processes to be highly articulated in terms of CRM and CMS (Content Management Systems). In such situation SEO architecture can be both costs inefficient and less dynamic depending on the availability of flexible and variable design and development techniques.

Rapid product development and rapid application developments are synonymous. However, the latter concept has been used by industry experts to make reference to applications related to SEO environments that are highly characterized by modally segregated applications and systems. For instance Amazon's RAD process on its globally famous Kindle platform has all the advanced characteristics of a modern SEO architecture. Its applications have often been criticized for both non-conformity and non-integrity in keeping with facilitating function based environments. The process of bringing the products in to the global market and developing them according to the international standards cost effectively is the largest problems in the modern world.

Many advanced tools have been developed in the global market with the latest technology. Thus the applications can be both dynamic and static. For example dynamic applications can be seen in satellite communications and related applications. By adopting rapid product development strategies, companies can gain the strategic advantage and a better position in the global market place sooner than their competitors. For instance effective execution of the process allows the company to develop their products to be marketed within a few days ahead of the competitors. The key aspect of effective rapid product development is that the effective application of prototyping and advanced manufacturing technologies.

Thus the multitasking environment of the SEO enables to attract customers' attraction to the specific products that have been launched in the global market. One of the best web based applications to be used for the product development is the BugTracker.Net which is an efficient tracker used by thousands of development and support teams around the world. This enables the user to maintain and manage sound customer relations in order to facilitate the product development and increase the profitability of the corporation. This specifically determinates the product design and development, process where innovative product needs have been met in keeping with the multitudinal concepts and reliable theories in the differentiation of the market and the leadership. A particular design team with vast industrial experience can adopt CRM strategies in order to find the ultimate solutions to the complex problems.

Insulation and Air Conditioning Unit Size

An HVAC contractor can determine what size of air conditioning unit to install in your house, but will that size unit be the best unit for your home? There are many variables to consider when having a new unit installed in your home. These variables are brought together by a load calculation performed either by your contractor or a mechanical engineer. How do they do it though? What can make an engineer designate a larger home with a unit smaller than what is in another home with fewer square feet in some instances?

Let's use the three little pigs as an example (with some artistic license). The first little pig lives in a metal house that sits on a pier four inches off the ground. The second little pig lives in a wooden home that sits on a concrete slab which has been beloved into the ground. Finally, the third little pig lives in a house built with 10 inch thick mason blocks, also sitting on a slab. None of the homes are insulated. All of these houses have the same internal dimensions, but they will have different load calculations, which means, they may each have a different sized air conditioning unit.

A load calculation is a mathematical function put together to determine the amount of heat that needs to be displaced in order to cool or heat a home. The main reason for the differences in the load calculations is what is called the R-value of each home. R-Value is a measure of thermal resistance (the 'R' comes from the word, resistance) of a substance or an object. Although you may not be able to determine the R-value of your home, you can easily understand the concept by taking a look at each of the little pigs' houses.

The metal building the first little pig lives in is off the ground. This allows outside air to flow under the home as well as over and around it. Air flowing under a home decreases the R-Value of the home since it's another route for heat to enter or escape the home. Also, because this house is made of metal, it is a better conductor of heat than other materials, so that also decrees the R-value of the home. The lower the R-value of the home, the larger the unit needed to heat / cool it. This home has an extremely low R-value.

The wooden building the second little pig lives in is on a slab which was scattered in the ground. The slab keeps the floor of the home a relatively even temperature through the year, summer or winter. The wooden walls are built of one inch thick clapboard siding and less less heat conduction as well. Neverheless, without added insulation, this home conducts heat in or out fairly easily as well. The R-value in this home is higher than that of the metal home. It's possible that this home can use a smaller central air unit than the metal home.

Finally, we come to the brick home constructed on a concrete slab and built of 10 inch mason blocks the third little pig lives in. Although this home has a wooden roof, it is constructed of a thick wood with a higher R-value than that of the wooden house, and is shingled with a better quality shingle which is designed to reflect heat rather than absorb it. Since this house is also on a concrete slab, there is no outside airflow underneath it. The 10 inch walls work very well at insulating against heat conduction. These materials all work toward this home having a very high R-value. This high R-value causes the home to hold whatever temperature air inside for a longer period of time. This means a smaller air conditioning unit can be used in this home than in the previous two.

How a home is insulated plays a key role in how much heat must be displaced to keep the home cool or warm. To cause a central air system to work as efficiently as possible, better insulated walls, floors, ceilings, doors and windows are key. If these things are used, then a home is well on its way to becoming a 'green' home. The air conditioner will run less often, and it will run for just the right amount of time in order to cool the dwelling adequately and use the least amount of energy possible.

If you really want to know the answers for your house, call your local HVAC expert.

Common Types of Insulation

Basements are the coldest rooms inside of the house because of how dark and damp they are. They receive almost no sun and the cold air that collects will seep into the household upstairs. This can cause your bills to go up around the winter months and make it nearly impossible to do things in the basement.

The best way to save yourself a bit of money and to make it easy to utilize all throughout the year is to install basement insulation. There are a few different types to pick out from. Each one will vary in price and the method that it is put in.

Blanket

This is a large blanket of insulation that is attached to a sheet of paper. These are cut at widths and are set in between wall studs. It is better to purchase ones that are precut because it has the ability to save you time of doing it on your own. This is best utilized in new basements or for when you need to replace old insulating material.

Foam Board

These are thick, fixed panels of foam that have been cut to fit in between the wall studs. This is one of the best to put in. It does not have to be stapled to the studs while it is being unwound but will stick to it. The good thing about this, is it does not have tiny particles of fiberglass that will fall off when utilizing it. This will make using it risk-free. This will have the ability to be used in preexisting walls and new walls.

Concrete Block

This is utilized for new basements. It is put in by putting down a block in which the cells have been filled with insulation. Homeowners can easily fill the blocks with the basement insulating material or can purchase foam inserts.

Why to Design a Black and White Fashion Designer Logo

Fashion designing is a game of colors. Whether creating apparel or jewelery or handbags, blending appealing shades in contrasting way is the knot of creative designing. I've often seen people rejecting a fine-looking dress just because "red is not in," or "yellow does not suit my looks" and other similar comments on colors. So, color is one the definitive factors when one buys a style product. This has led designers to believe that their logosought to be multihued and vibrant. This is often a misconception because one can create an excellent fashion designer logo using just two colors – black and white.

The questions, however, is, "why fashion designers' logo should be black and white and not colored?" Here are some answers you can not easily ignore.

Easy and Cheap to Print

Colored cartridges are expensive and people often avoid printing in color when need multiple copies. They are also more flexible in use as you do not have to take much care in using them on your flyers, business cards, and letter heads because they can fit well on paper.

Have a Classy Ever-Green Look

Colors go in and out but black and white remain. Black and white is a combination that has been in use since the advent of creative designing and there is no chance of their getting out of fashion. Having this ever-green combination on your logo ensures that your logo will never become out-of-date. You can use this logo forever.

Grab Attention through Excellent Contrast

Black and white colors are popular for their excellent contrast. They go perfectly well together. What more, their contrast is very much attractive and eye-catching, so you can easily grab the attention of the onlookers using this appealing combination.

Stand Out In the Crowd of Images

As I pointed out earlier, when creating a fashion logo, focus usually is on the use of colors. So there is pretty good chance that in any fashion designing competition or event, all other logos will be full of color but yours will be unique. Beside, the designer has not relied on the colors for creating the appeal, so it will more artistic and creative. In the gallery of logos of all fashion designers, your logo will easily stand out.

Conveys clear message

Have you ever give it a thought that the all manuscripts and document requires black printing on white paper? This is simply because that it's easiest to read black text with white background. Changing the font color or background color can make the message unclear and difficult to read. Black & White fashion designer logo is, therefore, better in communicating its message than a colored one.

Combining them all, you come up with an attractive, more powerful and unique design with black and white colors which will give your fashion business an outstanding character.

Taking A Look At The Main Parts Of An Excavator

Excavators are of great importance in construction sites. Excavators are made up of many parts that work together to get the job done.

Main Parts of an Excavator

As mentioned, an excavator has many parts that work together to get the job done. The most common parts are:

Motor : it creates the power used in moving an excavator. The motor can be powered by petrol, fuel or even electricity. It's good to note that while there are electric excavators in the market, they are very rare and they are designed to work in specialized areas.

The hydraulic motor is one of the most important motors in an excavator. This is the motor that rises and extends the excavator arm.

Excavator Arm : The arm is attached to the lower part of the frame chassis and has two main sections that are joined with a hinge. The sections have pistons that move them. When the first piston extends, the rod pushes against the arm and raises it then extending the section. The second arm then contracts and expands thus raising and lowering the second section. To help the excavator to scoop and dig, the arm has a bucket loader.

Tracks

They are rigid and fixed in one place. The tracks are stationed around a series of gears that turn after receiving power from the drive shaft that is connected to the engine. When the tracks are in gear they roll the excavator back and forward in a straight line.

For you to turn the excavator you have to stop one track and put the other in motion. To spin the excavator you have to put one track into reverse and the other into forward.

Taking Care of Excavator Parts

Since the excavator parts are involved in tough work, you need to take good care of them for them to last for a long time. One of the things that you should do is to regularly oil all the moving parts. Oailing not only promises rust, it also ensures that the parts move without strain.

In addition to oiling, you also need to regularly clean the excavator parts. For example, if you are working on a construction site you should clean the excavator at the end of the day. This prevails dust from accumulating that damaging the expensive parts.

Conclusion

This is what you need to know about excavator parts. In addition to taking good care of the parts you also need to ensure that you buy them from a reputable seller.

Understanding the Art of Dale Chihuly

One of the things that can define a culture is the different types of artwork that are created. Throughout the years, there have been many different styles and types of famous artwork that have made a statement on different cultures. One style of art that is very popular is sculptures.

One of the great things about sculptures is that they can be created from a variety of different materials. Another aspect of sculptures is that they can either be abstract or realistic. One popular artist who uses sculptures to make a statement is Dale Chihuly.

The type of material that Dale Chihuly uses to create his sculptures is glass. What separates Chihuly from other artists in the same field is his use of color. In 1967, Chihuly was one of the first artists to begin using argon, neon and blown glass to create his magnificent sculptures. His different styles of art lead him to be co-founder of the Pilchuck School in Washington. He also served as the director of the school from its inception in 1971 until 1989.

Dale Chihuly and his associates have helped to forever change the art of creating sculptures from glass. Chihuly and his associates have created new shapes of blown glass and have also been able to redefine some of the existing shapes of blown glass.

What makes Chihuly's sculptures different from those of other artists is how he arranges the different parts of the sculpture. The first technique that he used to create his sculptures was to create each individual piece of the sculpture and then attach all of the separate pieces together. He later created a method of forming molds that could later be used to create art pieces which possessed ribbed motifs. He is also well known for his use of brightly colored glass.

Laminate Worktops

Composite worktops are slowly porous and therefore they are intolerable to staining and the only way to remove that staining is by rubbing the surface down a little with abrasive papers again. Something you've never got to do with laminate worktops as they are completely stain resistant.

Granite and Marble works can look fantastic and the price of them has been tipping now for quite some time. The trouble is that they are a natural product and you can never be quite sure of exactly what you are going to get. With laminate worktops the pattern is predictable even if some of the patterns are only reproducible every metre or so along the length of the worktop.

Granite and Marble worktops are also porous and have to be sealed against staining ~ there is a tendency for the sealing to wear down and even wear off as time goes by. Granite and Marble works are also extremely heavy ~ this makes installation a specialist job and it is impossible to cut a little bit off here and there to get the exact fit required ~ this again is never a problem when installing laminate worktops.

Stainless Steel worktops can look fantastic when new but soon dull down as a myriad of scratches occurs ~ this is unavoidable and indeed the worktops acquire certain sheen. Stainless Steel worktops, though, can not be cut to size on site and that is a disadvantage. Cost is also an issue with Stainless Steel worktops costing much more than laminate worktops.

Glass worktops are also offered theses days and there are some fabulous finishes available though they have to be made exactly to size off site and can not be trimmed to size on site. Glass worktops are sooner to scratching and thermal shock is not unknown either, laminate worktops are then again a better and more economic choice here too. Concrete worktops are also available but who would want to buy or use this option when there are concrete look-a-likes in laminate worktops?

So you would be well advised to think carefully how your worktops might look two or three years down the line and also consider the cost benefits of laminate worktops over the alternatives.

Reclaimed Beam

Reclaimed beam, also called reclaimed lumber, is high in demand, especially for remodeling projects, house restoration, interiors, flooring and more. In layman's terms, it's the used wood that can be bought for re-use in another form. The used-wood is available in different shapes, sizes, and conditions. Since the wood is old, it has a unique appearance and texture, and also it's valued for its strength, durability, and stability. Also, the reclaimed wood has been exposed to changes in humidity for a long time, making it more stable compared to new wood. Factories; old barns; buildings that are torn-down; bridges; boxes; and more serve as the source from where used wood can be procured.

These days, most of the people are going green and this is driving the high demand for reclaimed beam since it is not harvested wood, and is completely eco-friendly. Also, the use of reclaimed lumber enhances the aesthetic appeal of any location whether it is the living room, the complete house, or office space. However, one needs to be careful while buying old wood. There are many companies that sell new wood in the name of old. It's a good idea to buy used wood from places that are very well known, and also that sell FSC certified wood.

One must ask questions about the source of the reclaimed beam and check wherever it's really unique as claimed by the seller. Also, one must make sure that it does not come from toxic plants. Plus, it's better to not buy used wood that has been treated with lead based paint. There are many reclaimed lumber that has nail holes. It does not affect the strength of the beam but may enhance or diminish the aesthetic value. Antique commodities have their own aura and it's no different when it comes to reclaimed lumber.