How to Soundproof a Bathroom

Bathrooms can be very noisy places due to exposed pipes, family members taking showers, blow-drying their hair and so on and so forth. Just because the walls in your home have insulation, including the ceiling does not mean that there is insulation in the interior walls to reduce the noisy sounds. In most cases, interior walls have no insulation at all.

There are many different ways you can soundproof your bathrooms including adding insulation or by doing a few simple maintenance things that are very simple. Insulating the interior walls is the best answer. If you would like to do to it yourself, there is a simple method even though you will need another person to help. You can choose to go through the bathroom wall or the other wall. In most cases, as long as the pipes are not in the wall that needs the insulation you can go through the bathroom wall. It also depends on how many walls you need to soundproof. In some cases, the guest bathroom may be beside not only the dining room, but also a bedroom to one side or the other. You may wish to insulate more than one wall to give the person in the bathroom a bit more privacy. No matter, what the case you will should be able to add insulation through the bathroom wall.

The best insulation to use is called cellulose insulation. Cellulose insulation is nothing more than shredded newspaper treated with fire retardants. This insulation can and will fill and pack the stud cavities. What you will need is a stud finder, bags of cellulose insulation, a drill, and an insulation machine. You can find all of these products at a home repair center or a retail store such as Home Depot. You may even be able to rent the insulation machine.

Now, find the studs. Next, drill a hole in between the studs on the wall you wish to insulate. Measure the nozzle on the insulation machine in order to know what size to make the hole. Drill a hole about 4 to 6 inches down from the ceiling. The insulation machine needs to be outdoors with the hose running in through the window or a door. One person will need to be outside with the insulation machine to operate the machine and fill the hopper with insulation and the other person holding the nozzle in the wall to fill the cavity with insulation. When the insulation is at the top of the hole, you will be done. Be careful not to overfill. Once you see the insulation coming out of the hole, stop the machine. You can now repair the hole and paint the wall.

If you are searching for easier ways in which to soundproof your bathroom, you will be glad to know there are a few ways that are very simple and are not that expensive.

Applying rough materials to the walls and ceilings can be a great way in which to soundproof your bathroom. Adding such things as paint with resins, wall coverings such as rough wallpaper, carpeting to floors, and even speckled paint on the ceilings can aid in soundproofing. Smooth surfaces allow noise to bounce around the room whereas rough surfaces to do not. If you do not wish to carpet the bathroom, you can use mats or rugs. These items will also reduce sound, but will not soundproof as well as insulating the interior walls. Another option is the use of a sound conditioners. A sound conditioner or white noise machine will help mask all types of bathroom sounds. The sound machine should be placed outside of the bathroom door for maximum effectiveness. White noise machines produce sounds similar to those of a box fan or air conditioning unit and will help mask most sounds coming from inside the bathroom.

The Importance of Building Insurance

All lenders insist on Buildings Insurance if any property is secured against a loan. If anything adverse happens to the property (like it being burnt down), the same property can be rebuilt from the proceeds of the insurance claim. And if your property is mortgage free and a similar destruction occurs to it, you will still be protected by the insurance policy and will be able to rebuild your property from the proceeds of your claim.

All Buildings Insurances are taken out so as to have a peace of mind against misfortunes that you hope will never occur. This kind of insurance offers protection against structural damages eg roofs, walls, floors, ceilings, windows and doors. The causes of structural damages specified in policies are usually by fire, detonation, burglary or attempted burglary, malicious damage / vandalism, natural calamities like lightning, flooding, storms, earthquakes, disappearance and falling trees etc. Also included in the policies are damages on outdoor properties such as gates, fines and railroads.

But do be aware that not all policies cover all the above mentioned potential damages and each insurer will have its own exclusion due to that particular policy. Should you require any specific cover which has not been detailed in the policy then you can obtain one by paying an additional premium.

In the unfortunate event of you not being able to reside in your property until it has been deemed safe and secure for you to live in, you will need to ensure that your buildings insurance policy covers you for a suitable alternative. out on your property. Also make sure that your policy covers you for any associated architects' or surveyor's fees.

4 Things to Think About Before Designing Your Own Custom Phone Case

One of the most popular personalized merchandise options available on the market today is the customized phone case. Not only do these make great gifts, but they also allow the designer to express their own creativity and personality through the images and text that they choose to adorn their cases with.

With many people reliant on their devices today to keep in touch with friends, colleges and family, having a nice phone case design can inject a little dose of fun into the everyday, and having pictures of loved ones on the case is a nice reminder of the people that you care about.

Before you start with your design, however, there are a few things that you need to take into consideration – here is what to do when you are thinking about how and where to create your own phone case.

Firstly, ensure that you choose a quality company to order from, as there are more and more service providers on the market today, yet not all of them are equally reliable. Quality is very important when printing images onto a phone case, and this is especially true when it comes to photographs, which need to be crisp and clear.

For this reason, look around at several companies that offer this kind of service before you make your mind up who to order from. If possible, ask to see sample photographs of completed orders and read customer reviews of the products that they received from the company – this will give you a valuable insight into whether it is worth your money or not.

Secondly, look into using a service that provides a clear and realistic online design tool that gives you a very accurate idea of ​​what you will be receiving when you create your own phone case. Some tools can be clunky and too abstract, meaning that your finished design might look different from what you were expecting when you placed your order.

Make sure that the online tool that you use gives you the chance to preview your design, and one that allows you to see a realistic 3D model of the phone case as you apply your images and text. This will help you get a better idea of ​​what the final product will look like and you are far less likely to be disappointed with your order for design reasons.

Another thing to think about is how long production and shipping time is going to be, and if you will be able to return and have the item refunded if it is not to your satisfaction. This is because many companies overseas offer this kind of service, but it may not be the highest quality out there and shipping and returning the product could be lengthy.

If you create your own phone case as a gift for someone else this is important, as you may be on a tight deadline. Take into account shipping times and consider using domestic services with free domestic shipping if you think this could potentially be a problem for you.

Lastly, make sure that on your end you are using high quality photos if you are applying these to your custom design, as blurry and overexposed photos will appear exactly the same on the case once they are printed!

Make sure that you take the time to be careful about the photos and images that you select for your design, that they are the right resolution and that they are of sufficient quality to be printed. A company may be unwilling to refund you for your mistakes in this department, so the onus is on you to be careful when designing in order to avoid receiving an inferior product.

Rib Cage Tattoos – Pain Factor and Tips For Interesting Side Tattoo Designs

Rib cage tattoos can describe the fact that psychological factors play a huge role in pain perception and it does not matter whether you are a man or a woman. Going through a rib tattoo can be an excruciating experience, but perhaps for those who had it already, the mind must have gotten over the matter. With this area being a thin, flat and bony area (24 in all) and the needle puncturing the skin between 50 and 3,000 times per minute, how much pain is actually to be expected to create a rib cage tattoo piece? And the question is, are you ready to subject yourself to this kind of tattooing journey?

The satisfaction of owning that tattoo art on a unique and sexy part of the body is perhaps one of the motivations. With the area being huge and perfectly symmetrical to a lot of tat imagery, the possibilities for an amazing body art is endless; its all about the creativity of the design and the skill of the tattoo artist. With the great room for artistry and vast array of possibilities for an excellent tat, rib cage tattoos have been very popular for both the male and female population.

Rib Tattoos for Guys
The men go for rib tattoos because this type of theme can best define their physique and toughness. One has to have at least an acceptable body form in order to proudly flaunt it and one really needs to be tolerant and brave enough to go through the pain. When it comes to choice of designs, koi fish is a favorite as well as dragon, tiger, panther and snake. Mythical creatures like fairies and angels are also preferred on the rib cage area as well as quotations and flowers.

Rib Tattoos for Girls
When we say girls, we refer to young ladies from age 18 up to their early 20s. Nowadays, they are getting more boring in their choice of tattoo design. Surprisingly, some of them even choose to have the side or rib cage as their first tattooed area. The most popular rib tattoos for girls are flowers like cherry blossoms, roses, lotus and lilies as well as the Hawaiian flower ones. Of course, the very classic and pretty butterfly is as well as stars in all colors and sizes are sure to be found on the rib cage area of ​​girls.

Rib Tattoos for Women
Women are the grown-up girls and they love to highlight the curvatures of their body more by dressing it with interesting rib tattoo designs. Quote or lettering and script tattoos can be normally seen on the sexy sides of women as well as animals like birds and fish. Angels and fairies in all colorful hues and details are also rampant as well as the popular design on girls like butterflies and stars. The flower designs seem to be a favorite adornment of women on rib cage area. The cherry blossom flower and cherry blossom tree is very well-liked as well as tropical Hawaiian flowers like orchids and hibiscus.

The rib cage tattoo is definitely the "in thing" nowdays; it definitely expresses a strong statement and gives one an edgy personality. This is definitely a tattoo trend that is sure to stay and we will be seeing more artistic surprises and interesting twists of designs on this body canvas in the near future.

The In House Separation: Tips On Making It Work When You're Separated But Still Living Together

I sometimes hear from wives who husband is pushing for a marital separation. Because today's economy is a tough one, I'm hearing a lot about "in house" separations. What this means is that no one moves out of the house. The couple typically agreements to try a trial separation in which one of them moves out of the master bedroom. They give one another the space to live separately. But no one is having to pay additional rent until they figure things out. Some wives see this as prefer to the husband actually moving out and some get pretty panicked at this scenario.

I recently heard from a wife who said "our marriage has been on the rocks for the past eight months. I have two kids to think about, so separating or divorcing is just not a viable option for me. . ' What this means is that he would move into our basement while I keep the master bedroom. We would both let each other be and he would have that space that he thinks he can not live without. t want me questioning him or making demands of him. I suppose this is preferable to him filing for divorce. And it's clear that neither of us can really afford to pay for someone else to have an apartment or another house. wondering is should I agree to this in house separation? Do these ever work to save marriages or do they just delay the inevitable which is a "real" or legal separation, or worse, a divorce? " I have a definite opinion on in house separations, which I will share with you below.

When Done Correctly, I Think An In House Separation Is Preferable To A "Real" Separation, Especially If You Might Want To Save Your Marriage: I actually sometimes encourage wives who want to save their salaries to suggest an in house separation. I know that there can be a lot of anxiety and awkwardness about the boundaries of the separation when you are living under the same roof. But frankly I find this so much preferable to trying to figure out a way to get a husband who has already packed up his things and left the house to change his mind and come back that same house.

Please believe me when I say that it is often easier to reform the marriage that you still hold under one roof than to save the one that is now living somewhere else. Will you have hard work to do during the in house separation? Absolutely. Will things be awkward and weird? Most probably. But is this easier than trying to lure your husband back to the house? Most of the time, there is not even a question about this.

If you have the choice between an in house separation or allowing your spouse to "try" moving out, I almost always encourage you to keep your spouse in the same home as you. It will make your saving your marriage easier, though none of this is easy. Many people worry about the circumstances. They will tell me that since it's only finances keeping their husband under the same roof, that they really consider this to be a "real" separation. You can call it what you want, but there is nothing wrong with taking advantage of the circumstances that just might work out in your favor. With that said, in order to give your in house separation the best chance of being successful, it's important to set boundaries and to set things up correctly, which I will discuss now.

Making The In House Separation Work Well Enough To Save Your Marriage: I want for you to be very clear about what your husband wants right now. Most husbands will tell you that they want space. This is their way of asking you for uninterrupted time alone to clear their head and determine what they really want. I know that sounds easier than it actually is in real life. But please understand that if your husband does not perceive that he is getting that time, he may possibly think he needs to divorce you or distance himself from you more in order to get it.

Often, your best bet is to respect the boundaries. Give him that time alone. You know where he is more of the time anyway. I know that it's very tempting to want to know what it is thinking and feeling all of the time, but sometimes a little time apart and mystery can be a good thing for your marriage. I often tell wives that you need to give your husband the time to miss you. As best as you can, give him that space but make sure that when he does see and interact with you, that you make the encounter as positive and as easy as you can possibly make it. You do not want for this process to be difficult. In fact, you want for it to go so well that he ever does not need the space anymore and he wants to move back into the master bedroom.

Do not Think You Need To Solve Every Problem That You Have During The Separation: Many wives feel a sense of panic when they are in this situation. So they will try to figure out what needs to happen in order to get their husband invested in the marriage again. As a result, they will figure that they need to resolve all of their problems before they can ask him to end the separation. Although I understand this, I know from inexhaustible experience that it is not the best call. Doing this will often make things more awkward between you so that your husband will want to avoid you. The goal is to make things better and easier between you, not more awkward and forced. I suggest working on reconnecting before you even vent into the territory of your problems. Couples often can not really successfully solve their problems until they are both committed and connected once again.

Insurance For Coach Houses

Coach Houses are built over 3 floors; similar to town houses, except the ground floor is a single garage. This is a popular and space-saving option for house builders to incorporate all the facilities a modern family needs using smaller plots of land to provide it. It is therefore considered financially economic house building. Economical house building means economic house prices! Everyone is a winner with this new space-saving concept!

This design of property is typically smaller, reflecting just 1 or 2 bedrooms – 3 bedroom coach houses are unusual, but we are seeing them being built more so laately.

The Coach houses are typically 3 connected properties (although in some cases can be more), one property owner will be responsible for insuring all of the garages upon which the block of coach houses are built, and can request that the other home owners – who will have access to their garage with a 999 year leasehold, pay a contribution to the insurance costs, even though the policy is not exclusive to the garages and will include their house too !. It is deemed reasonable however, that the policy holder can request around 25% of each of the other coach house owners towards his buildings insurance costs.

This is an effective way of sharing the cost of insurance and protecting every body's legal liability. The other house owners will also have to have their own Coach House buildings insurance policy however, to insure their own home (excluding the garage of course which is on leasehold through their neighbor) Tricky to follow? It can be without you have been given good advice! You will need to clarify detail of how everyone should protect themselves and their property against being uninsured in the event of a claim! This tend to be when policy holders realize that they are uninsured, in the event they make a claim!

There are usually significant areas of shared driveway space with these plots too, and this liability has to be included in the policy of the coach house owner who is insuring the garages also.

There are policies available to cover these risks, although they can be difficult to find! There are not many available on the market so it can take time to find the right policy for you. The most important thing is to ensure that the insurance policy you choose includes all of these risks and the insurance provider is fully aware of the build, set up of lease holdings, and the shared liabilities involved. Without investing the right time, ensuring that you purchase the right buildings insurance policy, could result in you finding out that you are, in fact, uninsured in the event you come to make a claim!

Reclaimed Beam

Reclaimed beam, also called reclaimed lumber, is high in demand, especially for remodeling projects, house restoration, interiors, flooring and more. In layman's terms, it's the used wood that can be bought for re-use in another form. The used-wood is available in different shapes, sizes, and conditions. Since the wood is old, it has a unique appearance and texture, and also it's valued for its strength, durability, and stability. Also, the reclaimed wood has been exposed to changes in humidity for a long time, making it more stable compared to new wood. Factories; old barns; buildings that are torn-down; bridges; boxes; and more serve as the source from where used wood can be procured.

These days, most of the people are going green and this is driving the high demand for reclaimed beam since it is not harvested wood, and is completely eco-friendly. Also, the use of reclaimed lumber enhances the aesthetic appeal of any location whether it is the living room, the complete house, or office space. However, one needs to be careful while buying old wood. There are many companies that sell new wood in the name of old. It's a good idea to buy used wood from places that are very well known, and also that sell FSC certified wood.

One must ask questions about the source of the reclaimed beam and check wherever it's really unique as claimed by the seller. Also, one must make sure that it does not come from toxic plants. Plus, it's better to not buy used wood that has been treated with lead based paint. There are many reclaimed lumber that has nail holes. It does not affect the strength of the beam but may enhance or diminish the aesthetic value. Antique commodities have their own aura and it's no different when it comes to reclaimed lumber.

Setting Up of Scaffold Systems

Scaffold system is a temporary structure which provides the requisite protection against any kind of falls while performing construction or renovation related work at heights. It can be used inside tall buildings as well as outside them, in order to make the construction and repairing work easy.

In the past few years, Scaffolding Sales have soared considering, as they have become one of the main pre-requisites to carry out various construction jobs, whether it is house-building, offices, bridges or airports, amongstst others. The usage of scaffolding systems may differ from country to country. For eg in Asian countries, Bamboo scaffolds are still generally acceptable, while in Australia, US & other European countries, Aluminum and Steel scaffolding is a must, as per the guidelines and safety standards.

While setting-up any scaffolding system at the site, there are strict guidelines which must be followed at all times. In Australia, these guidelines have been set up by the Australian Government in order to ensure maximum safety of its workers. Not just for the installers, there are strict guidelines to be adhered to for manufacturers and suppliers of Scaffolding materials too. Tubes, fittings, boards, ladders, everything follows a particular standard. As an example, AS / NZS 1576.2.2009 is a standard written for couplers and Scaffolding Accessories Australia, which are used in setting-up of a scaffold system.

Based on the work to be carried out on them and the load capacity, various scaffold platforms are categorized as heavy, medium or light platforms. These are decided based on the following:

• For plastering, painting, electrical work and other light tasks, Light-duty scaffolds should be used and the load must not exceed more than 225 kg per bay.
• For general trades work such as building maintenance, Medium-duty scaffold system should be used and the load must not exceed 450 kg per bay.
• For work like heavy duty plant maintenance, oil and gas terminal etc, heavy-duty scaffolding should only be used and the load limit for each bay should not exceed more than 675 kg per bay.

Any scaffold system greater than 4m of height, must be installed only by a government certified professional, and at any point of time, QC surveyors are entitled to carry out random checks on tubes, spanners, metal boards, scaffolding accessories / various couplers viz Joint Pins, external joiners etc., whenever required.

Apart from this, at each point of time, it is the employers' responsibility to provide a safe working environment, and welfare facilities which comes under OH & S standards.

How to Make a Glass Fan Light in a Timber Door Frame

Fan lights are found on top of a long door frame. They are usually made of glass with a vent of one inch above the glass. They allow light and air movement in and out of a room. They are normally fitted on door ways of all rooms except wash rooms and lavatories. In rooms where the corridor has no adequate light, they assist by allowing it into the passage. This light is from windows in the rooms. The glass is fixed into a rebate using timber beading’s nailed to the door frame.

The fan light can be of made of clear sheet or frosted glass. This will depend on the amount of light intended on the passage and the door location. The vent above the glass can be covered with a gauze wire. This will stop the insects and flies from crossing from the open lobbies into the rooms. The fan light can be introduced on door frame existing in a house. Where door frame heights are greater than ten feet, a fan light can be used. This will also give good door frame aesthetics.

The fixing of the glass fan light starts with measuring the size of the opening above the door. The glass is then cut, leaving a one inch gap at the top. The glass should be cut leaving space at the bottom and side of the frame. This will allow it to slide into the rebate of the frame without getting stuck. The beading’s to be used should also be measured and cut at forty five degrees at the ends. This will allow a smooth joint at the corners. The wire nails to be used should not break the beading when being hammered in.

When the glass is slid into the rebate, panel pins are hammered into three spots round. This are for ensuring the glass does not rattle when the door is closed. Also in the case of wind gushing into the room when windows are opened. The beading is then hammered onto the rebate also using the panel pins. The beading should fit flush with the rebate. After it is fixed, painting of this timber is then carried out. This should match the door frame paint. After apply three coats and it dries, the glass is cleaned to remove any paint marks.

Interesting and Informative Facts About Backhoes

One item that every farmer is familiar with is the backhoes. Many people rely on these get a tough job done, and there are many affordable versions available. They can be used in landscaping, farming, light construction, at nurseries, at golf courses, at cemeteries, and any other location that need a backhoe to get the job done.

What types of jobs can backhoes perform? The pieces of heavy machinery can dig holes, move heavy items, excavate, and much more! These tractors also go by many other names including JCB, rear actor, and back actor. Many companies make this heavy equipment tractor including John Deere, Caterpillar, Case, and New Holland. These really get a tough job done quickly. They typically have a digging bucket on the front of a two-part arm. This part of the vehicle is often referred to as the boom and dipper, or boom and dipper stick. These terms are interchangeable, and farmers and contracting workers referred to them either way. They are typically powered by hydraulics. Some people call the metal bar that is like a hinge attached the scoop the thumb.

This piece of heavy machinery was originally manufactured by the JCB Company. They are in English company, that started manufacturing this piece in 1953. The first American version was created in 1959, by the Hy-Dynamic company. A humorous part of this invention's history is known as the backhoe fade. This term reflects to damage done by backhoes. If a phone line gets dug up or cut, this is the term used to describe this occurrence. It is more of an inside joke between those who work with this equipment.

If you work in construction you are probably familiar with this piece of equipment. If you have never worked with these before, and have no idea what it is, hopefully you have a better understanding of the product now. You have learned and nicknames, the uses, and who uses them. You even read a funny fact. Visit your local contracting site or farmer to try out one of these heavy pieces equipment for yourself. They are fun and easy to use once you learn how to run them.

Front Porch Swings Make a Porch

How we loved to swing as children. That feeling of going back and forth, our feet coming off the ground and flying like a bird.

Outdoor porch swings have become a highly desirable furniture piece for various areas. They have a wide variety of uses from providing comfortable living, a quiet place to chat with a friend, a special nest to curl up next to your sweetheart for a romantic evening, a small nook for reading a book and drinking a cup of tea, or a place for enjoyment of a nap.

There are porch swings for every type of house and every type of swinger. Like most furniture, they come in all sizes, materials, colors and styles. It just depends on what you like, how many bodies you want to accommodate, and how much you are willing to spend.

Hard to believe that outdoor porch swings come in a variety of materials. The classic porch swing is made of domestic woods like cedar and cypress, and tropical woods and their special qualities. Which wood you choose is going to be based upon exposure to the elements and use. For example, wood has to be stored and maintained to keep its magnificent look. Left untreated, it will slowly dry up, with wood splintering and the color turning to a dismal gray potentially. Yet, selecting an ideal outdoor stain with the proper application, and your swing can enjoy a long and lustrous life.

The thought of a wicker swing is certainly inviting. Yet, there is always that worry with wicket and how it will hold up. Most wicker outdoor swing and furniture manufacturers now offer all-weather or resin wicker instead of natural fiber wicker. This type of wicker can remain outdoors all the time, is UV resistant, and is much simpler to clean.

For something more durable, Polywood is one of the most popular recycled materials on the market. It is a high-density polyethylene resin product, formed to resemble painted "lumber" and comes in a variety of colors.

How you hang a porch swing is really not the issue. It is like hanging a heavy potted plant. The trick is getting the proper hardware. There are hardware kits available that include the screw hooks and chain. Be sure to get either galvanized or stainless steel. Otherwise, you will be switching hardware out every year because of rusting.

If possible, use four chains to hang your swing from its hooks: two chains from each hook / eye bolt, one to the back of the swing and one to the front. You want the height from the ground to be between 17-and 19 inches. (Most folks opt for 17 inches – unless they are taller in which 19 inches is preferred.) Your height from the ground is what determines the length of each piece of chain.

While you will be in a hurry to get your front porch swing up and functional, take your time to ensure that it is safe and secure. This will give you a piece of mind the more it is used.

Outdoor swings can be placed anywhere around your property, but there is something to be said about a front porch swing and the pleasure it brings.

Radiant Barrier Insulation

Radiant barrier insulation is similar to foil insulation in that the primary objective of this sort of insulation is to reflect sun heat away from the targeted insulated area. Radiant barrier insulation is typically lightweight, and anything weighing more than say 5 times the weight of aluminum should be considered heavy.

The radiant barrier should be installed on the outside of an insulating stack, in order to prevent reflecting heat back through other layers of insulation, which then would only serve to trap the heat inside the targeted insulated area.

They are different from fireproof barriers by their fundamental objectives. They, again, reflect heat away from the insulated area, whereas fireproof barriers try to stop a fire from spreading across the protected barrier-typically a wall.

Although radiant barriers are typically fire retardant, they do not necessarily qualify as so called fireproofing or fireproof materials. It is for this reason that you should explicitely fireproof an area, on top of kindly adding fire retardant materials such as radiant Stopper materials.

Same goes for sound proofing. ESPecially in close urban quarters such as New York City, San Francisco (California), or even down Seattle, although radiant barriers carry similar soundproofing characteristics to its materials, it is not a proper soundproofing material, when used solely and exclusively for that purpose.

When shopping for radiant barrier materials, expect to pay about $ 20.00 to $ 80 per 4- by 6 foot areas. This price is typical, as are the dimensions. Like aluminum foils, the radian barrier materials come in rolls, and are very easy to pick up in small cars, if that's all you have to use to pick up your home improvement supplies.

A popular brand is Ultra Touch; it's a lightweight aluminum, and is said to reflect up to 97% of radiant heat. This is often advertised and in fact standard. What must be realized about this percentage is that it is actually a range; and the typical range is 30 to 97%, 97 being the absolute highest and most heat that can be reflected by the material.

Several theories exist about whether reflect sort of materials it should be placed anywhere other than the so called membrane of the insulated area-the perimeter where the heat is to enter or attack the insulated area. Some say it's redundant and indeed useless to install radiant barriers between, say, an attack floor and a top floor ceiling. The idea is that whatever heat is going to make it to the attic floor should not be made to reflect back into the attic to keep the lower floor cooler, as this will work to just heat the attic unnecessarily, by trapping that heat in between two -a top and bottom-radiant barrier.

An opposing idea is that this is effective and effective, it just needs to be done about a space that is large enough to warrant a so called sandwich. The idea is that if the attic has large windows that lets significant sun light in, then radiant barriers across the top floor ceiling just underneath the attic floor would be warranted. The radiant barrier would not be warranted in such situations where the floors were open, as they are in loft style buildings and units. In this situation, the solutions are available, but are less effective, since the insulating space is fundamentally and essentially shared by each room.

Why You Should Not Worry About Termites on Your Home

To explain why I believe you should not worry about termites eating your home first I should explain what a termite is. A termite is an insect with six legs, head, thorax, and abdomen. On the head are two antennae made up of many bead-like segments. Also, on the head are mandibles that bite wood, as well as black compound eyes which are usually present. Termite wings if present are attached to each of the last to segments of the thorax. When an infected piece of wood is broken open, one observes what appear to be a white maggot with legs. This is the blind or almost blind "worker" termite. Since the outer covering is thinner than most insects, it is less effective in preserving moisture and must avoid exposure to the sun. This is why subterranean termites usually live in underground colonies where they are able to obtain adequate water or in areas of your home where excess moisture is present. Compared to many other insects termites are very fragile and they are not able to move their colonies which makes them easier to control than many other insects.

Termites take a long time to develop into a colony large enough to do any real damage to your home. In the few years they require to grow a colony of sufficient size it is likely you will notice signs of excessive moisture or signs of the termites before they are able to do any structural significant damage.

Avoiding common situations that can create moisture problems on your home will reduce the chances of getting termites, reduce the damage they can cause, and make them easier to notice if they occur. Maintaining proper drainage and landscape elevation around your home is usually a simple matter of not adding to much soil or mulch to your beds and lawn. Making sure you have a good chimney cap and properly sealed windows and doors will help to keep your walls drier and therefore less attractive to termites.

New construction techniques and materials have reduced the incidence and impact of termites. The use of treated wood in decks, fencing, and framing along with the use of non-wood type siding and roofing has significantly reduced the food source for termites around homes. Improved ground preparation and foundation building procedures like using sealants around penetrations has made it more difficult for subterranean termites to enter homes. Cleaner job sites and more thorough foundation form board removal (because of higher wood costs) has also had a negative effect on the termite's ability to get started on a typical home. Leaking shower stalls once a very common source of moisture and therefore termite problems have all but disappeared.

Subterranean termites are much easier to prevent and eliminate with the advanced pesticides now available. The effectiveness of TERMIDOR (available to all pest control professionals) is well documented by state regulatory agencies and the ongoing tests to determine how long it lasts keep yielding data data every year. Although it is an expensive chemical it has reduced treatment costs by essentially eliminating retreatments.

Drywood termites, although harder to find in a home, are a smaller threat to the structure because the colony sizes are much smaller and have a limited life span. All the same factors working against subterranean termites are having a negative effect on the drywood termites. Treatment innovations like directed heating, expanding foam injection, and baiting have reduced treatment cost and improved treatment effectiveness.

James Stuart, BA in Business sciences Sam Houston State university 1980, Certified Applicant since 1974. Personally treated over 1000 homes since 1970. Personally Conduced over 2000 termite inspections. Attended hundreds of Continuing education courses. Participated in the training of hundreds of technicians currently working for pest control companies in the greater Houston.

Make Concrete Blocks – Build Your Own Concrete Block Machine

Making concrete blocks is a highly profitable enterprise. There is a constant strong demand for them. They are a basic commodity which is used in building projects all over North America and as a matter fact around the world.

Concrete blocks are not here today gone tomorrow gadgets which are in demand today but not next year. They are a necessary item for many types of building from large commercial projects to garages or backyard barbeques. As long as building is going on anywhere the demand will continue.

For the entrepreneur who wants to start a really solid business, with low startup cost, the concrete block business is a perfect opportunity. It is possible to start in your garage or backyard, using home made hand molds, to easily make one hundred blocks daily. One person can accomplish this in a good day's work. You can make the necessary molds from plywood and sheet metal which can easily be done in a home workshop.

It is easy to start part time, working evenings and weekends, and to gradually build a very profitable full time business. All that is required is the home made molds and a supply of Portland cement, gravel, sand and water. The start up cost is minimal and excellent profits are possible.

Working from home, with low overhead cost, you have a major advantage over large concrete block manufacturers who have to pay for business concessions and wages.

Concrete products are heavy and bulky so the cost of transporting them to a building site from distant points is considerable. You have no such transport costs and can supply concrete products to local buyers at a highly competitive price and still make a handsome profit.

Needless to say, one person working alone, with hand molds, will be limited in production. Working part time may soon not be enough to fill the demand for your products.

You will now be at the point where you can go full time in this profitable business. You will also need to get a concrete block making machine which will make hundreds of blocks per day. You will require help and enough space to store the blocks while drying. The blocks must be washed well before delivery to your buyers.

Buying a concrete block making machine is quite an expensive proposition. However if you want to keep the cost down there is another way. You can quite easily build your own concrete block machine.

Can you really build a machine yourself? Truthfully yes you can, and it is not a difficult project. There are plans with instructions available from which you can build a concrete block making machine.

The materials required are auto parts and sheet metal. Some welding is required. If this is not one of your skills a welding shop can do it for you. For just a few hundred dollars you can build a machine that works just as well as the expensive commercial machines.

You are now equipped to make concrete blocks in large quantities. You will be able to supply any building project, big or small, at a very good price.

Concrete block making as a business is a very good choice. There is strong demand for your products everywhere. By starting your business as I have discussed here you will be successful.

You can work at your present job till you are ready to take on a full time business, as and when the demand for your products grows. Why not find out some more about this great business opportunity? You have much to gain and absolutely nothing to lose.

Learn Ninjutsu – 3 Substitutes For the Ninja’s Metsubishi "Blinding Powder"

For the student who wants to learn ninjutsu – the art and practice of Japan’s shadow warriors – there can be a lot of confusion, and even legal concerns, when it comes to mastering some of the Ninja’s more traditional weapons. However, with the right teacher to guide you through the process of mastering this powerful martial art, you should have no problem in bringing these proven and time-tested techniques, tactics, and strategies into the 21st century.

One of the Ninja’s weapons is known as metsubishi (also pronounced: “metsubushi”). This is conventionally known as “blinding powder” – the stuff that makes the “smoke screen” effect.

On a more advanced level, metsubishi is actually a category of techniques known as “sight removers.” And, while the “blinding powder” with the same name serves this purpose, there is more to this powerful weapon and strategy than meets the eye (so to speak).

This article offers several substitutes for the Ninja’s blinding powder. Instead of carrying around a packet or container of this highly irritating substance, there are some very common, everyday items that can be pressed into use in your defense that will accomplish the same job. They include.

  • 1) Loose change.
  • Remember, the ninja of ancient Japan did not have the same items or technology that we have today. So, reaching into a pants pocket and pulling out a handful of loose coinage, would have been impossible for a Ninja warrior who was wearing a kimono or some other form of classical dress that, either way, lacked both pockets and money as we know it today.

    Throwing a handful of coins at your attackers face may not create a Ninja-movie smoke screen, but the weight and impact of the coins will certainly give him something to worry about while you are either countering or making your escape!

  • 2) Grass or gravel.
  • Combined with the Ninja’s taihenjutsu (“body-changing art”), metsubishi can take many more forms than simply items that you can carry on you. Imagine your opponent’s surprise when he suddenly feels a wad of grass blades or the stinging of gravel hitting his skin – things that you picked up during that roll you used to avoid his previous advances!

  • 3) Sugar, salt or pepper.
  • Rather than egg shells filled with a specially mixed powder, the modern ninja has small packet of salt, sugar, and pepper available to him. In a restaurant or other similar situation, you could secretly grab a few of these readily available packets. And while the attacker is moving in or wasting time with threats, you could be subtly tearing open the packets and readying them for when he initiates his attack.

Remember – Just because our Ninja ancestors used a powder made of ashes, sand, and other irritants, doesn’t mean that we have to limit ourselves to the same thing. The power inherent within the martial art of Ninjutsu, is it’s focus on concepts and principles – not on set techniques.

This allows you, the modern ninja warrior, to adapt to any situation and have just the right technique that best fits the attack. As a teacher once told me, “flexibility is the key to longevity.” He wasn’t a Ninja teacher. But he certainly summed up the philosophy of the Ninja’s art!