A Paycheck is a Paycheck is a Paycheck, Right? Wrong!

Ok so you get a paycheck. It is delivered to you, sent by email or handed to you by your arch-nemesis (your supervisor). Or maybe you are the person handing them out. Either way, the scenario is the same. You have in your hand or inbox a document showing you what you were paid. And to some, quite mysteriously, there is money taken out of your earnings and given to the government, or whoever, and it reduces the amount that you have to shop, save, or pay bills with. It could happen to you every week, every other week or each month. And you take that money that is left over and do with it whatever you chose. So why should you care where the extra money goes? It's gone, right?

But here is the thing …. where did it go? Did it go in the right amount? How does it affect you? Your spending habits, your budget, and the way you save for the future? It's gone, right? So who cares where it went, it's not coming to you, right? WRONG!

I'm not going to be one of these people to tell you that you can not afford things, or will ring bells and make funny noises to indicate that something to do with your finances should be important to you. But I will tell you this – it's your money and you need to know where it goes and why.

Now, most of us are savvier about money than say our mothers. (Sorry Mom!) Or we think we are. I was recently working with my mother going through her financial paperwork and was surprised about the things I took for granted as common knowledge that she was not aware of. She is a smart woman, so I was a little surprised. So we might be ahead of our mother's generation in terms of being more financially independent, but ask yourself, where does the money that comes out of your paycheck go? Do you know? Do you know what all of those fancy little acronyms mean? And why should you care?

First: the paycheck. And yes, we are going to go through it line by line. But I promise it will not be torture. We'll make it quick and then talk about why you should look at this every pay period and how it affects you.

So, what should you look at when you receive your pay stub? You may not like my answer, but the answer is everything. Let me ask you a question. If you lost $ 141.63 from your wallet would you care? Would you look for that money? Be honest with yourself, would you panic? Now I am not saying that you have lost this $ 141.63 from your pay, but if you do not know what it is or where it goes, it is as good as lost.

So now for the fun! Let's go through this pay stub line by line so that you can understand what you are being paid and where those deductions end up.

The first box is Emp #. This is your employee number that is assigned through payroll. This one does not have relevance without your HR department requests you to supply this to them as a routine part of how they identify you before speaking with you about a problem or question with your pay.

The next box is Company Name. It is important for you to know what the legal name of the company you work for is if you have an issue or a problem. An example of an issue or a problem that would be affected by you knowing your company's legal name would be if you needed to apply for Worker's Compensation or Unemployment. Again, why? Because these agencies refer to the company you work for by their legal name. If you do the same you will avoid confusion when dealing with them.

The next box is Period End date. This box is important to check because it states the period for which you are being paid. You may ask yourself, who cares? The answer is -you should. Does the amount being paid agree with the period that you worked for? In our scenario we have a salaried individual but if you were being paid by the hour, how can you know that you have been paid for the hours you worked without you know what period your employer is paying those hours for?

The next box is Dept #. Even I will admit that this one is not too important unless your employer deducts things from your pay for working in a specific department. For instance, in restaurants employers may deduct an amount from your pay for uniform maintenance or you might have a deduction from your pay if a department in that restaurant is allowed to eat lunch while working and the employee deductions a flat amount for food costs.

Our next box is the mystery box! It says FW = M 01. Is it an algebraic formula? Is it something Einstein invented? No, this is actually an important box! The FW stands for Federal Withholding. The M stands for Married and the 01 is the number of dependents that is being claimed on form W4. This box drives what comes out of your pay for Federal Withholding and can determine the all important game of whether or not you receive a refund after filing your annual tax return or whatever you will have to send money into the IRS.

What is important to know about this is that the Federal Withholding taken from your pay each pay period is based on a tax table. So the way this calculates is any payroll system will look at your gross pay, the frequency you are paid (weekly, every two weeks, etc.), and what you claimed on your W4 to see how much tax to take from your check.

The tax table calculates based first on whether you are claiming the status of Single or Married and then on the number of allowances you have claimed, in our case 01. The general rule of thumb is that Single claiming 00 allowances takes the maximum tax and Married with more allowances takes less and less tax. We will get further into this in why you should care a portion of this article.

Our next box SS # xxx-xx-0123 again looks something we learned in high school algebra. It's not. It is your social security number. What do you need to know about this? You need to know that this is the way it should look on your check stub. Or it could look like: *** – ** – 0123. Or it could be all exes or all * s. What you should NEVER see on your check stub is your full social security number printed out.

Our next box is your name and address. This one is only of concern to make sure that it is correct. Sounds simple. Make sure it stays simple. Your company may have different policies of how they get information to you. Most will mail at least your W2 form directly to you at the end of each year. So make sure your information is current so that there is no disruption to you receiving important tax information. If you move, alert the appropriate person in your company as soon as possible so that they can get your salary records updated.

Under your name and address are two boxes: check # and net pay. The check number is not something that you need to look at. It is the check number assigned by your company. If you misplace a check or need to speak to someone regarding your check they can look up the information they need in their records. The net pay is the amount of pay that you will take home after taxes and payments have been taken from your pay.

Our next box is the earnings box. Stay with me here we are getting to the good stuff! This box tells you how much you are being paid before taxes and other items are deducted from your pay. In this pay stub we have a salary amount (Sal1). However, if you are paid by the hour, you will want to make sure the hours you told your employer you worked and the hours on your pay stub match. Mistakes can happen in processing payroll, they are not intentional. It is your responsibility to check your pay stub and let your employer know if there was an error in reporting your hours to the payroll company.

Other types of earnings may include commissions, bonuses, and even reimbursements for telephone usage, mileage or office supplies purchased.

The next box is labeled taxes. We are going to go through each item in this box to explain the different payroll taxes.

– FWH = Federal Withholding. Weave the example of this above when looking at the SS # box. This is your Federal Income Tax being withheld from your pay each payroll period.
– FICA = This tax is the Federal Insurance Contribution Act tax. It is taken at a flat percentage of 6.2% up to an annual earnings cap. These taxes are taken to provide a variety of benefits to qualifying workers and their families through the program known as social security.
– MEDFICA = This tax falls under the Federal Insurance Contribution Act and allows an additional 1.45% of your pay to be withheld for Medicare, which provides health insurance for qualifying disabled workers and people 65 years of age and older. There is no earnings cap with this tax.
– ST = State Withholding. Here in Pennsylvania this is a flat percentage tax. However, in many states the withholding works much like the Federal Withholding tax. It is based on what you claim on your state W4 form. Again the principle is the same, the tax table calculates based first on whether you are claiming the status of Single or Married and then on the number of allowances you have claimed, in our case 01. The general rule of thumb is that Single claiming 00 allowances takes the maximum tax and Married with more allowances takes less and less tax.
– WCHPA = This is the local tax where my company in this example is located. In Pennsylvania there are thousands of local taxes. They range from.5% to the Philadelphia wage tax that exemced 3%. The tax is based on where you are employed and not where you live. The next state close to Pennsylvania in the number of local taxes is Ohio. Many from this area would have surprised to know that many states have no local taxes.
– PA UNEM = This tax is the Pennsylvania employee share of unemployment. This tax can come and go. In times of high unemployment percentages the State deducts this tax from employees to help offset the cost of the payment of unemployment to those who do not have work. Other states have similar taxes and some also have employees contribute to disability and state paid health care.

Next is our discounts box. There are two discounts here as an example of what you could expect to see.

The first deduction is labeled MED125. Med125 refers to medical insurance premiums that are deducted from your pay and that are run through a Section 125 plan as defined by the IRS. What does this mean to you? If you have a health insurance premium deducted from your pay there are two ways to do it. One is a standard deduction that comes out of your pay after all of the taxes have been deducted. The other is through a Section 125 plan. If your company has an established 125 plan then your health insurance deduction comes out of your pay before taxes and is not subject to payroll taxes. If you are not sure what your company offers ask someone in your HR department. Using a Section 125 plan saves employees the cost of paying taxes on their health insurance contribution deductions.

The next deduction is labeled LST. This is the Local Services Tax for Pennsylvania. The local services tax is a tax that is deducted from your pay up to a maximum of $ 52.00 per year. It is collected on a pro-rata basis that is determined by the number of payroll periods established by an employer for a calendar year. This tax is used to help offset the cost of emergency services and also is used to reduce property taxes through homestead acts in certain municipalities.

Our final pay check stub box is Year to Date. Ok, we are almost done here! This is just a total of what has been paid to you and what has been deducted from your pay for the year.

So, now the all important part of this exercise. Why should you care about all of this and how does it affect you?

Well, to start this is your money. And yes it is important to know where it goes. This is really not the day and age where a woman is kept in the dark and her husband takes care of all of the financial responsibilities while the woman takes care of the house and children. Most families are made up of two working parents. For most it is a necessity to meet the rising cost of food, fuel and health insurance and it is not an option for many mothers to stay at home. It is also unfortunate that the divorce rate in our country continues to rise but it also means that women, like it or not, are almost forced to be financially savvy. So let's get started on the importance of understand how your money comes and goes through a paycheck and why you should care.

You earn an amount from your employer. You submit a time sheet or some type of data to your employer letting them know what work you have accomplished or the hours that you have worked. They take that data and process it through payroll. You then receive a net amount and it is direct deposited in your bank or you take a check to the bank and deposit it each pay day. We have established that there are taxes and deductions taken from your pay and you get what is left over. Now here is why it matters.

Unlike the popular thought that taxes and deductions are taken from your pay and there is not much you can do about it, there are portions of your pay that you can directly control to put more money in your pocket now!

We are going to reference back to those pay check boxes again and go through the portions of those taxes and allowances that you have control over. I know what you are thinking! Not the boxes again, but bear with me. There will be strategies to help you put money into your family's hands. It will be up to you to decide what strategies to use and what your comfort level will be with their affect.

So let's get started.

Ok, the first thing you should take a serious look at is your Federal Withholding. Let me ask you a question; are you one of those folks that get a huge refund when you send in your Federal tax return? If you are, you might want to think about what you are doing. By allowing the federal government the use of your money through the year you are missing opportunities. Do you have credit card debt? Is the credit card company charging you interest on your outstanding balance? Then why "loan" the IRS your earnings when you have debt to pay? Yes you get a big refund at tax time, but what if you had use of that money through the year? What would you do with it? Could you pay down debt? Invest it? If you invest this money, even in a money market account you could be earning money with these funds instead of allowing the federal government to use it and then pay it back to you later.

You have to be careful with this one. Think about your comfort level. Are you comfortable using that money through the year or do you have a need to get this all in one lump sum? If you are not a disciplined saver then that lump sum return of your money may be attractive to you. You also have to make sure that if you decide to take that money now that you check with your accountant or with an online paycheck calculator at the very least to make sure you do not reduce your Federal Withholding too much and end up owed money at the end of the year. That will certainly not help you achieve your personal financial goals, not to mention the IRS frowns upon you owed them money. Ironic, is not it?

There is another item on your paycheck that is important and can keep money in your pocket – it is your social security number. When we went through the individual boxes on our check stub I stated that you should NEVER see your entire social security number on your check stub. Instead, the number should be masked by stars or exes. Why? Because identity theft is a real threat in our society. So if your paycheck is lost in the mail, that is bad enough, but if your social security number is on it you are just asking for trouble. Check your latest check stub. If you see your social security number on your check contact your payroll administrator right away and they can have that number masked. It should be standard practice with payroll providers, but some are not paying attention to those trends that can affect the end user, namely, you.

Another item that can save you considering money is that MED125 deduction. A lot of companies have their employees pay a portion of the cost of health insurance. With the increasing cost of health premiums it has become a necessity for most companies. But how can you pay towards your health insurance save you money? Remember this health insurance deduction is taken from your pay and is not taxed.

You can not assume that if you have a health insurance deduction that it falls under a Section 125 plan. You have to ask your employer if they have this plan. If they do not you could ask them to research one. In the past it was a headache for companies to maintain a 125 plan. But now a plan that only contains health insurance premiums or a premium only plan has little administrative headache to it if your part of a company with under 99 employees.

Also, another way to save money through payroll is to ask your HR or payroll contact if your company has a Full Flex Plan as part of their 125 plan. What does this mean? A Full Flex Plan or A Flexible Spending Account as a part of a 125 plan gives you a great opportunity to save money. It allows you to have a predetermined amount withheld from your pay each year to pay for various medical needs. If you are having electrical surgery, it could be run through the Flex account at your work, so you do not pay tax on that amount. Many Flex accounts have a list of items that you could put this money toward, such as, contact solution, certain over the counter medications, and even nicotine patches are reimbursable. The thing to watch with Flexible Spending Accounts is that they are what is called "use them or lose them". So if you have $ 2000.00 deducted from your pay each year, but only submit reimbursements for $ 200.00 then you lose the $ 1800.00 you contributed. Check with your HR or payroll administrator to find out the rules to your company's Flexible Spending Account.

Another expense that you could be running through payroll using your company's Section 125 plan is Dependent Care. So if you have children that go to a day care facility during the week the amount that you pay to the day care could be run through your pay check and be deducted from you untaxed.

So to summarize this Section 125 plan, when these items are run through your paycheck on a pre-tax basis (meaning the amounts deducted from you are not taxable) you in effect save approximately an automatic 12-15% on health insurance, medical necessities , and child care. Really think about that statement. If you child's day care asked you if you wanted to save 15% on their fees, would you look into? If a pharmacy offered you savings of 15% off of all purchases would you go to there? This is like an automatic paycheck coupon to save your family money.

My final suggestion is what is missing from our check stub. There is no 401 (k) or Simple IRA deduction on our stub. These are savings for retirement accounts that are taken from your pay and are not subject to Federal Withholding. If your company offers one of these options look into it. 401 (k) plans are run according to the way your company sets them up, so the rules are not standardized. However, many companies offer what is called an employer match for discounts that you make into this type of retirement account. If your company does offer a match then this is instant earnings on your contributions. Simple IRA plans require an employer match so you are guaranteed to have an immediate return on your investment.

Consider carefully before you decide that you are not going to participate in one of these plans. If you put aside even a small amount I would venture to say that you are not going to miss that money on a pay pay basis and it will go to securing you financial freedom when you retire.

So now your paycheck should not just be a piece of paper to you. The mystery of what is taken out and why has been explained. I would challenge you to think about some of these strategies for putting money back into your pocket to see how you can save your family money through payroll. Of course, everyone's financial situation is different, so review these strategies with your financial professional before implementing them.

I would also challenge you to look at your pay stub each pay period. The more you look at it the more familiar you become with it and you will start to know what to expect. When you know what to expect then you will get a feel for what you are paid, when you are paid and how you are paid. Knowledge is one of the first steps towards becoming more financially savvy.

Ten Benefits of Grapeseed Massage Oil

Did you know that grapeseed massage oil is a highly prized carrier oil in aromatherapy and massage therapy? It has almost no aroma and is wonderfully light in texture. It is a great non-greasy oil to use, but could be enriched by blending it with another carrier massage oils such as almond or wheat germ oil.

Some of the advantages of grapeseed massage oil:

  • Grapeseed oil is almost odorless and has a fine texture.
  • The fine texture makes it easily absorbable by the skin and non-greasy.
  • Grapeseed massage oil has mildly astringent qualities which help to tighten and tone the skin. This makes it useful for acne and other skin complaints when having a cleansing massage.
  • Grapeseed oil extract is rich in linoleic acid. Linoleic acid is an essential fatty acid for the skin and the cell membranes.
  • Grapeseed oil has regenerative and restructuring properties and has excellent skin moisturizing properties.
  • The smooth, silky texture makes it excellent for a relaxing massage without being greasy.
  • It contains vitamins, minerals, and protein, GLA, and a small amount of vitamin E.
  • It penetrates the skin easily bringing it moisturizing, regenerating and protecting effects.
  • It is said to be good for repairing skin around the eyes.
  • If you've run out of shaving cream, it's provided to be great for keeping the skin lubricated.

Body Detox Massage

Many body massage oils are used to assist body detox by stimulating the lymphatic system. This encourages fluid circulation and cell regeneration in the body.

A simple oil massage at regular intervals can do wonders to your overall health and can make you feel youger and more beautiful. Massage oils promote skin health, provides relief from stress and assist healing of the skin.

Grapeseed massage oil is also perfect for those who need a nut-free oil option in the case of allergies.

Medicinal Benefits of Grape Seed Oil

Food-grade Grape Seed Oil is extremely healthy to add to your diet. Some Medicinal Health Benefits Include:

  • Grape seed oil can also help protect the arteries by keeping them free of plaque that can cause heart attacks and stroke.
  • Grape seed oil is able to slow down and reverse free radical damage and reduce the risk of disease. (good for slowing skin aging.)
  • Studies also show that certain substances in grape seed oil can help protect the body from sun damage.
  • Grapeseed oil can improve the function of small blood vessels in the eyes thereby improving and maintaining good vision.

How To Fix Windows Error 42 – Driver Errors Fix

Windows Error 42 is an error that occurs when your computer has incompatibility issues with the device drivers or when your driver has faulty components. This error appears every time you attempt to run a specific program or use a feature inside Windows. In general, this error is indicative that your computer is not capable of processing the required settings to run your hardware. The usual error message alerts that would be shown are the following:

"Could not initialize application. Error 42 (IPM). Please contact technical support."

"Windows can not load the device driver for this hardware because there is a duplicate device already running in the system. (Code 42)"

Various reasons may cause this error. It may be the case that the device driver is lost in the system, or your PC has a damaged binary file. It is also possible that you have problems with your Input / Output (I / O) processes, or your registry has setbacks. The I / O operational issues together with the inability of the device to respond are the major causes of this problem. In addition, this error is triggered if one of the drivers responsible for managing the device gives an alert to the operating system that the device is not working.

How To Fix Windows Error 42

To resolve the error, you have to update the drivers in question by re-installing it in your system. This can be done by clicking onto the "Device Manager" of Windows and then updating any of the drivers which may be causing problems for your PC. This is critical as it will repair any of the potential issues that Windows may have with the drivers on your system.

The next step to solve the problem is to clean out the registry of your PC . The " registry " is a central database where vital files, information, settings & options are kept. Windows reads the files required for it to run through this database. Oftentimes, this registry gets corrupt or infected – making Windows unable to access the necessary files for loading programs. It is there before highly recommended for you to download and run a registry cleaning tool such as the " Frontline Registry Cleaner " in your computer. This process will eliminate errors like error 42 and make your PC function more efficiently.

How to Fix FIFA 14 Crashes?

This article contains workarounds to help fix FIFA 14 crashes on Windows 8/ 7/ Vista and XP. The tips and tweaks included in this article have already helped many users.

Check Hardware Requirements

There are some predefined hardware requirements in the ReadMe file. Your computer must have all of them installed in order to play the game.

  • Operating System: Windows 8/ 7/ Vista Service Pack 1
  • Intel Core 2 Duo Processor 1.8 GHz
  • 2 GB of Memory
  • 8 GB of Free Hard Disk Space
  • 3D Accelerated and Pixel Shader supported Video Card and DirectX Compatible Audio Card

Update Origin

Origin needs to be updated as follows:

  1. Launch Origin user interface.
  2. Right click the game entry, choose “Check for update”.

Provide Administrative Rights to Origin File

The origin file could be facing compatibility problems with the operating system. Windows provides a way to deal with compatibility problems.

  1. Open My Computer.
  2. Press F3 key to locate Search.
  3. Type “Origin.exe” in the Search box.
  4. Press ENTER.
  5. Right click the file from the Search Results, select Properties.
  6. Click Compatibility tab, check-up “Run this program in compatibility mode for” checkbox and choose an earlier Windows version.
  7. Click OK.

Change FifaSetup_Default.ini Settings

This file contains default configurations. In this file you’ll find two strings related to your computer’s screen resolution. Check if the screen resolution mentioned in the file matches with your current screen resolution. If it doesn’t, make appropriate modifications in the file.

  1. Open My Computer, press F3 and search for “fifasetup_default.ini” file.
  2. Right click the file in the search results and open it with Notepad.
  3. Click Edit | Find, search for “RESOLUTIONWIDTH” and “RESOLUTIONHEIGHT”:
  4. Replace existing values with appropriate width and height.
  5. Click File | Save and then exit.

Resolve Data Execution Prevention Conflicts

Sometimes DEP conflicts with your game. It prevents the smooth running of the executable file. Add the game file to the list of DEP Excluded Items as follows:

  1. Right click My Computer, select Properties.
  2. Click Advanced System Settings in the left hand side panel.
  3. A new dialog opens with Advanced tab opened.
  4. Click the Settings button under Performance frame.
  5. Click the Data Execution Prevention tab, the last one.
  6. Choose “Turn on DEP for all programs and services except those I select”, click Add and locate the following EXE files:
  7. C:Program Files (x86)Origin GamesFIFA 14Gamefifa14.exe
  8. C:Program Files (x86)Origin GamesFIFA 14Gamefifa14.exe
  9. Click OK twice.

Re-register Game Components

Game components such as DLL files and server settings need to be re-registered. This will fix FIFA 14 crashes.

1. Click Start, type “Command Prompt” in the Search Box.

2. It’ll appear in the Search Results.

3. Right click it, select Run as administrator.

4. Type following commands one by one. Press ENTER after each command ends.

regsvr32 atl.dll

cd C:WINDOWSeHome

ehSched /unregServer

ehSched /service

ehRecvr /unregServer

ehRecvr /service

ehRec.exe /unregServer

ehRec.exe /regserver

ehmsas.exe /unregServer

ehmsas.exe /regserver

5. Close the Command Prompt dialog.

Reset Folder Permissions

There is a possibility that the FIFA 14 folder may not have enough administrative permissions. When this is the case, you will provide read/ write permissions to the folder and all of its contents (sub folders, files).

  1. Open C:Program Files (x86).
  2. Right click FIFA14, select Properties.
  3. Click Sharing | Advanced Sharing | Permissions.
  4. Check-up “Full Control” and click OK.

Delete User Preferences

The user preferences are stored in a separate folder called as “FIFA 14” which is located in the My Documents folder. Due to corruption of these files, you are experiencing FIFA 14 crashes.

  1. Open My Documents.
  2. Delete the folder “FIFA 14” to the Recycle Bin.

Note: DO NOT delete it permanently.Just in case the crashes are still occurring, we can easily restore it.

The best way is to download FIFA 14 Crash-Fix. Install and run the downloaded program, conduct full scan and repair the problem automatically.

Licensing is Everywhere – Examples of Licensed Products

When consumers purchase products online or in a retail store, they usually assume that the products are the ideas of their manufacturers or distributors. This is often not the case. Instead, manufacturers license products from inventors and market them to their established target markets. Product licensing benefits manufacturers in a number of ways including reducing research and development costs, utilizing excess manufacturing capacity and personnel capacity, and giving the manufacturer the ability to introduce more new products in a shorter amount of time. Licensed products are all around us; here are some examples of product licensing that you may have come across recently.

Toys

Licensing is very popular in the toy industry, because it allows toy manufacturers to come out with many new toys each year. Even toys based on popular movies and television shows are licensed from their inventors. You may see licensed toys from Batman Begins, Star Wars, Harry Potter, Spongebob Squarepants, and Shrek at your favorite department store or toy store.

Board Games

Board games from popular companies such as Hasbro are often licensed from their creators. This has several advantages for board game companies. They can introduce new games to the market more quickly than their competitors and they can also cut research and development costs since board game creators usually do their own testing and prototype development. Board game creators benefit from licensing because they are not forced to deal with marketing and distributing the games they have created. This leaves more time for creating and testing new games that can be licensed to other manufacturers in the future. Chances are that many of the board games in your home or local recreation center are licensed.

Action Figures

Action figures are usually based off of movie and television characters. Good examples are Superman, Spiderman, Batman, He-Man, and GI Joe. Most of these action figures are licensed and distributed by manufacturing companies with a wide market reach and excellent manufacturing capacity. This gives product creators the time to create new products instead of spending time figuring out how to market and distribute products they have already created. Product licensing also benefits action figure manufacturers. These manufacturers are able to capitalize on the popularity of movies and television shows in order to make more sales. Licensing also makes it possible for manufacturers to introduce these action figures without having to spend a lot of money on testing and developing the products in house.

Video Games

Video game manufacturers also take advantage of licensing when creating video games for the child and adult gaming markets. It is much easier to sell video games when they contain recognizable characters from movies, television shows, comics, and cartoons, so video game manufacturers will often license popular characters and use them in new video game offerings. This gives the manufacturer an edge in marketing and selling their new video games to both children and adults. Licensed products are all around us in the marketplace and provide excellent forms of education and entertainment. The best part about these licensed products is that everyone involved wins. Creators are compensated for their products, manufacturers are able to cut costs and remain competitive, and end users are able to continue buying new products for entertainment and educational purposes.

Indications and Contraindications for Laser Therapy

Laser has been used successfully in physical medicine and rehabilitation for more than 30 years in various parts of the world and has begun to increase in popularity in the United States since the FDA has cleared its use for a number of medical indications. Laser treatment involves introducing the energy of light into damaged or injured tissues to promote healing through the stimulation of ATP production and lymphocyte activity among other physiological responses.

In the United States, the FDA has thoroughly evaluated and subsequently cleared a number of laser devices for the treatment of neck and shoulder pain and carpal tunnel syndrome. The FDA has also cleared infrared light, which is light energy with wavelengths longer than visible light, to do the following:

  • increase local blood circulation
  • alleviate minor muscle or joint aches, pain, and/or stiffness
  • relaxation of muscles
  • relieve muscle spasms
  • ease the pain and stiffness of associated with arthritis

Though laser therapy has been used safely and effectively throughout the world in animal research since the 1960’s and safely with humans since the 1970’s, there are precautions with regard to the use of laser and specific instances where laser should not be used.

Only authorized and trained medical professionals should use laser for medical treatment. Since the beam of an infrared laser cannot be detected by the human eye, protective eye wear that is designed for the wavelength being used should be worn to prevent accidental exposure. Infrared light will not usually cause the eye to blink for protect itself. Another precaution relates to the use of laser over growth plates in the bones. Though very few, if any, studies have concluded that the use of laser has any negative effect on growth plates, it is probably wise to avoid using a laser directly over them. Highly reflective jewelry should be removed from the area being treated, and treatment should not be done over or near reflective surfaces. Laser should only be applied to the area to be treated and should not be used over areas where sensation has been compromised, as the patient may not be able sense discomfort if the laser is too intense.

Laser should not be used to irradiate the eyes, over cancerous tumors, within 4 to 6 months of radiation therapy, over hemorrhage, over or near the thyroid or endocrine glands, over a fetus or uterus during pregnancy, in cases where the patient has sensitivity to light, if the patient is using medication that is photosensitive, or with patients that have vascular disease.

Laser use has been proven effective for the treatment of a number of conditions, and may prove to be effective in the treatment of others as the use of laser increases. However, when laser is used caution should be exercised and attention should be paid to the conditions under which laser may be harmful to avoid negative effects.

The Facts You Need To Know About Mud Bogging Trucks

If you are a fun off-road sports fan and you find it thrilling to have a good time, you can have a great experience by riding mud bogging trucks. These vehicles are popular particularly in Canada and the United States. Riding them is a very exhilarating experience. The mud bogging sport combines the thrill of racing, the fun that comes from off-road racing, the love of performance vehicles and the love that little boys have of playing in the mud, which many adults still have.

This sport was introduced in the 1970s when lovers of off-road racing started competing against each other in muddy, boggy and dirty areas that they could find and this was mostly in swampy areas of North Carolina. Mud bogging is now an organized competition since organizers of motorsports shows picked up on it. They started including large pits filled with mud for racing in their shows and the sport became popular for both racers and spectators. This popular event is usually arranged on a monthly or yearly basis and at certain places, the competitions are held on a weekly basis. These events are great for a weekend out with your friends or your family.

The goal of the mud bogging sport is to try your best to drive through huge mud puddles. The person who is able to drive all the way through a huge mud puddle becomes the winner. If a number of drivers make their way through, the driver who took the shortest time is considered to be the winner. These trucks are usually four wheel drive since it is not possible for two wheel drives to make it through the huge mud puddles.

Mud bogging trucks also have a strong engine that is able to provide the needed power to take them through the puddles. They usually have special modifications such as very large wheels so that they can be more efficient in accomplishing the task. The mud bogging sport continues to grow each year and competitors engage in interesting actions to ensure that they become winners. For example, they modify the body of the vehicles and some even alter the tires in certain ways.

Most competitors attach lift kits on their trucks, which serve the purpose of giving the vehicles the needed elevation that allows them to clear off the mud. The other common alteration made in these trucks is the installation of larger tires that have deeper tracks. They give the vehicles more traction and enhance the chances of a driver becoming a winner in the sport. These vehicles are also turbo charged and have nitrous injections. They are like monster trucks on steroids.

The trucks are usually very attractive since they usually have shiny and sleek bodies that are in the best conditions. They then battle out in the filthy mud and come out covered in it and even if one does not become the winner, the entertainment offered is great. Bog tracks can be of various kinds; some are open, others hilly and others flat. The length of these tracks can be up to 300 feet and this is usually determined by the amount of space that the arena allows.

Nowadays, mud bogging competitions are usually held along with events that feature the driving of monster trucks since the trucks are highly similar. Equipping mud bogging trucks with the right accessories is essential in ensuring that the trucks will be able to navigate through sticky mud puddles. You can start off with the tires by ensuring you get the tires that are able to handle deep holes filled with muck.

The best tires are those that contain aggressive treads. Spaced out tread patterns allow the truck to be able to throw out the mud better. Another helpful idea is to get larger and wider tires since the rig will be able to hold on to more ground. The other thing that you should do is to seal up the electrical system. You can use vulcanizing silicone to seal up exposed areas like the distributor and other engine parts that will fail to work if they come into contact with water.

The other component that mud bogging trucks should contain for increased efficiency is a bigger gear box. It will be able to push the tires better and you can choose to get after market gear box packages. After installing bigger gear boxes, you should ensure that you grease them well in order to prevent damage. You should also consider modifying the intake system so that it will not suck in water. One way to do this is through the installation of a snorkel system, which will make it possible for the intake system to breathe in fresh air.

The other modification that you can do to a mud bogging truck is to secure the radiator. You can move it to the back of the truck so that its chances of getting damaged are reduced. In order to keep it from getting overheated, you can connect an electric fan to it. To increase traction, you can get a set of locking hubs that will allow the transmission to turn the front wheels as they turn the back wheels. This will give the truck more power to move through obstacles.

Dumpees Gone Wild – Think Before You Dump Your Lover

Let's face it …

Nobody likes to be dumped. Especially when you're madly in love with your partner, and had no idea whatever the relationship was in any trouble.

Not only do you have to get through the inevitable feelings of loss and disappointment, but you'll also have the cope with feelings of rejection, and sometimes even humiliation.

What are you going to tell people when they ask why the relationship ended? Can you face admitting you were dumped, or will you make up a story to save face?

While we all hate the idea of ​​being dumped by a lover, most of us would "Get over it" in the end, and could move on with our lives left with nothing more than a slightly bruised ego.

For some however, swallowing the bitter pill of rejection is just too much to take, and as you're about to find out can push some people over the emotional edge.

You're about to see what happens when "Dumpees Go Wild!"

The Ultimate Humiliation

In years gone by, seeing a woman throwing her ex's belongings from an upstairs window would have considered shocking, but that's nothing compared to the length jilted lovers will go to today to show their partners how unhappy they are with their decision to end the relationship .

Down in southern Texas a few years ago, a dental surgeon came home to find a note from his fiancée telling him she'd left him, and had moved out to live with her sister downtown.

He raced off in his Hummer to try and talk his lady round, but when he arrived at her sister's house he got the news that would tip him over the edge.

His fiancée was not going to be living there at all. She'd instead moved a few blocks down the street to make home with her new lover, a 60 year old truck driver!

He decided to pay his ex and her new man a visit, but instead of using the front door, he violated his Hummer straight through the front window of the house, and into the shocked couple's living room!

Of course he was arrested, but I think he made his point.

Last year saw a controversial story of revenge hit the headlines when a man jilted by his woman paid for a huge billboard to be put up near their home in New Mexico, claiming his ex girlfriend had had an abortion, not a miscarriage as she'd claimed.

While the truth behind that story remains a mystery, it's not the first time dumpees have used billboard advertising to embarrass those who dared dump them.

A couple of years ago over in the UK a woman plastered her local town with adverts with a picture of her ex-boyfriend and the text, "Ladies, this man is a cheat and he's rubbish in bed!"

Although the adverts were dropped down within the week, I think it's fair to say her ex would have been recognized on more than one occasion.

Do Women Do It Best?

When it comes to wild dumpees getting virgin revenge, guys do some pretty extreme things to make their point, but in 2006 a 23 year old from New York went as extreme as you can get. Punishing her boyfriend for cheating and planning to leave her by slicing off his genitals, only to find out his infidelity was a lie!

It was late winter, and while out at a Christmas party Jenny was cornered by one of her boyfriend's so-called "friends".

This friend proceeded to tell Jenny how he spotted her man out with different women, and had overheard him telling someone he planned on leaving her in the New Year. It was later discovered the guy had made up the story in a bid to split the couple up. He had a crush on Jenny and wanted to come across as the knight in shining armor.

Heartbroken, and slightly the worse for wear after a number of vodkas, Jenny charged out of the bar in tears and made straight for home, where her unwitting boyfriend lay sleep.

It was only on feeling the shooting pain of a cold metal blade across his manhood that he woke up to Jenny's uncontrollable screams. It was suggested he actually got away with deep lacerations, and some minor tissue damage. Thank goodness he was not a deep sleeper!

It's not known how much truth there is in the story, or whether it's just a myth to scare men from being tempted by the fruit of another.

One thing's for sure, in a world where dumpees will go to extremes to get their revenge, you should think very carefully before you decide to dump your other half.

Is the relationship really that bad?

Could your problems be sorted out with better communication?

If you think the time really has come to end your relationship then our very serious advice is to be completely honest and open with your partner about your feelings. Let them down gently, and do everything in your power to ensure their pride is not too poorly damaged.

Do the dirty on them and you could find your face plastered all over town, or even worse you'll be calling in the builders to replace the front wall of your house!

Gymnasts Require More Knee Protection Than Most To Avoid Injuries

Although some people like to say that gymnastics is just glorified dancing, those who have had any involvement in the sport know that it requires stamina and strength, and there is a lot more to it than just dancing. Not only must gymnasts have the strength to perform their routines, they also must possess great flexibility, agility, balance and coordination. Gymnasts need to be graceful and fluid in their movements, and it is a sport that has both female and male participants. In men's gymnastics, the events are pommel horse, rings, floor exercise, high bar and parallel bar. Women compete in uneven parlors bars, floor exercise, vault and balance beam. In addition to the style of gymnastics that we see in most competitions, there are other forms of gymnastics, including aerobic gymnastics, acrobatic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics and even trampoline gymnastics.

Gymnasts Need to Protect Their Knees

Gymnastics is not a sport for those who can not take a bit of pain. After all, even the world's top gymnasts have been known to take some pretty bad tumbles (no pun intended). Because gymnastics involves plenty of running and jumping, as well as the chances for a number of falls, gymnasts are known for getting plenty of knee injuries. To continue competing in this sport, it is important that gymnasts take steps to protect their knees, and you will often see many wearing lightweight knee braces. This is the ideal way for them to get the protection they need, while still retaining a full range of movement so they are able to perform their routines as flawlessly as possible.

The DonJoy Elastic Knee Sleeve is Ideal for Gymnasts on the Move

When gymnasts decide to protect their knees with knee braces that tie knee pain , they need to know that the braces they wear will not constrict them in any way. Gymnastics is a sport that requires much movement and flexibility, so knee braces need to be accommodating to this. The DonJoy Elastic Knee Sleeve is the ideal knee brace for gymnasts and others who need to wear a brace but still want to have non-restricted movements. Available in sizes ranging from small to extra large, this is a knee brace that can easily fit most people.

The DonJoy Elastic Knee Sleeve is lightweight and breathable, so knees remain cool and dry, and wearers have full movement. The lightweight cotton elastic material is a wonderful alternative to those who are allergic to traditional Neoprene knee braces. This brace also offers wearers a silicone donut, so the patella is always stabilized. And it is white in color, so it will not draw in heat from the sun when wearers are out on hot days. At less than $ 40, the DonJoy Elastic Knee Sleeve is a great deal for something that will protect the knee so well.

VADODRA – The City With Glorious History And Natural Splendor

Situated on the banks of Vishwamitri River, Vadodara is a significant tourist destination in Gujrat. Previously, known as the capital city of Gaekwad, it now embraces some of the most beautiful cultural heritage sites. The city of Baroda, prominent by the name Vadodara, has seen the reign of several rulers, many of which build magnificent palaces, scenic lakes and blossoming parks. King Sayaji Rao III was one of the most dynamic rulers and proved himself a first-class planner. Today, the cosmopolitan culture and modern outlook of the city along with a blend of rich culture makes Baroda a fantastic place for holidaying with family.

The growing industrial sector and prominent center for academics has helped Vadodara to earn recognition in the recent years. The monuments here exhibit incredible architecture and reveal the glorious past of the city. Many tourists from different parts of the world choose this destination to spend a wonderful holiday. Distance between Pune and Baroda is approximately 587 kilometers and people can easily book taxi to make their journey comfortable.

Vadodra – The City of Culture

During the 10th century, Baroda was ruled by Chalukya dynasty followed by many other rulers and then finally by the Maratha General Pilaji Gaekwad. In the reign of General Gaekwad, Baroda saw major developments and only after this period, modern era of the city came into existence. However, King Sayaji Rao III, during his supremacy introduced many developments and socio economic reforms that proved fruitful and thus the city earned the title 'The City of Culture'.

Festival of Nine Nights

The festival of nine nights, Navratri is very grandly celebrated and is illustrious in Baroda. People offer prayers to Goddess Durga, make special snacks, decorate their homes and dance all night. The famous dance form called Garba fills people with a lot of enthusiasm and encourages them to dance past midnight. Huge grounds are especially taken on rent, decorated with lights and prepared for the occasion. Diwali, Holi, Uttarayan and Ganesh Chathurti are some festivals which are celebrated with great enthusiasm and excitement.

City still raises the culture, which can be easily witnessed at places like Vadodra museum, Maharaja Fateh Singh Museum, Picture Gallery and Nandlal Bose murals of Bhagvad Gita at old Kirti temple. Best time to visit this place is during winters, when the temperature is little chilly and provides relief from the scorching heat of summers.

Places To See

Kadia Dungar Caves – The Buddhist caves came into being during 1st and 2nd century. The caves accommodate seven different caves with monolithic lion Pillars and a stupa made of bricks at the foot hills.

Maharaja Sayajirao University – Considered as one of the most recognized educational institutions with a remarkable archaeological department that enshrines findings from Harappan civilization, MS University is worth a visit. Departments of Performing Arts and Fine Arts have helped this institution to gain recognition.

Lakshmi Villas Palace – The palace was built in the year 1890 during the reign of Maharaja Sayajirao. Major Charles Mant and R. F Chisolm were appointed for the construction of this palace. It was ensured that the palace was built keeping Indian, Islamic and European architectural style in mind. Today, tourists can experience Indo-Saracenic folklore in the entire palace and revel in the magnificence of this royal palace.

Nazarbaugh Palace – Nazarbaugh Palace was considered as the guest house for the royal family. Built in the year 1721, the palace is made of white stucco and preserves solid gold and silver guns. It also exhibits the clothes embroidered with precious stones, seed pearls and jewels of Gaekwad family, which are worth watching.

Makarpura Palace – Built by King Khende Rao in 1870, Makarpura Palace was the summer palace that exhibited Italian style of architecture. Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III renovated the entire palace. These days, Indian Air Force uses the location for various trainings and therefore, this palace is not open to public.

Ankottaka – Located on the banks of river Viswamitri, Ankottaka or Akota is a small town that is well known for 68 bronze images of tirthankars, which were discarded from this site. Currently the images are placed in Vadodara Museum. During 5th and 6th century, Akota was known as the key center for Jains and Jain studies.

Sayaji Baug – Maharaja Sayajirao III built the huge park in year 1879. Park embraces a planetarium, zoo, toy train, a flower clock, an astronomy park and 45 hectares of garden grounds. It is also known by the name Kamati Baug and is worth a visit.

Sri Aurobindo Niwas – Located at Dandia Bazaar, Sri Aurobindo Niwas is a popular ashram that attracts many people from different parts of city. The niwas houses the remnants of the yogi, Rishi Aurobindo Ghosh and is open for people to meditate.

Dabhoi – Early known by the name, Darbhavati is a primeval fortified town that has a lot of significance in Jain scriptures of Grinar. The fort of Dabhoi is a perfect example of rich cultural heritage in Baroda. It embraces four main gates namely, Hira Bhagol, Vadodara gate, Champaner gate and Nandod gate. The town is also known as a pilgrimage center for Jains and incorporates 6 other temples.

Chote Udepur – Located at the border of Rajasthan, Chote Udepur is one of the princely states that accommodate an assortment of ancient temples within the periphery. Jain temple found here is known for its unique Victorian architecture and contributions a lot of tourists every year. While visiting Chote Udepur, Kusum Vilas Palace, Prem Bhavan and the tribal market should not be missed. Furthermore, a trip in the narrow gauge train is a must watch while visiting Baroda.

Things To Do

The city rich in its culture attracts thousands of people every year from all around the country. There are many museums, palaces and caves in and around this place where tourists can experience the rich culture. Festival of nine nights, Navratri is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Baroda. During this time, the entire city is full of colors, decorated with lights and is a delight to see.

Why Reflexology Is Becoming More and More Popular

Put simply, reflexology is the application of gentle and controlled pressure to specific points on the feet, hands, or ears. Reflexologists work on the notion that these areas and reflex points correspond to different body organs and systems. They believe that applying pressure to these points has a positive effect on their patients’ organs and general health.

For example, reflexologists believe that a specific spot in the arch of the foot corresponds to the bladder point. When a reflexology practitioner uses their thumbs or fingers to apply pressure to this area, bladder functioning may be improved.

Although reflexology is not used to diagnose or offer a cure to health problems, millions of people around the world use it to help with their symptoms or to complement other treatments when addressing conditions such as anxiety, back pain and headaches.

Reflexology offers enormous and varied benefits. Helping with the symptoms of stress and aiding pain management are two of the most common reasons why people seek out reflexology therapy.

Reflexology to Reduce Stress

Reflexology techniques involve finger or thumb “walking”. In other words, reflexologists “walk” their fingers or thumbs across different areas of the feet in a set sequence. They also massage and knead the patient’s foot using their whole hand. The experience is typically firm, but gentle, and does not cause any discomfort or pain. Results vary from patient to patient, but the soothing action of reflexology generally induces a deeply relaxed and peaceful feeling.

Reflexology to Reduce Pain

Reflexologists work on the understanding that illness is caused by blockages in the meridians or energy channels. These blockages slow the flow of life enhancing energy, also known as ‘chi,’ causing a build up of negative energy, which results in pain or disease.

There are over 7,000 nerve endings in the feet. These are connected to the entire body through the central nervous system. Reflexologists work on the belief that massage of the feet (therefore massage of the nerve endings) encourages the body’s self-healing abilities.

Reflexologists believe that their techniques have the ability to restore the delicate balance between the different body systems and functions, thus restoring harmony within the body. As a result of this, tension is removed from the body, stress is reduced and pain is diminished.

Reflexology treatment is becoming more widely used and increasing in popularity due to the deep relaxation effects it typically has on the body.

Spruce Up Worn, Dirty Carpet With an Easy to Clean Rug

Are you tired of looking at the same old carpet in your home, but you do not have the money to get new? Do you have stains that you can not get out the carpet, but simply love the color of the rest of the carpet? There is a very simple solution to both of those problems and others. Washable accent rugs will add a style and bright, warm feeling to any room. Even if your room is a neutral color, you can throw in a classy accent rug without making it too loud or gaudy. The accent rug can even pull a room together. In a large sitting room, a rug can create a smaller area to circle around. This can create a cozy space in your other large and impersonal room.

If you have a smaller room, an accent rug can clearly bright up and open up the space giving it the feeling of a larger space. You could even start looking for themes to tie the rooms of your home together. Something like placing a seashell rug in the bathroom could not only match the décor but also provide a non-slip surface to stand on. Another example could be a rug that blends both the colors of your kitchen with the colors of your dining room and place it the walk way between. This will pull the two rooms together and all but guide your guest from the food in the kitchen to the sitting area.

You will not need to worry about spilling or staining the rugs either, because most of these accent rugs are machine washable. That also makes these rugs ideal for children's rooms. They can match with the wall paper or painting patterns that are already up. They also can be connected with the child's favorite cartoon characters or scenery. If you will be placing your new rug on a hard floor, such as hardwood floors or concrete, you will want to invest in a rug pad. These pads will hold the rug in place and add a bit of cushioning under the rug. Not allowing the rug to slide around will actually increase the life of the rug.

If there are dirty spots on your old carpeting, purchasing an accent rug can be strategically placed to cover those stains right up and actually end up giving your room a clean, fresh look. There are also places where carpeting can be worn down or become damaged and threadbare. Placing a new accent rug over these locations can add cushioning and make those old places your own little secret. Placing an accent rug at the foot of your favorite chair can also act as a great foot warmer. A thicker weave on a rug can make it soft and warm.

One of the greatest things about an accent rug is the flexibility and the temporary nature of it. Unlike carpeting, once you have chosen a color or style for a room, you can change it as often as you would like. You can switch rugs from other rooms or just pitch the one you have and purchase a new one. You are not tied down to a color or out hundreds of dollars as you would be with re-carpeting a whole room. So next time you are thinking about sprucing things up a bit in your home, do not run straight to your savings account and the carpet man, look into a few area and accent rugs to spice up the look of your rooms. You'll be amazed how bright and warm a room can feel when an inexpensive rug is added.

Fireplace Tools

The task of cleaning out a fireplace is not enjoyable, however it is much easier to clean electric or gas fireplaces than the ones that use firewood by using fireplace tools. There are specific, affordable paraphernalia that are used to clear out a fireplace. The quality of this equipment should be of the highest standard because of how often you will use them.

The first essential item is a broom which bristles are able to not only clean out the ashes but will also gather them in a place where you will be able to collect them with a shovel that has a long handle. The shovel should be of the correct size because that is the only way you can gather the ashes without leaving any behind.

The one thing you should never do is trying to catch a log while it is still hot; instead, what you can use is what we call a fireplace poker. If you decide that you have had sufficient warmth and do not need any more heat, use it to remove the hot logs or move them around. When none of your equipment is in use, maintain neatness by placing them in a fireplace tools stand.

The fireplaces that use gas or electricity do not need equipment to clear up the mess because there is no mess to begin with. The only fireplaces that need fireplace tools are those that use firewood because of the ashes, logs that are not fully burnt and the newspapers we use to light the fire.

Acoustic Jazz Guitars – Some Fascinating Facts

Acoustic guitars produce sound by acoustics through vibrations of its six strings. They have a rich history; Spain has a big contribution in developing it. The art form of jazz music has been around for quite sometime now. The jazz guitarists choose their instruments very carefully as they want a clean dry note with little or no effect. They go in for acoustic guitars of a specific kind.

Brief History Of The Instrument:

Let's first try to look at the history of the acoustic jazz guitars. Cithara is the earliest form of modern acoustic. Romans introduced these instruments, after that Moors developed the shape and made it a four string one. The six string guitar lute was very popular in Europe. The Spanish introduced a guitar like instrument Vihuela, which looked like a guitar but had to be tuned like a lute. This was then developed further and it took the current form. Modern acoustic guitars are of different types: twelve string guitar, classical guitar and bass guitar etc.

Classical guitars: They consist of nylon strings which are played by the fingers.

Twelve string guitars: This is made of six courses of paired up strings. It is a guitar often used for playing rock and roll, jazz and folk music.

Acoustic bass guitar: There are only four strings in this guitar; these strings are made of steel.

There are several types of acoustic jazz guitars like the Russian, Portuguese guitars, flat top and arch top guitars, extended range guitars etc.

Jazz Players' Guitar Selection:

There is a wide selection of instruments available for jazz players. Traditionally, they are hollow body semi acoustics, though it's not always like that. These tend to favor P90 or hamburker style pick-ups to produce the desired sound. Earlier, only acoustic guitars were used for jazz. However from 1940s, many guitar players started using the electric guitar on a regular basis. They used an archtop electric guitar with magnetic pickup.

But in 1990, there was a fresh interest amongst guitarist to go back to the acoustic jazz guitars. Now they were experimenting with archtop acoustics guitars with floating pick-up. European spruce, Sitka spruce and Engelmann spruce are mostly used for the resonant tops of flat-top or arch top models. Some guitar makers also use Red Spruce or Western Red Cedar for the acoustic jazz guitars. The archtop guitars most often have Quilted Maple and Curly Maple backs.

There are a small number of handmade flat-top and arch-top guitars. Mass produced guitars made by several manufacturers, are also available. Building a guitar takes six months for a jazz guitar. Builders spend time to choose the maples, spruces, exotic woods, building instruments. Finally they apply hand rubbed lacquer finish. Due to unavailability and high cost of premium quality tone wood, many manufacturers have started making guitars with alternate species of wood. All musicians agree that a good solid top is the base for good quality of the guitar's tone. Many jazz players prefer acoustic acoustic guitars with laminated sides and back.

A perfect guitar suitable to the different styles of playing jazz, takes time and fine artsmanship to achieve. Acoustic guitars are very interesting instruments; they are hassle free in handling and easy to carry. Before the invention of electric guitars, all guitars were acoustic. The terms classic guitar, steel string guitar, folk guitar, all are actually used for acoustic guitars. The various combinations of woods, strings, along with the design and construction elements contribute to the overall performance or tone of the guitars. Experts believe that tone of well-made acoustic jazz guitars improves over time.

Advantages And Disadvantages of Using the Wood Frames

Family photos remind us of our past days and probably for this reason people preserve photos in albums. Some good pictures are framed and hooked on the wall the living room wall. A good picture frame enhances the beauty of a photo and provides it a touch of elegance. Though there are many types of photo frames available in the market, most people go for wood frames. The wood is sturdy, durable and is readily available. It holds the picture perfectly and prevents it from degenerating. These frames come in various shapes and sizes therefore people find them just perfect for different pictures.

Wood has a specialty. It absorbs moisture easily and thus prevents it from attacking the photo. Wood has the capacity to absorb any liquid whether it is water, oil or gel. Therefore wood frames provide best protection to photos, pictures and other decorative items which need framing. This quality is missing in plastic or metal frames. Plastic frames retain the moisture for you to rub the fine drops. Metal frames to do the same. There are chances that the moisture on plastic and metal frames could slip inside and affect the priceless picture. But there is no such risk with a frame that is made up of wood.

Wood frames don’t have edges, hence are good for holding priceless family pictures. However, plastic and metal frames do have edges which could harm the picture either while placing the picture inside the frame or while cleaning the frame. If you are looking for a perfect picture frame for a unique photo then consider the wood frame. Wood will ensure that your photo doesn’t gather dust, moisture or fade. Another quality of wood is this that it mixes with the picture and thus highlights the features of the picture. On the contrary, metal and plastic frames drag attention and thus hide the picture.

Wood comes from nature and for this it has no fixed color. You can find wood frames in green color, rustic color, and pale yellow and even off white color. These frames not only look good but they mix with every photo. Sometimes it seems that the frame is the part of the picture. This feature is not available with plastic or metal frames. A wood frame is available at every retail store and you can also find these frames on online stores. Online retailers give fabulous discounts on bulk purchase.