Property Loss Due to Infestation
Mice infestation of stored food generates greater loss than simply what the mice eat. In six months a pair of mice will eat about 4 pounds of food. These same mice will produce about 18,000 droppings from what they eat. Food contamination caused by this same pair of mice will be about 10 times the amount of food ateen. Suspected contamination will add to this loss by a significant amount.
Because of the commonplace food contamination, the government actually sanctions a certain amount of rodent hairs and droppings per quantities of food shipped for human consumption. Health inspectors work tirelessly to condemn food stores because of greater than allowable contamination.
House mice infestations also result in significant property damage beyond that of food stores. Fabrics, documents, books, and artwork all fall victim to the incessant gnawing of house mice. These rodents often gnaw at the insulation on electrical wires. This leads to estimated millions of dollars worth of damage in electrical fires each year. Many times these fires go reported as "cause unknown."
Carriers of Disease
House mice do not cause an impact as great as rats in their disease carrying potential when food contamination is not considered. However, their impact as disease vectors should not be ignored. House mice and the parasites they host are responsible for the transmission of numerous diseases.
Infected rodent feces can contaminate food stores and lead to the spread of a particular type of bacterial food poisoning, called salmonellosis. Mice most likely are more prolific transmitters of this disease than rats.
Rickettsia akari is a specie of bacteria that causes a chicken pox type rash. This disease is transmitted across mice and then to people through the bite of the house mouse mite that infests them.
A viral infection of house mice, known as lymphocytic choriomeningitis, can also infect people. It is transmitted through contaminated feces or dust.
Leptospirosis (Weil's Disease)
Weil's Disease is a bacterial infection caused by spirochaetes of the genus Leptospira that affects humans and a wide range of animals. All because more commonly transmitted to humans by rats, house mice are serious carriers of this disease.
The bite of house mice mites can transmit a disease to humans that results in uncomfortable skin irritation and itching. The cause of this irritation is frequently mistaken for heat rash, fleas, allergies and other causes. These mites are capable of spreading through an entire house stricken by mouse infestation during certain times of seasons.
Rat-bite fever, Ray Fungus, and Ringworm
These diseases and others are commonly transmitted from house mice. Infections can result from mouse droppings, transported through the mice themselves, or transmitted to pets and then passed on to humans.
House mice cause millions in property damage and food contamination every single year. It remains one of the most costly drains in the rodent population on the nations economy. While they do so less frequently then rats, house mice role in the transmission of diseases to human beings should not be understated. Comprehensive mice control procedures are essential in successfully limiting the impact on human dwellings and their severe economic effects.