All About Road Reflectors

Road reflectors are used to control traffic and encourage safe driving conditions. They are made from ceramic, plastic, and sometimes metal. They are also known as traffic delineators, raised pavement markers, road markers, cat’s eyes, road studs, and Botts’ dots. Botts’ dots refers to round dots, usually 4″-6″, that do not have reflective lenses on them. Some types of road markers have a reflective lens that reflects the light from vehicle headlights.

Raised pavement markers are used for a variety of purposes, and are especially important for making traffic lanes visible to drivers at night. The usage depends on the color, and colors have different meanings depending on the country.

Color Meanings in North America

  • Yellow/Amber: Used to mark the double lane in the center of roads with two way direction traffic. Also used to mark the left edge on one way streets.
  • White: Marks the right edge of the street or general lane divisions.
  • Blue: Marks fire hydrants.
  • Red: Used for restrictive markings such as “do not enter”.

Installation Recommendations

Road reflectors can be installed by different methods depending on the level of traffic and type of climate. For temporary applications or areas with low to medium volume traffic, the easiest way to install is with a self adhesive butyl pad. For areas with more traffic or for a more permanent application, epoxy or bituminous adhesive is a better way to adhere the reflector to the asphalt. For regions with significant snowfall, there are reflectors that are specially designed to be used on roads frequented by snowplows. One of the best ways to install raised pavement markers is with a thermoplastic adhesive.

Other Uses

Road markers can be installed in specific patterns to create various traffic control solutions. When ceramic road reflectors are placed close together in rows, spanning the width of a road, they can form a traffic calming rumble strip. When assembled in the shape of a diamond, road reflectors can be used to designate a HOV (high occupancy vehicle) lane. Pedestrian crossing zones are also sometimes created with reflectors.

Ipe As a Bridge Decking Solution

When people are considering building an outdoor wood bridge, the choice of wood is often paramount as the single most important decision of the entire process. The wood used will influence not only the design of the bridge, but also its aesthetic value and its reliability and durability over time. Luckily, the choice is easier than one would imagine, as ipe wood is the clear choice when it comes to bridge building material. Why is this?

Ipe is a South American wood, most commonly harvested from the forests of Brazil. Ipe is hard, tough, resilient, strong, and resists weather wear, abrasion, and naturally occurring wood rot. Ipe is incredibly dense and hard. Because of this, it is also naturally resistant to fire and mold damage. In fact, ipe is so resilient that its fire rating is equivalent to that of concrete. Compare this to a more common cedar or walnut deck that, in the case of fire, will act as kindling. An ipe bridge will just about last forever.

Ipe is also beautiful. In its appearance, it is similar to mahogany. It makes a fine interior wood when it is shined and varnished. It has that dark, blood red brown that is so desirable in finished woods. You’re guaranteed to love the look of an ipe deck.

With this in mind, let’s look at ipe versus some common bridge woods.

Mahogany. Although mahogany is usually a good choice for high quality bridge material, there are some significant disadvantages compared to ipe. Firstly, mahogany wood has to be treated and re-sealed every few years, and every year if you want to maintain the wood for any length of time. Ipe does not need to be sealed at all except for on the ends of the lumber and will, even if left un-treated over the life of the bridge, will out last mahogany. If you treat and seal ipe deck wood, then it will last nearly forever. Additionally, since mahogany is used as an interior wood and in the production of consumer materials like guitars, the supply has been dwindling. Because of the diminishing supply, it is very possible to get lower grade and inferior mahogany. Twenty years ago, this was not a problem, but today, a lot of the mahogany on the market is of an inferior quality.

Cedar and pine. Unfortunately, most bridges are constructed out of either cedar or treated pine. Both of these woods are susceptible to rot, particularly in wet climates or in climates that experience extremes in temperature. Pine is also a fire hazard.

Ipe is rated higher than cedar and pine in durability and resiliency, and also rated much higher in terms of appearance. If you are interested in building the best bridge possible, you should choose ipe.

How to Do Office Furniture Installation and Assembly

Your business needs cabinets, couches, desks and a variety of fixtures. Purchasing flat-pack furniture for your workspace is less cumbersome for you and for the delivery people. When you do this though, it will require assembly to turn the pieces into their usable forms. Office furniture installation and assembly is something that anyone with a basic grasp of do-it-yourself procedures can figure out. You can assemble and install the furniture in your office without the need to hire professionals to do the job. This will save you money and time!

For your office furniture installation, all you need is basic tools and a sufficient area to work with. If you can find someone else to help you to unpack and assemble the new furniture, this will make things go faster. It will also make the process smoother when you all put your heads together.

When the new items arrive at your office, unpack them and check to see if all of the essential components are there. Refer to the instructions for this. Check everything before you start to do the office furniture installation. You do not want to begin and then discover that something is missing from the box!

It is not unusual for vital parts to be absent from flat-pack furniture after it has been purchased. That is why you need to open every box, find the instructions, and verify that everything you need to put the pieces together is accounted for.

Once you know that you have everything that you need, read through the instructions thoroughly. Determine which tools you will need to do the project at hand. Miniature tools are sometimes included with flat-pack items but you may also need some tools of your own. A hex key is one of the more common pieces of equipment that will come with the order. It is quite possible however that you will also need to use a hammer and a screwdriver or two.

The office furniture installation that you need to do must begin with assembling the base of the furniture. You want to make sure that all of the screws are tightened. This keeps the unit sturdy and as strong as it needs to be. If there are no screwdrivers supplied by the manufacturer, then ensure that you have the right head for your screwdriver before you start the assembly procedure.

The unit then requires the assembly of the facings and the surfaces. If there are any joints that need to be glued, allow them the time necessary to completely bond and dry. Do not do your assembly when you are in a rush.

The next stage in the process is to fill or cover any of the fixings that are exposed. If there were no finishings included in the packaging, any hardware store in your community will have the parts that you need to give your furniture a professional, polished finish.

How To Mount An Action Camera For Skiing

Hand-held cameras are soon becoming a thing of the past, and thankfully with that so are the days of trying to juggle your camera and ski poles at the same time. So you’ve ditched the old camcorder and upgraded to a new HD action camera – at last, you can concentrate on skiing again.

So the question is, how and where do you mount the camera to gain the best footage? There are a number of different ways to mount your action camera when skiing, here are some of the different options.

Helmet mounts are one of the most popular methods of mounting a camera when skiing. Helmet mounts come in several variations: Front helmet mounts fit at the front of your helmet like a head lamp, they can be extended out in front of the helmet so you can turn the camera back on yourself for self-portrait videos. For smaller ‘bullet’ style cameras you can use a Velcro mount that sticks to the side of your helmet using a strong adhesive pad and elasticated straps. The advantage of this kind of mount is that you can remove it after use and simply re-attach it to the Velcro pad next time you ski.

If you don’t wear a helmet, worry not – there are other mounting options available. For example, a goggle strap mount fits securely on to the side of your goggles and is the best way capture footage with a ‘point-of-view’ effect. Of course you’re limited to the size of the camera you use with this method.

Chest mounts make it easy to capture immersive video footage from your chest with the advantage of allowing easy access to your camera when you need it. Most chest mount harnesses have a quick release mechanism, meaning you can clip your camera in and out with ease.

Some great footage can also be achieved by mounting your camera to one of your ski poles. Most ski pole mounts come with a pivoting mechanism that allow you to position your camera at variable angles. The advantage of a ski pole mount is that you’re not limited to only capturing what’s in your direct line of sight, like you often are with some other mounts.

No matter what type of camera mount you choose, it’s important to ensure the mount you have is correct for the job and is attached securely. For more information on the types of camera mounts available and advice on fitting them, please contact Action Cameras.

A Tool For Every Job – About the Hammer Drill

Regular cordless and electric drills are invaluable tools for use from the home to the job site, but they are not equipped for strenuous jobs such as drilling through concrete, masonry or granite. Hammer drills and rotary hammers are designed for drilling through these harder materials. Both hammer drills and rotary hammers combine the pounding action of a hammer with the rotation of a drill to make penetrating hard, brittle surfaces possible. The rotary hammer is the hammer drill’s heavier duty counterpart that can perform more demanding drilling jobs. A strong drill bit that pulses back and forth as it rotates provides the ability to drill through harder materials than would be possible with a standard drill. Attempting to drill into a hard surface such as concrete or masonry using a standard drill is a common error. Though a seemingly innocent enough mistake, attempting to penetrate a surface for which the drill is not designed can damage the drill, possibly irreparably.

Installing outdoor lighting fixtures, hanging outdoor art pieces and affixing flagpole hangers to the brick, cement stucco or masonry exterior of a home are common household projects that call for the pulsing action and power of a hammer drill. If you are experienced enough to take on such jobs yourself, awareness of the placement of any electrical wiring prior to drilling into the exterior of a home is essential.

Tile, concrete or cement block walls in home interiors may also present the need for a tool such as a hammer drill. Even for small jobs such as hanging a towel rod using a pilot hole and fastener, a hammer drill is necessary if the wall material is concrete.

Here are a few basic tips to keep in mind when using a hammer drill:

  • Wear goggles or other eye protection to prevent dust from entering your eyes while drilling.
  • Always use the type of drill bit for which the drill is designed (most hammer drills use SDS).
  • Avoid contact with a drill bit immediately after use, as the bit will be hot.

To protect yourself and your hammer drill, thoroughly reading documentation accompanying any power tool prior to use is always advised.

Mosaic Tiles – Tips And Ideas In Improving Your Home

Decorating one’s home is becoming very tedious especially if you are a homeowner who is looking for something unique and distinct decoration for your home. Normally homeowner wants to have an elegant appeal for their home.

With this, the first thing that will come into your mind if you are looking for something elegant is to use marble tiles. Yes it is true that these tiles can integrate elegance to your home but the problem with this is that it is becoming the popular choice for most homeowner. Now you can see that most home have very common decorations and this is the thing that you want for your home.

As you install the mosaic tiles for your flooring for the first time, you will come to know that they are the most sought after materials during this time. The best thing about these tiles is that you do not have to expert in order to set them properly. If you are planning to redecorate the floors at home or in your workplace, here are some of the handy tips for you.

To begin with, mosaic tiles are produced by putting similar types of tiny flat stones together. These stones are glued to the net backing that ultimately generates an unlined tile. People can effortlessly turn innovative with this tiling method and create beautiful ambiance to all the rest of the home including the bathroom, floors, showers and kitchen countertops.

Today there are lots of homeowners who experience advantages of using these tiles. And if you want to experience these advantages you have to start integrating mosaic tiles for your home decoration. As you integrate these tiles to your home improvement you can end up with all-natural and lavish make over to any coated front wall. You do not have to worry maintaining and cleaning them because everything is easy and manageable.

Now it is time to disclose some tips. If you want to maintain your mosaic tiles in proper manner, you have to use sealants every 2-3 years. In case you want to improve the coloring of the stones by making them shiny or matted finish, apply a natural stone enhancer just before making use of the sealant material.

Mosaic tiles are can be installed easily and quickly. The entire installation process will only consume only some of your time. You just have to be straightforward in using these tiles and follow strictly the tips mentioned earlier as soon as you are ready for installation.

Now you can alleviate the boring and dull ambiance of your home. With proper decision on the materials to be sue in decorating your home you can be sure to end up with the look and appeal that you wanted to.

Tile Installation – Thinset Rules

Thinset, the most popular tile adhesive, is an important factor in determining the outcome of your tiling project. It plays a role in the leveling and longevity of your tile, as well as the general appearance of the surface. Follow these guidelines and you’ll get a DIY tile surface that you can be proud of.

• Talk to your experts. Depending on the tile you choose and the surface you are laying it on, you will need to choose a type of Thinset. Also important to consider is whether or not your tile will be held in place while it is drying by gravity, or if it will be on a whale, hung vertically. Premixed Thinset is typically stickier and can hold tile against a wall more effectively than the kind you mix on your own. Ceramic tile should always be set with latex-modified Thinset.

• Follow the package closely. When mixing your own Thinset, be sure to read the package and follow its directions carefully. Different kinds will have different methods, though all will be mixed with an attachment on your drill in a large bucket. Try not to mix more than you can use in about an hour.

• Use the right trowel. Different tiles and adhesives require different shapes for notched trowels. Try to stick to the right notching shape, as it will help your tiles stay in place while they dry. The trowel can also help you measure out the proper amount of Thinset to use, keeping things uniform despite potential problems in the base floor’s evenness.

• Clean your area. This step is of the utmost importance: remove all dust and dirt from the space where you plan to spread the Thinset and lay the tile. Sweep up the space and then vacuum it-preferably in small areas at a time. Remove all the dust from a small area and then spread the Thinset immediately. If dirt or dust clutters your space, you will lose adhesiveness from the Thinset and risk the durability of your tile. If laid on a dirty floor, the tile may come up immediately or worse, later in its lifespan.

• You have to allow the Thinset the proper amount of time to set. In general, larger tiles take less time to set and smaller ones take longer. The larger tiles use their own weight to push them into their final resting place. Do not start grouting until every single tile-not just the first ones you laid-has had significant time to set. Taking your time with tiling will ensure that you get a long-lasting and well-done surface.

Tile is an affordable and durable choice that seems obvious for many floor or surface replacement jobs, though it is important to keep these guidelines in mind to reap all of tile’s benefits. So pay attention, take your time, and get a great product!

To learn more easy-to-do tricks for home improvement, visit our Denver tile installation website and click through to the blog.

House Painter Duties

There are home owners who perform house painting jobs in order to save money. There are also other homeowners who think the job will be more efficiently done by experts in home painting and hire professional house painters.

The chief task of these professionals is to apply paint on the various surfaces of the home. Yet there are more involved in this profession than just paint application. First, they need to provide their clients with the painting service quotation. This quote has to be printed or written neatly to clearly show not just the total amount which a client needs to pay. This accurate quote of the painting services must also include the scope of the job, the duration by which the painting tasks are expected to be completed, the type and the amount of paint and other materials to be used. A number of homeowners gather various quotations from at least 2 or 3 house painters. Some homeowners choose man for the job based on the most affordable services while others choose those who can provide the best quality of house painting.

Once an arrangement with the client is finalized, the house painter should then purchase the painting supplies for the job. The enlisted brand, right color and the appropriate amount of paint must be bought. Depending on what shade or colors the homeowner wants, this shall be prepared and mixed by the painter or by the paint retailer. There are also other painting supplies which he needs to prepare such as the paint primer, paint brushes, rollers and sprayers. If there are certain techniques or effects that the homeowner requires, the house painter must also prepare the appropriate materials for the job such as sponges or masking tapes.

Depending on what type of paint is to be used, he should know which tools will help him in efficiently performing his job. Suppose the paint to be used is oil-based, he should know that this paint may be best applied using a paint roller. If latex paint is to be used, he should use a paint sprayer to apply the coatings.

When all the materials are ready, the house painting professional then proceeds with his duties. Yet before the paint may be applied to the house, there are some surface preparations which he should do to guarantee an excellent painting job. Some walls need to be stripped off its wallpaper or old paint. There are surfaces covered with grime or dust that has to be vacuumed or wiped first. In order to achieve a uniform and smooth painted house, the surface must first be properly sanded by the house painter. The size and layout of the walls as well as the colors of paint required would all help the house painter to determine which painting technique will work best for the job. The house painter should also ensure that he paints only the surfaces that need to be painted. At all costs, the painter should avoid the paint from furniture, carpet, trees, plants, flowers or shrubs.

Crystal Chandelier for Your Dining Room

Most people wanted to add beauty to a certain room in order to make there homes more appealing.

Putting chandelier can add sparks and appeal to a room, and more permanent than lamps that one can move around. But take this note, to make sure that chandelier can really add beauty and will work well, proper positioning is required.

There are heaps of varieties of chandeliers and crystal chandelier is one of the well known types of chandeliers.

In choosing a crystal chandelier for a room in your home, size is one factor to consider. The proportion of the size of the room and the size of the crystal chandelier should be look into. If you put a small crystal chandelier in a huge room, then the chandelier will just look secluded. If in case, you put huge crystal chandelier in a small room, then the room will look crowded. Indeed, there are lots of crystal chandeliers to choose from, all you have to do is look for the best one that will fit to your room.

All it takes is creativity in searching for a crystal chandelier that will add beauty and spark to a room. There are wide variety of crystal chandelier and wide range of designs, style and finishes to choose from. Crystal chandeliers’ styles can range from complicated, large, modern, authentic and the likes. Crystal chandeliers certainly can add significance and value to any home.

If in case, you are choosing a crystal chandelier for your dining room, then proportions are really very important. One should put into attention the proportions in putting a crystal chandelier in the dining room. One should measure the width and the length of the dining table, and if in case your dining table is round, you have to measure the diameter of the table. So when you are looking and buying a crystal chandelier, the measurements you have should be taken into consideration. In choosing a crystal chandelier, you have to take note the span of the crystal chandelier must be twelve inches shorter than the dining table’s width.

Next thing, you have to check out in putting crystal chandelier in the dining room is the electric box. You have to check it out, in order to make sure that new light can be supported before installing the crystal chandelier.

If one wanted to hang the crystal chandelier over the dining table, make sure that the crystal chandelier is align with the center of the dining table with 30 to 33 inches gap between the tabletop and the bottom of the crystal chandelier. The reason of putting a gap to ensure that there will be no bumped heads.

You have to consider buying the right bulbs in having a crystal chandelier in your room. It is better to decrease the watt rating of the bulbs when the chandelier requires large numbers of bulbs. As soon as you put the right bulb, the crystal chandelier can give the room the sufficient light coverage.

Yes, indeed. The crystal chandelier can give beauty and spark to a room, but it is advisable to clean the crystal chandelier at least once a year. Turn off the light for about 10 minutes, before cleaning it, in doing so, you are just considering your safety, you certainly do not want to have a burnt hand or even worse than that.

Basic Gardening Tools for the Home Gardener

Basic Garden Tools

With a handy supply of primary garden aids, you won’t be constantly thwarted by commonplace tasks, such as digging a hole or cutting a twig just when the moon is in the proper phase. If you’re in doubt as to those tools you would like, try out some of your neighbor’s tools. But don’t be a permanent borrower; it’s bad for everyone’s disposition.

Tools can be bought at garden supply, department or hardware stores and at some lumber yards. Shop carefully for your first garden tools and be sure to only buy quality tools. Good tools should last for many years.

You’ll need as a minimum :

A spade or long-handled shovel for digging holes to place large plants.

A spading fork for turning over and loosening soil. (You’ll find there are “ladies’ sizes” available for both spade and fork.)

A trowel for digging holes for small plants, mixing soil, and innumerable other small chores. My preference is for a sharp-pointed one similar to a small mason’s trowel, because it’s useful for cultivating, too. Those with slightly rounded sides, like miniature shovels, are excellent for digging small plants and making holes in which to place them.

A rake for smoothing soil that’s been dug, and tidying up messes.

A hoe for cultivating and weeding.

Hand pruners for pruning small size growth and picking flowers. These should be of good quality and should fit your hand and grip. Try out several at the store.

A watering can and/or garden hose

Buy your tools a little at a time

If you follow your hunches, and buy the most familiar tools-shovel, rake, and hoe-you’ll be right. But how about all the other tools offered? Actually, most of these were originally introduced to do specific agricultural jobs, but sometimes a home gardener found other functions for one or two of them, or the manufacturer altered a tool’s design to fit the home gardener’s needs.

The asparagus knife, for example, makes a dandy weeder, and the Warren hoe, originally designed for making furrows and for seeding operations, is now used more in home gardens for cultivating around shrubs. These are things that you will learn as you go along. So, start your tool collection sparingly and build it up as your needs become apparent.

Quality counts

When you buy garden tools, get the very best you can afford. A top quality product, if properly taken care of, will last you through most of your gardening years.

Don’t buy any tool until you have checked it over thoroughly. Lift and swing the piece of equipment around a bit to test its weight and proper balance. A man-sized hoe may be just right for you but too heavy for anyone else in the family. How about handle length?

You may feel that a long-handled spade or fork is easier to wield. (It’s a good idea to take along all the gardening members of the family when you’re out buying garden tools.) Try the grip on all small hand tools. Get the one that “feels right” in your hand. Armed with the proper gardening tools you are ready to start your garden.

Mitsubishi Excavators and Their Parts


The Mitsubishi Group of Companies is a Japanese multinational company or conglomerate which consists of a variety of sovereign businesses sharing the trademark, legacy a Mitsubishi brand. Mitsubishi Excavators are of great importance in transportation. Mitsubishi excavators are the heavy equipments which consist of a house i.e. the cab on a whirling platform, a bucket and a backhoe which is a boom. The cab on the rotating platform remains atop an undercarriage with wheels and tracks. All the functions and movement of the excavators are made possible by the use of a hydraulic fluid which is with motors and rams. The design of these excavators is a natural succession from the condensation spade.

Types of Excavators:

* Drag line Excavator

* Compact excavator

* Long reach excavator

* Power shovel

* Condensation shovel

* Bulldozer

* Suction excavator

* Heavy equipment

* Civil Engineering

Mining Simulation and Parts of Excavators:

Excavators are in a broad assortment of sizes. Mini or Compact Excavators are the smaller excavators. Smallest mini-excavator of Caterpillar has 19hp and weighs about 1610 kg which is 3549 lb. The largest model of caterpillar has 513hp and weighs about 84,980 kg which is 187,360 lb.

In an Excavator, the chief task of the engine is to constrain Hydraulic pumps. Usually three pumps are present in it. The task of two chief pumps in it is to supply oil to the rams, track motors, slew motor and accessories, at up to 5000 psi. The task of the 3rd pump is the Pilot Control. Here the lower pressure, which is about 700psi, is used to manage the spool valves. Thus this permits an abridged effort which is obligatory while operating the controls.

The Undercarriage and the gearing are the essential components of an excavator. The Undercarriage includes the track frame, tracks, the blade, and the final drives that have a hydraulic motor. While gearing provides the drive to the single tracks. The house allows the machine to slew 360° unhindered by attaching in a way of a center pin to the undercarriage. The house includes the counterweight, operators cab, engine, hydraulic oil tanks and fuel.

The main boom can be one of 3 different configurations which attaches to the house. Most of them are Mono Booms, except moving from straight up and down these have no movements. Some of them have a Knuckle Boom and in the line with the machine, it also moves left and right. The other alternative is a pivot at the base of the boom which allows it to hydraulically hinge up to 180° autonomous to the house. Nevertheless this is usually available only to the compact excavators.

A dipper arm or a stick is attached to the end of the Boom. The stick provides the force of digging which is required to drag the bucket by the ground. The length of the stick varies. It depends on the reach and breakout power required, by which the stick is made longer or shorter respectively. There is always a bucket at the end of the stick. For leveling and cleanup, a broad, large capability of mud taking bucket along with a direct cutting edge is used where the material to be dug is soft and teeth are not required.

A GP bucket is usually smaller but it is stronger and has hard side cutters. Its teeth are used to break the hard ground and rocks. There are numerous sizes and shapes of buckets, depending on the application. There are a number of other attachments for the excavators that can be used for different purposes e.g. ripping, lifting, boring, cutting, crushing, etc.

Do You Need an Elevator Speech?

The term “Elevator Speech” has come in for some criticism over the years, especially as it relates to the small business owner. Before examining the case for the elevator speech, it is worth considering why there is a debate about whether it is a “good thing”.

Much of the criticism to be found in the blogging world seems to relate to the term itself. When this happens there it is generally a good idea to examine the mindset behind the critique. In many cases the term “Elevator Speech” conjures up an image of a slick, well rehearsed, marketing spiel aimed solely at telling the listener all about the speaker, often using clever terminology and plays on words. This position is perhaps understandable. After all, who really wants to listen to many such speeches in a networking session?

Another misunderstanding relates to the many settings where an elevator speech or 30 second introduction might be used. The two most common (outside a small business introduction) are the pitch to a venture capitalist about a business idea (where the term elevator speech was most likely coined) and the job search scenario. Now, these are all places where it pays to have a good introduction and many of the tenets of an effective introduction apply to all these situations. However there are differences and it is a mistake to consider them all under the same heading.

So let us turn to the Small Business Elevator Speech and examine why the criticism, while sometimes justified, should be tempered by reality.

1. You will be asked what you do – a lot. In social settings as well as at networking meetings. It is probably the most commonly asked question after “how are you?” What are you going to say?

2. Most people aren’t that interested in you – sorry, but that is the reality of many social and business situations. “What do you do?” is a conversational question. That doesn’t mean they won’t be interested in the answer, but you have to grab their attention quickly, or else it is just noise and general conversational chit-chat.

3. You may only have 10 seconds – this is the route of the elevator speech definition. It would be nice to think you have half an hour to really get to know someone, but often times you don’t. You need to get their attention right away, so you have a better chance of a longer conversation later.

4. Telling is selling – and see point number 2 above. It is all very well to say: “I don’t need an elevator speech, I will just tell people what I do” but you that is tough to do succinctly in 30 seconds unless you have given it considerable thought and planning.

5. It can be spontaneous (or at least appear so) – just because something is planned and practiced doesn’t mean it has to be trite, forced or learned by rote. There are numerous ways to say the same thing, vary the delivery or use different words. Doing so will keep your message fresh even to someone who has heard it before.

6. You don’t need to be a clever wordsmith. Indeed sometimes this can be detrimental. A simple message that outlines who you serve (your ideal client) and the challenges you help them overcome is all you need.

In summary, however you chose to phrase an introduction, accept that you will be asked for it, probably countless times! You need to be prepared to answer that most common on questions about you and your business and being able to do so in a way that grabs attention and interest AND stands out from the crowd is one of the most important small business tools in your marketing toolkit. Avoid the temptation to dismiss it – call it something else if you will but you do need an elevator speech!

What Is The Value Of Antique Plates?

There are a variety of people who may obtain an antique plate or teapot from family. You will find some who can come upon what they envision could be an antique at a garage sale. The best way to know what your pieces are worth is to find a way to find out what type of history they have and how to tell the worth of them all.

To comprehend the clear price of the piece you should take it to a professional who will examine it for a couple of days. Naturally you can do things by yourself to keep from spending a lot of money. All you must be familiar with is what type of things to search for.

You have to examine the piece thoroughly for any chips, fissures, staining, or other spots. Work with a magnifying glass to get a closer view of it and make sure to record everything you discover. In the event you do choose to have your antique appraised by a professional you must give them the information you have.

Next you have to decide who built it, what time period it was made in, the design which was utilized, and if it is broken at all. Try to discover an identification guide book. This is a large book that can have details and images on an assortment of antiques from across the world. Try to locate a photo of what type you own or some thing similar to it.

The easiest way to know the antique plates value is to search for the mark of the manufacturer. This can often be a special stamp, signature, and also a date. It is generally located around the bottom of the piece and can assist you to recognise who built it and what time period it is from. You might discover that it was “made in China” or that it belonged to the real maker.

Stainless Steel Pressure Cooker – Easy Healthy Cooking to Support Your Weight Loss Diet

Are you just starting up with a weight loss diet and wonder how you could improve your cooking? Or you maybe wonder about some new healthy and “skinny” recipes? Then read on. The stainless steel pressure cooker is the one magic kitchen appliance that will help you tremendously with your weight loss diet. And it’s not doing only that. A pressure cooker is also excellent for simply cooking healthier food. And as you know, diets and health (should) always go together, right? You want to look better and also feel better!

So, why is it that the stainless steel pressure cooker is so healthy to cook with and helps your weight loss? The answer is quite simple – it is its design, the way how the stainless steel pressure cooker works. Its design is perfectly suitable for cooking without oils and fats.

It is well-known that frying, baking and roasting food with oils and fats is pretty unhealthy for you and of course unfortunately also contributes to gaining weight as well. But the stainless steel pressure cooker works on the principal of steaming. And that is where a lot of the benefit for you is hidden!

You can prepare deliciously healthy and light food with just a little amount of water and no oils, no fats. Think about it! No need for oils or fat at all! You then just close the lid which is so tightly closed that it creates high pressure inside. When the food starts boiling, the steam has no chance to escape from the pressure cooker so it gets into the food or becomes water again. This process continues until the food is cooked properly and you take it off the stove.

The problem with normal cooking is that most of the steam runs out through the lid. This is a real shame because, as many do not realize, you also lose lots of nutrients this way. The steam actually contains the essential nutrients and as the steam does not leave the pressure cooker, those healthy and important nutrients actually stay in the food.

Here is another tip: eating highly nutritional food actually satisfies your body much more than many of the fast food we eat, and what happens is that you do not feel that hungry after eating properly nutritious food. Result: you want to eat less! Can you see where this is helping you? And of course, avoiding burnt fats and eating more nutrients are simply two core aspects that contribute to your health.

And don’t worry if you don’t know what to cook in a stainless steel pressure cooker. The selection of food you can prepare is very wide. In the stainless steel pressure cooker you can prepare nearly anything: meat, vegetable, rice and even pasta! The most known ingredient for pressure cooking are probably pulses, such a healthy choice of food containing lots of proteins, iron, potassium and manganese.

So, make a promise to yourself and invest on one of these beauties. It will change your life!

Five Simple Ways to Save Money on Wide Plank Flooring

1. Buy mill-direct.  Many flooring manufacturers claim to be mill direct, but they are really just buying someone else’s lumber and re-milling it into flooring.  Look online and find a sawmill that is the sole manufacturer of their wide plank flooring from start to finish.  Or you could go even further and look for a sawmill that also runs a forest management service-these companies are integrated in that they grow the trees, harvest them, and make flooring with them. It doesn’t get any more direct that that. A company that controls its entire supply chain will be able to offer the widest selection of grades as well as the best quality and value.  

2. Choose random widths.  In most cases you will save money by choosing your floor in a range of widths (for example, random amounts of 6″, 7″, and 8″ instead of all 6″) because random width orders involve less sorting of the product than orders of equal width or orders of repeating patterns.  Random width flooring also provides a more natural and historically accurate look. Floors in early homes were always random width because in the old days people used the entire log or resource that was available to them. As the log was sawn, boards of varying widths would come off of it.     

3. Consider narrower widths.  If you like the look of wide plank flooring but need to keep costs down, consider going with a mix of 3″, 4″, and 5″ widths.  A mix of 3-5″ widths is more affordable than wider widths and costs less to install. Just because the planks aren’t super wide doesn’t mean they aren’t premium. Even narrower wide plank widths come in much longer lengths than store bought flooring, and these longer lengths reduce the number of butt and edge seams on the floor for a visually pleasing look.        

4. Trim ends on site. Choose plank flooring that is not already end trimmed.  Yes, you will have to trim some ends on site, but you will save at least .50/square foot by doing this yourself.  

5. Be flexible about the product you want.  Love the look of Select Red Oak but want to spend less money?  Consider other less clear grades of Red Oak, such as Country or Character grade Oak, which will have some knots and less uniform color. This type of wood is especially suited to a less formal home. Mineral Red Oak, so called because it contains some darker areas running parallel to the grain (caused by minerals the tree extracted from the soil while growing) can be a bargain and the patina comes direct from Mother Nature.  

If you’re looking to save money and don’t mind imperfection, ask the mill what kind of second-grade material they have available. This material may not be listed for sale, but it’s there. More than other suppliers, sawmills tend to accumulate quantities of material they cannot ship as their regular product due to features such as sap stain or sticker shadow (areas of darker stain caused by the sticks the sawn wood rested upon while drying). These imperfections are cosmetic only and do not affect the stability of the wood floor. If you like character markings, these features can actually be a bonus.  

Sawmills may also have flooring leftover from a large run, or they may have piles of a product that was produced for a market that suddenly vanished. These woods may come in any grade or species and are often a liability for the mill looking to clear space or reduce inventory. To find these wide plank flooring bargains, call or check online for a sawmill’s overruns and clearance items.